An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15827 entries, 13746 authors and 1921 subjects. Updated: December 7, 2022

ROMANES, George John

2 entries
  • 632

Observations on the locomotor system of Medusae. 3 pts.

Phil. Trans., 166, 269-313; 167, 659-752; 171, 161-202, 18771880.

Charles Sherrington described the significance of Romanes' research on jellyfish in terms of its impact on cardiac physiology: "Romanes's observations carried out with simple means were novel and fundamental. The questions which he put to the swimming-bell [medusa or jelly-fish] and answered from it, led, it is not too much to say, to the development of modern cardiology. Medusa swims by the beat of its bell, and Romanes examining it discovered there and analyzed the two phenomena now recognized world-over in the physiology of the heart, and there spoken of as the 'pace-maker' and 'conduction-block'" (Sherrington quoted in W. Bruce Fye, "The origin of the heart beat: A tale of frogs, jellyfish and turtles," Circulation 76 (1987) 493-500.

Romanes’ work with electro-stimulation directly influenced W. H. Gaskell in his artificial production of heart block, the name for which Gaskell based on an expression of Romanes. See No. 829.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology, PHYSIOLOGY › Comparative Physiology
  • 7945

Mental evolution in animals. With a posthumous essay on instinct by Charles Darwin.

London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., 1883.

Includes the first editon of Darwin's most significant contribution to psychology. This was part of Chapter 10 of Darwin's unpublished "big book" on the origin of species. Romanes attempted, with Darwin, to develop a theory of mental evolution in which development of successively higher stages of intelligence, including that of man, could be explained in terms of natural, historical causes. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: EVOLUTION, PSYCHOLOGY, ZOOLOGY