An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15426 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 20, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 12600–12699

99 entries
  • 12600

Antibodies to the core protein of lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV) in patients with AIDS.

Science, 225, 321-322, 1984.

The authors mentioned in a footnote added at the end of the paper that "A specific ELISA test with total LAV proteins detects LAV-speciic antibodies in 95% of LAS patients and 70-95% of AIDS depending on the risk group and the stage of the disease."  This was the first announcement of the development of the ELISA HIV/AIDS antibody test. This remains the first test for HIV/AIDs given to patients who show signs of the disease.
(Order of authorship in the original publication: Kalytanaraman, Cabradilla,...Barré-Sinousi, Montagnier....).

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › HIV / AIDS
  • 12601

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Quantitative assay of immunoglobulin G.

Immunochemistry, 8, 871-874, 1971.

Perlmann (principal investigator) and Engvall conceptualized and developed the very commonly used enzyme-lined immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that uses antibodies to detect proteins and other different immunogens. The assay uses a solid-phase enzyme immunoassay (EIA) to detect the presence of a ligand (commonly a protein) in a liquid sample using antibodies directed against the protein to be measured. 



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, Laboratory Medicine
  • 12602

Future of the human climate niche.

Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA), May, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1910114117, 2020.

Significance

"We show that for thousands of years, humans have concentrated in a surprisingly narrow subset of Earth’s available climates, characterized by mean annual temperatures around ∼13 °C. This distribution likely reflects a human temperature niche related to fundamental constraints. We demonstrate that depending on scenarios of population growth and warming, over the coming 50 y, 1 to 3 billion people are projected to be left outside the climate conditions that have served humanity well over the past 6,000 y. Absent climate mitigation or migration, a substantial part of humanity will be exposed to mean annual temperatures warmer than nearly anywhere today.

Abstract

"All species have an environmental niche, and despite technological advances, humans are unlikely to be an exception. Here, we demonstrate that for millennia, human populations have resided in the same narrow part of the climatic envelope available on the globe, characterized by a major mode around ∼11 °C to 15 °C mean annual temperature (MAT). Supporting the fundamental nature of this temperature niche, current production of crops and livestock is largely limited to the same conditions, and the same optimum has been found for agricultural and nonagricultural economic output of countries through analyses of year-to-year variation. We show that in a business-as-usual climate change scenario, the geographical position of this temperature niche is projected to shift more over the coming 50 y than it has moved since 6000 BP. Populations will not simply track the shifting climate, as adaptation in situ may address some of the challenges, and many other factors affect decisions to migrate. Nevertheless, in the absence of migration, one third of the global population is projected to experience a MAT >29 °C currently found in only 0.8% of the Earth’s land surface, mostly concentrated in the Sahara. As the potentially most affected regions are among the poorest in the world, where adaptive capacity is low, enhancing human development in those areas should be a priority alongside climate mitigation."

(Order of authorship in the original publication: Xu, Kohler, Lenton, Svenning, Scheffer.)



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment
  • 12603

The baths of Pozzuoli. A study of the medieval illuminations of Peter of Eboli's poem. By Claus Michael Kauffmann.

Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1959.


Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, THERAPEUTICS › Balneotherapy
  • 12605

With a woman's unit in Serbia, Salonika and Sebastopol.

London: Williams & Norgate, 1928.

Hutton, a physician who specialized in mental and nervous disorders, began working with the Scottish Women’s Hospitals, a voluntary organisation established by her older colleague Elsie Inglis, in 1915 first in France, and then in the east, where she ran field hospitals, eventually accompanying the Serbian army in its advance in 1918. Hutton was awarded the Order of the White Eagle, Serbia's highest award.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Serbia, Republic of, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War I, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 12606

A century of service to dentistry 1844 -1944. Published by S. S. White Dental Mfg. Co. in commemoration of its one hundredth anniversary. Edited by Harry C. Keane.

Philadelphia: S. S. White Dental Mfg. Co., 1944.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry
  • 12607

Periodontology, from its origins up to 1980: A survey.

Basel & Boston: Birkhäuser, 1989.


Subjects: DENTISTRY › History of Dentistry, DENTISTRY › Periodontics
  • 12608

Standard history of the medical profession of Philadelphia. Edited by Frederick P. Henry, with the collaboration of James M. Anders....

Chicago, IL: Goodspeed Bros., 1897.

"The materials of the first five chapters were collected by an experienced historian in the employ of the publishers"--Pref. 2nd ed; 1977, identifies as Burton Alva Konkle. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Pennsylvania
  • 12609

Standard history of the medical profession of Philadelphia by Burton A. Konkle, with the collaboration of James M. Anders ... [et al.] ; edited by Frederick P. Henry. Revised by Lisabeth M. Holloway, with an index and bibliography.

New York: AMS Press, 1977.


Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Pennsylvania
  • 12610

El Tratado breve y compendioso sobre la maravillosa obra de la boca y dentadura.

Madrid: Alonso Gómez, 1570.

Martinez de Castrillo's second book on dentistry was based on richer clinical and therapeutic experience, and had a great influence in Spain for almost a century. It was partially copied or summarized by doctors, surgeons, and even by non-medical authors. 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, DENTISTRY
  • 12611

Opuscula medica senilia in quatuor libros tributa, quorum I. De dentibus. II. De rationali curandi ratione. III. De facultatibus medicamentorum, praecipud purgantium. IV. De morbo regio. Omnia nunc primum ex MS. Bibliotheca Romana in lucem data: ad singulare philiatrorum, omniumque sane philosophantium emolumentum, adiectis indicibus necessariis.

Lyon: Laurent Durand, 1634.


Subjects: DENTISTRY
  • 12612

A treatise of cleanness in meats and drinks of the preparation of food, the excellency of good airs and the benefits of clean sweet beds also of the generation of bugs and their cure : to which is added, a short discourse of the pain in the teeth shewing from what cause it does chiefly proceed, and also how to prevent it.

London: For the author and sold by L. Curtis, 1682.

Digital text from Early English Books Online at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY, Household or Self-Help Medicine, Hygiene
  • 12613

Antibiotics: A survey of penicillin, streptomycin, and other antimicrobial substances from fungi, actinomycetes, bacteria, and plants. 2 vols.

London & New York & Toronto, Canada: Oxford University Press, 1949.

Order of authorship of the original set: H. W. Florey, Chain, Heatley, Jennings, Sanders, Abraham, M. E. Florey.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12614

The circulation of penicillin in Spain: Health, wealth and authority.

Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12615

The clinical application of antibiotics. Penicillin.

London & New York: Oxford University Press, 1952.

Printed on the title page: "This volume, although a separate publication, is a continuation of the work described in Antibiotics Volumes I and II, and may be read in conjunction with it."
(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference.)



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12616

Liber medicinalis. Texte établi, traduit et commenté par R. Pépin.

Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1950.

Latin text with French translation.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 12617

Chirugie de Guillaume de Salicet achevée en 1275. Traduction et commentaire par Paul Pifteau.

Toulouse: Imprimerie Saint-Cyprien, 1898.

Original edition limited to 200 copies. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy
  • 12618

The herbal of Rufinus. Edited from the unique manuscript by Lynn Thorndike, assisted by Francis S. Benjamin, Jr.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1945.

First printed edition of an herbal written circa 1287 by Rufinus, a medieval monk / physician unknown before this edition. Rufinus was titular abbot in absentia of the monastery of Tyre, and plenipotentiary to the archbishop of Genoa. His original manuscript did not survive, and the copy used by Thorndike, Ashburnham 189 in the Laurentian Library in Florence, is the only surviving copy.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 12619

Alveolar pyorrhoea - its pathological anatomy and its radical treatment.

J. Brit. dent. Ass., 23, 585-604, 1902.

Znamensky, professor of stomatology in Moscow, had a very clear understanding of periodontitis, and the interaction of local and systemic factors in its etiology. He presented the first description of the histopathology of periodontal disease, and demonstrated the close association between calculus, the inflammatory response, and the migration of the epithelial attachment to produce the periodontal pocket. Very little information about Znamensky appears to be available in the western literature, his first and middle names are only recorded as initials.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Periodontics
  • 12620

A contribution to the histology and pathogenesis of pyorrhea alveolaris.

Dental Cosmos, 63, 215-226, 375-386, 1921.

Gottlieb was "the major periodontal investigator of the early 20th century. He extended the histopathologic studies of Znamensky.... His major contributions were in the nature of the epithelial attachment to the tooth and its apical migration as a manifestation of inflammatory periodontal disease, the biology of cementum, and its role in periodontal disease, trauma from occlusion, and active and passive tooth eruption" (Shklar and Chernin, Sourcebook of dental medicine (2002) 678.)



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Periodontics
  • 12621

Biology and pathology of the tooth and its supporting mechanism. By Bernhard Gottlieb and Balint Orban; translated and edited by Moses Diamond.

New York, 1938.


Subjects: DENTISTRY, DENTISTRY › Periodontics
  • 12622

Les associations microbiennes: Leurs applications thérapeutiques.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1928.

This work included a 60-page chapter on bacterial inhibition by molds and antibiosis, with several hundred historical references. It appeared one year before Fleming's landmark paper.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 12623

Penicillin: Its practical application. Edited by Sir Alexander Fleming.

London: Butterworths, 1946.

This was the only book that Fleming ever published on penicillin. American issue, Philadelphia: Blakiston, 1946.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12624

Ḥunain ibn Isḥāḳ und seine Schule: Sprach- und literargeschichtliche Untersuchungen zu den arabischen Hippokrates- und Galen-Übersetzungen.

Leiden: Brill, 1913.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology › Translations to and from Arabic, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts
  • 12625

The Cambridge companion to Hippocrates. Edited by Peter E. Pormann.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2018.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece
  • 12626

A cultural history of medical vitalism in Enlightenment Montpellier.

London: Routledge, 2017.

"One of the key themes of the Enlightenment was the search for universal laws and truths that would help illuminate the workings of the universe. It is in such attitudes that we trace the origins of modern science and medicine. However, not all eighteenth century scientists and physicians believed that such universal laws could be found, particularly in relation to the differences between living and inanimate matter. From the 1740s physicians working in the University of Medicine of Montpellier began to contest Descartes's dualist concept of the body-machine that was being championed by leading Parisian medical 'mechanists'. In place of the body-machine perspective that sought laws universally valid for all phenomena, the vitalists postulated a distinction being living and other matter, offering a holistic understanding of the physical-moral relation in place of mind-body dualism. Their medicine was not based on mathematics and the unity of the sciences, but on observation of the individual patient and the harmonious activities of the 'body-economy'. Vitalists believed that Illness was a result of disharmony in this 'body-economy' which could only be remedied on an individual level depending on the patient's own 'natural' limitations. The limitations were established by a myriad of factors such as sex, class, age, temperament, region, and race, which negated the use of a single universal treatment for a particular ailment. Ultimately Montpelier medicine was eclipsed by that of Paris, a development linked to the dynamics of the Enlightenment as a movement bent on cultural centralisation, acquiring a reputation as a kind of anti-science of the exotic and the mad. Given the long-standing Paris-centrism of French cultural history, Montpellier vitalism has never been accorded the attention it deserves by historians" (publisher).



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 12627

Appetite and its discontents: Science, medicine, and the urge to eat, 1750-1850.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2020.


Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › History of Nutrition / Diet, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology, PSYCHOLOGY › History of Psychology
  • 12628

Dictionnaire universel de médecine, de chirurgie, de chymie, de botanique, d'anatomie, de pharmacie, d'histoire naturelle, &c. Précédé d'un discours historique sur l'origine et les progrès de la médecine. Traduit de l'anglois de M. James. Revue, corrigé & augmenté par M. Julien Busson. 6 vols.

Paris: Briasson, David, Durand, 17461748.

James, it may be assumed, had little or nothing to do with this translation, because copyright between England and France was essentially non-existent at the time. In the process of supervising this large publication, Diderot collaborated with three "philosophes", of which only Busson was a physician. Experience with this publication gave Diderot the idea of undertaking the much larger scale project, the Encyclopédie des sciences.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: Dictionaries, Biomedical
  • 12629

The paradigmatic translator and his method: Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq’s translation of the Hippocratic aphorisms from Greek via Syriac into Arabic. IN: New Horizons in Graeco-Arabica Studies, ed. by D. Gutas, S. Schmidtke, A. Treiger.

Intellectual History of the Islamicate World 3, 158‒187, 2015.

This analysis of the work of the leading medieval Arab translator of Greek texts into Arabic emphasizes that Hunayn ibn Ishāq, a Nestorian Christian, typically prepared an intermediary translation into Syriac, from which the texts were translated into Arabic.



Subjects: ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts
  • 12630

Avermectins, new family of potent anthelmintic agents: Producing organism and fermentation.

Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 15, 361-367, 1979.

The authors, lead by Omura, announced the discovery of Streptomyces avermilitis. They described the structure of avermectin, and reported preliminary observations that this drug is antiparasitic. (Order of authorship in the original publication: Burg, Miller, Baker....Omura.)

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)

Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antiparasitic Drugs
  • 12631

Avermectins, new family of potent anthelminthic agents, efficacy of the B1a component.

Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 15, 372-378, 1979.

Campbell and colleagues reported unprecedented antiparasitic effects of the agent in vivo, and that the "B1a" component of the molecule was most effective as a single oral dose.
(Order of authorship in the original publication: Egerton, Oslin, Blair....Campbell.)

Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antiparasitic Drugs
  • 12632

Ivermectin: A potent new antiparasitic agent.

Science, 221, 823-828, 1983.

Abstract

"Ivermectin is the 22,23-dihydro derivative of avermectin B1, a macrocyclic lactone produced by an actinomycete, Streptomyces avermitilis. It is active at extremely low dosage against a wide variety of nematode and arthropod parasites, apparently by virtue of its action on the mediation of neurotransmission by gamma-aminobutyric acid. It is now in commercial use in various countries for the treatment and control of parasites in cattle, horses, and sheep, and is expected to become available for use in swine and dogs. Since studies with the drug in man are in a preliminary stage, it is not yet known whether ivermectin will be useful in human medicine."

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antiparasitic Drugs, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 12633

The total synthesis of penicillin V.

J. Amer. chem. Soc., 29, 1262-1263, 1957.

Sheehan and Henery-Logan reported the step by step synthesis of penicillin V (phenoxymethylpenicillin) and the cyclization of the beta lactam ring, key to creation of beta-lactam antibiotics.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12634

The chemistry of penicillin.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1949.

The National Academy of Sciences arranged for the preparation of this summary, with Clarke and Johnson representing the United States on the editorial board, and Robinson representing Britain. The 1120 page book was prepared by more than 60  biochemists and biophysicists, who described the phases of research to which they contributed the most. Altogether book reported the work of 23 academic, medical, industrial, and government laboratories. 

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference.)



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12635

X-ray crystallographic investigation of the structure of penicillin. IN: Clarke, Johnson, Robinson (eds.) Chemistry of penicillin (1949) 310-67.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1949.

Hodgkin and colleagues, including biochemist Barbara Low, solved the structure of penicillin in 1945, demonstrating, contrary to scientific opinion at the time, that it contains a β-lactam ring. The discovery was originally published by Crowfoot (Hodgkin) and Rogers-Low in 1945 in a classified report (Committee for Protein Synthesis [CPS] report #508). The work was first made public in 1949.

In 1949 Hodgkin and Low published another version of their report in Florey, Chain et al, Antibiotics: A survey, vol. 2, ch. 27, "Structure of the penicillin molecule," pp. 946-951.

Hodgkin used an IBM ‘CPS’ (Card Programmed, electronic Calculator), to perform the extremely complex math/generation/interpretation of the Fourier
synthesis yielding the 3D structure. This use of a programmed electronic punched-card tabulator was a very early use of a programmed device to speed up structure factor computation in x-ray crystallography.

With Charles W. Bunn and Annette Turner-Jones.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Protein Structure, COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology › Computing / Mathematics in Medicine & Biology, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 12636

Encephalitis lethargica: The mind and brain virus.

New York: Springer, 2018.

Both an historical and a scientific study.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Encephalitis Lethargica 1915-1926, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, VIROLOGY
  • 12637

Die epidemische Encephalitis. (Monographien aus dem Gesamtgebiete der Neurologie und Psychiatrie. Bd. 30).

Berlin: Springer, 1922.

Felix Stern was the leading German specialist in encephalitis lethargica . No national statistics for this disease, first described in Vienna in 1916, were kept in Germany. For this reason, the data collected by Stern at the University Nerve Clinic in Göttingen, both in the first edition of 1922 and the enlarged second edition of 1928, is fundamental as a record of the epidemic that ended in 1926 in Germany. Stern estimated that at least 60,000 people contracted the disease in Germany. 



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Encephalitis Lethargica 1915-1926, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis
  • 12638

Reader in the history of aphasia from [Franz] Gall to [Norman] Geschwind. Edited by Paul Eling.

Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins B. V., 1994.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 12639

The black box of biology: A history of the molecular revolution. Translated by Matthew Cobb.

Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2020.
"The Black Box of Biology shows that what led to the incredible transformation of biology was not a simple accumulation of new results, but the molecularization of a large part of biology. In fact, Morange argues, the greatest biological achievements of the past few decades should still be understood within the molecular paradigm. What has happened is not the displacement of molecular biology by other techniques and avenues of research, but rather the fusion of molecular principles and concepts with those of other disciplines, including genetics, physics, structural chemistry, and computational biology. This has produced decisive changes, including the discoveries of regulatory RNAs, the development of massive scientific programs such as human genome sequencing, and the emergence of synthetic biology, systems biology, and epigenetics" (publisher).


Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › History of Molecular Biology
  • 12640

Collected works of Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin. Vol. I: Insulin. Vol. 2: Cholestrol, penicillin and other antibiotics. Vol. 3: General crystallography and essays. Edited by G. G. Dodson, J. P. Glusker, S. Ramaseshan and K. Venkatesan.

Bangalore: Indian Academy of Sciences, 1996.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Protein Structure, Collected Works: Opera Omnia
  • 12641

Encephalitis lethargica and influenza. 1: The role of the influenza virus in the influenza pandemic of 1918/1919. 2: The influenza pandemic of 1918/19 and encephalitis lethargica: Epidemiology and symptoms. 3: The influenza pandemic of 1918/19 and encephalitis lethargica: Neuropathology and discussion.

J. Neural. Transm. (Vienna), 116, 143-150; 1295-1308; 1309-1321, 2009.

Parts 2 and 3 are freely available from PubMedCentral at this link, and at this link.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Encephalitis Lethargica 1915-1926, EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Influenza › 1918 Pandemic (H1N1 virus), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis
  • 12642

Die Encephalitis lethargica, ihre Nachkrankheiten und ihre Behandlung.

Berlin: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1929.

Translated and adapted by K. O. Newman as Encephalitis lethargica its sequelae and treatment. London: Oxford University Press, 1931.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › Pandemics › Encephalitis Lethargica 1915-1926, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis
  • 12643

The neurological patient in history. Edited by L. Stephen Jacyna and Stephen T. Casper.

Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2012.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology
  • 12644

The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c. 1789-2000.

Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2016.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology
  • 12645

Classics in movement science. Edited by Mark L. Latash and Vladimir M. Zatsiorsky.

Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2001.


Subjects: Biomechanics, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Kinesiology
  • 12646

Über den Schwerpunkt des menschlichen Körpers mit Rücksicht auf die Ausrüstung des deutschen Infanteristen.

Leipzig: S. Hirzel Verlag, 1889.

Translated into English by P.G.J. Maquet and R. Furlong as On the centre of gravity of the human body as related to the equipment of the German infantry soldier. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1985.



Subjects: Biomechanics, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Kinesiology
  • 12647

Bestimmung der Trägheitsmomente des menschlichen Körpers und seiner Glieder.

Leipzig: S. Hirzel Verlag, 1892.

Translated into English by P. Maquet and R. Furlong as Determination of the moments of intertia of the human body and its limbs. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1988.



Subjects: Biomechanics, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Kinesiology
  • 12648

Atlas zur Biomechanik der Gesunden und kranken Hüfte,

Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1973.

Translated into English by Ronald J. Furlong and Paul Maquet as Biomechanics of the normal and diseased hip. Theoretical foundation, technique and results of treatment: An atlas. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1976.



Subjects: Biomechanics, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hip
  • 12649

One doctor's adventures among the famous and infamous from the jungles of Panama to a Park Avenue practice. With Tracy Dahlby.

New York: Random House, 1990.


Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Autobiography, PARASITOLOGY › History of Parasitology, TROPICAL Medicine › History of Tropical Medicine
  • 12650

Color atlas/text of ophthalmic parasitology. Edited by B. H. Kean, Tsieh Sun, and Robert M. Ellsworth.

New York: Igaku Shoin, 1991.

Probably the first ophthalmic textbook devoted exclusively to parasitic infections, discussing diseases caused by protozoa, nematodes, cestodes, trematodes, and arthropods.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmic Parasitology, PARASITOLOGY
  • 12651

Practica quae alias Philonium dicitur.

Barcelona: Pedro Posa, 1484.

A general treatise on medical practice.  ISTC No. iv00005800



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Portugal, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE
  • 12652

Hepatitis A: Detection by immune electron microscopy of a viruslike antigen associated with acute illness.

Science, 182, 1026-1028, 1973.

Identification of the Hepatitis A virus.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Hepatitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Hepadnaviridae › Hepatitis A Virus
  • 12653

Isolation of a cDNA clone derived from a blood-borne non-A, non-B viral hepatitis genome.

Science, 244, 359-362, 1989.

In this paper Houghton (Nobel Prize 2020) and colleagues named  “hepatitis C” for the first time. They cloned and isolated the viral RNA genome and demonstrated that a patient who had high antibodies to a ‘native/wild strain’, reacted specifically with the cloned version. In “An assay for circulating antibodies to a major etiologic  virus of human non-A, non-B hepatitis,” Science, 244, 362-64, published immediately following in the same issue of Science, Alter and Houghton described the "diagnostic reagents to detect HCV’"mentioned in the first paper.

The discovery of Hepatitis C led to "the rapid development of diagnostic reagents to detect HCV in blood supplies which reduced the risk of acquiring HCV through blood transfusion from one in three to about one in two million.[3][4] It is estimated that antibody testing has prevented at least 40,000 new infections per year in the US alone and many more worldwide" (Wikipedia article on Michael Houghton (virologist) accessed 5-2020). (Order of authorship in the original publication: Choo, Kuo,Weiner, Overby Bradley, Houghton.)

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for additional background on this paper.)



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Hepatitis, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Hepadnaviridae › Hepatitis C Virus
  • 12654

Recursive functions of symbolic expressions and their computation by machine, Part 1.

Communications of the ACM, 3, 184-195, 1960.

The original paper on LISP, the first programming language designed for symbolic computation, which made the development of artificial intelligence programming possible. Part 2 was never published. Digital text from jmc.stanford.edu at this link.



Subjects: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine , COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology › Computing / Mathematics in Medicine & Biology
  • 12655

Programs with Common Sense. IN: Mechanisation of thought processes, Proceedings of the Symposium of the National Physics Laboratory, pages 77-84.

London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1959.

"Programs with Common Sense was probably the first paper on logical AI, i.e. AI in which logic is the method of representing information in computer memory and not just the subject matter of the program. The paper was given in the Teddington Conference on the Mechanization of Thought Processes in December 1958 and printed in the proceedings of that conference. It may also be the first paper to propose common sense reasoning ability as the key to AI" (http://jmc.stanford.edu/articles/mcc59.html).

Available from jmc.stanford.edu at this link.



Subjects: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine , COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology › Computing / Mathematics in Medicine & Biology
  • 12656

Studies in the specific study of the bacteriology of dental cavities.

Military Dental Journal, 5, 199-214, 1922.

Rodríguez discovered that three types of the Lactobacillus species of bacteria, during the process of fermentation, are the causes of cavities. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Lactobacillus , DENTISTRY › Dental Pathology › Tooth Decay
  • 12657

Monograph on the Aye-Aye (Chiromys madagascariensis, Cuvier).

London: Printed by Taylor and Francis, 1863.

For the first 100 years after the first aye-aye was brought to Europe from Madagascar in the 1780s, debate persisted over whether it was a rodent, a primate, or most closely related to the kangaroo. Classification of the Aye-Aye remained debatable because of the aye-aye’s odd  combination of behavioral and morphological traits: continuously growing front teeth, batlike ears, a foxlike tail, abdominal mammary glands, claws on most digits, and spindly, dexterous middle fingers. It uses its middle finger to tap along a branch and moves its ears forward and back to help locate hollow channels within the wood created by wood-boring insect larvae. Once it detects a channel, the aye-aye uses its specialized front teeth to pry open the wood and then inserts one of its fingers to extract the larvae.

All of these unique specialized features caught the attention of comparative anatomist Richard Owen who presented the evidence for classifying the Aye-Aye as a primate in this monograph that is beautifully illustrated by Joseph Wolf.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Madagascar, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Primatology
  • 12658

Trichinella and trichinosis. Edited by William C. Campbell.

New York & London: Plenum Press, 1983.

The first chapter of this authoritative study is a very detailed historical introduction by William C. Campbell, with a comprehensive bibliography. Campbell also authored Chapter 10: Chemotherapy and Chapter 13: Epidemiology I: Modes of transmission. Chapter 14: Epidemiology II: Geographic distribution and prevalance by Charles W. Kim breaks down coverage to most countries and regions of the world.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Food-Borne Diseases › Trichinosis, PARASITOLOGY › Trichinella
  • 12659

The North-West passage by land. Being the narrative of an expedition from the Atlantic to the Pacific, undertaken with the view of exploring a route across the continent to British Columbia through British territory, by one of the northern passes in the Rocky Mountains.

London: Cassell, Petter, and Galpin, 1865.

Together with William Fitzwilliam (Viscount Milton), Cheadle travelled up the Athabasca River and in 1863 they became the first "tourists" to travel through the Yellowhead Pass. Arriving in Quebec City in July 1862, they travelled across the continent, wintering near Fort Carlton. After a challenging and at times humorous summer they reached Victoria, BC.



Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 12660

Sierra Leone: A Description of the manners and customs of the liberated Africans; with observations upon the natural history of the colony, and a notice of the native tribes.

London: James Ridgway, 1843.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Sierra Leone, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 12661

The flight of the Emu: A hundred years of Australian ornithology 1901-2001.

Melbourne, Australia: Melbourne University Press, 2002.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 12662

Herpes-type virus and chromosome marker in normal leukocytes after growth with irradiated Burkitt cells.

Science, 157, 1064-1065, 1967.

The Henles and colleagues showed for the first time that a cancer virus (Epstein-Barr virus) can transform healthy cells (lymphocytes) into cancer cells. This showed that viruses can cause cancer cell formation. (Order of authorship in the original publication: W. Henle, Diehl, Kohn, zur Hausen, G. Henle.)



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Herpesviridae › Epstein-Barr Virus
  • 12663

A papillomavirus DNA from a cervical carcinoma and its prevalence in cancer biopsy samples from different geographic regions,

Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA), 80, 3812-3815, 1983.

Zur Hausen and colleageus identified HPV 16 DNA in cervical cancer tumors by Southern blot hybridization.

Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Papillomaviridae, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Papillomaviridae › Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • 12664

A new type of papillomavirus DNA, its presence in genital cancer biopsies and in cell lines derived from cervical cancer.

EMBO J., 3, 1151-1157, 1984.
Zur Hausen and colleagues discovered HPV18 as a cause of cervical cancer. With the discovery of HPV18, and HPV16, which zur Hausen and team discovered in 1983, zur Hausen discovered the viruses causing about 75% of human cervical cancer, and provided a basis on which other researchers could develop a vaccine against cervical cancer. (Order of authorship in the original publication: Boshart, Gissmann, Ikenberg, Kleinheinz, Scheurlen, zur Hausen.)  Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.

"Harald zur Hausen went against current dogma and postulated that oncogenic human papilloma virus (HPV) caused cervical cancer.[25] He realized that HPV-DNA could exist in a non-productive state in the tumours, and should be detectable by specific searches for viral DNA.[77] He and others, notably workers at the Pasteur Institute, found HPV to be a heterogeneous family of viruses. Only some HPV types cause cancer.[25]
"Harald zur Hausen pursued his idea of HPV for over 10 years by searching for different HPV types. [3] This research was difficult due to the fact that only parts of the viral DNA were integrated into the host genome. He found novel HPV-DNA in cervix cancer biopsies, and thus discovered the new, tumourigenic HPV16 type in 1983. In 1984, he cloned HPV16 and 18 from patients with cervical cancer.[77] The HPV types 16 and 18 were consistently found in about 70% of cervical cancer biopsies throughout the world.[25]
"His observation of HPV oncogenic potential in human malignancy provided impetus within the research community to characterize the natural history of HPV infection, and to develop a better understanding of mechanisms of HPV-induced carcinogenesis.[25] (Wikipedia article HPV vaccine, accessed 5-2020).


Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Papillomaviridae › Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • 12665

Papillomavirus vaccines. US Patent US7476389B1.

Washington, DC: U.S. Patent Office, 2009.

Frazer and Zhou invented and patented the first Papillomavirus vaccine. In 2020 it was marketed  as Gardasil and Cervarix. Developed beginning in 1991, about 20 years after Blumberg and Millman's vaccine against viral hepatitis (1972), this was the second cancer preventing vaccine, and the first vaccine designed to prevent a cancer.

The U.S. application was filed on 19 January 1994, but claimed priority under a 20 July 1992 PCT filing to the date of an initial [AU] Australian patent application filed on 19 July 1991. Patent was granted on 13 January 2009.

"Abstract: A method of providing papilloma virus like particles which may be used for diagnostic purposes or for incorporation in a vaccine for use in related to infections caused by papilloma virus. The method includes an initial step of constructing one or more recombinant DNA molecules which each encode papilloma virus L1 protein or a combination of papilloma virus L1 protein and papilloma virus L2 protein followed by a further step of transfecting a suitable host cell with one or more of the recombinant DNA molecules so that virus like particles (VLPs) are produced within the cell after expression of the L1 or the combination of L1 and L2 proteins. The VLPs are also claimed per se as well as vaccines incorporating the VLPs.

"FIELD OF INVENTION: "THIS INVENTION relates to papillomavirus and in particular antigens and vaccines that may be effective in treatment of infections caused by such viruses.
"BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:  "Papillomavirus infections are known not only in humans but also in animals such as sheep, dogs, cattle, coyotes, wolves, possums, deer, antelope, beaver, turtles, bears, lizards, monkeys, chimpanzees, giraffes, impala, elephants, whales, cats, pigs, gerbils, elks, yaks, dolphins, parrots, goats, rhinoceros, camels, lemmings, chamois, skunks, Tasmanian devils, badgers, lemurs, caribou, armadillo, newts and snakes (see for example, “Papillomavirus Infections in Animals” by J P Sundberg which is described in Papillomavirus and Human Disease, edited by K Syrjanen, L Gissman and L G Koss, Springer Verlag 1987)."

"It is also known (eg. In Papillomavirus and Human Cancer edited by H Pfister and published by CRC Press Inc 1990) that papillomavirus are included in several distinct groups such as human Papillomavirus (HPV) which are differentiated into types 1-56 depending upon DNA sequence homology. A clinicopathological grouping of HPV and the malignant potential of the lesions with which they are most frequently associated may be separated as follows...."

Full text and images of the patent is available from patents.google.com at this link.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Medical Patents, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Papillomaviridae, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Papillomaviridae › Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • 12666

Medicine, race and liberalism in British Bengal: Symptoms of empire.

London & New York: Routledge, 2009.

"This book focuses on the entwinement of politics and medicine and power and knowledge in India during the age of empire. Using the powerful metaphor of ‘pathology’ - the science of the origin, nature, and course of diseases - the author develops and challenges a burgeoning literature on colonial medicine, moving beyond discussions of state medicine and the control of epidemics to everyday life, to show how medicine was a fundamental ideology of empire. Related to this point, and engaging with postcolonial histories of biopower and modernity, the book highlights the use of this racially grounded medicine in the formulation of modern selves and subjectivities in late colonial India. In tracing the cultural determinants of biological race theory and contextualizing the understanding of race as pathology, the book demonstrates how racialism was compatible with the ideologies and policies of imperial liberalism" (publisher).

 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INDIA, Practice of Medicine in › History of Practice of Medicine in India, POLITICS, MEDICAL
  • 12667

The Aphorisms of Hippocrates, translated into Arabic by Honain ben Ishak, physician to the Caliph Motawukkul. [Edited from two MSS. by J. Tytler, assisted by Mawlavis Sulaymān, Ghulām Makhdūm, and ʿAbd Allāh.].

Calcutta: Education Press, 1832.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology › Translations to and from Arabic, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 12668

‘Ubaidallāh Ibn Buḫtīšū‘ on apparent death: The Kitāb Taḥrīm dafn al-aḥyā’, Arabic edition and English translation by Oliver Kahl.

Leiden: Brill, 2018.


Subjects: DEATH & DYING, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts
  • 12669

[Comprehensive bibliography of Syriac medicine] in A comprehensive bibliography on Syriac Christianity.

Jerusalem: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2000.

As of 2020 the most comprehensive bibliography on Syriac Medicine that I located online was part of the Comprehensive bibliography on Syriac Christianity in the website of The Center for the Study of Christianity Established by Hubert and Aldegone Brenninkmeije-Werhahn. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. To reach the medical content of this bibliography it is necessary to search under the keyword medicine.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, DIGITAL RESOURCES › Digital Archives & Libraries , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 12670

Pseudogaleni in Hippocratis de septimanis commentarium ab Hunaino q. f. Arabice versum, ex codice monacensi primum edidit et Germanice vertit.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1914.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology › Translations to and from Arabic, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts
  • 12671

Neue Materialen zu Hunain Ibn Ishâk’s Galen-Bibliographie. Abhandlungen für die Kunde des Morgenlandes 19.2.

Leipzig: Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft, 1932.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology › Translations to and from Arabic, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts
  • 12672

Les chrétiens dans la médecine arabe.

Paris: Harmattan, 2006.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology › Translations to and from Arabic, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 12673

Syrische Astrologie und das Syrische Medizinbuch.

Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2018.


Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Medical Astrology, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts
  • 12674

Ar-Raoudat at-tibbiyya (Le jardin médical) par Ubaîd-Allah Ben Gibraîl Ben Bakhtichoû, Chrétien décédé en 1058: Texte arabe, publié pour la première fois d’après trois manuscrits conservées dans la Bibliothèque des Manuscrits.

Cairo: H. Friedrich, 1927.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 12675

The medico-philosophical controversy between Ibn Butlan of Baghdad and Ibn Ridwan of Cairo: A contribution to the history of Greek learning among the Arabs. (The Egyptian University, the Faculty of Arts: Publication 13.)

Cairo: The Egyptian University, 1937.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology › Translations to and from Arabic, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 12676

Epidemics in context: Greek commentaries on Hippocrates in the Arabic tradition. Edited by Peter E. Pormann.

New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2012.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology › Translations to and from Arabic, Hippocratic Tradition, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts
  • 12677

The role of the Nestorians and Muslims in the history of medicine.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Syria and Syriac Texts, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 12678

The divine origin of the craft of the herbalist.

London: Culpepper House, 1928.

A semi-popular account useful for its surveys of the earliest herbal literature: Egyptian, Sumerian, Assyrian, Greece, Syriac, Arabic, Coptic, Ethiopian (Abyssinian).

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines › History of Materia Medica
  • 12679

Istoria di un sonnambulismo, con alcune riflessioni sopra questo fenomeno, e sul sonno; letta nella pubblica adunanza dell’Accademia Labronica.

Livorno: Tipografia e Litografia Sardi, 1829.

This report on sleepwalking concerned Palloni’s treatment of a forty-year old peasant who for nine years would sleepwalk—often going into the fields, carrying his tools along, then returning later to the bed where he slept tranquilly until the waking hour. Palloni considered theories of somnambulism, including Mesmerism, and the impact of sleepwalking on memory and attention.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Sleep Physiology & Medicine
  • 12680

Das Buch der Fieber des Isaac Israeli und seine Bedeutung im lateinischen Westen: Ein Beitrag zur Rezeption arabischer Wissenschaft im Abendland. (Sudhoffs Archiv - Beihefte (Sar-b) von Raphaela Veit.

Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2004.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine
  • 12681

Poison, medicine, and disease in late medieval and early modern Europe.

New York: Routledge, 2018.

"...Drawing from a wide range of medical and natural philosophical texts—with an emphasis on treatises that focused on poison, pharmacotherapeutics, plague, and the nature of disease—this study brings to light premodern physicians' debates about the potential existence, nature, and properties of a category of substance theoretically harmful to the human body in even the smallest amount. Focusing on the category of poison (venenum) rather than on specific drugs reframes and remixes the standard histories of toxicology, pharmacology, and etiology, as well as shows how these aspects of medicine (although not yet formalized as independent disciplines) interacted with and shaped one another. Physicians argued, for instance, about what properties might distinguish poison from other substances, how poison injured the human body, the nature of poisonous bodies, and the role of poison in spreading, and to some extent defining, disease...." (publisher).



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, TOXICOLOGY › History of Toxicology
  • 12682

Catching cancer: The quest for its viral & bacterial causes.

Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2013.


Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › History of Oncology & Cancer
  • 12683

Ibn Khallikan's biographical dictionary. Translated from the Arabic by Bn. Mac Guckin de Slane. 4 vols.

Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland, 18421871.

Begun in 1256, this eight-volume biographical dictionary of Islamic scholarship and literature entitled Wafayāt al-aʿyān wa-anbāʾ abnāʾ az-zamān (وفيات الأعيان وأنباء أبناء الزمان) ('Deaths of Eminent Men and the Sons of the Epoch'), was completed in 1274. Khallikān documented the lives of notable writers, scientists, religious and legal scholars.
Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 12684

On the move: A life.

New York: Random House, 2015.


Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Autobiography, NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology
  • 12685

Études sur André Vésale: Précédées d'une notice historique sur sa vie et ses écrits.

Gand, Belgium: C. Annoot-Braeckman, Imprimeur, 1841.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, Renaissance Medicine › History of Renaissance Medicine
  • 12686

The life of Sir Charles Linnaeus, Knight of the Swedish Order of the Polar Star, &c. &c. To which is added a copious list of his works, and a biographical sketch of the life of his son, by D. H. Stoever. Translated from the original German by Joseph Trapp.

London: B. and J. White, 1794.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, BOTANY › Classification / Systemization of Plants
  • 12687

Memoirs of the life of Dr. Darwin, chiefly during his residence in Lichfield: With anecdotes of his friends, and criticisms on his writing.

London: Printed for J. Johnson, 1804.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, EVOLUTION, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Poetry
  • 12688

Memoir of James Jackson, Jr., M. D. with extracts from his letters to his father: and medical cases, collected by him.

Boston: Printed by I. R. Butts, 1835.

Jackson published this biography of his son, James Jackson, Jr. after his son's premature death in 1834. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals
  • 12689

Memoirs of Albert de Haller, M.D. Member of the Sovereign Council of Berne; President of the University, and of the Royal Society of Gottingen; Fellow of the Royal Society of London, &c. Compiled, chiefly, from the elogium spoken before the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris, and from the tributes paid to his memory by other foreign societies. By Thomas Henry.

Warrington, England: W. Eyres, 1783.

This is illustrated with a small cameo portrati of Haller drawn and engraved by William Blake. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 12690

Albrecht von Haller 1708-1777.

Bern: Albrecht von Haller Foundation of the Burgergemeinde Bern & Institute of History and the Institute of History of Medicine of the University of Bern, 2015.
http://www.albrecht-von-haller.ch/e/index.php

"The Swiss polymath Albrecht von Haller (1708–1777) was one of the central figures of the century of the Enlightenment. As a poet and scholar, physician and botanist, collector and encyclopaedist, university professor and experimental researcher, society president and correspondent, renowned author and influential reviewer, magistrate and orthodox Christian, he reflects many of the intellectual movements, events, and conditions of his time.

"Interest in Haller as a paradigmatic representative of the 18th Century has grown rapidly over the past years. Recent research has shown a growing awareness of the diverse nature of the Age of Enlightenment and an increasing interest in the functioning of the republic of letters and its interactions with economics, politics, and society. Haller’s rich life and work, his immense and multifaceted body of publications, and the extraordinarily extensive collection of handwritten documents he left at his death offer an ideal starting point for understanding and studying the century in which he lived.

"This website is intended to serve as a platform for all who are interested in Haller and his times. It offers an abundantly illustrated introduction to Haller’s life and work, information about the principal fields of endeavour in which he was engaged, insights into past and present research, and an index of the large body of Haller’s original writings available online."

This website also includes an expansion of the standard bibliography of Haller's writings by Steinke and Profos, as well as links to hundreds of published works by Haller available online.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, DIGITAL RESOURCES › Digital Archives & Libraries
  • 12691

Bibliographia Halleriana. Verzeichnis der Schriften von und über Albrecht von Haller. Hrsg. von Hubert Steinke und Claudia Profos, unter Mitarbeit von Pia Burkhalter.

Basel: Schwabe, 2004.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors
  • 12692

Le vie de monsieur Descartes. [par Adrien Baillet].

Paris: Daniel Horthemels, 1691.

An early separately published biography of a contributor to the history of the life sciences. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 12693

Andreas Vesalius of Brussels, 1514-1564.

Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1964.


Subjects: ANATOMY › 16th Century, ANATOMY › History of Anatomical Illustration, ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, Renaissance Medicine › History of Renaissance Medicine
  • 12694

Memoirs of the life and writings of the late John Coakley Lettsom..., with a selection from his correspondence. by Thomas Joseph Pettigrew. 3 vols.

London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1817.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, Collected Works: Opera Omnia
  • 12695

On superstitions connected with the history and practice of medicine and surgery.

London: John Churchill, 1844.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Chemistry › Alchemy, Magic & Superstition in Medicine
  • 12696

Notices des hommes les plus célebres de la Faculté de Médecine en l'Université de Paris, depuis 1110, jusqu'en 1750 (inclusivement), extraite- (en plus grande partie) du manuscrit de feu M. Thomas-Bernard Bertrand, communiqué par M. son fils, rédigée par M. Jacques-Albert Hazon.

Paris: Benoît Morin, 1778.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 12697

Historia Michaelis Serveti Quam praeside Io. Laur. Mosheimio...auctor Henricus ab Allwoerden.

Helmstadt: Stannus Buchholtz, 1727.

An early biographical account of Servetus and his martyrdom for heresy, prepared under the direction of Johann Lorenz von Mosheim whose Kaisergeschichte (2 vols, 1746-48) initiated the modern, objective historiography of heresy. Allwoerden's biography of Servetus was the most significant of the studies that revived interest in the 16th century martyr who described the lesser circulation.
Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, CARDIOLOGY › History of Cardiology, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 12698

An impartial history of Michael Servetus, burnt alive at Geneva for heresie.

London: Aaron Ward, 1724.

Authorship of this early English account of Servetus and his martyrdom for heresy has never been determined, according to Geoffrey Sill, "The authorship of An impartial history of Michael Servetus," Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, 87, 303-318. Sill indicates that a very few copies of this work exist with the title page dated 1723. Digital facsimile from wellcomecollection.org at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, CARDIOLOGY › History of Cardiology, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 12699

Authentic memoirs of the life of Richard Mead. [By Matthew Maty]

London: J. Whiston and B. White, 1755.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals