An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15793 entries, 13706 authors and 1920 subjects. Updated: October 6, 2022

BROCA, Pierre Paul

5 entries
  • 4619

Perte de la parole; ramollissement chronique et destruction partielle du lobe antérieur gauche du cerveau.

Bull. Soc. Anthrop. Paris, 2, 235-38, 1861.

Broca localized the speech center in the left frontal lobe. He asserted that aphasia was associated with a lesion on the left third frontal convolution of the brain – “Broca’s center”. He was preceded in this discovery by Marc Dax, a student who recorded in his unpublished thesis submitted to the Faculty of Medicine in Montpellier in 1836 his observations that the left hemisphere was usually found damaged in aphasics. English translation in J. Neurosurg., 1964, 21, 426-27. The standard biography is Paul Broca, founder of French anthropology, explorer of the brain by F. Schiller. Berkeley, University of California Press, [1979]. See also No. 1400.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 1400

Remarques sur le siège de la faculté du langage articulé, suivie d’une observation d’aphémie (perte de la parole).

Bull. Soc. anat., Paris, 36, 330-57, 1861.

Broca claimed the third left frontal convolution of the brain as the center of articulate speech – a point now disputed. He was first to trephine for a cerebral abscess diagnosed by this theory of localization of function. He introduced term “aphemia” (“motor aphasia”, “Broca’s aphasia”). English translation in von Bonin. Some papers on the cerebral cortex, Springfield: Charles C Thomas, 1960. See No. 4619



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 7704

Cas singulier de trépanation chez le Incas.

Bulletin Mémoire Société Anthropologie de Paris, 2, 403-08, 1867.

Broca attributed a defect in an ancient Peruvian skull to antemortem trepanation; prior to this paleopathologists and paleoanthropologists were unaware that the Incas practiced trepanation.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Peru, NEUROSURGERY, PATHOLOGY › Paleopathology
  • 169

Mémoires d’anthropologie. 5 vols.

Paris: C. Reinwald, 18711888.

Most often remembered for his contributions to neurology, Broca was also among the greatest of the French anthropologists. He originated modern craniometry and in that connection devised many craniometric and cranioscopic instruments. See also No. 344 et al.  

The papers in vol. 1 concern anthropology in generalthe bulk of vol. 2 concerns prehistoric man; vol. 3 concerns primates and evolutionary theory; vol. 4, edited by Broca's son August and published in 1883, concerns craniology; vol. 5, edited by S. Pozzi, concerns the brain. Digital facsimiles of all 5 vols. are available from BnFGallica.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology, ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution, NEUROLOGY
  • 344

Mémoires sur le cerveau de l’homme et des primates publiés avec un introduction et des notes par Le docteur S. Pozzi.

Paris: C. Reinwald, 1888.

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Primatology