An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15859 entries, 13798 authors and 1925 subjects. Updated: February 5, 2023

RAYER, Pierre François Olive

5 entries
  • 3881

Observations sur les maladies de l’appendice sus-sphenoïdal (glande pituitaire) du cerveau.

Arch. gén. Méd., 3, 350-67., 1823.

Includes description of pituitary obesity.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary
  • 3989

Traité théorique et pratique des maladies de la peau. 2 vols, and atlas.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 18261827.

In this summary of dermatological literature of the period Rayer first described adenoma sebaceum and xanthoma multiplex. He was the first to differentiate between acute and chronic eczema. The second edition, Paris, Baillière, 1835, includes an entirely new third volume of text and a much enlarged atlas of colored plates. English translation, 1883.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Adenoma Sebaceum, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Dermatitis / Eczema, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Xanthoma Multiplex
  • 5154

De la morve et du farcin chez l’homme.

Mém. Acad. roy. Méd. (Paris), 6, 625-873, 1837.

In this treatise on glanders and farcy in man Rayer showed that glanders is contagious, but is not a form of tuberculosis. Rayer began the work with a thoroughly documented historical chapter. Digital facsimile of the separate edition published from the journal, from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Glanders
  • 4208

Traité des maladies des reins. 3 vols, and atlas.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 18391841.

Rayer insisted on the exhaustive analysis of the urine as an aid to the diagnosis of lesions. He classified “albuminus nephritis” into six distinct forms and distinguished these from other forms of nephritis associated with infection, gout, rheumatism, and toxins. He noticed the existence of albuminuria in diabetes mellitus and also described the existence of renal vein thrombosis. His treatise on diseases of the kidney includes a spectacular color-plate atlas in folio format. The final chapter of the second volume of Rayer's text was translated into English by Diana Berry and Stewart Cameron as The history of albuminous nephritis,  with an introduction by Campbell Mackenzie. (London, 2005). See Gabriel Richet, "From Bright's disease to modern nephrology: Pierre Rayer's inovative method of clinical investigation", Kidney International, 39 (1991) 787-792.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Nephritis, PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration, RHEUMATOLOGY › Gout (Podagra)
  • 5163

Inoculation du sang de rate.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 2, 141-44, 1850.

Rayer inoculated sheep with blood of other sheep dead of anthrax. Microscopically he saw the anthrax bacillus in the blood of the inoculated sheep. Rayer was associated with Davaine, who later, in Bull. Acad. Méd., 1875, 2 sér., 4, 581-84, said that he had written the above account and had sent it to Rayer for publication.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Bacillus › Bacillus anthracis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Anthrax, VETERINARY MEDICINE