An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15793 entries, 13706 authors and 1919 subjects. Updated: October 5, 2022

RAFINESQUE, Constantine Samuel

3 entries
  • 10617

Ichthyologia Ohiensis, or natural history of the fishes inhabiting the river Ohio and its tributary streams, preceded by a physical description of the Ohio and its branches.

Lexington, KY: Printed for the Author by W. G. Hunt, 1820.

In Rafinesque's polemic style the title page includes the following statement:

"The art of seeing well, or of noticing and distinguishing with accuracy the objects which we perceive, is a high faculty of the mind, unfolded in few individuals, and despised by those who can neither acquire it, nor appreciate its results."

New edition by Richard Ellsworth Call as Ichthyologia Ohiensis or natural history of the fishes inhabiting the river Ohio and its tributary steams. A verbatim et literatim reprint of the original, with a sketch of the life, the ichthyologic work, and the ichthyologic bibliography of Rafinesque (Cleveland: The Burrows Brothers Co, 1899).

Digital facsimile of the 1820 edition from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Midwest, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Ohio, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology
  • 1849

Medical flora; or, manual of the medical botany of the United States of North America. Containing a selection of above 100 figures and descriptions of medical plants, with their names, qualities, properties, history &c; and notes or remarks on nearly 500 equivalent substitutes. 2 vols.

Philadelphia: Atkinson & Alexander, 18281830.

Rafinesque was a great botanist, conchologist, archaeologist, and economist. Born in a suburb of Istanbul, he was also a world citizen and a prolific writer with 939 works to his credit. He died in extreme poverty in Philadelphia and, but for the intervention of a few friends, his body would have been sold for dissection purposes. This work describes a number of native American remedies.  Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, BOTANY › Botanical Illustration, BOTANY › Ethnobotany, BOTANY › Medical Botany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 11217

Fitzpatrick's Rafinesque: A sketch of his life with bibliography [of his writings]. Revised and enlarged by Charles Boewe.

Weston, MA: M & S Press, 1982.

See also Boewe's The life of C.S. Rafinesque a man of uncommon zeal. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 2011.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, NATURAL HISTORY › History of Natural History