An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16018 entries, 14076 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: July 14, 2024

BUTENANDT, Adolf Friedrich Johann

3 entries
  • 1195

Ueber die chemische Untersuchung der Sexualhormone.

Z. angew. Chem., 44, 905-08, 1931.

The male sex hormone, androsterone, was isolated in crystalline form by Butenandt.

In 1939 Butenandt received half of  the Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his work on sex hormones." The other half was awarded to Leopold Ruzicka "for his work on polymethylenes and higher terpenes." See No. 1201.


Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Gonads: Sex Hormones, NOBEL PRIZES › Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 1200

Neuere Ergebnisse auf dem Gebiet der Sexualhormone.

Wien klin. Wschr., 47, 897-901, 934-36, 1934.

Progesterone obtained in crystalline form.

Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Gonads: Sex Hormones
  • 14056

Pheromones (ectohormones) in insects.

Annual Review of Entomology, 4, 39-58, 1959.

Karlson and Butenandt (Nobel Prize 1939) defined pheromones as “substances which are secreted to the outside by an individual of the same species, in which they release a specific reaction, for example, a definite behavior or a developmental process.” They distinguished between pheromones acting via olfaction and those acting via oral or ingestive routes. The former produced immediate releasing responses (e.g., initiating and guiding the flight of the male silk worm moth, Bombyx mori, to the female) and the latter delayed endocrine or reproductive effects, such as the caste-determining substances of many social insects.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)

Subjects: BIOLOGY › Animal Communication, BIOLOGY › Pheromones, ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology