An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15793 entries, 13706 authors and 1920 subjects. Updated: October 6, 2022

SCARPA, Antonio

10 entries
  • 1550

De structura fenestrae rotundae auris, et de tympano secundario anatomicae observationes.

Modena: apud Soc. typog., 1772.

Scarpa’s first scientific work, a comparative anatomical investigation of the ear, in which he offered a more accurate and complete description of the osseous labyrinth and demonstrated the true function of the round window. See also No. 1553.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Anatomy of the Ear, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 1453

Anatomicae disquisitiones de auditu et olfactu.

Pavia: typog. P. Galeatius, 1789.

Scarpa made important researches concerning the auditory and olfactory apparatus of fishes, birds, reptiles, and man. See L. Sellers and B. Anson, [Scarpa’s] Anatomical observations on the round window, Arch. Otolaryng., 1962, 75, 2-45.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing, Olfaction / Smell, Anatomy & Physiology of
  • 1253

Tabulae nevrologicae, ad illustrandum historiam anatomicam cardiacorum nervorum, noni nervorum cerebri, glossopharyngaei et pharyngaei ex octavo cerebri.

Pavia: B. Comini, 1794.

This elegantly illustrated anatomical atlas is regarded as Scarpa’s greatest work. The result of 20 years of research, it includes the first proper delineation of the glossopharyngeal, vagus, hypoglossal, and cardiac nerves, and the first demonstration of cardiac innervation. Scarpa was a skilful draughtsman. He personally trained Faustino Anderloni, the artist who made the drawings and engraved the copperplates for his books.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1553

De penitiori ossium structura commentarius.

Leipzig: J. F. Hartknoch, 1799.


Subjects: OTOLOGY › Anatomy of the Ear, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 5835

Saggio di osservazioni e d’esperienze sulle principali malattie degli occhi.

Pavia: B. Comino, 1801.

This beautifully illustrated work was the first textbook on the subject to be published in the Italian language. Its author has been called “the father of Italian ophthalmology”. English translation, London, 1806.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 4308

Memoria chirurgica sui piedi torti congenita dei fanciulli.

Pavia: G. Comini, 1803.

First accurate description of the pathological anatomy of congenital club-foot. English translation, Edinburgh, 1818.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Hereditary Disorders of the Skeleton, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Hereditary Disorders of the Skeleton › Clubfoot, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Foot / Ankle, Podiatry
  • 2975

Sull’aneurisma: riflessioni ed osservazioni anatomico-chirurgiche.

Pavia: tipog. Bolzani, 1804.

Scarpa distinguished true from false aneurysms. He introduced the concept of arteriosclerosis. English translations, Edinburgh, 1808 and 1819. Digital facsimile from Heidelberg University Library at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms
  • 3583

Sull’ernie. Memorie anatomico-chirurgiche.

Milan: d. reale Stamperia, 1809.

This splendidly illustrated work with life-size plates includes the description of “Scarpa’s fascia” (creasteric fascia) and Scarpa’s triangle of the thigh.



Subjects: Illustration, Biomedical, SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 2940

Memoria sulla legature delle principali arterie degli arti.

Pavia: P. Bizzoni, 1817.


Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 3584

Sull’ernia del perineo.

Pavia: P. Bizzoni, 1821.

Scarpa’s work on perineal hernia included a classic description of sliding hernia, or hernia of the large bowel. His contribution to the subject of hernia ranks with that of Cooper, and he did much toward modernizing the knowledge of this specialty.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia