An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15793 entries, 13706 authors and 1920 subjects. Updated: October 6, 2022

GOWERS, Sir William Richard

10 entries
  • 5910

Atlas der pathologischen Anatomie des Augapfels. Atlas of the pathological anatomy of the eyeball. By Ernst Pagenstecher and Carl Genth.

Weisbaden: C. W. Kreidel, 18731875.

Text in German and English; Sir W. R. Gowers was responsible for the English translation. Digital facsimile from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit, PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 4216

The state of the arteries in Bright’s disease.

Brit. med. J., 2, 743-45, 1876.

Gowers’s important account of the changes in the retinal vessels in Bright’s disease is reproduced in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 605-11.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Nephritis, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 878

An apparatus for the clinical estimation of haemoglobin.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 12, 64-67, 1879.

Gowers introduced the colorimetric method of estimating hemoglobin and devised a hemoglobinometer for the purpose. This was modified by Haldane (see No. 891). Previously Hoppe-Seyler had used a hematinometer.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 4562

The diagnosis of diseases of the spinal cord.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1880.

Gowers demonstrated the dorsal spinocerebellar tract, “Gowers’s tract”, and introduced the terms myotatic and knee-jerk, which he elicited with the rubber edge of his stethoscope or a percussion hammer.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS › Percussion
  • 4818

Epilepsy and other chronic convulsive diseases.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1881.

Gowers left a classic account of epilepsy, a book which today is still one of the most important on the subject. He was first to note the tetanic nature of the epileptic convulsion.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy
  • 4568

Lectures on the diagnosis of diseases of the brain.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1885.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4569
  • 4751

A manual of diseases of the nervous system. 2 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 18861888.

Gowers was physician and Professor of Clinical Medicine at University College, London. He especially distinguished himself in the field of neurology, and the above set is his greatest work.Page 365 of vol. 1 includes the first description of local panatrophy. See also Rev. Neurol. Psychiat. (Edinb.), 1903, 1, 3-4. Gowers was also interested in stenography, advised his students to take down his lectures in shorthand, and founded the Society of Medical Phonographers. See No. 4751. Biography by Macdonald Critchley, London, 1949.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4860

A case of tumour of the spinal cord. Removal; recovery.

Med.-chir. Trans., 71, 377-430, 1888.

Horsley was the founder of neurosurgery in England. The above paper records the first successful operation for the removal of an extramedullary tumor of the spinal cord.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Neuro-oncology
  • 4762

On myopathy and a distal form.

Brit. med. J., 2, 89-92, 1902.

“Distal myopathy of Gowers”, a form of progressive muscular dystrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4821

The border-land of epilepsy. Faints, vagal attacks, vertigo, migraine, sleep symptoms, and their treatment.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1907.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache › Migraine, NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy, NEUROLOGY › Sleep Physiology & Medicine, OTOLOGY › Vestibular System › Vertigo