The "Lindbergh operation", a complete very long distance tele-surgical gallbladder operation carried out by a team of French surgeons located in New York on a patient in Strasbourg, France using high-spreed telecommunications and Zeus surgical robot. The operation was performed successfully on September 7, 2001 by Professor Jacques Marescaux and his team from the IRCAD (Institute for Research into Cancer of the Digestive System). This was the first time that long distance elecommunications were fast enough to make this type of procedure possible. With Michel Gagner, Francesco Rubino, Didier Mutter, Michel Vix, Steven E. Butner, & Michelle K. Smith.
See also: Marescaux, J.; Leroy, J.; Rubino, F.; Vix, M.; Simone, M.; Mutter, D. "Transcontinental robot assisted remote telesurgery: Feasibility and potential applications," Annals of Surgery, 235 (2002) 487-92.