On August 3, 1908 the brothers Amédée and Jean Bouyssonie and Lucien Bardon, three French priests with a keen interest in paleontology, unearthed a Neanderthal skeleton in the limestone bedrock of the Bouffia Bonneval cave near the village of La Chapelle-aux-Saints, 40 km southwest of Brive, Corrèze. Though the skeleton was incomplete, it was the most extensive Neanderthal skeleton found up to that time. The remains included the skull, jaw, most of the vertebrae, several ribs, most of the long bones of the arms and legs, plus some of the smaller bones of the hands and feet. The well-preserved skull showed the low, receding foreheading, protruding midface, and heavy brow ridges typical of Homo neanderthalensis. With it were discovered numerous flint tools of the Mousterian type, and an assortment of extinct animal bones, including those of the woolly rhinoceros and reindeer. The Chapelle-aux-Saints find became a "type" skeleton for Neanderthals.
Subjects: EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution