An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15423 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 17, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 4600–4699

132 entries
  • 4600

Zur Diagnose der Rückenmarkskompression.

Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., 55, 325-33, 1916.

“Queckenstedt’s test” for determining patency of the spinal subarachnoid space.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 4601

Tumors of the nervus acusticus and the syndrome of the cerebello-pontile angle.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1917.

Reprinted 1963.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Oncological, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OTOLOGY
  • 4602

Ventriculography following the injection of air into the cerebral ventricles.

Ann. Surg., 68, 5-11; also Amer. J. Roentgenol., n.s. 6, 26-36., 1918, 1919.

Dandy was responsible for the introduction of ventriculography.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4603

Röntgenography of the brain after the injection of air into the spinal canal.

Ann. Surg., 70, 397-403, 1919.

Introduction of pneumoencephalography.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4604

Zur Analyse und Pathophysiologie der striären Bewegungsstörungen.

Z. ges. Neurol. Psychiat., 73, 1-169, 1921.

Foerster made a most important contribution to the literature on extra pyramidal diseases.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 2693
  • 4605

Méthode radiographique d’exploration de la cavité épidurale par la lipiodol.

Rev. neurol. (Paris), 28, 1264-66, 1921.

Positive contrast myelography with iodized oil (lipiodol). This paper records the first use of lipiodol in radiology.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, RADIOLOGY
  • 4605.1

Über die diagnostische Bedeutung der intraspinalen Luftinjektionen bei Rückenmarksleiden, besonders bei Geschwülsten.

Zbl. Chir., 48, 394-97, 1921.

Myelography by air injection into spinal subarachnoid space.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4605.2

Right-sided hemi-hypertrophy resulting from right-sided congenital spastic hemiplegia, with a morbid condition of the left side of the brain, revealed by radiograms.

J. Neurol. Psychopath., 3, 134-39, 1922.

Sturge–Weber syndrome (see No. 4560.1).



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4605.3

Fingeragnosie. Eine umschriebene Störung der Orientierung am eigenen Körper.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 37, 1010-12, 1924.

Gerstmann’s syndrome, due to cerebral lesion. Translation in Arch. Neurol. Psychiat., 1971, 24, 475-76.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4606

Some problems in neurology. No. 2. Pathological laughing and crying.

J. Neurol. Psychopath., 4, 299-333, 1924.

An important paper on the pathology of facial movements.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4607

Idiopathic narcolepsy: a disease sui generis; with remarks on the mechanism of sleep.

Brain, 49, 257-306., 1926.

Adie’s description of narcolepsy is called “maladie d’Adie” by some French writers.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4608

A classification of the tumors of the glioma group on a histogenetic basis with a correlated study of prognosis.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1926.

From 1922 to 1925 Bailey undertook extensive pathological and histological studies of brain tumors, and based on cellular configuration, he created a classification system of thirteen categories. In 1927 he reduced the number of categories to ten. German translation, 1930. Ferguson, Sherise and Maciej S. Lesniak. "Percival Bailey and the Classification of Brain Tumors," Neurosurgical Focus, 18. No. 4. (April 2005).

 



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Brain & Spinal Tumors, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROSURGERY › Oncological, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 4609

Über das morphologische Wesen und die Histopathologie der hereditaersystematischen Nervenkrankheiten.

Berlin: Julius Springer, 1926.

Schaffer was a pioneer Hungarian neuropathologist. He laid down a triad of criteria for judging whether or not a neurological disease is hereditary.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, NEUROLOGY › Neuropathology, PATHOLOGY › Histopathology
  • 4610

L’encéphalographie artérielle, son importance dans la localisation des tumeurs cérébrales.

Rev. neurol., (Paris), 34, II, 72-90, 1927.

Introduction of cerebral arteriography. See also Presse méd., 1928, 36, 689-93. English translation in J. Neurosurg., 1964, 21, 145-56.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray › Angiography / Arteriography / Venography, NEUROLOGY › Brain & Spinal Tumors
  • 4610.1

Injections intracarotidiennes et substances injectables opaques aux rayons X.

Presse méd., 35, 969-71, 1927.

Carotid arteriography.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray › Angiography / Arteriography / Venography
  • 4611

Pseudo-Argyll Robertson pupils with absent tendon reflexes; a benign disorder simulating tabes dorsalis.

Brit. med. J., 1, 928-30, 1931.

“Adie’s syndrome”; see also his later paper in Brain, 1932, 55, 98-113. It was earlier reported by J. Strasberger, by A. Saenger and by M. Nonne in Neurol. Zbl., 1902, 21, 738, 837, and 1000. See also No. 5950.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 4611.1

Apparatus and technique for roentgen examination of the skull.

Acta radiol. Stockh., Suppl. 12., 1931.

Lysholm–Schönander skull table, allowing precise radiography of the skull.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, NEUROLOGY › Neuroradiology
  • 4611.2

A clinical study on positional nystagmus in cases of brain tumour.

Acta oto-laryng., Suppl. 15., 1931.


Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 4611.3

An improved method of encephalography.

Bull, neurol. Inst. N. Y, 2, 75-94, 1932.

Lumbar encephalography. In 1937 the authors published a monograph on the subject entitled The normal encephalogram. After Dyke's premature death in 1943 Davidoff collaborated with radiologist Bernard S. Epstein (1908-1978) on a follow-up monograph entitled The abnormal pneumoencephalogram (1950).



Subjects: IMAGING, NEUROLOGY › Neuroradiology
  • 4612
  • 4909.01

Meningiomas: Their classification, regional behavior, life history, and surgical end results.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1938.

Begun in 1915, soon after Cushing's monograph on pituitary disorders, this represents 25 years of work, and is, by common consent, regarded as Cushing’s greatest clinical monograph. Reprint, 2 vols., New York, Hafner, 1962.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Brain & Spinal Tumors, NEUROSURGERY › Oncological, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 4613

Handbuch der Neurologie. 17 vols. [in 18].

Berlin: Julius Springer, 19351937.

For its era, the definitive encyclopedia of neurology.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY
  • 4614

Neurology 2 pts. Edited by A.N. Bruce.

London: E. Arnold & Co., 1940.

Wilson died before this monumental work was completed, and it was edited by A. N. Bruce. It includes a vast amount of history and hundreds of references. Second edition, 1954.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY, NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology
  • 4614.1

Encephalography.

Melbourne, Australia: Macmillan, 1941.

Robertson improved the accuracy and reliability of encephalography and reduced its discomforts.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neuroradiology
  • 4614.2

L’acropathie ulcéro-mutilante familiale.

Rev. neurol., 74, 193-212, 1942.

“Thévenard’s disease” – hereditary sensory neuropathy, earlier reported by Auguste Nélaton: Affection singulière des os du pied. Gaz. Hôp. Paris, 1852, 4, 13.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4615

Iodinated organic compounds as contrast media for radiographic diagnoses. III. Experimental and clinical myelography with ethyl iodophenylundecylate (pantopaque).

Radiology, 43, 230-35, 1944.

Introduction of “pantopaque” for diagnosis of cerebral tumors. With C. E. Dungan, J. B. Furst, J. T. Plati, S. W. Smith, A. P. Darling, and E. C. Wolcott.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROLOGY › Neuroradiology
  • 4615.1

Fluorescein as an agent in the differentiation of normal and malignant tissues.

Science, 106, 130-31, 1947.

Radioactive isotopes used in neuroradiology. See also Science, 1948, 107, 569-71.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neuroradiology
  • 4615.2

The clinical use of fluorescein in neurosurgery; localization of brain tumors.

J. Neurosurg., 5, 392-98, 1948.

Tumor localization by radio-isotopes. With W. T. Peyton, L. A. French, and W. W. Walker. Preliminary reports in Science, 1947, 106, 130-31; 1948, 107, 569-71.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Oncological, RADIOLOGY
  • 4615.3

The parietal lobes.

London: Edward Arnold, 1953.

Defines for the first time the various functions of the parietal lobes.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 4616

Glömska af alla substantiva och i synnerhet namn.

K. Swenska Wetensk. Acad. Handl., 6, 116-17, 1745.

Aphasia first described. Facsimile reproduction and English translation by H. R. Viets, Bull. Hist. Med., 1943, 13, 328-33.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4617

Lethargus cum impotentia loquelae, tandem convulsivus et lethalis.

Acta helv., 3, 397-400, 1758.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 4618

Recherches cliniques propres à démontrer que la perte de la parole correspond à la lésion des lobules antérieurs du cerveau.

Arch. gén. Méd., 8, 25-45, 1825.

Classic account of aphasia. Bouillaud was the first to suggest that injuries of the frontal lobe were a cause of aphasia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4619

Perte de la parole; ramollissement chronique et destruction partielle du lobe antérieur gauche du cerveau.

Bull. Soc. Anthrop. Paris, 2, 235-38, 1861.

Broca localized the speech center in the left frontal lobe. He asserted that aphasia was associated with a lesion on the left third frontal convolution of the brain – “Broca’s center”. He was preceded in this discovery by Marc Dax, a student who recorded in his unpublished thesis submitted to the Faculty of Medicine in Montpellier in 1836 his observations that the left hemisphere was usually found damaged in aphasics. English translation in J. Neurosurg., 1964, 21, 426-27. The standard biography is Paul Broca, founder of French anthropology, explorer of the brain by F. Schiller. Berkeley, University of California Press, [1979]. See also No. 1400.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4620

Loss of speech: its association with valvular disease of the heart, and with hemiplegia on the right side. Defects of smell. Defects of speech in chorea. Arterial regions in epilepsy.

Clin. Lect. Rep. Land. Hosp., 1, 388-471, 1864.

Jackson studied aphasia for 30 years. He emphasized its psychological aspects and laid the foundation for present knowledge of the condition, but he was ahead of his time and the value of his work was not recognized for many years.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Chorea, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4621

Notes on the physiology and pathology of language.

Med. Times. Gaz., 1, 659-62, 1866.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 4621.1

Aphasie, aphémie, alalie.

Dict. encycl. Sci. méd., Paris, 5, 605-644, 1866.

Includes a history of aphasia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4622

On the various forms of loss of speech in cerebral disease.

Brit. for. Med.-chir. Rev., 43, 209-36, 1869.

Bastian’s first important paper on aphasia. His axiom “We think in words” explains his whole work on the subject. See also his later paper on pp. 470-92 of the same volume.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4623

Der aphasische Symptomencomplex.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): M. Cohn & Weigert, 1874.

Sensory aphasia (“Wernicke’s aphasia”). Wernicke did important work on the localization of aphasia; he included in his book accounts of alexia and agraphia. English translation in Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, edited by R. Cohen and W. Wartofsky, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1969, pp. 3497.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4624

Die Störungen der Sprache.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1877.

Kussmaul termed aphasia “word-blindness”. The book was issued as a supplement to vol. 12 of Ziemssen’s Handbuch der speciellen Pathologie und Therapie. English translation in Ziemssen’s Cyclopedia of the practice of medicine, Vol. 14, New York, 1877.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4625

Considérations sur l’agraphie à propos d’une observation nouvelle d’agraphie motrice pure.

Rev. Médecine, 4, 855-73, 1884.

Classic account of agraphia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 4626

Ueber Aphasie.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 36, 204-68, 1885.

“Lichtheim’s disease”– subcortical sensory aphasia. Lichtheim noted that although the patient could not speak, he was able to indicate with his fingers the number of syllables in the word of which he was thinking (“Lichtheim’s sign”). The paper is translated into English in Brain, 1885, 7, 433-84.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4627

Eine besondere Art der Wortblindheit.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1887.

Berlin first suggested the term “dyslexia”. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Cognitive Disorders
  • 4627.1

Zur Auffassung der Aphasien.

Leipzig: Deuticke, 1891.

Freud refuted the Wernicke–Lichtheim doctrine (Nos. 4623 & 4626) that the losses of function in aphasia were due to lesions to anatomically circumscribed centers corresponding to the various functions involved in language. He distinguished between defects in naming objects, which he called asymbolic aphasia, and defects in recognizing objects, for which he introduced the term “agnosia”. English translation, London, 1953.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4628

Étude sur l’aphasie chez les polyglottes.

Rev. Médecine, 15, 873-99, 1895.

Important account of paraphrasia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 4629

A treatise on aphasia and other speech defects.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1898.

Bastian localized the auditory and visual centers, and he described word-blindness and word-deafness. (See also No. 4622.)



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, PSYCHOLOGY › Cognitive Disorders, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4630

Révision de la question de l’aphasie; la troisième circonvolution frontale gauche ne joue aucun rôle spécial dans la fonction du langage.

Sem. méd. (Paris), 26, 241-47, 1906.

Marie disputed Broca’s claim that the third left frontal convolution of the brain is the speech center. He classified aphasia into three groups: anarthria (defects of articulation), Broca’s (motor) aphasia, and Wernicke’s (sensory) aphasia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4631

Congenital word-blindness.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1917.


Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, PSYCHOLOGY › Cognitive Disorders
  • 4632

Klinische und anatomische Beiträge zur Pathologie des Gehirns. 8 pts. in 10 vols.

Almquist & Wiksell (vols. 1-4); Nordiska (vols. 5-6); the author (vols. 7-8), Uppsala, Sweden, 18901930.

An important summary of the knowledge concerning aphasia appears in vols. 5-7.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4633

Aphasia and kindred disorders of speech. 2 vols.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1926.

Head’s theory of aphasia conceived the condition as being “a disorder of symbolic formulation and expression”. 



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4634

Observations on the dropsy in the brain.

Edinburgh: J. Balfour, 1768.

The first account of the clinical course of tuberculous meningitis in children. This work is notable for its fullness of detail and its accuracy. Whytt divided the disease into three stages, according to the character of the pulse, and he attributed its various manifestations to the presence of a serous exudate in the brain.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis, PEDIATRICS
  • 4635

An essay on hydrocephalus acutus, or dropsy in the brain.

Edinburgh: Mundell, Doig & Stevenson, 1808.

Acute hydrocephalus first described.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4636

Cerebral affections of children.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 13, 313-59; 14, 99-111, 1834.

Accurate clinical description of tuberculous meningitis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis, PEDIATRICS
  • 4637

Primi cenni sulla corea elettrica.

Ann. univ. Med. (Milano), 117, 5-50, 1846.

First description of electric chorea, “Dubini’s chorea”, the myoclonic form of epidemic encephalitis.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Chorea
  • 4638

Ueber Gehirnabscesse.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 10, 78-109, 352-400, 426-48, 1856.

First systematic account of brain abscess.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4639

Note sur la paralysie ascendante aiguë

Gaz. hebd. Méd. Chir., 6, 472-74, 486-88, 1859.

“Landry’s paralysis” – acute infective polyneuritis, more commonly known as Guillain-Barré syndrome. It is difficult to assess the claim of Landry as first to record this condition, since Adolf Kussmaul reported two cases in the same year (Zwei Fälle von Paraplegie, Erlangen).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4640

Die Gürtelkrankheit.

Ann. Charité-Krankenh. Berlin, 9, 2 Heft, 40-128 10, 1 Heft, 37-53; 11, 2 Heft, 96-116, 18611862, 1863.

Herpes zoster first ascribed to a lesion of the spinal ganglia.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Herpes › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Herpesviridae › Varicella zoster virus
  • 4641

Affection encéphalique (encéphalite diffuse probable) localisée aux étages supérieurs des pédoncules cérébraux et aux couches optiques.

Arch. Physiol. Norm. path., 2 sér., 2, 341-51, 1875.

First description of acute superior hemorrhagic polioencephalitis. Called also “Wernicke’s encephalopathy”, following the latter’s description in his Lehrbuch der Gehirnkrankheiten, Kassel, 1881, 2, 229-42.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4642

Fièvre zoster etexanthèmes zosteriformes.

J. Conn. Méd. prat. Pharm., 3 sér., 6, 19, 26, 37, 44, 52, 1884.

Landouzy first suggested the infective nature of herpes.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Herpes › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Herpesviridae › Varicella zoster virus
  • 4643

Ueber die akute Encephalitis der Kinder (Polioencephalitis acuta, cerebrale Kinderlähmung).

Jb. Kinderheilk., 22, 173-78, 1885.

“Strumpell’s disease” – polioencephalomyelitis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, PEDIATRICS
  • 4644

The pathology of herpes zoster and its bearing on sensory localisation.

Brain, 23, 353-523, 1900.

Head and Campbell showed herpes zoster to be a hemorrhagic inflammation of the posterior nerve roots and the homologous spinal ganglia.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Herpes › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Herpesviridae › Varicella zoster virus
  • 4645

Inflammations meningées avec réactions chromatique, fibrineuse et cytologique du liquid cephalo-rachidien.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 76, 1005-06, 1903.

“Froin’s syndrome” – a coagulation of the cerebrospinal fluid.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4646

Zur Kenntnis der sogenannten diffusen Sklerose (über Encephalitis periaxialis diffusa).

Z. ges. Neurol., 10, Orig., 1-60, 1912.

“Schilder’s disease” – encephalitis periaxialis diffusa.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4647

Sur un syndrome de radiculo-névrite avec hyperalbuminose du liquide céphalo-rachidien sans réaction cellulaire. Remarques sur les caractères cliniques et graphiques des réflexes tendineux.

Bull. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris, 40, 1462-70, 1916.

“Guillain-Barré syndrome”, acute infective polyneuritis. With J. A. Barré and A. Strohl.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4648

The Australian epidemics of an acute polio-encephalomyelitis (X disease).

Rep. Director-Gen. publ. Hlth., New S. Wales, 150-280, 1917.

Campbell was Australia's first neurologist. This paper described Murray Valley encephalitis (Australian X disease). Cleland and Campbell isolated a virus from the cerebral tissue of three patients.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, VIROLOGY
  • 4649

Quarante cas d’encéphalo-myélite subaiguë.

Bull. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris, 3 sér., 41, 614-16, 1917.

Cruchet’s account of epidemic encephalitis was given on 27 April 1917, preceding that of Economo by 13 days. With F. Moutier 



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Encephalitis Lethargica 1915-1926, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis
  • 4650

Encephalitis lethargica.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 30, 581-85, 1917.

Economo’s classic description of epidemic encephalitis (“von Economo’s disease”) was published on 10 May 1917; see No. 4649.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Encephalitis Lethargica 1915-1926, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4651

Etiology of epidemic (lethargic) encephalitis. Preliminary note.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 73, 1056-57, 1919.

Experimental transmission of encephalitis lethargica.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Encephalitis Lethargica 1915-1926, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis
  • 4652

Experimentelle Übertragung von Herpes zoster auf den Menschen und die Beziehungen von Herpes zoster zu Varicellen.

Mschr. Kinderheilk., 29, 516-23, 1925.

First demonstration of the infectivity of herpes.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Chickenpox, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Herpes › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Herpesviridae › Varicella zoster virus
  • 4653

A leukoenkephalitis periaxialis concentricaról.

Magy. orv. Arch., 28, 108-24, 1927.

“Baló’s disease” – encephalitis periaxialis concentrica. Translation in Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. (Chicago), 1928, 19, 242-64.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4654

Ueber die Encephalitis epidemica in Japan.

Ergebn. inn. Med. Kinderheilk., 34, 342-456, 1928.

Japanese encephalitis distinguished from encephalitis lethargica.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Japan, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Japanese Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4656

Encephalitis: studies on experimental transmission.

Publ. Hlth. Rep.(Wash.), 48, 1341-43, 1933.

Isolation of the St. Louis encephalitis virus. With C. Armstrong and H. A. McCordock.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Missouri, VIROLOGY
  • 4657

Übertragung des Virus von Encephalitis epidemica auf Affen.

Proc. imp. Acad. Japan, 10, 41-44, 1934.

Experimental transmission of Japanese B encephalitis.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Japan, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Japanese Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions
  • 4658

Acute ascending myelitis following a monkey bite, with the isolation of a virus capable of reproducing the disease.

J. exp. Med., 59, 115-36, 1934.

Herpesvirus simiae (B virus) infection; isolation of the virus.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Herpesviridae
  • 4659

A virus isolated in 1935 epidemic of summer encephalitis in Japan.

Jap. J. exp. Med., 14, 185-96, 1936.

T. Taniguchi, M. Hosokawa, and S. Kuga established a virus etiology for Japanese B encephalitis.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Japan, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Japanese Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY
  • 4659.1

Human encephalitis caused by the virus of the Eastern variety of equine encephalomyelitis.

New Engl. J. med., 219, 411, 1938.

Isolation of the virus of Eastern equine encephalitis from man. With J. H. Dingle, S. Farber, and M. L. Connerley.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VETERINARY MEDICINE, VIROLOGY
  • 4660

Recovery of the virus of equine encephalomyelitis from the brain of a child.

Science, 88, 455-56, 1938.

Western equine encephalitis virus recovered from man.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VETERINARY MEDICINE, VIROLOGY, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 4660.1

Vesennij (vesenne-letnij) endemiceskij klescevoj encefalit. [Vernal (verno-aestival) endemic tick-borne encephalitis.]

Arkh. biol. Nauk., 56, No. 2, 9-37, 1939.

Isolation of the virus of spring–summer (Russian Far East) encephalitis.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Tick-Borne Diseases, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY
  • 4661

Virus filtrant pathogène pour l’homme et les animaux de laboratoire, et à affinité meningée et pulmonaire.

Arch. Inst. Pasteur Tunis, 29, 179-227, 1940.

“Durand’s disease” – D virus infection. Durand isolated the virus from his own blood. See also the paper by G. M. Findlay, Trans. roy. Soc. trop. Med., 1942, 35, 303-18.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Tunisia, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY
  • 4661.1

Studies of a murine strain of poliomyelitis virus in cotton rats and white mice.

J. exp. Med., 72, 407-36, 1940.

Isolation of encephalomyocarditis virus.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY
  • 4661.2

St. Louis encephalitis in 1933; observations on epidemiological features.

Publ. Hlth. Rep. (Wash.), 73, 340-53, 1958.

In a report to the Surgeon General in 1933, Lumsden concluded that the Culex mosquito was the vector of the St. Louis encephalitis virus. His report was not published until 1958.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Missouri, VIROLOGY
  • 2734.4
  • 4015
  • 4662
  • 5516
  • 6326

A treatise on the diseases of children.

London: J. Mathews, 1784.

Underwood laid the foundation of modern pediatrics. His work was superior to anything that had previously appeared and remained the most important book on the subject for sixty years, passing through many editions. The first edition (p.76) includes the first description of sclerema neonatorum (“Underwood’s disease”). That edition also contains a description of "aphthae of thrush."

In the second edition (1789, volume 2, pp. 122-27) Underwood presented a description of congenital heart disease in children. This was the first pediatric treatise to do so. Also, in the second edition, volume 2, pp. 53-57 entitled "Debility of the lower extremities," Underwood was the first to consider poliomyelitis as an entity.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Candidiasis, Mycology, Medical, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, PEDIATRICS
  • 4663

Paralysis in childhood. Four remarkable cases of suddenly induced paralysis in the extremities, occurring in children, without any apparent cerebral or cerebro-spinal lesion.

Lond. med. Gaz. 17, 215-18, 1835.

Important clinical description.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4664

Beobachtungen über Lähmungszustände der untem Extremitäten und deren Behandlung.

Stuttgart: F. H. Köhler, 1840.

First description of acute anterior poliomyelitis, which Heine separated from other forms of paralysis; he described the deformities arising from the disease. He also called attention to congenital spastic paraplegia, which, following Little’s classic description (No. 4691.1), was termed “Little’s disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4665

Une observation de paralysie infantile s’accompagnant d’une altération des cornes antérieures de la substance grise de la moëlle.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), (1869), 5 sér., 1, 312-15, 1870.

First demonstration of the atrophy of the anterior horns of the spinal cord in infantile paralysis, confirming earlier suggestions of von Heine and Duchenne.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4665.1

Ueber acute Spinällahmung (Poliomyelitis anterior acuta) bei Erwachsenen und über verwandte spinale Erkrankungen.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 5, 758-91, 1875.

Erb was first to use the term “acute anterior poliomyelitis”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4666

Ueber Poliomyelitis und Neuritis.

Z. klin. Med., 1, 387-434, 18791880.

Leyden enjoyed a great reputation as a neurologist and his paper on poliomyelitis and neuritis is one of his best works. He was one of the founders of the journal in which it appeared.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Poliomyelitis (Infantile Paralysis), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4667

En epidemi af infantil paralysi.

Hygiea, 52, 657-68, 1890.

The epidemic character of poliomyelitis was first noted by Medin. The disease is also known as “Heine–Medin disease” from the descriptions given by these two writers (see also No. 4664). German version in Verh. X. Int. Med. Kongr., 1890, 2, Abt. 6, 37-47, 1891. English translation in Bick, Classics of orthopaedics, 116-23.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4668

Studien über Poliomyelitis acuta.

Arb. path. Inst. Univ. Helsingfors, 1, 109-293, 1905.

Wickman was the first to produce evidence confirming the infectious nature of poliomyelitis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4669

Uebertragung der Poliomyelitis acuta auf Affen.

Z. ImmunForsch., 2, 1 Teil, 377-90, 1909.

Landsteiner and Popper were the first to isolate poliovirus and to transmit poliomyelitis to monkeys.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 4670

Experimental poliomyelitis in monkeys: Active immunization and passive serum protection.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 54, 1780-82, 1910.

Demonstration of antibodies in convalescent serum in monkeys.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4670.1

Anterior poliomyelitis. Methods of diagnosis from spinal fluid and blood in monkeys and in human beings.

Arch. intern. Med., 6, 330-38, 1910.

Gay and Lucas were the first to make accurate cell counts of the spinal fluid in poliomyelitis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Poliomyelitis (Infantile Paralysis), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4670.2

Action microbicide exercée sur la virus de la poliomyélite aiguë dans le sérum des sujets antérieurement atteints de paralysie infantile. Sa constatation dans le sérum d’un sujet qui a présenté une forme abortive.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 68, 855-57, 1910.

Antibodies discovered in human convalescentserum. See also No. 4670.3.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4670.3

La poliomyélite experimental.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 68, 311-13, 1910.

Serum from a monkey that had recovered from experimental poliomyelitis was mixed with an emulsion containing active polio virus; it failed to produce paralytic disease when injected into fresh monkeys.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Poliomyelitis (Infantile Paralysis), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 4670.4

Experimental and pathological investigation. In: Investigations on epidemic infantile paralysis, report from the State Medical Institute of Sweden to the XVth International Congress on Hygiene and Demography.

Washington, DC, 1912.

Kling, A. Pettersson, and W. Wernstedt recovered the poliomyelitis virus from the intestinal wall and contents, disproving the contention of Flexner that it was exclusively neurotropic.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 4670.5

Immunological differences between strains of poliomyelitis virus.

Brit. J. exp. Path., 12, 57-61, 1931.


Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Poliomyelitis (Infantile Paralysis), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 4670.6

Cultivation of poliomyelitis virus in vitro in human embryonic nervous tissue.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y), 34, 357-59, 1936.

Isolation and propagation of the poliomyelitis virus in pure culture.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 4671

Infantile paralysis and cerebral diplegia: Methods used for the restoration of function.

Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1937.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 4671.1

Cultivation of the Lansing strain of poliomyelitis virus in cultures of various human embryonic tissues.

Science, 109, 85-87, 1949.

 Enders, Weller, and Robbins grew the poliomyelitis virus in cultures of different tissues. Their method proved of great value in virus research, and removed the final obstacles to vaccine production. They received the Nobel Prize in 1954.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Poliomyelitis (Infantile Paralysis), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 4671.2

Successful transfer of the Lansing strain of poliomyelitis virus from the cotton rat to the white mouse.

Publ. Hlth. Rep. (Wash), 54, 2302-05, Washington, DC, 1939.

Armstrong adapted the Lansing strain of poliomyelitis to the cotton rat and then to the mouse, greatly facilitating experimental work on the disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 4672

Evaluation of Red Cross gamma globulin as a prophylactic agent for poliomyelitis.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 150, 739-60, 1952.

Trial of gamma globulin in the prophylaxis of poliomyelitis. With L. L. Coriell, J. Stokes, P. F. Wehrle, and C. R. Klimt.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 4672.1

Immune responses in human volunteers upon oral administration of a rodent-adapted strain of poliomyelitis virus.

Amer. J. Hyg., 55, 108-26, 1952.

Successful immunization against poliomyelitis with a living attenuated virus vaccine. With G. A. Jervis and T. W. Norton.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 4672.2

Studies in human subjects on active immunization against poliomyelitis. 1. A preliminary report of experiments in progress.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 151, 1081-98, 1953.

Killed-virus vaccine. With four co-authors.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Poliomyelitis (Infantile Paralysis), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 4672.3

Immunization of chimpanzees and human beings with avirulent strains of poliomyelitis virus.

Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 61, 1050-1056, 1955.

Sabin reported the successful immunization of chimpanzees by oral and I.M. route using the Brunhilde, Mahoney and Leon strains of polio virus. On p. 1055 he reported the experimental results on humans given a "single feeding" of avirulent (attenuated) virus. This was his first report on the success of the Sabin attenuated poliomyelitis oral vaccine.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Poliomyelitis (Infantile Paralysis), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Picornaviridae › Poliovirus
  • 4672.4

A bibliography of infantile paralysis 1789-1949. With selected abstracts and annotations. 2nd edition.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1951.

An exhaustive list of books and papers.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Diseases, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 4672.5

A history of poliomyelitis.

New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1971.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › History of Infectious Disease, NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, VIROLOGY › History of Virology
  • 1311
  • 3165
  • 4673
  • 8104

Dr. Willis's practice of physick.

London: T. Dring, C. Harper & J. Leigh, 1684.

The only complete edition of Willis's works in English, translated by the poet Samuel Pordage. It contains the translations of all his works except his Affectionum quae dicuntur hystericae (1671). The collection includes the First Edition in English of Willis's De anima brutorum. The volume is divided into six separately paginated sections, each with its own title-leaf. Included are English versions of Willis's three great works on the brain--Cerebri anatome, Pathologiae cerebri and De anima brutorum--as well as his clinical and pharmaceutical treatises. In Treatise III, pp. 128-158 Willis’s described the intercostal and spinal nerves. He described the ganglion chain as the “intercostal nerve” and thought it came from the head.

In addition to his invaluable work in the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system, Willis was the first to distinguish true diabetes mellitus, and showed that the polyuria was not due to any disease of the kidneys. He anticipated the recognition of hormones in the circulation of his suggestion that the phenomena of puberty were due to a ferment distributed through the body from the genitals. He discovered the superficial lymphatics of the lungs, distinguished acute tuberculosis from the chronic fibroid type and gave the first clinical and pathological account of emphysema.  The modern treatment of asthma really begins with Willis, who considered it to be of nervous origin. ("Of the convulsive cough and asthma," Treatise VIII, pp. 92-96; No. 3165). Willis was probably the first to report an epidemic of cerebrospinal fever" ("A description of an epidemical feaver, Treatise VIII, pp. 46-54; No. 4673). Transcription of the complete text from Early English Books Online at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes, NEUROLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 4674

Mémoire sur la maladie qui a régné à Genève au printemps de 1805.

J. Méd. Chir. Pharm., 11, 163-82, 1805.

First definite description of cerebrospinal meningitis. Partial English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Switzerland, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4675

An inaugural dissertation on the disease termed petechial, or spotted fever. Submitted to the Examining Committee of the Medical Society of Connecticut, for the county of Hartford.

Hartford, CT: P. B. Gleason, 1810.

This graduation dissertation was the first published brochure on cerebrospinal meningitis.  Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Connecticut
  • 4676

A treatise on a malignant epidemic, commonly called spotted fever.

New York: T. & J. Swords, 1811.

First book on cerebrospinal meningitis; in it North recommended the use of the clinical thermometer, not in general use until the time of Wunderlich. For more information on this book, see the article by F. L. Pleadwell in Ann. med. Hist., 1924, 6, 245-57.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Thermometer, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4677

Ein Krankheitssymptom der acuten Meningitis.

St. Petersb. med. Wschr., 7, 398, 1882.

Kernig drew attention to a flexor contracture of the leg on attempting to extend it on the thigh (“Kernig’s sign”), almost always present in cerebrospinal meningitis and an important diagnostic sign. A fuller description is in Z. klin. Med., 1907, 64, 19-69.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS
  • 4678

Ueber die Aetiologie der akuten Meningitis cerebro-spinalis.

Fortschr. Med., 5, 573-83, 620-26, 1887.

Weichselbaum discovered the meningococcus, Neisseria meningitidis, causative agent of cerebrospinal meningitis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Neisseria meningitidis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4679

Middx. Hosp. Rep. med. surg. path. Registrars, (1894), 278, 1895.

First description of the Waterhouse–Friderichsen syndrome (Nos. 4685-86). Abstract of post mortem report, no title.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4680

Beobachtungen und Versuche über den Meningokokkus intracellularis (Weichselbaum–Jaeger).

Jb. Kinderheilk., 43, 1-22, 1896.

Heubner was the first to isolate meningococci from the cerebrospinal fluid of living beings.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4681

Ein Fall von Allgemeininfection mit Influenzabacillen.

Z. Hyg. InfektKr., 32, 443-48, 1899.

First description of influenzal meningitis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4682

Versuche zur Serodiagnostik und Serotherapie der epidemischen Genickstarre.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 32, 788-93, 1906.

First attempts at the serum treatment of cerebrospinal meningitis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4683

Concerning a serum therapy for experimental infection with Diplococcus intracellularis.

J. exp. Med., 9, 168-85, 1907.

Flexner prepared an antiserum for use in cerebrospinal meningitis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Diplococcus, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4684

Serum treatment of epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis.

J. exp. Med., 10, 141-203, 1908.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4685

A case of suprarenal apoplexy.

Lancet, 1, 577-78, 1911.

Waterhouse–Friderichsen (WFS)  syndrome (see also Nos. 4679, 4686).



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Adrenals, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis, PEDIATRICS
  • 4686

Nebennierenapoplexie bei kleinen Kindern.

Jb. Kinderheilk., 87, 109-25, 1918.

See No. 4685.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis, PEDIATRICS
  • 4687

Une nouvelle maladie infectieuse du système nerveux central?

Acta paediat. (Stockh.), 4, 158-82, 1924.

Acute lymphocytic choriomeningitis (aseptic meningitis syndrome) first described.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4688

Experimental lymphocytic choriomeningitis of monkeys and mice produced by a virus encountered in studies of the 1933 St. Louis encephalitis epidemic.

Publ. Hlth. Rep. (Wash.), 49, 1019-27, 1934.

Isolation of the virus of benign lymphocytic choriomeningits.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Missouri, VIROLOGY
  • 4689

The treatment of meningococcic meningitis with sulfanilamide.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 108, 1407-08, 1937.

With S. Gelman and P. H. Long.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 4689.1

Penicillin in the treatment of meningitis.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 125, 1011-17, 1944.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 4690

An essay on the shaking palsy.

London: Whittingham & Rowland, 1817.

“Parkinson’s disease”–paralysis agitans. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 2, 946-97. Facsimile edition, with biography of Parkinson by Macdonald Critchley, London, 1955. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link. See also parkinsonslife.eu.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 4691

Practice of medicine: A treatise on special pathology and therapeutics. 2 vols.

Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard, 1842.

A case of chronic hereditary chorea in adults (“Huntington’s chorea”, see No. 4699) is described on pp. 312-13 of vol. 2. This is in the form of a letter from one of Dunglison's recently graduated students at Jefferson Medical College, Charles Oscar Waters. Waters account of the disease was one of the first to note that the disease is hereditary, "within the third generation at farthest." Dunglison included Waters' description of the disease in his book even though he had never personally seen a case. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Huntington's Chorea, NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Chorea
  • 4691.1

Course of lectures on the deformities of the human frame. Lecture IX.

Lancet, 1, 350-54, 18431844.

Little’s description of congenital cerebral spastic diplegia resulted in the condition being named “Little’s disease”. See also No. 4735.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4692

Ueber Hirnsklerose.

Arch. ges. Med., 10, 334-50, 1849.

First important account of multiple sclerosis. Carswell (No. 2291) and Cruveilhier (No. 2286) both gave illustrations of the disease; the latter is also accredited with the first description.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders › Multiple Sclerosis
  • 4693

Klinik der Leberkrankheiten. Bd. 2.

Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn, 1861.

Pp. 62-64: First description of progressive familial hepatolenticular degeneration (“Kinnier Wilson’s disease”; see No. 4717).



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders › Wilson's Disease, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4695

Case of progressive atrophy of the muscles of the hands: enlargement of the ventricle of the cord in the cervical region, with atrophy of the gray matter.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 8, 244-50, 1862.

First description of syringomyelia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4696

Ueber degenerative Atrophie der spinalen Hinterstränge.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 26, 391-419, 433-59; 27, 1-26; 68, 145-245; 70, 140-52, 1863, 18761877.

Friedreich was the first to describe a form of ataxia (“Friedreich’s ataxia”), hereditary, attended with impairment of speech, lateral curvature of the spine, and with paralysis of the muscles of the lower limbs. The titles of the last two papers vary.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Hereditary Ataxias › Friedreich's Ataxia, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4697

On a case of muscular atrophy, with disease of the spinal cord and medulla oblongata.

Med.-chir. Trans., 50, 489-96, 1867.

First important account of syringomyelia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4698

Histologie de la sclérose en plaques.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 41, 554-55, 557-58, 566, 1868.

An important description of multiple sclerosis. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders › Multiple Sclerosis
  • 4699

On chorea.

Med. surg. Reporter, 26, 317-21, 1872.

The classic description by Huntington of the chronic degenerative hereditary type of chorea led to the eponym “Huntington’s chorea”. Earlier accounts of the disease were given by John Elliotson (Lancet, 1832, 1, 163), Waters (see No. 4691), and I. W. Lyon (Amer. med. Times, 1863, 7, 289-90). For historical note see D. L. Stevens, J. roy. Coll. Phycns., 1972, 6, 271-82. For bibliography see No. 5019.12.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Huntington's Chorea, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Chorea