Morton argued that blacks and whites had been racially distinct since the Egyptian First Dynasty and drew the following conclusions, long since debunked:
"1. The valley of the Nile, both in Egypt and in Nubia, was originally peopled by a branch of the Caucasian race.
"2. These primeval people, since called Egyptians, were the Mizairmites of Scripture, the poster ity of Ham, and directly affiliated with the Libyan family of nations.
"3. In their physical character the Egyptians were intermediate between the indo-European and Semitic races.
..."8. Negroes were numerous in Egypt, but their social position in ancient times was the same as it now is, that of servants and slaves" (pp. 65-66).