An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15429 entries, 13282 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 23, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 5900–5999

104 entries
  • 5900

Ueber Ceratoconus.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 5, 241-44, 249-254, 1868.

Classic description of conical cornea (keratoconus).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5901

Sur un nouvel instrument pour la détermination de l’astigmatisme.

Ann. Oculist. (Brux.), 57, 39-43, 1867.

Javal invented the astigmometer, and described it in the above paper.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5902

Die intraocularen Geschwülste nach eigenen klinischen Beobachtungen und anatomischen Untersuchungen.

Carlsruhe: C. F. Müller, 1868.

English translation, New York, 1869.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 1328
  • 5903

Ueber eine Form von Ptosis.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk, 7, 193-98, 1869.

“Horner’s syndrome”, due to lesion of the cervical sympathetic. The same syndrome was evoked in animals by Pourfour du Petit in 1727 (see No. 1313). It is a proof that the sympathetic governs the pupillary, vasomotor, sudomotor, and pilomotor functions. It was also described by Claude Bernard, Leçons sur la physiologie et la patbologie du système nerveux, 1858, 2, 473-74, and, less impressively, by E. S. Hare, Lond. med. Gaz., 1838-39, 1, 16-18.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5904

Opthalmoskopischer Hand-Atlas.

Vienna, 1869.

A fine atlas which was for many years unsurpassed. The illustrations were reproduced from Jaeger’s own paintings, each of which required from 20 to 50 sittings of from two to three hours each. English translation, London & New York, 1890. Jaeger’s original paintings were reproduced in color with new descriptions, and revisions, by Daniel M. Albert as Atlas of diseases of the ocular fundus, Philadelphia, Saunders, 1972.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5905

Das Ulcus corneae serpens und seine Therapie.

Bonn: M. Cohen & Sohn, 1870.

First description of serpiginous ulcer of the cornea and its treatment. Called also “Saemisch’s ulcer”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5906

Ueber hereditäre und congenital-angelegte Sehnervenleiden.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 17, 2 Abt., 249-91, 1871.

First description of hereditary optic atrophy, “Leber’s optic atrophy”.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5907

Zur sogenannten Commotio retinae.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 11, 42-78, 1873.

Berlin, professor of ophthalmology at Rostock, described the traumatic edema of the retina which is sometimes referred to as “Berlin’s edema”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases
  • 5908

Kératoscopie.

Rec. Ophtal., 1, 14-23, 18731874.

Introduction of the shadow test (retinoscopy), sometimes called “Cuignet’s method”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases, Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5909

Light for the blind: A history of the origin and success of Moon’s system of reading (embossed in various languages) for the blind.

London: Longmans & Co, 1873.

Moon became totally blind at the age of 22. He taught other blind people and devised a simplified form of roman letters, embossed on paper, for use by blind readers. This was in 1845, and two years later he published his first book in Moon type. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Blind Education
  • 5910

Atlas der pathologischen Anatomie des Augapfels. Atlas of the pathological anatomy of the eyeball. By Ernst Pagenstecher and Carl Genth.

Weisbaden: C. W. Kreidel, 18731875.

Text in German and English; Sir W. R. Gowers was responsible for the English translation. Digital facsimile from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit, PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 5911

Om den medfödda, färgblindhetens diagnostic och teori.

Nord. med. Ark., 6, Nr. 24, 1-21; Nr. 28, 1-35, 1874.

Holmgren introduced the wool-skein test for the diagnosis of color-blindness.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5912

Ueber die Verletzungen des Auges mit besonderer Rücksicht auf deren gerichtsärztliche Würdigung.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1875.

 English translation by Charles S. Turnbull as Injuries of the eye and their medico-legal aspect. (Philadelpha. 1878). Digital facsimile of the 1875 edition from the Internet Archive at this link; of the 1878 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5913

Ueber eine neue therapeutische Verwendung des Physostigmin.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 14, 421-22, 1876.

Introduction of physostigmine in the treatment of glaucoma.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5914

Der Frühjahrskatarrh. In: GRAEFE and SAEMISCH, Handbuch der gesammten Augenheilkunde

4, Theil 2, 25-29, 1876.

First description of vernal conjunctivitis.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis
  • 5915

Beziehungen der Allgemein-Leiden und Organ-Erkrankungen zu Veränderungen und Krankheiten des Sehorgans. In: GRAEFE and SAEMISCH, Handbuch der gesammten Augenheilkunde, 7, Theil 5, 59-234

Leipzig, 1877.

Förster was among the first to study the relationship between eye disease and general and organic disease of the body.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5916

Om färgblindheten i dess förhallande till jernvägstrafiken och sjöväsendet.

Upsala Läkaref. Förh., 12, 171-251, 267-358, 18761877.

A serious railway accident in Sweden in 1875 was believed by Holmgren to be due to color-blindness, and resulted in the above important paper dealing with the condition and its relation to railway and maritime traffic. Translation in Rep. Smithsonian Inst., 1877. Washington, 1878, 131-200.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 5916.1

Ueber Keratoplastik.

Graefe’s Arch. Ophthal., 24, 4 Abt., 1-46, 321-24, 1878.

Sellerbeck was first to use human donor corneas for transplants. He was not very successful, probably because the antiseptics employed were too strong.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Corneal Transplant, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5917

On astigmatism as a cause for persistent headache and other nervous symptoms.

Med. News (Philad.), 27, 81-88, 1879.

Thomson was a pioneer in the study of refraction. He was much interested in color-blindness and modified Holmgren’s wool-skein test. Himself affected with hypermetropia, he made important investigations on this condition, and (above) on astigmatism as a cause of headache.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, Optometry, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 5918

Symmetrical changes in the region of the yellow spot in each eye of an infant.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. U. K., 1, 55-57, 18801881.

Tay was the first to describe amaurotic familial idiocy, his paper dealing mainly with the ocular manifestations. The condition later became known as “Tay-Sachs’s disease” (see also No. 4705).



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders, NEUROLOGY › Neurodevelopmental Disorders, OPHTHALMOLOGY , PEDIATRICS
  • 5919

Traité complet de l’ophtalmologie. 4 vols.

Paris: Vve. A. Delahaye et Cie, 18801889.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5920

Un ophtalmomètre pratique.

Ann Oculist. (Brux.), 86, 5-21, 1881.

Javal and Schiötz here describe an ophthalmometer invented by them.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5921

Ein experimenteller Beitrag zur Pathogenese der sympathischen Augen-Entzündung.

v. Graefes Arch. ophthal., 28, 2 Abt., 291-300, 1882.

Deutschmann was the chief protagonist of the infective theory of sympathetic ophthalmia.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5922

Neue Instrumente.

Zbl. prakt. Augenheilk, 6, 30-31, 1882.

Introduction of the keratoscope.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5923

Bericht über die Thätigkeit der deutschen Cholerakommission in Aegypten und Ostindien.

Wien. med. Wschr., 33, 1548-51, 1883.

Koch–Weeks bacillus, Hemophilus conjunctivitidis, or Hemophilus aegyptius. Koch discovered the bacilli of two varieties of Egyptian conjunctivitis. See also No. 5930.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Haemophilus, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Egypt, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 5924
  • 6195

Die Verhütung der Augenentzüngung der Neugeborenen.

Arch. Gynäk., 17, 50-53, 1881.

Credé introduced the practice of instillation of silver nitrate into the eyes of all newborn children as a preventive measure against ophthalmia neonatorum. Separate expanded edition with the same title, Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1884.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures, PEDIATRICS › Neonatology
  • 5678
  • 5925

Vorläufige Mitteilung über locale Anästheserung am Auge.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 22, Beilageheft, 60-63, 1884.

Introduction of cocaine as a local anesthetic; this was the first local anesthetic employed (16 September 1884). Freud (No. 1880.1) is accredited by some with this innovation, but in this connection see the letter by Koller in J. Amer. med. Ass., 1941, 117, 1284. English translation by H. Knapp in Arch. Ophthal. (Chicago), December, 1884. 



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine, ANESTHESIA › Local Anesthesia, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5926

Die periphere Atrophie des Sehnerven.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 31, 1 Abt., 177-200, 1885.

Peripheral atrophy of the optic nerve was described by Fuchs and called “Fuchs’s optic atrophy”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 5927

Der Electromagnet in der Augenheilkunde.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1885.

The introduction of the electromagnet into ophthalmology. A pupil of Helmholtz, Hirschberg was one of the most voluminous writers in the field of ophthalmology. Besides his dictionary (see No. 5932) he wrote a classic history of the subject (see No. 5996) which today remains the authoritative history of ophthalmology. He founded the Centralblatt für praktische Augenheilkunde in 1877.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5928

On the surgical, physiological, and aesthetic advantages of the artificial vitreous body.

Brit. med. J., 2, 1153-55, 1885.

“Mules’s operation”, evisceration of the eyeball with insertion of artificial vitreous.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 4572
  • 5929

D’un nouveau precédé opératoire applicable au ptosis congénital et au ptosis paralytique.

Arch. Ophtal., 6, 1-14, 1886.

An operation for congenital and paralytic ptosis was introduced by Panas.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5930

The bacillus of acute conjunctival catarrh or “pink eye”.

Arch. Ophthal. (N.Y.), 15, 441-51, 1886.

In 1883 Koch discovered the bacilli of two different forms of infectious conjunctivitis (Egyptian ophthalmia); in 1886. Weeks discovered the same organism to be the cause of “pink-eye”. The organism has become known as the Koch – Weeks bacillus (see also No. 5923).



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Haemophilus, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis
  • 5931

Die ärztliche Ueberwachung der Schulen zur Verhütung der Verbreitung der Kurzsichtigkeit.

Arb VII. int Congr. Hyg. Demogr., Wien 1, Heft 12, 9-28, 18871888.

Cohn was a pioneer in his advocacy of the routine examination of the eyes of schoolchildren.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , PEDIATRICS
  • 5932

Wörterbuch der Augenheilkunde.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1887.


Subjects: Dictionaries, Biomedical, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5933

Eine neue Methode der Hornhauttransplantation.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 34, 1 Abt., 108-30, 1888.

Modern keratoplasty is based on the technique introduced by von Hippel.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Corneal Transplant, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5934

Keratitis punctata superficialis.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 2, 837-41, 1889.

Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis first described.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5935

Lehrbuch der Augenheilkunde.

Leipzig & Vienna: Franz Deuticke, 1889.

Fuchs’s textbook was an outstanding contribution to the literature, and was translated into many languages. The last English edition appeared in 1933.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5936

Conjonctivite infectieuse transmise par les animaux.

Ann. Oculist. (Brux), 101, 252, 1889.

Parinaud described an infectious tuberculous conjunctivitis transmissible from animals to man. In 1924 Gifford suggested the name “Parinaud’s oculo-glandular syndrome” as a more suitable description. See also Rec. Ophtalmologie, 1889, 3 sér., 11, 176-80.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5937

Colour-blindness and colour-perception.

London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co, 1891.

Includes (p. 262 et seq.) description of Edridge-Green’s lantern test for color-blindness. This was officially adopted in Great Britain in 1915 in place of the Holmgren test.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 5938

Ueber die eitrige metastatische Ophthalmie, besonders ihre Aetiologie und prognostische Bedeutung.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 40, Pt. 2, Abt. 4, 103-97, 1894.

Classic account of metastatic ophthalmia. 



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5939

Conjonctivite lacrymale à pneumocoques des nouveau-nés.

Ann. Oculist. (Paris), 112, 369-73, 1894.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis, PEDIATRICS › Neonatology
  • 5940

Vorstellung eines Patientin mit einem sehr ungewöhnlichen Netzhautbeziehungsweise Aderhautleiden.

Ber. ophthal. Ges. Heidelb., 24, 269, 1895.

First description of angiomatosis of the retina – “Hippel’s disease”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5941

Beiträge zur Aetiologie der Bindehautenzündungen. Ueber chronische Diplobacillenconjunctivitis.

Ber. ophthal. Ges. Heidelb., (1896), 25, 140-55, 1897.

Description of the diplobacillary form of chronic conjunctivitis.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis
  • 5942

Note sur un diplobacille pathogène pour la conjunctiva humaine.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur., 10, 337-45, 1896.

Morax and Axenfeld (No. 5941) independently isolated a diplobacillus which causes a chronic conjunctivitis – the Morax – Axenfeld haemophilus.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Haemophilus, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis
  • 5943

Die Erkrankungen des Auges im Zusammenhang mit anderen Krankheiten.

Vienna: A. Hölder, 1898.

Like Förster (No. 5915), Schmidt-Rimpler was interested in the relationship between eye diseases and general organic diseases; like Cohn (No. 5931), he was an advocate of the routine examination of the eyes of schoolchildren.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5944

Handbuch der gesamten Augenheilkunde. 2te. Aufl. 15 vols. [in 41].

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 18991918.

The first edition of this great collective work, edited by Graefe and Saemisch, appeared between 1874 and 1880.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5945

Allgemeine Theorie der monochromatischen Aberrationen und ihre nächsten Ergebnisse für die Ophthalmologie.

Uppsala, Sweden: E. Berling, 1900.

Gullstrand was professor of ophthalmology at Uppsala. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1911. The above work is the exposition of his general theory of monochromatic aberrations. This is an offprint from Nova Acta Reg. Soc. Sci. Ups., 1900-01, ser. 3, 20.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5946

Extractions of cataract in the capsule.

Indian med. Gaz., 35, 241-46; 36, 220-25; 40, 327-30, 1900, 19011905.

Smith, an officer in the Indian Medical Service, had remarkable success with his method of extraction of cataract within the capsule. He modified his operation in 1926 (Arch. Ophthal. N.Y., 55, 213-24). See also Smith's monograph, The Treatment of Cataract (Calcutta: Thacker, Spink & Co, 1910).



Subjects: INDIA, Practice of Medicine in, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5947

The pathology of the eye. 4 vols.

London: Hodder & Stoughton & Henry Frowde, 19041908.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , PATHOLOGY
  • 5948

Nuovo metodo conservatore di cura radicale delle suppurazioni croniche del sacco lacrimale (dacriocistorinostomia).

Clin. mod. (Pisa), 10, 385-87, 1904.

Toti’s account of dacryocystorhinostomy, a procedure he himself introduced.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5949

Die Cyklodialyse, eine neue Glaukomoperation.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 31, 824-26, 1905.

Introduction of cyclodialysis in glaucoma.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5950

Notes on a peculiar pupil phenomenon in cases of partial iridoplegia.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. U. K., 26, 50-56, 1906.

Markus was among the first to describe the condition known as “Adie’s syndrome” (No. 4611).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5950.1

Eine erfolgreiche totale Keratoplastik.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 64, 580-93, 1906.

First successful corneal transplantation (keratoplasty).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Corneal Transplant, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5951

Über Zelleinschlüsse parasitärer Natur beim Trachom.

Arb. k. Gesundh-Amte, 26, 44-47, 1907.

Halberstaedter and Prowazek first described the cytoplasmic inclusion bodies of trachoma, Chlamydia trachomatis.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5952

Iridencleisis antiglaucomatosa.

Ann Oculist. (Paris), 137, 345-75, 1907.

Introduction of iridencleisis for glaucoma.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5953

Nouveau traitement du glaucome chronique; iridectomie et sclérectomie combinée.

Gaz. hebd. Sci. méd Bordeaux, 28, 2-4, 1907.

Sclerectomy for the treatment of glaucoma.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5954

Forms of retinal disease with massive exudation.

Ophthal. Hosp. Rep., 17, 440-525, 1908.

“Coats’s disease” (retinitis circinata).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5955

A preliminary note on a new operative procedure for the establishment of a filtering cicatrix in the treatment of glaucoma.

Ophthalmoscope, 7, 804-06, 1909.

Elliot, working in 1909 at the Government Ophthalmic Hospital in Madras, began to use a trephine to make a very anterior sclerectomy under a conjunctival flap, coupled with a peripheral iridectomy. See also his Sclero-corneal trephining in the operative  treatment of glaucoma, (1913).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5956

Über Epithelzellveränderungen beim Trachom und andern Conjunctivalerkrankungen.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 69, 525-42, 1909.

Demonstration of the inclusion bodies in ophthalmia neonatorum.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5957

Studien zur sympathischen Ophthalmie. 1. Wirkung von Antigenen vom Augeninnem aus.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 75, 459-73, 1910.

Elschnig suggested the anaphylactic theory of the pathogenesis of sympathetic ophthalmia.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5958

The small flap incision for glaucoma.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. U. K., 30, 199-215, 1910.

Herbert’s small flap sclerotomy.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5959

Vacuum fixation of the lens and flap suture in the extraction of a cataract in its capsule.

J. Amer. med. Ass., 57, 188-89, 1911.

Hulen devised a vacuum method of cataract extraction.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5960

Klinische, experimentelle und mikroskopische Studien über Trachom, Einschlussblenorrhöe und Frühjahrskatarrh.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 50, i, 653-90, 1912.

Filtration of the virus of inclusion conjunctivitis.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis, VIROLOGY
  • 5961

Le magot animal réactif du trachôme. Filtrabilité du virus. Pouvoir infectant des larmes.

C. R. Acad. Sci (Paris), 155, 241-43, 1912.

Filtration of the trachoma agent, Chlamydia trachomatis. With L. Blaisot and A. Cuénod.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative or Gram-Positive Bacteria › Chlamydia, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Trachoma, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis › Trachoma
  • 5962

Angiopathia retinae traumatica. Lymphorrhagien des Augengrundes.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 82, 347-71, 1912.

“Purtscher’s disease”, traumatic angiopathy of the retina, first described.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases
  • 5963

Intrakapsuläre Staroperationen.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 50, 527-37, 1912.

Stanculeanu’s technique for cataract extraction.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5964

Report of one hundred successive extractions of cataract in the capsule after subluxation with the capsule forceps.

Arch. Ophthal., (N.Y.), 44, 1-9, 1915.

Knapp’s method of extraction of cataract with forceps. See also his later paper in the same journal, 1921, 50, 426-30.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5965

Un procédé d’extrême douceur pour l’extraction “in toto” de la cataracte.

Clin. Ophthal., 22, 328-33, 1917.

Attempts to extract cataract by suction and aspiration date from ancient times. Barraquer employed a special machine of his own invention. His co-author Anduyned, seems to be identified by last name only.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5966

Tests for colour-blindness.

Tokyo: Kanehira Shuppan & London: H. K. Lewis, 1917.

Ishihara’s color tests. 15th ed., 1960.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5967

L’adaption compensatrice de l’oeil.

Ann. Oculist. (Brux.), 159, 625-37, 1922.

Introduction of the photometric spectacle lens.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5968

Gonioscopy and its clinical applications.

Amer. J. Ophthal., 8, 433-49, 1925.

Troncoso’s gonioscope.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5969

Diseases of the uvea. I. Sympathetic ophthalmia: the use of uveal pigment in diagnosis and treatment.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. U. K, 45, 208-51, 1925.

Intradermal pigment test in sympathetic ophthalmitis.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5970

Glaukosantropfen, Glaukomund Akkommodation.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 76, 400-03, 1926.

Introduction of glaucosan.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5971

Studien über Kleinhirncysten. Bau, Pathogenese und Beziehungen zur Angiomatosis retinae.

Acta path. microbiol. scand., Suppl. 1, 1926.

Lindau’s important histological study of hemangiomatosis retinae (“Lindau’s disease”).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5972

Nouveaux cas de guérison opératoire de décollements rétiniens.

Ann. Oculist. (Paris), 164, 817-26, 1927.

Gonin’s operation of ignipuncture for treatment of detachment of the retina.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5973

Experimental production of a trachoma-like condition in monkeys by means of a micro-organism isolated from American Indian trachoma.

J. Amer. med. Ass., 89, 739-42, 1927.

Isolation of Bact. granulosis, believed by Noguchi to be the causal organism in trachoma. See also his monograph in J. exp. Med., 1928, 48, Suppl. 2.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Trachoma, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis › Trachoma
  • 5974

A new operation for removing cataracts with their capsules.

Trans. Amer. ophthal. Soc., 25, 54-64, 1927.

Verhoeffs buttonhole iridectomy.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5975

Keratoplasty.

Arch. Ophthal. (N.Y.), 4, 165-73, 1930.

Elschnig developed the method of corneal grafting introduced by von Hippel (No. 5933) and produced good results on the human eye.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Corneal Transplant, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5976

Ueber den Ausgleich sämtlicher Brechungsfehler des Auges durch geschliffene Haftgläser (unter den Lidern getragene Schalen).

Münch, med. Wschr., 77, 6-7, 271-72, 1930.

The manufacture of modern contact lenses was made possible by the work of Heine. See also his paper in Lancet, 1931, 1, 631-32. For a brief history of this subject, see Schweiz, med. Wschr., 1946, 76, 719.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5977

Operative Behandlung von Netzhautabhebung mit Elektroendothermie und Trepanation; vorläufige Mitteilung.

Acta ophthal., (Kbh.), 8, 172-83, 1930.

Superficial diathermy treatment of retinal detachment. See also Arch Ophthal. (N.Y.), 1932, 7, 661-80.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures, THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 5978

Choroidal sarcoma treated by the intra-ocular insertion of radon needles.

Brit. J. Ophthal., 14, 145-52, 1930.

Foster Moore’s technique for the radiation treatment of choroidal neoplasms.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5979

Transplantation of cornea: a preliminary report on a series of experiments on rabbits.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. U. K., 50, 127-41, 1930.

See also his paper in Brit. J. Ophthal., 1934, 18, 129-42.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Corneal Transplant, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5980

Eine neue Ablatiooperation.

Z. Augenheilk., 74, 232-42, 1931.

Guist’s operation for detachment of the retina (multiple trephining and chemical cauterization of the choroid).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5981

Keratoplasty. A historical and experimental study, including a new method.

Amer. J. Ophthal., 15, 825-38, 905-16, 1932.

Castroviejo’s method of keratoplasty.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Corneal Transplant, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5983

Nuestro método original de extracciόn total de la catarata senil: la electrodiafaquia. Primeros ensayos.

Arch. Oftal. hisp.-amer., 32, 293-303, 1932.

Intracapsular extraction of cataract by diathermy with the electro-diaphake. Preliminary report in Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 1932, 88, 778-83.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5984

Behandlung der Netzhautabhebung mit Elektroden für multiple diathermische Stichelung.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 88, 814, 1932.

Safar’s method of treatment of retinal detachment.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5985

Ueber Haftgläser und Kontaktschalen.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 91, 640-59, 1933.

Contact lenses introduced. See also No. 5976.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5986

Transplantation of the cornea.

Arch. Ophthal. (N.Y.), 13, 321-47, 1935.

Earlier papers recording the important work of Filatov on corneal transplantation appeared in Russian journals.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Corneal Transplant, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5987

Developmental abnormalities of the eye.

Cambridge, England: University Press, 1937.


Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 5988

Ergebnisse der Diathermiestichelung des Corpus ciliare (Zyklodiathermiestichelung) gegen Glaukom.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., 99, 9-15, 1937.

Vogt’s operation of cyclodiathermy for glaucoma.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5988.1

Fundus oculi: diagnostica oftalmoscopica…

Torino: Rosenberg & Sellier, 1937.

The first atlas of ophthalmoscopy published in Italy, considered by many to be the most beautiful ever published. German translation, Torino, Rosenberg und Sellier, [1941]. Some copies of that edition contain an English translation of the text by G. Bonaccolto enclosed in a pocket of the binding.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5989

Extreme prematurity and fibroblastic overgrowth of persistent vascular sheath behind each crystalline lens. I. Preliminary report.

Amer. J. Ophthal., 25, 203-04, 1942.

Retrolental fibroplasia first described. See also the same volume, pp. 1409-23, and Trans. Sect. Ophthal. Amer. med. Ass., 1942, 213-29, for later papers.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5990

Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. I. Isolation and identification of a filterable virus.

J. exp. Med., 77, 71-96, 1943.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, OPHTHALMOLOGY , VIROLOGY
  • 5990.1

Actual técnica de elecciόn en queratoplastia penetrante.

Arch. Soc. oftal. hispano-amer., 9, 152-9, 1949.

Barraquer’s method of corneal graft fixation by minute direct interrupted stitches.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5991

Intra-ocular acrylic lenses.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. U.K., 71, 617-21, 1951.

Ridley implanted the first intra-ocular lens on 19 November 1949. At the time of this first report the lens had remained in place for 17 months.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5991.1

Studies on the etiology of trachoma with special reference to isolation of the virus in chick embryo.

Chinese med. J., 75, 429-47, 1957.

Isolation of trachoma agent, Chlamydia trachomatis. With H. L. Chang, Y. T. Huang, and K. C. Wang.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , VIROLOGY
  • 5991.9

Degli occhiali da naso inventati da Salvino Armati…

Florence: Albizzini, 1738.

The first book on the history of spectacles. Manni gave credit for the invention to the Florentine Armati (fl. 1300).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology, Optometry › Spectacles
  • 5992

Bibliothecae ophthalmicae specimen primum eruditorum examini subjicit.

Hamburg: J. P. C. Reuse, 1783.

The earliest bibliography and history of ophthalmology.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 5993

Geschichte des grauen Staares.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1876.

An early history of cataract.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5994

Geschichte der Ophthalmologie. In: GRAEFE and SAEMISCH, Handbuch der gesammten Augenheilkunde 7, Theil 5, 235-554

Leipzig, 1877.

The first systematic history of the subject.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 5996

Geschichte der Augenheilkunde. 10 pts.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 18991918.

This monumental work remains the authoritative encyclopaedic history of ophthalmology, up to the first decade of the 20th century. Its thoroughness and critical judgment mark it as one of the greatest of all histories of scientific or medical subjects. Forms Bde. 12-15 of Graefe–Saemisch Handbuch der gesamten Augenheilkunde, 2te Aufl. Reprinted Hildesheim, G. Olms, 1977. Extensively illustrated English translation by F.C. Blodi, 11 vols. plus supplements. Bonn, J. P. Wayenborgh, 1982-.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 5997

Die Augenheilkunde der Alten.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): J. V. Kern, 1901.

A history of ancient ophthalmology in which the writer has attempted to reconstruct the anatomical concepts of the ancient Greeks. Translated into English by Richey L. Waugh as Ophthalmology of the ancients, Oostende: J.P. Wayenborgh, 1998-99.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 5998

Histoire des lunettes.

Paris: A. Maloine, 1901.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 5999

Histoire de l’ophtalmologie. In. P.F. Lagrange and E. Valude: Encyclopédie française d’ophtalmologie, Paris, 1, 1-86.

Encyclopédic française d’ophtalmologie, Paris, 1, 1-86, 1903.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology