An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15791 entries, 13704 authors and 1919 subjects. Updated: September 13, 2022

EINTHOVEN, Willem

5 entries
  • 840

Un nouveau galvanomètre.

Arch. néerl. Sci. exactes nat., 2 sér., 6, 625-33, 1901.

One of the most distinguished of modern physiologists, Einthoven directed much of his research to the development and perfection of recording instruments. His most famous work was in connexion with his string galvanometer, a perfection of the instrument invented by J. S. C. Schweigger, of Halle. Einthoven was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1924.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Electrocardiography, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Electrocardiogram
  • 842

Galvanometrische registratie van het menschelijk electrocardiogram IN: Herinneringsbundel Prof. S.S. Rosenstein, pp.101-106.

Leiden: Edward Ijdo, 1902.

First description of Einthoven's string galvanometer that recorded electrical changes occurring in the human heart. Includes the first illustration of an EKG (ECG) recording. Modern electrocardiography became a reality through his work, and the string galvanometer finally displaced the capillary electrometer in the measurement of the electric current produced by the contracting heart. 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Electrocardiography, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Electrocardiogram
  • 11589

Het telecardiogram.

Nederlandsch tijdschrift voor geneeskunde: Tevens orgaan der Koninklijke Nederlandsche Maatschappij tot Bevordering der Geneeskunst, No. 2, 1517-1547, 1906.

This paper includes the first published ECG tracing of atrial fibrillation. See W. Bruce Fye, "Tracing atrial fibrillation - 100 years," New Eng. J. Med., 355 (2006) 1412.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Electrocardiography, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Electrocardiogram
  • 846

Die Registrierung der menschlichen Herztone mittels des Saitengalvanometers

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 117, 461-72, 1907.

Phonocardiography.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 12338

Selected papers on electrocardiography of Willem Einthoven with bibliography, biographical notes and comments by H. A. Snellen.

Leiden, 1977.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Electrocardiography