An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

16018 entries, 14076 authors and 1941 subjects. Updated: July 14, 2024

Browse by Publication Year 1700–1709

50 entries
  • 2121
  • 4478.101

De morbis artificum diatriba.

Modena: A. Capponi, 1700.

Ramazzini's study of the diseases of workers, De morbis artificium diatribawas the first comprehensive and systematic treatise on occupational medicine; it was also the foundation work in ergonomics. It deals with pneumoconiosis and other diseases of miners, with lead poisoning in potters, with silicosis in stonemasons, diseases among metal workers, and even a chapter devoted to the “diseases of learned men", a chapter on diseases of printers, and of athletes. Ramazzini also discussed the occupational diseases of women, recommending that midwives practice cleanliness and take precautions against syphilitic infections. Ramazzini recognized that a number of workers’ diseases were caused by the taxing postures and repetitive motions required by professions such as shoemaking, tailoring and writing; he is thus considered a founder of ergonomics. He suggested ways to prevent these ailments.

Ramazzini's book was translated into English as A Treatise on the Diseases of Tradesmen (London, 1705). In 1713 Ramazzini expanded his text. This revised edition was reprinted with a parallel English translation by Wilmer Cave Wright and published as De Morbis Artificum Bernardini Ramazzini Diseases of Workers (1940). Through various Latin editions and translations into Italian, German, French and Dutch Ramazzini's book was also influential in the history of economics. The first French translation by the noted chemist, Fourcroy, Paris, 1777 contained significant additions. Digital facsimile of the 1703 second edition from the Internet Archive at this link.


  • 2070.1

The mysteries of opium revealed.

London: Richard Smith, 1700.

Includes the earliest English description of drug addiction, and withdrawal. Jones attempted to use wine as a partial substitute until withdrawal was complete.

Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Opium, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction, Wine, Medical Uses of
  • 2448.2

De la géneration des vers dans le corps de l’homme.

Paris: d’Houry, 1700.

The first medical parasitology text– an exhaustive study of the parasites of man, the diseases associated with them and their treatment. Andry’s views were often ahead of his time. Unlike most of his contemporaries, he did not believe in the spontaneous generation of parasites but clearly stated that their seeds entered the body from outside sources and that some foods were particularly liable to contain them. English translation, London, 1701.

Subjects: PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms, ZOOLOGY › Helminthology
  • 3353

Dissertatio de loquela, qua non solum vox humana, & loquendi artificium ex originibus suis erruunter.

Amsterdam: J. Wolters, 1700.

Amman’s method of instructing deaf-mutes. He was one of the most successful of all teachers in this sphere. English translation as A dissertation on speech. To which not only the human voice and the art of speaking are traced from their origin, but the means are also described by which those who have been deaf and dumb from their bith may acquire speech, and those wospeak imperfectly may learn how to corect their impediments. (London, 1873).

Subjects: OTOLOGY › Deaf-Mute Education
  • 4299

Opera posthuma.

Amsterdam: G. Gallet, 1700.

Page 68: first description of leontiasis ossea.

Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases
  • 11894

Observations sur la maniere de tailler dans les deux sexes pour l'extraction de la pierre, pratiqué par Frere Jacques. Nouveau system de la circulation du sang pour le trou ovale dans le foetus humain, avec les réponses aux objections qui ont été faites contre cette hypothese.

Paris, 1700.

"Méry became closely associated with the comparative-anatomical work led by Claude Perrault and J.-G. Duverney. As a member of this group, Méry made contributions to their joint publications, in which each man’s specific contributions usually cannot be determined. Méry worked closely with Duverney until about 1693, when their differing interpretations of mammalian fetal circulation estranged them. The coolness that resulted was apparent to Martin Lister, when he visited Paris in 1698. Méry probably did more to retard than to aid the understanding of this problem. Méry claimed that the blood flowed from the left to the right through the foramen ovale in the interatrial septum. This view was prevalent enough that Haller look time to refute it. Méry initially formulated his theory from a false analogy between a tortoise heart and a fetal mammalian heart. Ultimately he based his theory of fetal circulation on a comparison of the cross sections of the pulmonary artery and the aorta, concluding that not all of the blood passing through the pulmonary artery and returning to the heart by the pulmonary vein could pass into the aorta. Instead, he thought, a portion of that blood passed through the foramen ovale from the left to the right side of the heart.

"Méry erred in assuming that the cross section of an artery is the only factor determining the amount of blood that can flow through it. He compounded this error by his method of measuring the relative cross sections of the arteries. He may have used fresh preparations for his measurements on cows and sheep. For those on human beings, he probably used preserved specimens, dried ones as a rule. The results were inconsistent at best. For example, Martin Lister described a fetal heart that he saw in Méry’s collection which had no valve for the foramen ovale, and which was open in both directions and had a diameter nearly equal to that of the aorta. For two decades numerous arguments were presented on both sides of the controversy between Méry’s views and the traditional views dating back to Harvey and Lower. Méry held his views against all opposition to the end" (DSB). See Kenneth J. Franklin, “Jean Méry (1645–1722) and His Ideas on the Foetal Blood Flow,” in Annals of Science, 5 (1945), 203–338.

Frère Jacques Beaulieu, the work of which the first part of Méry's book refers, was a notorious quack travelling lithotomist.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY › Comparative Physiology, PHYSIOLOGY › Fetal Physiology, Quackery, UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 389

Thesaurus anatomicus primus [-decimus]... Het eerste [-tiende] anatomisch cabinet....

Amsterdam: Joannes Wolters, 17011715.

Probably the most original artist in the history of anatomical preparations, Ruysch enjoyed making up elaborate three-dimensional emblems of mortality from his specimens. These fantastic, dream-like concoctions constructed of human anatomical parts are illustrated in the Thesaurus on large folding plates mostly engraved by Cornelis Huyberts, who also engraved plates for the painter Girard de Lairesse, illustrator of Bidloo's anatomy. In their dreamlike qualities many of the plates depicting the preparations reflected surrealism centuries before surrealism became fashionable. Ruysch's Thesaurus Anatomicus describe and illustrate the spectacular collections of "Anatomical Treasures" which he produced for display in his home museum between 1701 and 1715 using secret methods of anatomical injection and preservation.

Ruysch's unique anatomical preparations attracted many notables to his museum, including Czar Peter the Great of Russia, who was so fascinated with the preparations that he attended Ruysch's anatomy lectures, and in 1717 he bought Ruysch's entire collection, along with that of the Amsterdam apothecary Albert Seba, for Russia's first public museum, the St. Petersburg Kunstkammer. Over the years most of the dry preparations in St. Petersburg deteriorated or disappeared, but some of those preserved in glass jars remain. A few later specimens by Ruysch, auctioned off by his widow after his death, are also preserved in Leiden. Because most of the preparations did not survive, Ruysch's preparations, and his museum, are known primarily from these publications.

Ruysch's methods allowed him to prepare organs such as the liver and kidneys and keep entire corpses for years. He used a mixture of talc, white wax, and cinnabar for injecting vessels and an embalming fluid of alcohol made from wine or corn with black pepper added. Using his injection methods Ruysch was the first to demonstrate the occurrence of blood vessels in almost all tissues of the human body, thereby destroying the Galenic belief that certain areas of the body had no vascular supply. He was also the first to show that blood vessels display diverse organ-specific patterns. He investigated the valves in the lymphatic system, the bronchial arteries and the vascular plexuses of the heart, and was the first to point out the nourishment of the fetus through the umbilical cord. Ruysch's discoveries led him to claim erroneously that tissues consisted solely of vascular networks, and to deny the existence of glandular tissue.

Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ANATOMY › Embalming, ART & Medicine & Biology, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 1828

Censura medicamentorum officinalium.

Leipzig: J. Fritsch, 1701.

A list of officially recognized drugs, with a classification of useless and undesirable ones. Rivinus also noted incompatibles. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacopeias, PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacopeias › Dispensatories or Formularies
  • 6253

Manuale operatien, I. deel zijnde een neiuw ligt voor vroed-meesters en vroed-vrouen.

The Hague: The Author, 1701.

This work gives the first accurate description of the female pelvis and its deformities, and the effect of the latter in complicating labor. The first edition contains a relatively unattractive frontispiece portrait of the author, engraved by himself. Latin translation, Leiden, 1701. English translation, London, 1724.

  • 2029

The ancient ψυχρολουσια revived; or, an essay to prove cold bathing both safe and useful.

London: S. Smith & B. Walford, 1702.

A history of cold bathing.

Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Balneotherapy, THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 5823

Propempticon inaugurale, De fistula lacrimali. Published as addendum to: LANGE, ERNST CHRISTIAN. Disputatio inauguralis medica de affectibus oculorum in genere… sub praesidio… Stahl.

Halle: Henckel, 1702.

Stahl was the first to treat lacrimal fistula on the basis of correct anatomical understanding. He described his treatment in an addendum to the thesis on eye disease of his student, Lange.

Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 9569

A mechanical account of poisons in several essays.

London: J. R. for Ralph South, 1702.

Mead performed numerous experiments, including tests with viper venom which lead to his book on poisons. His book describes their effects on the body in accordance with the precepts of the Iatrophysical School, which claimed that all physiologic and pathologic phenomena were the result of the laws of physics. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

  • 11175

Bibliotheca chemica curiosa, seu rerum ad alchemiam pertinentium thesaurus instructissimus; quo non tantum artis auriferae, ac scriptorum in ea nobiliorum historia traditur; Lapidis veritas argumentis & experimentis innumeris. 2 vols.

Geneva: Chouet, de Tournes, Cramer, Perachon, Ritter, 1702.

A library of chemical and alchemical works, including various alchemical works (some illustrated) that were already rare by Manget's time. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: Chemistry, Chemistry › Alchemy, Compilations and Anthologies of Medicine
  • 12785

Disquisitio medico-sacra, de modestia scripturae In rebus verecundis.

Wittenberg: Christian Schröder, 1702.

A study of the most remarkabl diseases mentioned in the Holy Scriptures. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 13831

Topographical descriptions: With historico-political, and medico-physical observations: Made in two several voyages through most parts of Europe.

London: Benjamin Tooke, 1702.

Travels in Netherlands, France, Savoy, and Piedmont. A second volume containing records of tours in Italy, and a third containing tous in Germany, Hunary, Denmark and Sweden, were planned but were never published.

Subjects: Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientsts
  • 8870

A description of the Western Islands of Scotland.: Containing a full account of their situation, extent, soils, product, harbours, bays, tides, anchoring places, and fisheries. The ancient and modern government, religion and customs of the inhabitants, particularly of their druids, heathen temples, monasteries, churches, chappels, antiquities, monuments, forts, caves, and other curiosities of art and nature. Of their admirable and expeditious way of curing most diseases by simples of their own product. A particular account of the second sight, or faculty of forseeing things to come, by way of vision, so common among them. A brief hint of methods to improve trade in that country, both by sea and land. With a new map of the whole, describing the harbours, anchoring places, and dangerous rocks, for the benefit of sailers. To which is added a brief description of the Isles of Orkney, and Schetland.

London: Andrew Bell, 1703.

Martin, who graduated MD from Leiden, included throughout his book detailed and non-judgmental documentation of folk medicine practices and ethnobotanic remedies then in use in the region. Digital facsimile of the 1703 edition from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Scotland, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 9542

Nova plantarum Americanarum genera.

Paris: apud Joannem Boudot, 1703.

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

  • 11667

Emmenologia: In qua fluxus mulierbris menstrui phaenomena, periodi, vitia cum medendi methodo, ad rationes mechanicas exiguntur.

Oxford: e theatro Sheldoniano, 1703.

Translated into English as Emmenologia: Written, in Latin, by the late learned Dr. John Freind. Translated into English by Thomas Dale, M.D. London: Printed for T. Cox, 1729. 

Digital facsimile of the 1752 English translation from Google Books at this link.

  • 14121

L'art de faire les raports en chirurgie, où l'on ensiegne la pratique, les formules & le stile le plus en usage parmi les chirurgiens commis aux rapports; avec un extrait des arrest, statuts & reglemens faits en consequence.

Paris: Laurent d'Houry, 1703.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

(Thanks to Webb Dordick for this reference.)

Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), SURGERY: General
  • 68

Opera omnia medico-practica et anatomica.

Lyon: Anisson & J. Posuel, 1704.

Baglivi, Professor of Anatomy at Rome, had a short but brilliant career. He wrote Praxis medica and De fibra motrice, and originated the so-called “solidar” pathology; he also devoted much time to experimental physiology. Baglivi was a strong advocate of specialism.

Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, PATHOLOGY
  • 1546

De aure humana tractatus.

Bologna: typ. C. Pisarii, 1704.

Valsalva, a pupil of Malpighi and teacher of Morgagni, is best remembered for his work upon the ear, in which he described and depicted its most minute muscles and nerves. He divided the ear into “external”, “middle”, and “internal”; his method of inflating the middle ear (Valsalva’s maneuver) is still practiced. The book includes a description of “Valsalva’s dysphagia”.

Subjects: OTOLOGY , OTOLOGY › Anatomy of the Ear, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 7577

Museum museorum, oder, Vollständige Schau-Bühne aller Materialien und Specereyen : nebst deren natürlichen Beschreibung, Election, Nutzen und Gebrauch, aus andern Material-, Kunst- und Naturalien-Kammern, Oost-und-West-Indischen Reisz-Beschreibungen, Curiosen Zeit- und Tag-Registern, Natur- und Artzney-Kündigern, wie auch selbst-eigenen Erfahrung, zum Vorschub der Studirenden Jugend, Materialisten, Apothecker, und deren visitatoren, wie auch anderer Künstler, als Jubelirer, Mahler, Färber, u.s.w. also verfasset, und mit etlich hundert sauberen Kupfferstücken unter Augen geleget

Frankfurt: In Verlegung Johann David Zunners, 1704.

Of particular value for reprinting many early museum catalogues. The second edition issued in 1714 reissued the first volume together with a second and third volume.  Digital facsimile of the 1704 first edition from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern
  • 10160

De imperio solis ac lunae in corpora humana, et morbis inde oriundis.

London: Raphael Smith, 1704.

Mead formulated the position that periodic atmospheric tides arising from planetary forces produced alterations of gravity, elasticity, and air pressure; these changes, he argued, affected the human body in health and disease. Mesmer's disseration, which originated animal magnetism, was largely a plagiarism of Mead's work. Translated into English by Thomas Stack "under the author's inspection" as A treatise concerning the influence of the sun and moon upon human bodies, and the diseases thereby produced (London, 1748).

Digital facsimile of the 1704 edition from Google Books at this link, of the English translation at this link. See Frank A. Pattie, "Mesmer's medical dissertation and its debt to Mead's De imperio solis ac lunae," Journal of the History of Medicine & Allied Sciences, (1956) 275-287. 

Subjects: Iatrophysics, PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis
  • 1986.3
  • 4478.102

Medicina gymnastica; or, a treatise concerning the power of exercise.

London: Knaplock, 1705.

The first English book on the power of exercise in treating disease. Fuller also recommended exercise for aid in the recovery from psychological and emotional disorders. In this he preceded Cheyne (No. 4840).

Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Physical Therapy, Sports Medicine
  • 1380

Dissertatio epistolaris ad Lucam Schroeckium de glandulis conglobatis durae meningis humanae.

Rome: Francesco Buagni, 1705.

Includes a description and illustration of the Pacchionian bodies of the arachnoid tissue under the dura, producing by pressure slight depressions (“Pacchionian depressions”). See also Pacchioni’s De durae meningis fabrica et usu disquisitio anatomica (Rome: D.A. Herculis, 1701). Digital facsimile of the 1701 work from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 2729

Novum vasorum corporis humani systema.

Amsterdam: Paul Marret, 1705.

Vieussens was among the first to describe the morbid changes in mitral stenosis, the throbbing pulse in aortic insufficiency, and the first correctly to describe the structure of the left ventricle, the course of the coronary vessels and the valve in the large coronary vein. He was the first to diagnose thoracic aneurysm during the life of the patient. Vieussens included a classic description of the symptoms of aortic regurgitation in his book. Partial English translation in No. 2241. Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.

  • 4300

L’art de guérir les maladies des os. Ou l'on traite des luxations & des fractures, avec les instrumens necessaires & une machine de nouvelle invention pour les reduire: ensemble des exostoses & des caries, des anchyloses, des maladies des dents, & de la charte ou rachitis, maladie ordinaire aux enfans.

Paris: L. d’Houry, 1705.

Petit was the first director of the Académie de Chirurgie, Paris. He is particularly remembered for his work on bone diseases. He invented the screw tourniquet, gave the first account of osteomalacia, and was first to open the mastoid process. New edition entitled Traité des maladies des os, 2 vols., 1723; English translation of latter, 1726. See Nos. 3357 & 3577.

Subjects: DENTISTRY, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments
  • 2730

Of ossifications or petrifications in the coats of arteries, particularly in the valves of the great artery.

Phil. Trans., 24, 1970-77, 1706.

First description of aortic insufficiency. Reproduced in Willius & Keys: Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 109-14.

  • 9471

Nouvelles découvertes sur le cœur, expliquées dans une lettre écrite à Monsieur Boudin ....

Paris: Laurent d'Houry, 1706.

The first description of “Vieussen’s valve,” “Vieussens’s ring,” and the “Thebesian veins” of the heart. "These ‘ducti carnosi’ were ultimately named ‘Thebesian veins’ after subsequent work completed by Adam Christian Thebesius just two years after Vieussens’s publication. Vieussens's 1706 work also included a description of the valve of the coronary vein known now as Vieussens’s valve—of clinical significance during placement of biventricular pacing leads—as well as a description of a conus branch of the right coronary artery circling around the aorta to the left arterial system providing a source of collateral flow known as Vieussens’s ring” (Jeremy Parker). 

  • 13921

Wondertooneel der nature, geopent in eene korte beschryvinge der hoofddeelen van de byzondere zeldsaamheden daar in begrepen; in orde gebragt en bewaart.

François Halma, 1706.

Catalogue of the collection of natural history commenced by Anthony Breda and considerably enriched and expanded by his brother-in-law Levinus Vincent, a merchant of luxurious textiles. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

Subjects: MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern
  • 1216

De sterilitate mulierum.

Leipzig: A. Zeidler, 1707.

The Nabothian cysts and glands of the cervix uteri first described (sect. xv).

Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 2670

The physician’s pulse-watch. 2 vols.

London: S. Smith & B. Walford, 17071710.

Before watches had hands to record the seconds, Floyer invented a pulse-watch which divided the minute. He was the first to count the pulse with the aid of a watch and to make regular observations on the pulse-rate. The second volume contains the first English translation of Cleyer’s book on Chinese pulse-lore, Specimen medicinae Sinicae. (see No. 6492).

  • 2731

De subitaneis mortibus libri duo.

Rome: J. F. Buagni, 1707.

In the above work Lancisi noted cardiac hypertrophy and dilatation as causes of sudden death. He was the first to describe valvular vegetation, and his book gives a classification of the cardiac diseases then recognized. Lancisi’s work laid the foundation for a true understanding of cardiac pathology. There are three different states of the title page of this work, with no definite order of priority established. See P. Kligfield, "Survey of variant title page vignettes in Lancisi’s De subitaneis mortibus," J. Hist. Med. & all. Sci., 1983, 38, 336-39. English translation by P.D. White & AV. Boursy, New York, St. John’s University Press, [1971.]

  • 4279.1


Florence: Manni, 1707.

A renowned specialist and pupil of Bellini, Alghisi was probably the first to use an indwelling urethral catheter to drain urine away from the wound after lithotomy. The inclined position of the patient with the head raised during the operation was also adopted from him. Illustrated with fine copperplates.

Subjects: UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 3670.1

Anthropologia nova; or, a new system of anatomy. Describing the animal oeconomy, and a short rationale of many distempers incident to human bodies.

London: Sam. Smith & Benj. Walford, 1707.

In his preface Drake credited the surgeon, anatomist and artist, William Cowper, for valuable aid in both the text and illustrations this work. Drake also included a chapter, "Of the Nose" written by Cowper which described the operation Cowper pioneered to empty the surgical treatment of diseases of the maxillary sinus. “In order to empty Highmore’s antrum of deposits and to be able to carry out the necessary irrigations, he extracted in most cases the first permanent molar, and then penetrated through its aveolus into the sinus with a pointed instrument” (Guerini).

Subjects: DENTISTRY, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 5575

Cours d’opérations de chirurgie, de demonstrées au Jardin Royal.

Paris: L. d’Houry, 1707.

Dionis taught operative surgery at the Jardin-du-Roi, Paris, a famous training ground for surgeons. English translation, London, 1710.

Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 5824

Traité des maladies de l’oeil

Troyes: J. le Febure, 1707.

Called “the Father of French ophthalmology”, Maître-Jan energetically supported Brisseau’s doctrine, ensuring its acceptance. As far back as 1692, Maître-Jan had proved that the opaque lens is cataract, but before Brisseau’s work appeared it had been regarded as a sort of skin or pellicle immediately inside the capsule of the lens.

Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 8938

Noticias do que he o achaque do bicho, diffiniçam do seu crestame[n]to, subimento corrupçaõ, sinaes, & cura atè, o quinto grao, ou intensaõ delle, suas differenças, & co[m]plicaços, com que se ajunta.

Lisbon: Miguel Manescal, 1707.

This book has been "considered by some authors to be the first reference to the chagasic megaesophagus and megacolon that appeared in history. In descriptions considered to refer megaesophagus, although dysphagia, the major symptom of this disease, is not recognized, typical manifestations of a irritating, inflammatory or ulcerative condition are identified, not affecting the esophagus but the stomach. In the description considered to refer to megacolon, the signs and symptoms suggest the diagnostic possibility of hemorrhoids and of the "achaque do bicho" itself, and do not recall the clinical picture of the chagasic megacolon in an absolute manner. On this basis, there is no reason to maintain the book "Noticias do que he o achaque do bicho" within the history of the digestive form of Chagas' disease" (

"The author started his life as a shopboy and became a prosperous merchant. It seems that he earned considerable sums by buying very cheap slaves who were sick with the "bicho", curing them and selling them at a good profit. He was not a physician,  and in the preface he states that he published his book only out of charity. This book is one of the three most important and rarest works on medicine written in Brazil." (Moraes). Digital facsimile from the John Carter Brown Library, Internet Archive, at this link.

Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Brazil, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, Latin American Medicine, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 9914

A voyage to the islands Madera, Barbados, Nieves, S. Christophers and Jamaica: With the natural history of the herbs and trees, four-footed beasts, fishes, birds, insects, reptiles, &c. of the last of those islands; to which is prefix'd, an introduction, wherein is an account of the inhabitants, air, waters, diseases, trade, &c. of that place, with some relations concerning the neighbouring continent, and islands of America. Illustrated with figures of the things described, which have not been heretofore engraved. In large copper-plates as big as the life. 2 vols.

London: Printed by B.M. for the Author, 17071725.

As a youth Sloane collected objects of natural history and other curiosities. This led him to the study of medicine, which he went to London, where he studied botany, materia medica, surgery and pharmacy. His collecting habits made him useful to John Ray and Robert Boyle. After four years in London he travelled through France, spending some time at Paris and Montpellier, and stayed long enough at the University of Orange-Nassau to take his MD degree there in 1683. He returned to London with a considerable collection of plants and other curiosities, of which the former were sent to Ray and utilised by him for his History of Plants.

In 1687 Sloane became a fellow of the College of Physicians, and the same year went to Jamaica aboard HMS Assistance as physician in the suite of the new Governor of Jamaica, the second Duke of Albemarle.Jamaica was fast emerging as a source of immense profit to British merchants based on the cultivation of sugar and other crops by the forced labor of West Africans—many from the Akan and other peoples of the regions which the English entitled the Gold and Slave Coasts. Income from the sugar produced by enslaved African laborers on Sloane's wife's plantations at an area known as Sixteen Mile Walk fed the family fortunes in London and, together with Sloane's medical revenue and London property investments, gave him the wealth to collect on a vast scale. On his death Sloane bequeathed his collections to the English nation, founding the British Museum. (adapted from the Wikipedia article on Hans Sloane, 03-2018).

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

  • 13900

Myographiae comparatae specimen: or, a comparative description of all the muscles in a man and in a quadruped. Shewing their discoverer, origin, progress, insertion, use, and difference. To which is added, an account of the muscles peculiar to a woman. With an etymological table, and several useful index's.

London: G. Strahan, 1707.

"As for the comparative part of this treatise, or the interlacing the descriptions of the human muscles with these of the canine, that needs no apology. The many useful discoveries known from the dissection of quadrupeds, the knowledge of the true structure of divers parts of the body, of the course of the blood and the chyle, and of the use and proper action of the parts, that are chiefly owing to this sort of dissection; these, I say, give a very warrantable plea for insisting upon it, tho' it may be censured by the vulgar" (p. vi).

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, ANATOMY › Comparative Anatomy
  • 581

Institutiones medicae in usus annuae exercitationis domesticos digestae.

Leiden: J. van der Linden, 1708.

Institutiones medicae, Boerhaave’s first book, represented lectures given by Boerhaave on June 23, 1701; it was soon being used in virtually every medical school in Europe, going though numerous authorized and unauthorized editions and translations. It was one of the earliest modern textbooks of physiology, and was responsible, more than any other work, for establishing the study of physiology as an academic discipline. Boerhaave wrote the work to serve as the textbook for his course in the institutes of medicine, a discipline including pathology, symptoms, hygiene and therapeutics as well as physiology, but he apparently felt that physiology was a neglected subject in the curriculum, as his chapter on it was larger than the other four chapters combined, and the only one to contain footnotes. The Institutiones is also significant as a work of medical bibliography, introducing its readers to the medical literature of the past and present through Boerhaave’s numerous detailed bibliographical citations. Because of its unusually large number of book recommendations, Boerhaave's extremely influential text may have influenced many of his students to collect libraries of the works which he deemed classical and significant. That some books might have been printed a century or more before the lectures were given does not seem to have been a critical issue. Lindeboom, Bibliographia Boerhaaviana (1959) No. 40. Lindeboom lists 50 different editions and translations of this work, including a manuscript translation into Arabic made in 1733.

The work was translated into English by "Mr. Samber" and published in London in 1719 under the following title: A Method of Studying Physick. Containing What a Physician ought to know in Relation to the Nature of Bodies, the Laws of Motion; Staticks, hydrostaticks, Hydraulicks, and the Proprieties of Fluids: Chymistry, Pharmacy and Botany: Osteology, Myology, Splanchnology, Angiology and Dissection: The Theory and Practice of Physick: Physiology, Pathology, Surgery, Diet, &c. And the whole Praxis Medica Interna; with the Names and Characters of the Most excellent Authors on all these several Subjects in every Age: Systematicks, Observators, Operators, & their best Editions, and the method of reading them.  


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics, Medicine: General Works, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 582
  • 69

Theoria medica vera.

Halle: lit. Orphanotrophei, 1708.

Stahl tried to explain vital phenomena by mystical means. He was the head of the so-called Animistic School which explained disease as caused by misdirected activities on the part of the soul. A three-volume German translation of the above was published in Berlin in 1831-33.

Subjects: Medicine: General Works, PHYSIOLOGY, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 763

Disputatio medica inauguralis de circulo sanguinis in corde.

Leiden: A. Elzevier, 1708.

First description of the coronary valves and the venae thebesii.

Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System
  • 1828.1

The English physician.

Boston, MA: Nicholas Boone, 1708.

This reprint of Culpeper’s popular work on herbal remedies was the first medical book (94pp.) printed in North America.

Subjects: BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Northeast, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 6496.1

Ma’aseh Tuviyyah [Works of Tobias]…Hebrew text.

Venice: Stamperia Bragadina, 1708.

The only significantly illustrated early book on medicine in Hebrew. This is an encyclopedia, of which approximately half concerns medicine. One of the first Jews from the Eastern ghetto to obtain a medical education at a German university, Cohn completed his degree at Padua, and served as court physician to the Turkish Sultan.

Subjects: Encyclopedias, Jews and Medicine
  • 11673

An account of animal secretion, the quantity of blood in the humane body, and muscular motion.

London: printed for George Strahan, 1708.

Keill applied measurement and mathematics in his researches, claiming the "first calculations of the absolute velocity at which blood travels through the aorta and smaller vessels; he also recognized that the blood's velocity must decrease the number of arterial branches increases. Keill would also appear to have been one of the first to study the ratio of the bluid to the solid portions of the body, partly through experiments involving tissue desiccation" (DSB, 7, 274).


Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.

  • 2199

Aphorismi de cognoscendis et curandis morbis.

Leiden: J. van der Linden, 1709.

The Aphorisms represent one of Boerhaave’s best  and most influential works. English translation, 1715.

Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 5825

Traité de la cataracte et du glaucoma.

Paris: L. d’Houty, 1709.

Brisseau was the first to demonstrate the true nature and location of cataract. His book was reprinted in facsimile, 1921.

Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 12474

A new voyage to Carolina; Containing the exact description and natural history of that country: Together with the present state thereof. And a journal of a thousand miles, travel'd Thro' several nations of Indians. Giving a particular account of Their customs, manners, &c.

London: [No publisher identified], 1709.

Lawson, who characterized himself as "Surveyer-General of North Carolina" explored the interior of colonial North Carolina, South Carolina and George. He was guided by American Indians and made careful note of vegetation, wildlife and many Indian tribes he encountered. His book, which underwent several editions and translations, attracted many immigrants to the region.

"In September 1711, Lawson and his associate Christopher von Graffenried were captured by Tuscarora Indians while ascending the Neuse River. The Tuscarora released von Graffenried, but they subjected Lawson to ritual torture, typical of warriors, and killed him.[1] Shortly thereafter, tensions between the Tuscarora and their allies and settlers erupted into a bloody conflict known as the Tuscarora War, lasting until the defeat of the Tuscarora in 1715. The colonists gathered their own American Indian allies, especially from among the Yamasee and Cherokee, traditional enemies and competitors of the Tuscarora" (Wikipedia article on John Lawson (explorer) accessed 4-2020).

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

Subjects: U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › North Carolina, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › South Carolina, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 12991

Musaeum Kircherianum sive musaeum a P. Athanasio Kirchero in Collegio Romano Societatis Jesu iam pridem incoeptum nuper restitutum, auctum descriptum, & iconibus illustratum....a Philippo Bonanni.

Rome: Georgio Placho, 1709.

Extensively illustrated catalogue by Bonanni of the Musaeum Kircherianum, formed in the mid-17th century by the Jesuit polymath, Athanasius Kircher, and housed in the Jesuit Collegio Romano. Reflective of Kircher's polymathic interests, the museum included objects of every kind from many disciplines: antiquities, archaeology, ethnography, natural history, etc., and also included a number of mathematical, scientific, and physical instruments. Components of Kircher's museum were later dispersed to various other museums in Rome, leaving this book as the only record of its contents. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

Subjects: MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern