The code of Hammurabi, King of Babylon about 2000 BCE. Autographed text, transliteration, translation, glossary, index of subjects, lists of proper names, signs, numerals, corrections, and erasures, with map, frontispiece, and photograph of text by Robert Francis Harper. Chicago, IL: Callaghan & Co, 1904.
The Code of Hammurabi was found among the cuneiform tablets of the library of Ashurbanipal. It is now in the Louvre. It was first published in Scheil, "Textes élamites-sémitiques. Deuxième série: accompagné de 20 planches hors texte," Mémoires de la Délégation en Perse, Paris, 1902, 4, 4-162. The Code mentions the fees payable to a physician following successful treatment; these varied according to the station of the patient. Similarly, the punishment for the failure of an operation is set out. At least this shows that in Babylon 4,000 years ago the medical profession had advanced far enough in public esteem to warrant the payment of adequate fees. Digital facsimile of the 1904 translation from the Internet Archive at this link, of the 1902 edition in French at this link. See also The Hammurabi code and the Sinaitic legislation. With a complete translation of the great Babylonian inscription discovered at Susa, by Chilperic Edwards (London, 1904). Digital facsimile of the Edwards version from the Hathi Trust at this link.
Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Mesopotamia, BIOCHEMISTRY › Clinical Chemistry, Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Whooping Cough