An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15791 entries, 13704 authors and 1919 subjects. Updated: September 13, 2022

BACHE, Franklin

3 entries
  • 6374.15

Memoire on acupuncturation, embracing a series of cases drawn up under the inspection of M. Julius Cloquet, by M. Morand. Paris. 1825. Translated from the French by Franklin Bache.

Philadelphia: Robert Desilver, 1825.

The first American book on acupuncture, translated by the great grandson of Benjamin Franklin. Little is known about Morand; he refers to his teacher, Jules Germain Cloquet (1790-1883) throughout the text. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link. For Cloquet's work on acupuncture see No. 6829.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Acupuncture (Western References), PAIN / Pain Management
  • 6828

Cases illustrative of the remedial effects of acupuncturation.

North American Medical and Surgical Journal 1, 311-321, 1826.

The first original study of acupuncture published in North America, and one of the earliest American publications on the alleviation of pain. Franklin Bache, great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, was the first American to perform original research on acupuncture. 

"As assistant physician at the state penitentiary in Philadelphia, Bache determined in 1825 to test acupuncture on the prisoners whom he was called upon to serve. With the aid of a colleague, he used the needles to treat 12 different prisoners who were suffering from highly painful afflictions: three with muscular rheumatism, four with 'chronic pains,' three with neuralgia, and two with ophthalmia. He also used acupuncture among the prisoners in relieving several lesser pains, including a headache accompanying bilious fever, the head pain of an epileptic, an elastic tumor near the elbow joint, and a dull pain caused by pulmonic inflammation.

"Bache reported varying successes. In summarizing 17 subsequent cases, some of which were not among the prisoners, he noted that seven "were completely cured, seven considerably relieved, and in the remaining three cases, the remedy produced no effect" (Cassedy, "Early uses of acupuncture in the United States, with an addendum (1826) by Franklin Bache, M.D.," Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 50 [1974] 892-906).



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Acupuncture (Western References), NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 10824

The dispensatory of the United States of America.

Philadelphia: Grigg and Elliot, 1833.

Digital facsimile of this, the first, and later editions from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Medical Botany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS