An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15849 entries, 13787 authors and 1925 subjects. Updated: January 28, 2023

SCHULTZE, Max Johann Sigismund

7 entries
  • 1561

Ueber die Endigungsweise des Hörnerven im Labyrinth.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 343-81, 1858.

Schultze’s great monographs on the nerve-endings of the sense organs were of prime importance in the development of the science of histology. Besides that dealing with the internal ear, he wrote others dealing with the nose and the retina. See Nos. 936, 1512.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 117

Ueber Muskelkörperchen und das, was man eine Zelle zu nennen habe.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 1-27., 1861.

Schultze showed the cell to be a clump of nucleated protoplasm, stating that each muscle fibre or primitive muscle bundle was developed from a single myoblast by successive divisions of its cell or nucleus. His work settled the controversy with regard to the place of the cell in muscle tissue and stimulated the histologists to investigate the nature of intercellular tissue. Partial English translation in No. 143.1.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, BIOLOGY › Developmental Biology, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 936

Untersuchungen über den Bau der Nasenschleimhaut, namentlich die Structur und Endigungsweise der Geruchsnerven bei dem Menschen und den Wirbelthieren.

Abh. naturf. Ges. Halle, 7, 1-100, 1862.

Schultze’s classic paper on the nerves to the neuro-epithelium in the special sense organs marks an epoch in histology. He described the cells of the olfactory muccous membrane, “Schultze’s cells”.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy › Comparative Neuroanatomy
  • 488

Observationes nonnulae de ovorum ranarum segmentatione, quae “Furchungsprocess” dicitur.

Bonn: Formis C. Georgi, 1863.

Best contemporary description of the segmentation furrowing of the egg.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 118

Das Protoplasma der Rhizopoden und der Pflanzenzellen.

Leipzig: Engelmann, 1863.

Schultze showed that protoplasm is practically identical in all living cells.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1271

Untersuchungen über Gehirn und Rückenmark des Menschen und der Säugethiere. Nach dem Tode des Verfassers Herausgegeben und Bevortwortet von Max Schultze.

Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn, 1865.

Deiters showed that each nerve-cell possesses an axis-cylinder or nerve-fiber process. His name is perpetuated in “Deiters’ cells” and “nucleus”. Dieters died of typhus in 1863 at the age of 29; his book was edited from Deiters' notes by the histologist, Max Schultze. See Clarke & O'Malley, The Human Brain and Spinal Cord, p. 66.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1512

Zur Anatomie und Physiologie der Retina.

Bonn: M. Cohen & Sohn, 1866.

One of the greatest of all histologists, Max Schultze is remembered by ophthalmologists for his monograph on the nerve-endings in the retina.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision