An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15791 entries, 13704 authors and 1919 subjects. Updated: September 13, 2022

GASKELL, Walter Holbrook

4 entries
  • 829

On the rhythm of the heart of the frog, and on the nature of the action of the vagus nerve.

Phil. Trans., 173, 993-1033, 1882.

Croonian Lectures, 1881. Gaskell’s classical memoir on the muscles and nerves of the heart included a description of “Gaskell’s nerves”, the accelerator nerves of the heart. He showed that the motor impulses from the nerve ganglia in the sinus venosus influence the heart rhythm but do not originate cardiac movements, which are due to the rhythmic contraction of the heart muscle. This led to the artificial production of heart block, the name for which Gaskell based on an expression of Romanes. See No. 632.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, Neurophysiology
  • 830

On the innervation of the heart, with special reference to the heart of the tortoise.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 4, 43-127, 18831884.

Gaskell showed that the efferent vasoconstrictor fibers of the heart originated from the lateral horn of the spinal cord.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology, Neuroanatomy
  • 1329

On the structure, distribution, and function of the nerves which innervate the visceral and vascular system.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 7, 1-80, 1886.

Gaskell established the origin of the preganglionic neurons (white rami).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System, Neurophysiology
  • 1331

The involuntary nervous system. Part 1.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1916.

This book sums up the life work of Gaskell, who laid the histological foundation of the modern study of the autonomic nervous system. No more published.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System, Neurophysiology