An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15858 entries, 13798 authors and 1925 subjects. Updated: February 4, 2023

HOLMGREN, Alarik Frithiof

4 entries
  • 1511.1

Method att objectivera effecten av ljusintryck pa retina.

Läkaref. Förh., 1, 177-91, 1865.

Discovery of the electroretinogram, the beginning of the use of electrophysiological methods for studying visual systems.



Subjects: Electrodiagnosis, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 1514

Om retinaströmmen.

Upsala LäkFören. Förh., 6, 419-55, 18701871.

First demonstration of retinal action currents.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 5911

Om den medfödda, färgblindhetens diagnostic och teori.

Nord. med. Ark., 6, Nr. 24, 1-21; Nr. 28, 1-35, 1874.

Holmgren introduced the wool-skein test for the diagnosis of color-blindness.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5916

Om färgblindheten i dess förhallande till jernvägstrafiken och sjöväsendet.

Upsala Läkaref. Förh., 12, 171-251, 267-358, 18761877.

A serious railway accident in Sweden in 1875 was believed by Holmgren to be due to color-blindness, and resulted in the above important paper dealing with the condition and its relation to railway and maritime traffic. Translation in Rep. Smithsonian Inst., 1877. Washington, 1878, 131-200.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision