An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15429 entries, 13282 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 23, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 6000–6099

112 entries
  • 6000

Die Brille und ihre Geschichte.

Vienna: J. Safar, 1903.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 6001

Geschichte der Augenheilkunde. Handbuch der Geschichte de Medizin 3, 489-572

Jena, 1905.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 6002

The development of ophthalmology in America, 1800 to 1870.

Chicago, IL: American Medical Association Press, 1908.

Of limited value, but the only available history of early American ophthalmology.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 6003

Die Erfindung der Augengläser.

Berlin: Optische Bücherei, 1921.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 6004

Studies in the history of ophthalmology in England prior to the year 1800.

Cambridge, England: University Press, 1933.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 5768.1
  • 6005

Reconstructive surgery of the eyelids.

St. Louis, MO: C. V. Mosby Co., 1943.

Most of this work is a very carefully documented history of the subject. Bibliography of 451 references.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › History of Plastic Surgery
  • 6006

A short history of ophthalmology. 2nd ed.

London: Staples Press, 1948.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 6007

Geschichte der Tonometrie.

Basel: S. Karger, 1961.

Revised and enlarged English translation with deceptive title: Tonometry: physical fundamentals, development of methods and clinical application, New York, Hafner, 1966.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 6007.1

A history of the ophthalmoscope.

Rochester, MN: Privately Printed, 1971.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Ophthalmoscope, OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 6007.2

Ophthalmologisch-optische Untersuchungsgeräte.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1981.

English translation by F.C. Blodi as The history of optical instruments for the examination of the eye, Bonn: J. P. Wayenborgh, 1986.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation, OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5768.8
  • 6007.3

History and tradition [of ophthalmic plastic surgery].

Advances in Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 5, 1986.

A collection of articles by various authors, including partial reprint of No. 5768.1 and 6005.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery
  • 6008
  • 6312

De arte obstetricia morbisque mulierum quae supersunt. Ex apographo Friderici Reinholdi Dietz, nuper fato perfuncti primum edita.

Königsberg: Graefe et Unzer, 1838.

Greek editio princeps of Soranus, based on manuscripts Dietz discovered in Paris and Rome, and published after the early death of the editor. Soranus was the leading authority on the gynecology and obstetrics of antiquity. He recognized atresia of the vagina as being congenital or acquired from inflammation. He packed the uterus for hemorrhage and performed hysterectomy for prolapse. He described podalic version. Soranus also included full instructions on the care and management of infants.Translated into English, with an introduction by Oswei Temkin, with the assitance of Nicholson J. Eastman, Ludwig Edelstein, and Alan F. Guttmacher as Soranus' Gynaecology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1956. Digital facsimile of the 1838 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.

 



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, PEDIATRICS
  • 6009

Sorani Gynaeciorum libri 4. De signis fracturarum. De fasciis. Vita Hippocratis secundum Soranum. Ed. Johannes Ilberg. Corpus medicorum Graecorum, 4.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1927.

Standard Greek edition of the works of Soranus. Digital facsimile from the Corpus Medicorum Graecorum at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 6009.1

Experimentarius medicinae. Continens Trotulae curandarum aegriudinum muliebrium ante, in & post partium lib. unicum, nusquam antea editum…[Georg Kraut]

Strasbourg, France: apud Joannem Schottum, 1544.

First printed edition of the gynecological writings attributed to the woman physician, Trota, who is frequently called Trotula after the name of the collection of works with whom she is associated. Trota is said to have taught at Salerno during the 12th century. Trota was the earliest woman physician to write significant medical treatises. Her writings were Liber de sinthomatibus mulierum ("Book on the Conditions of Women"), De curis mulierum ("On Treatments for Women", and De ornatu mulierum ("On Women’s Cosmetics"). "The Trotula was published not because it was still of immediate clinical use to learned physicians (it had been superseded in that role by a variety of other texts in the 15th century), but because it had been newly "discovered" as a witness to empirical medicine by a Strasbourg publisher, Johannes Schottus. Schottus persuaded a physician colleague, Georg Kraut, to edit the Trotula, which Schottus then included in a volume he called Experimentarius medicinae ("Collection of Tried-and-True Remedies of Medicine"), which also included the Physica of Trota of Salerno's near contemporary, Hildegard of Bingen. Kraut, seeing the disorder in the texts, but not recognizing that it was really the work of three separate authors, rearranged the entire work into 61 themed chapters. He also took the liberty of altering the text here and there. As [Monica] Green has noted, "The irony of Kraut's attempt to endow "Trotula" with a single, orderly, fully rationalized text was that, in the process, he was to obscure for the next 400 years the distinctive contributions of the historic woman Trota" (Wikipedia article on Trotula, accessed 08-03-15). 



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy › Schola Medica Salernitana, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1000 - 1499, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1500 - 1799
  • 367
  • 6010

Commentaria cum amplissimis additionibus super anatomia Mundini una cum textu ejusdem in pristinum et verum nitorem redacto.

Bologna: imp. Per H. de Benedictis, 1521.

Giacomo Berengario da Carpi (Jacobus Berengarius Carpensis, Jacopo Barigazzi, Giacomo Berengario da Carpi or simply Carpus) introduced iconography and independent anatomical observation into the teaching of anatomy. His Commentaria, a thick quarto of over 1000 pages, included 21 full-page woodcut text illustrations plus an architectural title-border, which included an image of a dissection scene. It was the first work since the time of Galen to display any considerable amount of anatomical information based upon personal investigation and observation. The Commentaria contains the first mention of the vermiform appendix, as well as the first good account of the thymus. The description of the male and female reproductive organs, the process of reproduction and the fetus were more extensive than any earlier account, and Berengario was the first to call attention to the greater proportional capacity of the female pelvis to the male pelvis. On fol. ccxxv Berengario gives the first authentic report of vaginal hysterectomy for prolapse. He describes two cases, one performed by himself in 1507 and the other by his father.  

For further details see the entry in HistoryofInformation.com at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 16th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ART & Medicine & Biology, Genito-Urinary System, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy
  • 6011

Gynaeciorum, hoc est, de mulierum turn aliis, tum gravidarum, parientium et puerperarum affectibus et morbis, libri veterum ac recentiorum aliquot, partim nunc primum editi, partim multo quam antea castigatiores.

Basel: Thomas Guarinus, 1566.

The first encyclopedia of gynecology and obstetrics, originally conceived by Conrad Gesner, who collected material for the purpose. Wolff, Gesner’s literary executor, added material and published the collection one year after Gesner’s death. It contains the first edition of Moschion (No. 6136). Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Encyclopedias, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6012

Gynaeciorum sive de mulierum affectibus commentarii Graecorum, Latinorum, barbarorum, iam olim & nunc recens editorum: in tres tomos digesti, et necessariis passim imaginibus illustrati. 4 vols.

Basel: Thomas Guarinus, 15861588.

A hugely enlarged version of No. 6011, with texts in Greek as well as Latin. Digital facsimile of vol. 1 from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6013

Gynaeciorum sive de mulierum tum communibus, turn gravidarum, parientum, et puerperarum affectibus et morbis, libri Graecorum, Arabum, Latinorum veterum et recentium quotquot extant, parti nunc primum editi, partim vero denuo recogniti, emendati, necessariis imaginibus exornati, & optimorum scriptorum autoritatibus illustrati.

Strassburg, Austria: Sumptibus Lazari Zetzneri, 1597.

Spach was the editor of this collection of gynecological writings. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6013.1

Gynaeciorum commentarius, de gravidarum parturientium, puerperarum & infantium, cura… Accessit elenchus auctorum in re medica cluentium, qui gynaecia scriptis clararunt & illustrarunt. Opera e studio Joan. Georgii Schenkii …

Strassburg, Austria: Impensis Lazari Zetzneri, 1606.

Schenck compiled the first bibliography of gynecology, entitled Pinax auctorum in re medica, Graecorum, Latinorum priscorum, Arabum Latinobarbarorum, Latinorum recentiorum, tum & peregrinis liniguis cluentium, Exstantium, MS. promissorum vel desidetatorum: qui gynaecia, sive muliebria plento argumento sive ex instituto scriptis exceluerunt & illustrarunt. It covered writings on the subject from the earliest times to the beginning of the 17th century. This he appended to his posthumous first edition of Guinter’s treatise on gynecology. Neither Guinter's nor Schenck's work was particularly long; the entire book contains 56 pages, of which Schenck's bibliography occupies pp. 37-56. Digital facsimile of the author's presentation copy to H. Rapp from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6014

De virginum et mulierum morbis liber.

Paris: J. Quisnel, 1643.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6015

Heel-konstige aanmerkkingen betreffende de gebreeken der vrouwen.

Amsterdam: weduwe van T. Jacobsz, 1663.

Roonhuyze’s book is regarded as the first work on operative gynecology in the modern sense. He successfully performed caesarean section several times, and he used retractors for the repair of vesicovaginal fistulae. English translation, London, 1676.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Vesicovaginal Fistula, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6016

Ausführliche Abhandlung von den Zufällen und Kranckheiten des Frauenzimmers.

Leipzig: J. C. Eyssel, 1724.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6017

An account of a dropsy of the left ovary of a woman, aged 58, cured by a large incision made in the side of the abdomen.

Phil. Trans., (1724-25), 33, 8-15, 1726.

Houstoun was the first to treat ovarian edema by tapping the cyst, 1701. For biographical note, see J. Obst. Gynaec. Brit. Comw., 1973, 80, 193-200.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6018

Tabulae anatomicae quatuor uteri duplicis.

Strassburg, Austria: ex. Off. A. Königii, 1752.

Atlas of bipartite and double uterus.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6019

Traité des maladies des femmes. 6 vols.

Paris: P. G. Cavelier, 17611765.

Mettler considers this “the most pretentious gynecologic work of the [eighteenth] century… chiefly useful for its historical orientation”. English translation, 3 vols., London, 1762-67.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology
  • 6020

Appendix to Lynn’s The history of a fatal inversion of the uterus.

Med. Obs. Inqu., 4, 400-09; 5, 388-93., 1771, 1776.

First accurate description of retroversion of the uterus.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6021

An account of a particular change of structure in the human ovarium.

Phil. Trans., 79, 71-78, 1789.

Matthew Baillie’s notable anatomico-pathological studies on dermoid cysts of the ovary. Also published in Lond. med. J., 1789, 10, 322-32.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6022

Ueber die Wirkungen der Schnürbrüste.

Berlin: Voss, 1793.

Soemmerring enumerated the bad effects of tight corsets on the internal organs of women. His book created much interest and resulted in a great decline in the fad of tight lacing and hoop skirts. This is the second edition, with one copperplate illustration at the end. The first, unillustrated, edition was published at Leipzig, 1788. Digital facsimile of the 1793 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6023

Three cases of extirpation of diseased ovaria.

Eclect. Repert. Analyt. Rev., 7, 242-44, 1817.

McDowell was a pioneer ovariotomist. Although not the first to perform this operation, he deserves credit for putting it upon a permanent basis. The above records his first ovariotomy, performed in 1809, together with two later cases. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 2, 651-53.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6024

Case of ovarian dropsy, successfully removed by a surgical operation.

Amer. Med. Recorder, 5, 124-26, 1822.

Smith was the first in the U.S.A. after McDowell to perform ovariotomy, for ovarian edema. Smith was apparently without knowledge of the previous operations of McDowell.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6025

Ueber den Gebärmutterkrebs, dessen Entstehung und Verhütung.

Berlin: F. Dümmler, 1824.

Classic account of cancer of the uterus.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 6026

Observations on extraction of diseased ovaria.

Edinburgh: D. Lizars, 1825.

Lizars performed the first (unsuccessful) ovariotomy in Britain. His book made generally known the practical possibility of this operation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6026.1

A treatise on the diseases of females.

Philadelphia: Carey & Lea, 1826.

First American textbook on gynecology.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Northeast, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6027

Case of successful excision of the cervis uteri in a scirrhous state.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 5, 307-09, 1829.

First successful excision of the cervix in America. Reported by T. F. Gillan.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6028

Traité pratique des maladies de l’utérus et de ses annexes. 2 vols. and atlas.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1833.

Boivin and Dugès practiced amputation of the cervix for chronic ulceration. On page 648 of vol. 2 is the first recorded case of cancer of the female urethra. English translation, 1834.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 6028.1

Calculus in the bladder. Incontinence of urine. Vesico-vaginal fistula. Advantages of the gilt-wire suture.

Lancet, 5, 1, 345-6, 1834.

Gosset repaired a vesicovaginal fistula of eleven years’ duration, using silver gilt-wire, removed after 9, 12 and 21 days respectively.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Vesicovaginal Fistula
  • 6029

Mémoire sur la restauration du périnée chez la femme dans les cas de division ou de rupture complète de cette partie.

Gaz. méd. Paris, 2 sér., 2, 17-22, 1834.

Roux was the first to suture the ruptured female perineum.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6030

Case of vesico-vaginal fistula, successfully treated by an operation.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 24, 283-88, 1839.

Hayward’s successful treatment of vesicovaginal fistula was performed after Mettauer’s, although reported earlier.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Vesicovaginal Fistula
  • 6031

Vesico-vaginal fistula.

Boston med. surg. J., 22, 154-55, 1840.

The first successful operation for vesicovaginal fistula is believed to be that performed in August 1838, by Mettauer, a Virginian gynecologist. He introduced metallic sutures and a retention catheter.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Vesicovaginal Fistula
  • 6031.1

Hydatids, terminating fatally, by haemorrhage.

Lancet, 1, 691-693, 1840.

First report of a chorionic tumor.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6032

Cases of peritoneal section, for the extirpation of diseased ovaria, by the large incision from sternum to pubes, successfully treated.

Med. Times, 7, 43, 59, 67, 83, 99, 139, 153, 270, 1842.

Clay, pioneer ovariotomist in Great Britain, introduced the word “ovariotomy”. (See also his later paper, No. 6054.)



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6033

Invention du spéculum plein et brisé.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 8, 661-68, 18421843.

Description of the speculum invented by Récamier.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6034

Case of ovarian tumors – both the right and the left being removed at the same operation.

N. Y. J. Med., 1, 168-70, 1843.

First successful double oöphorectomy. Communicated in a letter to the editor by J. M. Foltz.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6035

Contributions to the pathology and treatment of disease of the uterus.

Lond. Edinb. month. J. med. Sci., 3, 547-56, 701-15, 1009-27; 4, 208-17, London & Edinburgh, 1843, 1844.

Simpson introduced many important procedures into gynecology and obstetrics; among them may be mentioned his use of the uterine sound for diagnosing retro-positions of the uterus



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6036

A practical treatise on inflammation, ulceration, and induration of the neck of the uterus.

London: John Churchill, 1845.

Bennet was the first to differentiate between benign and malignant uterine tumors.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 6037

On the treatment of vesico-vaginal fistula.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s., 23, 59-82, 1852.

Original description of Sims’s operation for the treatment of vesicovaginal fistula; also describes “Sims’s position, the knee–chest position. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 2, 677-712.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Vesicovaginal Fistula
  • 6038

A table of all the known operations of ovariotomy. From 1701-1851.

Trans. Amer. med. Ass., 4, 286-314, 1851.

Atlee is said to have performed ovariotomy 387 times; with his brother John he firmly established the operation in the U.S.A.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6039

The surgical treatment of certain fibrous tumours of the uterus.

Philadelphia: T. K. & P. G. Collins, 1853.

Atlee was among the first to study the surgical removal of uterine fibroids.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6040

Extirpation of the uterus and ovaries for sarcomatous disease.

Nelson’s Amer. Lancet, 8, 147, 1854.

First successful abdominal hysterectomy, 25 May, 1853. An account of Burnham’s work is given by J. C. Irish in Trans. Amer. med. Ass. 1878, 29, 447-61.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy
  • 6041

Ueber die Heilung der Blasen-Scheidenfisteln.

Giessen: E. Heinemann, 1854.

Simon is perhaps best remembered as being the first in Europe to excise the kidney; he also wrote a fine monograph on vesico-vaginal fistula.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Vesicovaginal Fistula
  • 6042

Successful case of extirpation of the uterus.

Boston med. Surg. J. 52, 249-55, 1855.

First successful abdominal hysteroscopic myomectomy (for fibromyoma), 1 September 1853.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6043

System of practical surgery. 4th ed.

London: John Churchill, 1857.

Fergusson’s vaginal speculum is described on p. 724.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6043.1

On diseases peculiar to women, including displacements of the uterus.

Philadelphia: Blanchard & Lea, 1860.

Chapter 5 includes a lengthy description of the “Hodge pessary”. See No. 6185.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6044

On epicystotomy.

N.Y.J. Med., 3 ser., 4, 9-24, 1858.

Noeggerath, who devised the operation of epicystotomy, spent many years in America, where he became a leading gynecologist and obstetrician.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6045

Der Gebärmutterkrebs.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1858.

In this work Wagner presented the first important contribution to the knowledge of the gross pathology of uterine cancer.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 6046

Congenital exstrophy of the urinary bladder, complicated with prolapsus uteri following pregnancy; successfully treated by a new plastic operation.

Amer. med. Gaz., 10, 81-89, 1859.

First successful plastic operation for exstrophy of the female bladder.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6047

Case of successful operation for vesico-vaginal fistula.

Amer J. med. Sci., n.s., 39, 67-82, 1860.

Atlee’s operation for vesicovaginal fistula.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Vesicovaginal Fistula
  • 6048

Clinique médicale sur les maladies des femmes. 2 vols.

Paris: F. Chamerot, 18601862.

One of the most important texts on the subject during the mid-nineteenth century. English translation, New Sydenham Society, 1867.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6049

Amputation of the cervix uteri.

Trans. N.Y. med. Soc., 367-71, 1861.

Sims’s method for amputating the cervix.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6050

On vaginismus.

Trans. obstet. Soc. Lond., (1861), 3, 356-67, 1862.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6051

De l’ovariotomie.

Mém. Acad. imp. Méd (Paris), 26, 321-472, 1863.

The introduction of ovariotomy into France was in part due to Koeberlé. He made great advances in gynecological operative technique.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6052

Exstirpation de l’utérus et des ovaires.

Gaz. méd. Strasbourg, 23, 101, 1863.

First successful excision of uterus and ovaries for tumor.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 6053

Documents pour servir à l’histoire de l’extirpation des tumeurs fibreuses de la matrice par la méthode suspubienne.

Mém. Soc. de Méd. de Strasbourg, (1863-64),4, 84-158, 1865.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 6054

Observations on ovariotomy, statistical and practical. Also, a successful case of entire removal of the uterus and its appendages.

Trans. obstet. Soc. Lond., (1863), 5, 58-74, 1864.

For many years Clay was the most eminent ovariotomist in Great Britain. In all, he performed 395 ovariotomies, with a mortality of 25 percent.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6055

On the treatment of dysmenorrhoea and sterility, resulting from anteflexion of the uterus.

N.Y. med. J., 1, 205-19, 1865.

Emmet, a disciple of Sims, was an outstanding gynecological surgeon.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Menstruation
  • 6056

Diseases of the ovaries.

London: John Churchill, 1865.

Wells was perhaps the greatest of the pioneer ovariotomists; he performed his first ovariotomy in 1858. The title page to this work states that a second volume would be published. By the time Wells issued the intended Volume two he considered it an entirely separate work and not a continuation of his 1865 treatise. The second work, published in 1872, has frequently been miscatalogued as Volume two because it bears the same title and was issued by the same publisher. However, it is not called Volume two on its title page.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6057

Clinical notes on uterine surgery, with reference to the management of the sterile condition.

London: R. Hardwicke, 1866.

A revolutionary and controversial work, written in Paris while Sims was in voluntary exile because of the U.S. Civil War, and first serialized in Lancet 2 (1864) and 1 (1865). Includes, pp. 16-18, the description of Sims’s duck-billed speculum. Also includes important and pioneering work on the treatment of infertility, including analysis of the conditions essential to conception, and record of a successful artificial insemination. American edition, N.Y., 1866.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY › Infertility, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6058

Vesico-vaginal fistula from parturition and other causes: with cases of recto-vaginal fistula.

New York: William Wood, 1868.

A comprehensive account of the management of vesicovaginal fistula based on Sims’s technique.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Vesicovaginal Fistula
  • 6059

Surgery of the cervix in connection with the treatment of certain uterine diseases.

Amer J. Obstet. Dis. Worn., 1, 339-62, 1869.

Surgical repair of lacerations of the cervix.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6060

A practical treatise on diseases of women.

Philadelphia: H. C. Lea, 1868.

The most complete and systematic treatise on the subject in its day.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6061

Vaginal ovariotomy.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 59, 387-90, 1870.

First vaginal ovariotomy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6062

Normal ovariotomy.

Atlanta med. surg. J., 10, 321-39: also in Trans. med. Ass. Georgia, 24, 36-69, 1872, 1873.

Battey’s ovariotomy operation for the treatment of non-ovarian conditions. This operation later acquired a greater significance in connection with more modern work on endocrinology. Preliminary communication in J. gynaec. Soc. Boston, 1872, 7, 331-35.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6063

Chronic cystitis in the female, and mode of treatment.

Amer. Practit., 5, 65-92, 1872.

Vaginal cystotomy for chronic cystitis.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6064

Die latente Gonorrhoe im weiblichen Geschlecht.

Bonn: M. Cohen & Sohn, 1872.

Noeggerath was the first to point out the late effects of gonorrhoea in women, particularly its role in the production of sterility.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6065

Cases of intermenstrual or intermediate dysmenorrhoea.

Brit. med. J., 2, 431-32, 1872.

First report of cases of Mittelschmerz.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Menstruation
  • 6066

Zur Enucleation der intraparietalen Myome des Corpus uteri.

Z. Geburtsh. Frauenkr., 1, 143-67, 1876.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6066.1

Uber drei Fälle von primärem Carcinom im Fundus und Corpus des Uterus.

Med. Jb., 364-68, 1877.

Choriocarcinoma first reported.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 6067

Ueber die Exstirpation normaler und nicht zu umfänglichen Tumoren degenerirter Eierstöcke.

Zbl Gynäk., 1, 297-307; 2, 25-39, 1877, 1878.

Hegar developed Battey’s operation (No. 6062) and employed it for the treatment of various ovarian conditions.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6068

Noveau procédé pour la guérison du prolapsus utérin.

Bull. gén. Thérap., 92, 337-44, 1877.

Le Fort’s operation for prolapse.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6069

Anatomische Bedeutung der Erosionen am Scheidentheil.

Zbl. Gynäk., 1, 17-19, 1877.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6070

Eine neue Methode der Exstirpation des ganzen Uterus.

Samlung klinischer Vorträge No. 133, Gynäkologie, 41, 911-924, Breitkopf & Härtel, 1878.

Freund performed the first successful abdominal hysterectomy for cancer. Although removal of the uterus by the abdominal route had been carried out earlier, to Freund belongs the credit for the invention of the operation, in which he utilized Lister’s antiseptic method. His first paper describing the operation was published on 3 April 1878.

Freund published two shorter accounts of the procedure later in 1878:

"Zu meiner Methode der totalen Uterus-Exstirpation," Zbl. Gynäk., 2/12, 265-69. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1878. This appeared on 8 June.

"Eine neue Methode der Exstirpation des ganzen Uterus," Berl. klin. Wschr., 15/28, 417-18. Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1878. This appeared on 15 July.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 6071

Removal of normal ovaries.

Brit. med. J., 1, 813-14, 1879.

Lawson Tait reported that he had performed Battey’s operation on 1 August 1872, 16 days before Battey. See No. 6062.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6072

Ueber die Ausrottung des Gebärmutterkrebses.

Wien. med. Wschr., 29, 1171-74, 1879.

First total hysterectomy by the vaginal route.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy
  • 6073

Ueber die Enukleation subperitonealer Fibrome der Gebärmutter durch das Scheidengewölbe; vaginale Myoniotomie.

Wien. med. Wschr., 31, col. 501-05, 525-29, Vienna, 1881.

The operation of enucleation of subperitoneal uterine fibroids by the vaginal route was introduced by Czerny. In the second paper the words “Fibromyome” and “Myomotomie” replace “Fibrome” and “Myoniotomie” in the title.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6074

Ueber die theilweise und vollständige Ausschneidung der carcinomatösen Gebärmutter.

Z. Geburtsh. Gynäk., 6, 213-30, 1881.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 6075

A case of removal of the uterine appendages.

Brit. med. J., 1, 766-67, 1881.

Oöphorectomy, February 1881.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6076

A new operation for uterine displacements.

Glasg. med. J., 17, 437-46, 1882.

Adams devised an operation for retroversion of the uterus, similar to that performed by Alexander (No. 6077).



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6077

A new method of treating inveterate and troublesome displacements of the uterus.

Med. Times Gaz., 1, 327-28, 1882.

Alexander’s suspension operation for retroversion of the uterus, first performed by him in 1881.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6078

A study of the etiology of perineal laceration, with a new method for its proper repair.

Trans. Amer. gynec. Soc., (1883), 8, 198-216, 1884.

First description of Emmet’s technique for perineorrhaphy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6079

Sur la faradisation utérine double ou bipolaire.

Union méd., 3 sér., 38, 709-13, 733-36, 1884.

Apostoli was the first to employ the double faradic current in the electrotherapy of uterine diseases.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 6080

Ueber die Enucleation interstitieller Myome.

Z. Geburtsh. Gynäk., 10, 156-62, 1884.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6081

General summary of conclusions from one thousand cases of abdominal section.

Birmingham, England: R. Birbeck, 1884.

Tait was probably the greatest of the ovariotomists. He abandoned Listerian principles of antisepsis, relying on “scrupulous attention to cleanliness of every kind and in all directions”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6082

Ueber Kraurosis vulvae, eine wenig beachtete Form von Hautatrophie am pudendum muliebre.

Z. Heilk., 6, 69-80, 1885.

Although not the first to describe kraurosis vulvae, Breisky left an important account, and the condition became known as “Breisky’s disease”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6083

Ueber ventrale Operation bei Prolapsus und Retroversio uteri.

Zbl. Gynäk., 10, 698-701, 1886.

First account of Olshausen’s operation for retroversion of the uterus.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6084

Ablation des tumeurs flbreuses ou myomes du corps de l’utérus par la voie vaginale.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 59, 445-47, 1886.

Péan’s method of morcellement of the uterus for the removal of tumors.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 6085

The gradual preparatory treatment of the complications of urinary and faecal fistulae in women.

Trans. int. med. Congr., Washington, 2, 514-58, 1887.

Pyelitis complicating vesical and fecal fistulae in women was successfully treated by Bozeman.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6086

Hysterorrhaphy.

New York: W. Wood & Co., 1887.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6087

On the method of flap-splitting in certain plastic operations.

Brit. gynaec. J., 3, 367-76; 7, 195-214, 18871888, 18911892.

Tait devised a flap-splitting operation for retocele which, with some modifications, is in use today.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6088

Die Tripperansteckung beim weiblichen Geschlechte.

Leipzig: O. Wigand, 1889.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6089

Ueber die Pseudomucine der cystischen Ovariengeschwülste.

Leipzig: A. T. Engelhardt, 1890.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6090

Pus in the pelvis and how to deal with it.

Trans sth. surg. gynec. Ass., (1889), 2, 102-12, 1890.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 4222
  • 6091

Ueber Blasenscheidenfisteloperationen und über Beckenhochlagerung bei Operationen in der Bauchhöhle.

Samml. klin. Vortr., Nr. 355 (Chir., Nr. 109), 3373-92, 1890.

Includes an account of his attempt, 1886, to cure hydronephrosis by a plastic operation – the first recorded surgical intervention for the relief of this condition.

Includes description of the “Trendelenburg position”. Reprinted with translation, in Med. Classics, 1940, 4, 936-88. The first description of Trendelenburg’s elevated pelvic position was given by one of his students, W. Meyer, in Arch. klin. Chir., 1885, 31, 494-525.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6092

Contributions to the histogenesis of the papillary cystoma of the ovary.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 2, 149-57, Baltimore, MD, 1891.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6093

Supravaginal hysterectomy without ligature of the cervix, in operation for uterine fibroids; a new method.

Amer J. Obstet. Dis. Wom., 26, 489-504, 1892.

Baer’s operation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy
  • 6093.1

On the occurrence of pleural effusion in association with disease of the abdomen.

Med.-chir. Trans., 75, 109-18, 1892.

Lawson Tait was apparently the first to describe what is now known as Meigs’s syndrome (ovarian fibroma combined with pleural effusion).



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6094

Ueber Sarcoma uteri deciduo-cellulare und andere deciduale Geschwülste.

Arch. Gynäk., 44, 89-148, 1893.

A detailed classification of “deciduomata”, chorionic neoplasms, and a review of the literature.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 6095

Vaginal hysterectomy in bilateral peri-uterine suppuration.

Amer. J. Obstet. Dis. Wom., 26, 448-60, 1892.

Henrotin’s method of removing the uterus.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy
  • 6096

Conservative surgical treatment of para- and peri-uterine septic diseases.

Amer. gynaec. obstet. J., 6, 769-83, 1895.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6097

Ueber eine eigenthümliche Form des Ovarial carcinoms.

Zbl. allg. Path., 6, 257-64, 1895.

Granulosa cell tumor first described.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 6097.1

Über die sogenannten “decidualen” Geschwülste im Anschluss an normale Geburt, Abort, Blasenmole und Extrauterinschwangerschaft.

Mschr. Geburtsh., 1, 419-38, 513-62, 1895.

Marchand’s theory of the histogenesis of choriocarcinoma (chorionepithelioma). He considered that such tumors derived from trophoblast and not from decidua.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 6098

Über Exstirpation der Vagina.

Zbl. Gynäk., 19, 1-6, 1895.

The operation of excision of the vagina was introduced by Olshausen.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6099

Ueber Uterus-Gonorrhöe.

Verh. dtsch. Ges. Gynäk., 6, 199-223, 1895.

Wertheim emphasized the importance of latent uterine gonorrhoea.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY