An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15426 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 20, 2021

MERCURIALE, Girolamo

7 entries
  • 1986.1
  • 4478.100

Artis gymnasticae apud antiquos celeberrimae, nostris temporibus ignoratae.

Venice: apud Iuntas, 1569.

A history, based on extensive study of the classical literature, of the attitudes and practices of the Greeks and Romans concerning diet, hygiene, bathing, and exercise. This is one of the earliest books to discuss the therapeutic value of gymnastics and sports generally for the cure of disease and disability, and an important study of gymnastics in the ancient world. 

The second edition, De arte gymnastica libri sex, Venice, Juntas, 1573, was the first illustrated book on gymnastics. It contains 20 unsigned woodcuts usually attributed to Christoph Lederer of Nuremberg, who assumed the name of Coriolanus after moving to Italy. These illustrations drawn by Pirro Ligorio "can now be shown to be the result of imaginative reconstruction, or straightforward forgery...unknown to his [Mercuriale's] readers, who assumed that images confirmed the truth of what Mercuriale had deduced from the evidence of texts.... The argument and illustrations in De arte gymnastica demonstrated the prime place of gymnastics in Greece and Rome, and later, convinced Winckelmann of the importance of nudity in Greek civilization and art" (Vivian Nutton, "Mercurale, Girolamo", Grafton et al (eds.), The classical tradition [2010] pp. 582-83.) Digital facsimile of the 1573 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.

 

 



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, NUTRITION / DIET, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Physical Therapy, Sports Medicine, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy
  • 35

Hieronymi Mercurialis Variarum lectionum libri quatuor. In quibus complurium, maximeq́ue medicinae scriptorum infinita paenè loca vel corrupta restituuntur, vel obscura declarantur. Alexandri Tralliani De lumbricis epistola, ejusdem Mercurialis opera, & diligentia Graecè, & Latinè nunc primùm edita ...

Venice: Gratiosus Perchacinus excudebat, sumptibus Pauli & Antonii Meieti frat., 1570.

Includes the first printed edition of the Greek text and Latin translation by Mercuriale of Alexander's De vermis epistola.  Alexander's original description of worms and vermifuges make him the first parasitologist. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, BYZANTINE MEDICINE, PARASITOLOGY, Renaissance Medicine
  • 3980

De morbis cutaneis, et omnibus corporis humani excrementis tractatus.

Venice: apud. P. & A. Meietos, 1572.

The first systematic textbook on diseases of the skin. English translation by R. L. Sutton Jr, Kansas City, Missouri, Lowell Press, 1986. Mercuriali enjoyed a great reputation in his day; he wrote on many medical subjects, including medical gymnastics. See No. 1986.1.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY
  • 5733.52

De decoratione liber…Additi nunc primum duo tractatus, alter, de varicibus, alter de reficiendo naso.

Frankfurt: apud Joannem Wechelum, 1587.

This work on cosmetics contains Tagliacozzi’s first publication on rhinoplasty – De reficiendo naso – a letter written to Mercuriale in response to inaccurate statements about Tagliacozzi's methods made by Mercuriale in De decoratione (1585).



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty
  • 3343

De compositione medicamentorum; De morbis oculorum, & aurium….

Venice: apud Juntas, 1590.

The De oculorum et aurium represents the first “clinical” manual on diseases of the ear. Mercuriali was primarily concerned with treatment.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear
  • 8975

The muscles and their story, from the earliest times: Including the whole text of Mercurialis, and the opinions of other writers, ancient and modern, on mental and bodily development. By John F. W. Blundell.

Chapman & Hall, 1864.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness › History of Exercise / Training / Fitness, Sports Medicine
  • 9370

De arte gymnastica. The art of gymnastics. Critical edition by Concetta Pennuto. English translation by Vivian Nutton.

Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2008.

This critical edition, based upon the 1601 edition, the last edition published in Mercuriale's lifetime, includes the Latin text and English translation, reproductions of the woodcuts attributed to Coriolan and the original drawings by Pirro Ligorio for the illustrations, a full bibliography of Mercuriale's writings, translator's notes, and Jean-Michel Agasse's, "Girolamo Mercuriale—Humanism and physical culture in the Renaissance", a treatise of about 150 pages.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness › History of Exercise / Training / Fitness, Sports Medicine, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy › History of Hydrotherapy or Physical Therapy