An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16011 entries, 14068 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: June 19, 2024

ROUX, Pierre Paul Émile

8 entries
  • 5169

Sur l’étiologie du charbon.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 91, 86-94, 1880.

First use of attenuated bacteria for therapeutic purposes. See also the same journal, 1881, 92, 1378-83.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Bacillus › Bacillus anthracis, IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Anthrax, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5481.4

Sur la rage.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 92, 1259-60, 1881.

This paper marks the beginning of Pasteur’s studies on rabies. English translation in R. Suzor, Hydrophobia: An account of M. Pasteur’s system…London, 1887.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections › Rabies, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Rhabdoviridae › Rabies Lyssavirus
  • 14211

De l'Atténuation des virus, avec la collaboration de MM. Chamberland, Roux et Thuillier. Quatrième Congrès international d'hygiène et de démographie. Séance du 5 Septembre 1882.

Geneva: H. Georg, 1883.

In his seminal 1880 paper, Sur les maladies virulentes, et en particulier sur la maladie appelée vulgairement choléra des poules, GM-2537, Pasteur developed the idea of a protective inoculation by attenuated living cultures, and subsequently adopted this principle with anthrax, rabies, and swine erysipelas. His work laid the foundations of the science of immunology. However, in that paper Pasteur did not reveal his method of attenuation until this paper presented in September 1882, and first published in 1883. The method developed by Pasteur and his team was  "heating the anthrax bacillus at exactly between 42 and 43 degrees centigrade for at least 5-6 hours.” Toward the end of his paper they stated, “It cannot be doubted that we possess a general method of attenuation…."

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, VIROLOGY
  • 5482

Nouvelle communication sur la rage.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 98, 457-63, 1229-31, 1884.

Demonstration in the blood of the rabies virus. English translation in R. Suzor, Hydrophobia: An account of M. Pasteur’s system…London, 1887.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Animal Bite Wound Infections › Rabies, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Rhabdoviridae › Rabies Lyssavirus
  • 5059

Contribution a l’étude de la diphtérie.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 2, 629-61; 3, 273-88; 4, 385-426, Paris, 18881889, 1890.

Confirmation of the work of Loeffler and demonstration of the exotoxin. This work is the starting point of the development of an immunizing serum.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 5063

Contribution à l’étude de la diphtérie (sérum thérapie).

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 8, 609-39, 1894.

Roux and Martin demonstrated the value of Behring’s specific antitoxin in the treatment of human diphtheria, and showed how it could be produced on a large scale.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Toxin-Antitoxin, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 3182

Le microbe de la péripneumonie.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 12, 240-62, 1898.

Discovery of the causal organism of bovine pleuropneumonia, also known as lung plague. Nocard and Roux considered it a filterable virus but now known to be a mycoplasma.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Mycoplasma › Mycoplasma Pneumonia, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Epizootics
  • 2398

Études expérimentales sur la syphilis.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 17, 809-21; 18, 1-6, 19031904.

Metchnikoff and Roux successfully transmitted syphilis from man to the higher apes. Although not the first to do this, they recorded much new information concerning the disease.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis