An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15793 entries, 13706 authors and 1920 subjects. Updated: October 6, 2022

WESTPHAL, Carl Friedrich Otto

6 entries
  • 7076

Die Konträre Sexualempfindung.

Arch. f. Psych. u. Nervenkrankheiten, 2, 73-108, 1869.

The first "scientific" paper on homosexuality. In this paper the psychiatrist Westphal described two cases at length: "The first was of a young woman who from her earliest years liked to dress as a boy and engage in boys' games and who found herself attracted only to women; the second was of a man who wanted to wear women's clothes and act the part of a woman. In attempting to give a diagnostic category to these cases Westphal coined the phrase Konträre Sexualempfindung, usually translated as 'contrary sexual feeling' " (Bullough, Science in the bedroom: A history of sex research [1994] 38).



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, SEXUALITY / Sexology, SEXUALITY / Sexology › Homosexuality
  • 4844

Die Agoraphobie, eine neuropathische Erscheinung.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 3, 138-61, 18711872.

First description of agoraphobia



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY
  • 4781

Ueber einige durch mechanische Einwirkung auf Sehnen und Muskeln hervorgebrachte Bewegungs-Erscheinungen.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 5, 803-34, 1875.

Westphal discovered the diagnostic value of the knee-jerk simultaneously with Erb.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4702

Ueber eine dem Bilde der cerebrospinalen grauen Degeneration ähnliche Erkrankung des centralen Nervensystems ohne anatomischen Befund, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über paradoxe Contraction.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 14, 87-134, 1883.

“Westphal’s pseudosclerosis”. Later Strümpell’s description of this condition (No. 4709) led to the eponym “Westphal–Strumpell disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 1418

Ueber einen Fall von chronischer progressiver Lähmung der Augenmuskeln (Ophthalmoplegia externa) nebst Beschreibung von Ganglien-zellengruppen im Bereiche des Oculomotoriuskems.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 18, 846-71, 1887.

“Westphal’s nucleus” – for accommodation – in the third cranial nerve. Called also “Edinger’s nucleus” (see the same journal, 1885, 16, 858-89).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 4579
  • 4948

Gesammelte Abhandlungen, edited by A. Westphal. 2 vols.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1892.

Westphal was Professor of Psychiatry at Berlin; at this time was common for physicians to practice both psychiatry and neurology. Vol. 1: psychiatry; Vol. 2: neurology.



Subjects: Collected Works: Opera Omnia, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, PSYCHIATRY