An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15791 entries, 13704 authors and 1919 subjects. Updated: September 13, 2022

HORSLEY, Sir Victor Alexander Haden

11 entries
  • 1128

On the function of the Thyroid gland.

Proc. roy. Soc. (Lond.), 38, 5-7; 40, 6-9., 18841885, 1886.

From his experimental work Horsley produced evidence to support the view that myxoedema, cretinism and operative cachexia strumpriva are all due to thyroid deficiency.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Thyroid, Parathyroids
  • 3834

A recent specimen of artificial myxoedema in a monkey.

Lancet, 2, 827, 1884.

By experimental removal of the thyroid Horsley produced artificial myxedema, confirming previous work by Reverdin and others. At the time his results were regarded as proof that total thyroidectomy produces operative myxedema, but some of the symptoms he described are now known to have been due to removal of the parathyroids.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Parathyroids , ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 1129

Functional nervous disorders due to loss of thyroid gland and pituitary body.

Lancet, 1, 5, 1886.

First successful experimental hypophysectomy; two dogs survived five and six months respectively after this operation.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Thyroid, Parathyroids
  • 3835

Functional nervous disorders due to the loss of thyroid gland and pituitary body.

Lancet, 1, 5, 1886.


Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary, ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 1416.1

A minute analysis (experimental) of the various movements produced by stimulating in the monkey different regions of the cortical centre for the upper limb, as defined by Professor Ferrier.

Phil. Trans. B., 178, 153-68, 1887.

Beevor, physician to the National Hospital, Queen Square, London, collaborated with Horsley in an important series of investigations of the localization of cerebral function.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 4860

A case of tumour of the spinal cord. Removal; recovery.

Med.-chir. Trans., 71, 377-430, 1888.

Horsley was the founder of neurosurgery in England. The above paper records the first successful operation for the removal of an extramedullary tumor of the spinal cord.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Neuro-oncology
  • 1419

A record of experiments upon the functions of the cerebral cortex.

Phil. Trans. B, (1888), 179, 1-45, 1889.

A detailed analysis, by means of faradic stimulation, of the motor responses of the cerebral cortex, internal capsule, and spinal cord of higher primates.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 1420.1

On the mammalian nervous system, its functions, and their localisation determined by an electrical method.

Phil. Trans. B, 182, 267-526, 1891.

Gotch and Horsley showed that electric currents are produced in the mammalian brain, and they recorded them with the string galvanometer of the capillary electrometer. Their work led eventually to the development of the electroencephalograph.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 4865

Remarks on the various surgical procedures devised for the relief or cure of trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux).

Brit. med. J., 2, 1139-43, 1191-93, 1249-52, 1891.

Horsley, with J. Taylor and W. S. Coleman, devised an operation for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia in which the Gasserian ganglion was removed by a temporal approach.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Trigeminal Neuralgia, NEUROSURGERY, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 1435.1
  • 4879.1

The structure and functions of the cerebellum examined by a new method.

Brain, 31, 45-124, 1908.

Stereotactic apparatus for the accurate location of electrodes in the brain. The apparatus devised by Horsley and Clarke opened the way to stereotactic surgery of the brain.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Surgical Instruments › Stereotactic Surgery, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, NEUROSURGERY › Stereotactic Neurosurgery
  • 4882

The Linacre lecture on the function of the so-called motor area of the brain.

Brit. med. J., 2, 125-32, 1909.

Horsley demonstrated that removal of the precentral area in man abolished athetosis.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY