An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15853 entries, 13794 authors and 1925 subjects. Updated: January 31, 2023

WHARTON, Thomas

2 entries
  • 1116

Adenographia: sive, glandularum totius corporis descriptio.

London: typ. J. G. impens. Authoris, 1656.

Wharton described the duct of the submaxillary salivary gland (“Wharton’s duct”). He described the thyroid more accurately than his predecessors, naming it. He also described “Wharton’s jelly” of the umbilical cord (pp.243-44). Wharton explained the role of saliva in mastication and digestion, but provided erroneous explanations for the functions of the adrenals and thyroid. Adenographia gave the first thorough account of the glands of the human body, which Wharton classified as excretory, reductive, and nutrient. He differentiated the viscera from the glands and explained their relationship. Wharton was one of the few physicians to remain in London during the plague of 1666.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 17th Century, Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Adrenals, ENDOCRINOLOGY › Adrenals, ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 13071

Musaeum Tradescantianum: Or, a collection of rarities preserved at South-Lambeth neer London by John Tradescant.

London: Printed by John Grismond for Nathanael Brooke, 1656.

Catalogue of the first natural museum in England, the collection made by John Tradescant the Elder and the Younger, and left by John Tradescant the Younger to Elias Ashmole, who, along with Thomas Wharton, helped the younger Tradescant compile the catalogue. Ashmole presented the museum to Oxford University where it became the basis for the old Ashmolean Museum. This book includes on pp. 73-178, Catalogus plantarum in horto Johannes Tradescanti nascentium." Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Catalogues of Plants, MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern