An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15791 entries, 13704 authors and 1919 subjects. Updated: September 13, 2022

DUCHENNE DE BOULOGNE, Guillaume Benjamin Armand

8 entries
  • 4732

Recherches faites à l’aide du galvanisme sur l’état de la contractilité et de la sensibilité électro-musculaires dans les paralysies des membres superieures.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 29, 667-70, 1849.

“Aran–Duchenne disease”, progressive muscular atrophy, with which the name of Cruveilhier is also associated. A fuller account is included in Duchenne’s Électrisation localisée, 1861, 437-547.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 1995
  • 614

De l’électrisation localisée et de son application à la physiologie, à la pathologie, et à la thérapeutique.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1855, 1862.

Duchenne classified the electrophysiology of the entire muscular system and summed up his findings in the above work. The application of his results to pathological conditions marks him as the founder of electrotherapy. An Album de photographies pathologiques was published in 1862 to accompany the text of the second edition, 1861. Engl, trans. of 3rd ed., Philadelphia, 1871. See Nos. 1993 & 4543.

Duchenne, most famous of the electrotherapists, employed faradic current in treating patients as early as 1830. An English translation of the third edition of his book appeared in 1871.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology, THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 4774

De l’ataxie locomotrice progressive.

Arch. gén. Méd., 5 sér., 12, 641-52;13, 36-62, 158-81, 417-51, 18581859.

Although far from being the first to describe tabes dorsalis, Duchenne gave a classic account of the condition, earning the eponym “Duchenne’s disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4736

Paralysie musculaire progressive de la langue, du voile du palais et des lévres; affection non encore décrite comme espèce morbide distincte.

Arch. gén. Méd., 5 sér., 16, 283-96, 431-45, 1860.

First description of chronic progressive bulbar paralysis (“Duchenne’s paralysis”).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4973

Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou analyse électro-physiologique de l’expression des passions applicable à la pratique des arts plastiques. Premier fascicule. [All published]. 1 volume of text plus atlas of photographs by Duchenne.

Paris: Vve. J. Renouard, 1862.

Duchenne studied the mechanism of facial expression during emotion; his atlas of photographs was the first medical book illustrated with photographs of living subjects. Darwin reproduced a number of his photographs in The expression of the emotions (No. 4975).



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology, PSYCHOLOGY
  • 624

Physiologie des mouvements demontrée à l’aide de l’expérimentation électrique et de l’observation clinique, et applicable à l’étude des paralysies et des déformations.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1867.

A monumental work, the result of twenty years’ study of electro-muscular stimulation “to determine the proper action which the muscles possess in life”. The book contains an excellent record of the kinesiology of the entire muscular system. English translation by E. B. Kaplan, Phila-delphia, 1949.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 4739

Recherches sur la paralysie musculaire pseudo-hypertrophique, ou paralysie myo-sclérosique.

Arch. gén. Méd., 6 sér., 11, 5-25, 179-209, 305-21, 421-43, 552-88, 1868.

“Duchenne muscular dystrophy”. English translation of first portion in Bick, Classics of orthopaedics, 72-75.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4543

De l’électrisation localisée et de son application à la pathologie et à la thérapeutique. 3me. éd.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1872.

Early description, page 357, of partial brachial plexus paralysis, upper type (“Duchenne-Erb palsy”: see No. 4548). An English translation of the 3rd ed., by H. Tibbitts, actually appeared London in 1871, one year before the French edition, and a Philadelphia publisher also issued the English sheets with a cancel title page in 1871. The translator stated that he prepared the translation from sheets of the 3rd edition, the publication of which was delayed by the German occupation of Paris.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology