An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15423 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 17, 2021

CAMPER, Petrus (Pieter)

8 entries
  • 4305.1

Dissertation sur la meilleure forme des souliers.

The Hague: Aux depens de l'Auteur, 1781.

Classic discussion of childhood shoe-induced deformities. There was also an edition in Dutch published the same year. Digital facsimile of the edition in French from the Internet Archive at this link. English translation in Dowie, The foot and its covering, London, 1861. Digital facsimile of Downie's book from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Foot / Ankle, Podiatry
  • 7376

Natuurkundige verhandelingen van Petrus Camper over den orang outang; en eenige andere aap-soorten. Over den rhinoceros met den dubbelen horen; en over het rendier.

Amsterdam: P. Meijer & G. Warnars, 1782.

Having dissected five orang-outang cadavers, Camper showed that the Bornean orang-outang was a previously undescribed species, and showed that the structure of its vocal organs did not permit speech. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, ZOOLOGY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Primatology
  • 77

Sämmtliche kleinere Schriften. 3 vols.

Leipzig: S. L. Crusius, 17841790.

Camper, an artist of skill, made his mark as an anthropologist and craniologist. He discovered the processus vaginalis of the peritoneum and the fibrous structure of the eye, and made several other important contributions to medical science. English translation, 1794.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, ANTHROPOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology, Collected Works: Opera Omnia
  • 4286

Observationes circa mutationes quas subeunt calculi in vesica.

Budapest: sumpt. J. M. Weingand, 1784.


Subjects: UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 4409

Dissertatio de fractura patellae et olecrani.

The Hague: I. van Cleef, 1789.


Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 158

Ueber den natürlichen Unterschied der Gesichtszüge in Menschen verschiedener Gegenden und verschiedenen Alters.

Berlin: Vossische Buchhandlung, 1792.

This work on physiognomy includes Camper’s description of his craniometrical methods. Camper is chiefly remembered for the “facial angle” of his own invention. The book first appeared in Dutch in 1791. English translation in Camper, The works… on the connexion between… anatomy and the arts, London, 1794. Digital facsimile of the 1792 edition from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Anthropometry, ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology
  • 6604.91

Redevoeringen over die wijze om de verscheidene hartstogten op onze wezens te verbeelden…

Utrecht: Wild en Altheer, 1792.

Lectures on the methods of representing the passions in the human face, and on other aspects of medicine and the arts. German translation, Berlin, 1793. See No. 158.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 3580

Icones herniarum. Editae a S. T. Soemmerring.

Frankfurt: Varrentrapp & Wenner, 1801.

Camper illustrated his own work, and was an outstanding anatomical artist. His illustrations of hernias are of great value.



Subjects: Illustration, Biomedical, SURGERY: General › Hernia