An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15791 entries, 13704 authors and 1919 subjects. Updated: September 13, 2022

LUDWIG, Carl Friedrich Wilhelm

7 entries
  • 1232

Beiträge zur Lehre vom Mechanismus der Harnsecretion.

Marburg: N. G. Elwert, 1843.

Ludwig wrote a classic monograph on renal secretion. He theorized that urine formation could be explained purely in terms of the laws of physics and chemistry, and that under the hydrostatic pressure of the blood in the capillaries of the glomerulus, protein and cell-free fluid is separated from the blood by a simple physical process of filtration. This theory contradicted Bowman’s contention that the glomerulus secretes fluid. See also Ludwig’s habitation thesis, from which the above work was expanded: De viribus physicis secretionem urinae adjuvantibus. Marburg, Elwert, 1842. Digital facsimile of th 1843 work from Goethe Univerität at this link.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 770

Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Einflusses der Respirationsbewegungen auf den Blutlauf im Aortensystem.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 242-302, 1847.

Ludwig changed Poiseuille’s hemodynamometer into the kymograph by the addition of a float and caused this float to write on a recording cylinder. Abridged English translation in Ruskin (No. 3160.1).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 809

Über die Herznerven des Frosches.

Arch. Anat. Physiol wiss. Med., 139-43, 1848.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY
  • 682

Ueber die endosmotischen Aequivalent und die endosmotische Theorie.

Z. rat. Med., 8, 1-52, 1849.

In this development of his theory of urinary secretion (see No. 1232) Ludwig made important observations on endosmosis.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › Cell Biology
  • 998

Neue Versuche über die Beihilfe der Nerven zur Speichelabsonderung.

Z. rat. Med., n.F. 1, 254-77, 1851.

The innervation of the salivary glands first elucidated.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 778

Die physiologischen Leistungen des Blutdrucks.

Leipzig: S. Hirzel, 1865.

Ludwig’s inaugural address at Leipzig, in which he introduced the idea of keeping alive excised portions of organs by means of artificial circulation, or perfusion. He suggested that the blood-pressure had a stimulating effect on the vagus.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 819

Die Reflexe eines der sensiblen Nerven des Herzens auf die motorischen der Blutgefässe.

Arb. physiol Anst. Leipzig, (1866), 1, 128-49, 1867.

Discovery of the vasomotor reflexes.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology