An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15957 entries, 13939 authors and 1935 subjects. Updated: February 16, 2024

PRINGLE, Sir John

4 entries
  • 5374

Observations on the nature and cure of hospital and jayl-fevers.

London: A. Millar & D. Wilson, 1750.

Pringle was a strong advocate of better ventilation in prisons and hospitals as a means of preventing typhus, which he showed to be identical with “hospital fever”.



Subjects: HOSPITALS, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Typhus, PUBLIC HEALTH, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 2150

Observations on the diseases of the army, in camp and garrison.

London: Printed for A. Millar & D. Wilson, 1752.

Pringle, founder of modern military medicine, was Physician-General of the British Army from 1744 to 1752. His books lay down the principles of military sanitation and the ventilation of barracks, gaols, hospital ships, etc. He did much to improve the lot of soldiers, and it was due to remarks in his book that foot-soldiers were given blankets when on service. The preface of the book includes an account of the origin of the Red Cross idea (the neutrality of military hospitals on the battlefield); for a further note on this, see Lancet, 1943, 2, 234.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE, SURGERY & HYGIENE, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 2156

A discourse upon some late improvements of the means for preserving the health of mariners.

London: The Royal Society, 1776.

Besides his pioneer work in military medicine, Pringle did much to improve the conditions of sailors afloat. See also Nos. 2150 & 3714.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE, SURGERY & HYGIENE › Navy, Maritime Medicine
  • 3714

The method taken for preserving the health of the crew of H.M.S. the Resolution during her late voyage round the world. In: Sir John Pringle, A discourse upon some late improvements in the means for preserving the health of mariners.

London: The Royal Society, 1776.

Following the scurvy-preventing suggestions of James Lind, Cook lost only one man to disease on his second voyage from 1768-1771. Reprinted in Phil. Trans., 1776, 66, 402-06. See No. 2156.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Scurvy, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists