An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15957 entries, 13939 authors and 1935 subjects. Updated: February 16, 2024

LEAVITT, Judith Walzer

3 entries
  • 9151

Medicine without doctors: Home health care in American history. Edited by Guenter B. Risse, Ronald L. Numbers, and Judith Walzer Leavitt.

New York: Science History Publications, 1977.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , Household or Self-Help Medicine, Popularization of Medicine
  • 12492

The healthiest city: Milwaukee and the politics of health reform.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982.


Subjects: POLICY, HEALTH, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Wisconsin
  • 8217

Brought to bed: Childbearing in America, 1750-1950.

New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Focuses on the traditional woman-centered home-birthing practices, their replacement by male doctors, and the movement from the home to the hospital. She explains that childbearing women and their physicians gradually changed birth places because they believed the increased medicalization would make giving birth safer and more comfortable. Ironically, because of infection, infant and maternal mortality did not immediately decline.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Midwives