An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15957 entries, 13939 authors and 1935 subjects. Updated: February 16, 2024

BIRX, Deborah Leah

1 entries
  • 12113

Emergence of unique primate T-lymphotropic viruses among central African bushmeat hunters.

Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA), 102, 7994-7999, 2005.

Order of authorship in the original publication: Wolfe, Heniene, Carr ...Birx.... 

"As of 2016, 301 terrestrial mammals were threatened with extinction due to hunting for bushmeat including primateseven-toed ungulatesbats, diprotodont marsupialsrodents and carnivores occurring in developing countries.[5]Killing and processing bushmeat has created an increased opportunity for transmission of  "several zoonotic viruses from animal hosts to humans, such as EbolavirusHIV,[6][7][8] and various species of coronavirus including SARS-CoV-2.[9]" (Wikipedia article on Bushmeat, accessed 4-2020). 

Wolfe and colleagues analyzed blood of bushmeat hunters in Cameroon and discovered two novel viruses previously unknown: Human T-lymphopic virus-3 HTLV-3 and HTLV-4. They also reported that HTLV-3 is genetically similar to STLV-3 of monkeys and posited that this virus mutated and jumped from humans to monkeys. Available from pnas.org at this link.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Cameroon, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › HTLV-3, HTLV-4, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Retroviridae