An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15423 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 17, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 1200–1299

114 entries
  • 1200

Neuere Ergebnisse auf dem Gebiet der Sexualhormone.

Wien klin. Wschr., 47, 897-901, 934-36, 1934.

Progesterone obtained in crystalline form.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Gonads: Sex Hormones
  • 1201

Über die Synthese des Testikelhormons (Androsteron) und Stereoisomerer desselben durch Abbau hydrierter Sterine.

Helv. chim. Acta, 17, 1395-1406, 1934.

First complete synthesis of a sex hormone (androsterone). With M. W. Goldberg, J. Meyer, H. Brüngger, and E. Eichenberger. Ruzicka shared the 1939 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Butenandt (No. 1195).



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Gonads: Sex Hormones
  • 1201.1

Über krystallinisches männliches Hormon aus Hoden (Testosteron), wirksamer als aus Harn oder aus Cholesterin bereitetes Androsteron.

Hoppe-Seyl. Z. physiol. Chem., 233, 281-82, 1935.

Isolation of testosterone from the testis. With E. Dingemanse, J. Freud, and E. Laqueur.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Gonads: Sex Hormones
  • 1202

The isolation of the principal estrogenic substance of liquor folliculi.

J. biol. Chem., 115, 435-48, 1936.

Isolation of oestradiol. With S. A. Thayer and E. A. Doisy.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Gonads: Sex Hormones
  • 1009
  • 1203

Beiträge zur mikroskopischen Anatomie der Bauchspeicheldrüse. Inaugural-Dissertation.

Berlin: Gustav Lange, 1869.

First account of the islets of Langerhans. In 1893 E. Laguesse attached the name of Langerhans to the structures. Langerhans did not suggest any function for them. The book was reprinted with an English translation by H. Morrison, Bull. Hist. Med., 1937, 5, 259-97.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pancreas, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion, HEPATOLOGY › Hepatic Anatomy
  • 1204

Action de la sécrétion interne du pancréas sur différent organes et en particulier sur la sécrétion rénale.

Arch. Fisiol., 7, 96-99, 1909.

De Meyer was apparently the first to suggest the name “insuline” for the substance then believed to be secreted by the pancreas.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pancreas
  • 1205
  • 3967

The internal secretion of the pancreas.

J. Lab. clin. Med., 7, 251-66, 19211922.

This paper reports the isolation of insulin. An extract from the pancreas of a dog, removed after ligation of the excretory duct, was found to exercise a reducing influence on the percentage of sugar in the blood. Digital facsimile from  http://icmr.nic.in   at this link.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pancreas, HEPATOLOGY, Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 1206
  • 3971

Crystalline insulin.

Proc. nat. Acad. Sci.(Wash.), 12, 132-36, 1926.

Crystalline insulin first obtained. See also J. Pharmacol., 1927, 31, 65-85.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pancreas
  • 1207

The disulphide bonds of insulin.

Biochem. J., 60, 541-56, 1955.

Sanger sequenced the amino acids of insulin, the first of any protein. His work “revealed that a protein has a definite constant, genetically determined sequence—and yet a sequence with no general rule for its assembly. Therefore it had to have a code” (Judson, The Eighth Day of Creation, p. 188). With Andrew Peter Ryle, L. F. Smith and R. Kitai. Sanger received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1958 for this work; he shared the Prize in 1980 for work on the sequencing of DNA.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Protein Synthesis, Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pancreas
  • 1207.1

Total synthesis of crystalline bovine insulin.

Scientia sin., 14,1710-16, 1965.


Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pancreas
  • 1208
  • 1537
  • 378.2

Observationes anatomicae.

Venice: M. A. Ulmum, 1561.

Observationes anatomicae, a work of 232 leaves printed in the comparatively small octavo format, with no illustrations, was the only work Fallopio published before his death from tuberculosis at age thirty-nine, and is thus the only one that can be said to be fully authentic. The remainder of Falloppio's works were edited for publication from his lecture notes, and may represent more or less than the author's original intention. Observationes was not an all-inclusive textbook of anatomy but rather a detailed critical commentary on Vesalius's De humani corporis fabrica (1543), in which Falloppio attempted to correct errors in the earlier work, and to add material that Vesalius had overlooked; for this reason, there was no need for illustrations. The large amount of new material included Falloppio's investigations of primary and secondary centers of ossification, the first clear description of primary dentition, numerous contributions to the study of the muscles (especially those of the head), and the famous account of the uterine ("Falloppian") tubes, which he correctly described as resembling small trumpets (tubae), definitely proved the existence of the seminal vesicles. He also gave to the placenta and vagina their present scientific names, provided a superior description of the auditory apparatus (including the first clear accounts of the chorda tympani and semicircular canals), and was the first to clearly distinguish the trochlear nerve of the eye. Vesalius responded positively to Falloppio's work with his posthumously published Examen on Falloppio (1564).

For further details see the entry in HistoryofInformation.com at this link.

 



Subjects: ANATOMY › 16th Century, DENTISTRY, Genito-Urinary System, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 1209

De mulierum organis generationi inservientibus.

Leiden: ex. off. Hackiana, 1672.

De Graaf demonstrated ovulation anatomically, pathologically and experimentally. In the above work he included the first account of the “Graafian follicle”. Translation of Chapter XII, dealing with the ovaries, by G. W. Corner in Essays in biology in honor of Herbert M. Evans, Berkeley, 1943. Complete English translation of this and No. 1210 by H.D. Jocelyn and B.P. Setchell, J. Reprod. Fertil., Suppl. 17, 1972.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 17th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1210

De virorum organis generationi inservientibus, de clysteribus et de usu siphonis in anatomia.

Leiden: ex. off. Hackiana, 1668.

Exact and detailed account of the male reproductive system. This work and No. 1209 were translated into English and published as Suppl. 17 to J. Reprod. Fertil, 1972. Facsimile of originals, Nieuwkoop, De Graaf, 1965.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 17th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1211

Miraculum naturae, sive uteri muliebris fabrica.

Leiden: apud S. Mathaei, 1672.

After de Graaf published his work on ovulation (No. 1209), Swammerdam asserted his priority in the above work, noting that his researches had been acknowledged in 1668 by van Horne.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System
  • 1212

Observations anatomiques.

J. Sçavans, 129, 1684.

Includes a brief description of “Cowper’s glands”.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 17th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1213

Adenographia curiosa et uteri foeminei anatome nova.

Leiden: apud Jordanum Luchtmans, 1691.

Description of the “canal of Nuck”.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 17th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1214

An account of two new glands and their excretory ducts, lately discovered in human bodies.

Phil. Trans., 1700, 21, 364-69, 1699.

Cowper’s description of the glands which bear his name. He was forestalled in their discovery by Jean Méry.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 17th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1215

Description de l’urèthre de l’homme.

Hist. Acad. roy. Sci. (Paris), (1700), Mém., 311-16, 1719.

“Littre’s glands” described.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1216

De sterilitate mulierum.

Leipzig: A. Zeidler, 1707.

The Nabothian cysts and glands of the cervix uteri first described (sect. xv).



Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1217

A description of the peritonaeum, and of that part of the membrane cellularis which lies on its outside. With an account of the true situation of all the abdominal viscera, in respect of these two membranes.

London: J. Roberts, 1730.

Douglas described the peritoneum in detail; his name is perpetuated in the “pouch”, “line”, and “fold of Douglas”. He was a friend of John Hunter and brother of John Douglas, the lithotomist.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1218

Experiments in which, on the third day after impregnation, the ova of rabbits were found in the Fallopian tubes, and on the fourth day after impregnation in the uterus itself, with the first appearances of the foetus.

Phil. Trans., 87,197-214, 1797.

Cruikshank showed that the impregnated ovum stayed in the Fallopian tube for a period before implantation in the uterus.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System
  • 1219

Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Geschlechtsverhältnisse und der Samenflüssigkeit wirbelloser Thiere.

Berlin: W. Logier, 1841.


Subjects: Genito-Urinary System
  • 1220

Ueber das Wesen der sogenannten Saamenthiere.

N. Notiz. a.d. Geb. d. Natur-und Heilk., 19, 4-8, Weimar, 1841.

Demonstration of the cellular origin of spermatozoa.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System
  • 1221

Ueber das Ligamentum pelvoprostaticum oder den Apparat, durch welchen die Harnblase, die Prostata und die Harnröhre an den untern Beckenöffnung befestigt sind.

Müller’s Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 182-96, 1849.

The “cave of Retzius” described.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1222

Zur Anatomie der männlichen Geschlechtsorgane un Analdrüsen der Säugethiere.

Z. wiss. Zool., 2, 1-57, 1850.

Leydig was the first to describe the interstitial cells of the testis (“Leydig cells”).



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1223

Untersuchungen über die Erection des Penis beim Hunde.

Beitr. Anat. Physiol., 3, 123-70, 1863.

Important studies of the erector mechanism.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System, PHYSIOLOGY › Comparative Physiology
  • 1224

Ueber die Samenkörperchen und ihre Entwicklung.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 1, 309-35, 1865.

Proof that the spermatozöon possesses a nucleus and cytoplasm.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1225

The anatomy and pathology of two important glands of the female urethra.

Amer. J. Obstet., 13, 265-70, 1880.

Skene’s glands”  described.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System
  • 1226

Ueber die Ursachen der normalen und pathologischen Lagen des Uterus.

Arch. Gynäk., 48, 393-421, 1895.

“Mackenrodt’s ligaments”, the uterosacral ligaments.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System
  • 1227

Die Unfruchtbarkeit als Folge unnatürlicher Lebensweise.

Munich: J. F. Bergmann, 1926.

Investigation of the effect of starvation and overfeeding on the gonads and on sexual capacity.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System, NUTRITION / DIET
  • 1093
  • 1139
  • 1228
  • 1538
  • 3668
  • 801

Opuscula anatomica.

Venice: V. Luchinas, 15631564.

Eustachius is credited with several anatomical discoveries, among them the tensor tympani muscle and the Eustachian tube, published in his chapter entitled De auditus organis. In the last respect, however, he was anticipated by Alcmaeon, about 500 BCE. Eustachius was the first to describe the chorda tympani as a nerve. Plate VIII illustrates the “Eustachian valve”, the valvula venae cavae in the right auricle. Eustachius recognized the thoracic duct in the horse and even detected some of its valves. His work on this structure was forgotten until Aselli’s description of the lacteals. This work includes first description of the adrenals. Several of the plates deal with the structure of the kidney.

Basing his work on the dissection of fetuses and newborn children, Eustachi was the first to study the teeth in any considerable detail. In his Libellus de dentibus attached to this work he provided an important description of the first and second dentitions and described the hard outer tissue and soft inner structure of the teeth. He also attempted an explanation of the problem of the sensitivity of the tooth’s hard structure. The Libellus has a separate title page dated 1563. It was reprinted with German translation, Wien, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1951. It was translated into English by Joan H. Thomas and edited and introduced by David A. Chernin and Gerald Shlklar as as A little treatise on the teeth. The first authoritative book on dentistry (1563) (Canton, MA, 1999). Eustachi’s illustrations of the teeth were first published in his Tabulae anatomicae, edited by Giovanni Maria Lancisi (No. 391). For further information, including a discussion of the states of the Opuscula, see the entry at HistoryofInformation.com at this link.

Digital facsimile of the 1563 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.

 

 



Subjects: ANATOMY › 16th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, DENTISTRY › Dental Anatomy & Physiology, Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Adrenals, Lymphatic System, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Anatomy, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 1229

Exercitatio anatomica de structura et usu renum.

Florence: Ex typ. sub signo stellae, 1662.

Classic description of the gross anatomy of the kidney. Bellini discovered the renal excretory ducts (“Bellini’s ducts”) and advanced a physical theory of the secretion of the urine. A translation of an extract from the 2nd ed. (1663) is in J. F. Fulton’s Selected readings in the history of physiology, 2nd ed., 1966, pp. 350-52.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Anatomy, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1230
  • 535

De viscerum structura exercitatio anatomica.

Bologna: J. Montij, 1666.

Includes (pp. 71-100) his essay, De renibus, in which he described the uriniferous tubules and the “Malpighian bodies”. The great detail and clarity of Malpighi’s description was unsurpassed until Bowman (No. 1231). The book also includes (pp. 125-26) the first description of Hodgkin’s disease. Strangely enough, Malpighi gives no illustration of the kidney in this work. For a reproduction and English translation  see Annals of Medical History 1925, 7, 245-6 

 



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Anatomy, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Lymphoma
  • 1231

On the structure and use of the Malpighian bodies of the kidney with observations on the circulation through that gland.

Phil. Trans., 132, 57-80, 1842.

“Bowman’s capsule”. Bowman provided convincing evidence that the glomerular corpuscle is continuous with the renal tubule and gave the first adequate description of the vascular supply of the nephron. He described the afferent and efferent arterioles as they enter and emerge from the capsule which now bears his name. In the same paper he stated his theory of renal secretion. Bowman’s work became the basis for all future studies on the physiology of the kidney. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1940, 5, 258-91.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Anatomy, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1232

Beiträge zur Lehre vom Mechanismus der Harnsecretion.

Marburg: N. G. Elwert, 1843.

Ludwig wrote a classic monograph on renal secretion. He theorized that urine formation could be explained purely in terms of the laws of physics and chemistry, and that under the hydrostatic pressure of the blood in the capillaries of the glomerulus, protein and cell-free fluid is separated from the blood by a simple physical process of filtration. This theory contradicted Bowman’s contention that the glomerulus secretes fluid. See also Ludwig’s habitation thesis, from which the above work was expanded: De viribus physicis secretionem urinae adjuvantibus. Marburg, Elwert, 1842. Digital facsimile of th 1843 work from Goethe Univerität at this link.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1233

Researches into the structure and physiology of the kidney.

Trans. N.Y. Acad. Med., 1, 377-435, 1857.


Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Anatomy, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1234

On the function of the Malpighian bodies of the kidney.

Trans. N.Y. Acad. Med., 437-56, 1857.

Isaacs confirmed and corrected the findings of Bowman; he introduced dye experiments in the study of the kidney, from which he drew the important conclusion that the Malpighian bodies are the most important agency in the secretion of urine.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1234.1

Leçons sur les propriétés physiologiques et les altérations pathologiques des liquides de l’organisme.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1859.

Bernard was the first to describe an effect of the renal nerves on urine flow.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1235

Versuche über den Vorgang der Harnabsonderung.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 9, 1-27, 1874.

Heidenhain’s “secretion” theory of renal function.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1236

Niere und Kreislauf.

Skand. Arch. Physiol., 8, 223-71, 1898.

Discovery that a pressor substance (renin) is produced by the kidneys and enters the circulation by the renal veins. Abridged English translation in No. 3160.1.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1236.1

The action of pituitary extracts on the kidney.

J. physiol., 27, ix-x, 1901.

Magnus and Starling reported that pituitary extracts caused expansion of the kidney and a marked and often prolonged diuresis. This was the first indication that the neurohypophysis plays a part in the regulation of urine secretion.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pituitary, Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1236.2

The fluids of the body.

London: Constable, 1909.

Starling put forward the idea that renal excretion of salt (and water) was conditioned by the volume of body fluids, particularly the blood volume. He suggested that the sum total of body fluids was arranged so that the blood supply to the brain was maintained at a point just equal to its need.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1237

The secretion of the urine.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1917.

Cushny’s theory of urinary secretion was similar to that of Ludwig, with some modifications. Subsequent work of Richards and his co-workers confirmed his theory.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1237.1

The mechanism of the elimination of phenolsulphonephthalein by the kidney–a proof of secretion by the convoluted tubules.

Bull. Johns Hopkins Hosp., 34, 1-6, 1923.

Proof of tubular secretion in mammals.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1238

A description of the glomerular circulation in the frog’s kidney and observations concerning the action of adrenalin and various other substances upon it.

Amer. J. Physiol, 71, 178-208, 1924.

Richards made many experiments concerning the secretion of urine. Among other things he collected and analysed the fluid from a single glomerulus; his work confirmed the theories of Ludwig and Cushny.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Adrenals, Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1239

Observations on the composition of glomerular urine with particular reference to the problem of reabsorption in the renal tubules.

Amer. J. Physiol., 71, 209-27, 1924.

Experimental proof that the initial step in urine production is the formation in Bowman’s space of a protein-free ultrafiltrate of plasma and that reabsorption of certain substances must occur in the tubules since they were present in the filtrate but absent from the final urine. One of the most significant of all publications in renal physiology.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1240

The secretion of urine as studied on the isolated kidney.

Proc. roy. Soc. B 97, 321-63, 19241925.

Demonstration that the anti-diuretic action of vasopressin is exerted directly on the kidney, and that tubules of the kidney reabsorb water.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1241

Studies on kidney function.

Biochem. J., 20, 447-82, 1926.

First attempt to determine the glomerular filtration rate in man.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1242

Estimation of afferent arteriole and glomerular capillary pressures in the frog kidney.

Amer. J. Physiol., 79, 389-409, 1927.


Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1243

The aglomerular kidney of the toadfish (Opsanus tau).

Bull. Johns Hopk. Hosp., 45, 95-101, 1929.

Proof that the tubules of the kidney of a vertebrate could secrete foreign substances.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1244

A method for explantation of the kidney.

Amer. J. Physiol., 109, 324-28, 1934.


Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1244.1

Methods for the collection of fluid from single glomeruli and tubules of the mammalian kidney, and the collection and analysis of fluid from single nephrons of the mammalian kidney.

Am. J. Physiol., 134, 562-89; 580-95, 1941.

This was the first (and for many years) the only application of the Wearn-Richards procedure (No. 1239) to the mammalian kidney.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1244.2

The antidiuretic hormone and the factors which determine its release.

Proc. Roy. Soc. B, 135, 26-106, 1947.

Verney elucidated the factors that determine the release of antidiuretic hormone, and introduced the osmoreceptor concept.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1245

Studies of the renal circulation.

Oxford: Blackwell, 1947.

With A. E. Barclay, P. M. Daniel, K. J. Franklin, and M. M. L. Prichard. In studying the anurias which follow injury, especially crushing injuries and burns, Trueta’s team demonstrated that both the processes of filtration and of re-absorption are subject to nervous control, leading to the development of a more rational therapy for these conditions.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1246

The kidney: structure and function in health and disease.

New York: Oxford University Press, 1951.

An encyclopaedic presentation of kidney physiology, including the many contributions of the author.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1246.01

Das Multiplikationsprinzip als Grundlage der Harnkonzentrierung in der Niere.

Zeit. f. Elektrochemie, 55, 539-558, 1951.

A theoretical treatment of the countercurrent hypothesis accompanied by data from a working model.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1246.1

Lokalisation des Konzentrierungsprozesses in der Niere durch direkte Kryoskopie.

Helv. Physiol. pharmacol. Acta, 9, 196-207, 1951.

The initial experimental evidence advanced in support of the countercurrent hypothesis. With B. Hargitay and W. Kuhn.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 1246.2

Micropuncture study of the mammalian urinary concentrating mechanism: Evidence for the countercurrent hypothesis.

Am. J. physiol., 196, 927-36, 1959.

Proof that tubular fluid is first concentrated in the loop of Henle, then diluted in the ascending limb of the loop before its final concentration in the collecting ducts, as predicted by the countercurrent hypothesis.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 1247

Die vergleichende Anatomie des Nervensystems der Wirbeltiere und des Menschen. 2 vols.

Haarlem: Bohn, 19201921.

Ariëns Kappers was Professor of Neuroanatomy at Amsterdam. English translation, 1936, reprinted New York, Hafner Press, 1967.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy › Comparative Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM
  • 1248

Physiology of the nervous system.

London: Oxford University Press, 1938.

Includes excellent bibliography.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1249

Tractatus anatomico-physiologicus de quinto pare nervorum cerebri.

Gottingen: A. Vandenhoeck, 1748.

Meckel’s graduation thesis contains the first really detailed account of the trigeminal nerve’s distribution (along with a meticulous treatment of the earlier literature), and in it he describes for the first time the pterygopalatine ganglion (Meckel’s ganglion) and the dural recess (Meckel’s cave) that lodges the trigeminal (Gasser’s) ganglion.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1250

Essay on the use of the ganglions of the nerves.

Phil. Trans. (1764) 54,177-84., 1765.

See also his supplementary papers on the subject, in Phil. Trans., (1767), 1768, 57, 118-31; (1770), 1771, 60, 30-35. Revised edition in book form, Shrewsbury, 1771.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1251

Pars quinti nervorum encephali disquisitio anatomica.

Vienna, 1765.

The “Gasserian ganglion”, already described by Santorini and others, was named after Johann Ludwig Gasser (fl. 1757-65), Professor of Anatomy at Vienna, by his pupil Hirsch. Also published in Ludwig, C. F., Scriptores, 1791, vol. 1, pp. 244-62.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1252

Observationes anatomicae de quinto pare nervorum encephali.

Gottingen: J. C. Dieterich, 1777.

Wrisberg, Professor of Anatomy at Göttingen, is remembered for his discovery of the nervus intermedius (“nerve of Wrisberg”), described in the above treatise.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1253

Tabulae nevrologicae, ad illustrandum historiam anatomicam cardiacorum nervorum, noni nervorum cerebri, glossopharyngaei et pharyngaei ex octavo cerebri.

Pavia: B. Comini, 1794.

This elegantly illustrated anatomical atlas is regarded as Scarpa’s greatest work. The result of 20 years of research, it includes the first proper delineation of the glossopharyngeal, vagus, hypoglossal, and cardiac nerves, and the first demonstration of cardiac innervation. Scarpa was a skilful draughtsman. He personally trained Faustino Anderloni, the artist who made the drawings and engraved the copperplates for his books.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1254

Idea of a new anatomy of the brain.

London: Strahan & Preston, 1811.

Contains first reference to experimental work on the motor functions of the ventral spinal nerve-roots, without, however, establishing the sensory functions of the dorsal roots. This very rare privately printed pamphlet, the original edition was limited to 100 copies, is reproduced in Medical Classics, 1936, 1, 105-20. Facsimile reprint, London, 1966. Bell’s own annotated copy, preserved in the library of The Royal Society, is reproduced in Cranefield, The Way In and the Way Out: François Magendie, Charles Bell and the Roots of the Spinal Nerves, Mt. Kisco, N.Y., Futura Publishing, 1974. See No. 1588.9. Cranefield proves that Magendie (No. 1256) discovered the “Bell-Magendie law”.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1255
  • 4520

On the nerves; giving an account of some experiments on their structure and functions, which lead to a new arrangement of the system.

Phil. Trans., 111, 398-424, 1821.

“Bell’s palsy”. The facial paralysis ensuing upon lesion of the motor nerve of the face is described here for the first time. See also his later paper, with more detailed description, in the same journal, 1829, 119, 317-30. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1936, 1, 152-69. This paper also includes the description of “Bell’s nerve”, the long thoracic.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1256

Expériences sur les fonctions des racines des nerfs rachidiens.

J. Physiol. exp. path., 2, 276-79, 1822.

Magendie definitely discovered that the anterior root is motor and that the dorsal root is sensory, although Romberg, Flourens, Sherrington, and others credited the discovery to Charles Bell. In this paper Magendie announced that “section of the dorsal root abolishes sensation, section of ventral roots abolishes motor activity, and section of both roots abolishes both sensation and motor activity” (Cranefield, No. 1588.9). This discovery has been called “the most momentous single discovery in physiology after Harvey”. This work was confirmed by Müller in 1831 (No. 1259). For a translation of the paper, see J. F. Fulton’s Selected readings in the history of physiology, 2nd ed., 1966, pp. 280-85.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1256.1

Expériences sur les fonctions des racines des nerfs qui naissent de la moelle épinière.

J. Physiol. exp. path., 2, 366-71, 1822.

Further experiments, including, most probably, “the first use of strychnine as part of a study of the localization of function in the nervous system as well as being a very early example of the rational use of a known property of a drug as a tool in physiological investigation”(Cranefield, No.1588.9).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1257
  • 1495

Zur vergleichenden Physiologie des Gesichtssinnes des Menschen und der Thiere.

Leipzig: C. Cnobloch, 1826.

Includes Müller’s law of specific nerve energies. For an English translation, see his Elements of physiology, transl. W. Baly, London, 1838, vol. 1, pp. 766-67. Includes (p. 73) his explanation of the color sensations produced by pressure upon the retina.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, Neurophysiology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 1258

The nervous system of the human body. [2nd ed.]

London: Longmans, 1830.

Records Bell’s demonstration that the fifth cranial nerve has a sensory-motor function, his discovery of “Bell’s nerve” and the motor nerve of the face, lesion of which causes facial paralysis (Bell’s palsy). Bell was preceded in some of these discoveries by Mayo (No. 1390). Also includes the first description of myotonia. First edition, 1824.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1259

Bestätigung des Bell’schen Lehrsatzes, das die doppelten Wurzeln der Rückenmarksnerven verschiedene Fuctionen haben, durch neue und Entscheidende Experimente.

[Froriep’s] Notiz. a. d. Geb. d. Natur- u. Heilk., 30, 113-117, 129-34, 1831.

Experimental proof of the Bell-Magendie law (see Nos. 1254 & 1256) of the spinal nerve roots.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1260

Vorläufige Mittheilungen microscopischer Beobachtungen über den inner Bau der Cerebrospinalnerven und über die Entwickelung ihrer Formelemente.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. miss. Med., 145-61, 1836.

Remak identified for the first time the myelinated fiber with its central “band of Remak” (the axon), and the unmyelinated axon or “fiber of Remak.” Fuller account in his Observationes anatomicae (No. 1262).



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1261

Beitrag zur mikroskopischen Anatomie der Nerven.

Königsberg: Gebrüder Bornträger, 1837.


Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1262

Observationes anatomicae et microscopicae de systematis nervosi structura.

Berlin: sumtibus et formis Reimerianis, 1838.

See No. 1260.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1263

Nuovi organi scoperti nel corpo humano.

Pistoia: Cino, 1840.

“Pacini’s corpuscles”, end organs of sensory nerves, earlier described by Vater in 1717.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1264

Recherches expérimentales sur les fonctions du nerf spinal, étudié spécialement dans ses rapports avec le pneumogastrique.

Arch. gén. Méd., 4 sér., 4, 397-426; 5, 51-93, 1844.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, Neurophysiology
  • 1265

Vorläufiger Bericht über die Fortpflanzungsgeschwindigkeit der Nervenreizung.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., [71]-73, 1850.

Helmholtz succeeded in measuring the velocity of the nervous impulse, by applying the knowledge and techniques of ballistics to the problem. In 1852, using a pendulum-myograph of his own invention, he measured the duration of an electric current through a galvanometer from the moment the nerve was stimulated to its interruption when the muscle contracted. A more detailed report “Messungen über den zeitlichen Verlauf der Zukkung animalischer Muskeln und die Fortpflanzungsgeschwindigkeit der Reizung in den Nerven”, appeared in the same journal volume, [276]-364, with its second part in the volume for 1852, 199-216.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1266

Experiments on the section of the glossopharyngeal and hypoglossal nerves of the frog, and observations of the alterations produced thereby in the structure of their primitive fibres.

Phil. Trans., 140, 423-29, 1850.

The “law of Wallerian degeneration”. The experiments recorded in the above paper were the starting-point of the neuron theory. Waller showed that if glosso-pharyngeal and hypoglossal nerves are severed, the outer segment, containing the axi cylinders cut off from the cells, undergoes degeneration, the central stump remaining intact for a long period. From this he inferred that nerve cells nourish nerve fibers.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1267

Recherches sur la système nerveux.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris). 33, 370-74; 606-11, 1851.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1267.1

Ueber den Zustand der Sensibilität nach theilweiser Trennung des Rückenmarkes.

Z. k. k. Ges. Aerzte Wien, Abt. I, 7, 189-201, 1851.

Türck showed that degeneration in a nerve track corresponds to the direction in which it conducts nerve impulses – ascending tracks degenerate above the lesion and descending tracks below it.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1268

Ueber eine im Gehirn und Rückenmark des Menschen aufgefundene Substanz mit der chemischen Reaction der Cellulose.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 6, 135-38, 1854.

Discovery of the neuroglia.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1269

Ueber die peripherischen Endorgane der motorischen Nerven.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1862.

Kühne described the neuromuscular end organ (“Kühne’s spindle”) and introduced the term “telolemma” for the outer covering of its sheath.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1270

Die Muskelspindeln. Ein Beitrag zur Lehre von der Entwickelung der Muskeln und Nervenfasem.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 28, 528-38, 1863.

The best early description of proprioceptive receptors in muscles.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1271

Untersuchungen über Gehirn und Rückenmark des Menschen und der Säugethiere. Nach dem Tode des Verfassers Herausgegeben und Bevortwortet von Max Schultze.

Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn, 1865.

Deiters showed that each nerve-cell possesses an axis-cylinder or nerve-fiber process. His name is perpetuated in “Deiters’ cells” and “nucleus”. Dieters died of typhus in 1863 at the age of 29; his book was edited from Deiters' notes by the histologist, Max Schultze. See Clarke & O'Malley, The Human Brain and Spinal Cord, p. 66.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1271.1

Mikroskopischische Analyse der Anastomosen der Kopfnerven: gekrönte Beantwortung der von der medizinischen Fakultät zu München im Jahre 1863 ausgesetzten Preisfrage. Mit 43 Steindrucktafeln.

Munich: J. J. Lentner, 1865.

Bischoff demonstrated conclusively that there are many interconnections between the trigeminal, facial, nervus intermedius, acoustico-vestibular complex, glosso-pharyngeal, vagus, spinal-accessory, hypoglossal and the upper three cervical nerves. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.
Translated into English by Ernest Sachs, Jr. and Eva W. Valtin as Microscopic analyses of the anastomoses between the cranial nerves. Hannover, NH: University Press of New England, 1977.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1272

On the changes in the nervous system which follow the amputation of limbs.

J. Anat. Physiol. (Lond.), 3, 88-96, 1869.

Demonstration that the proximal end of a severed nerve eventually atrophies.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1273

Untersuchungen über den Erregungsvorgang im Nerven- und Muskelsysteme.

Heidelberg: C. Winter, 1871.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1274

Ueber die Ermüdung und Erholung der Nerven.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 15, 289-327, 1877.

After successfully tetanizing a nerve-muscle preparation, Bernstein inferred, from this and additional data, that nerve is exhausted in the process. This conflicted with the findings of Bowditch (No. 1281-82) and Vvedenskii (No. 1280).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1276

Leçons sur l’histologie du système nerveux. 2 vols.

Paris: F. Savy, 1878.

Includes his description of the “nodes of Ranvier”, interruptions of the medullary nerve sheaths.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1277

Sulla struttura delle fibre nervosa midollate periferiche e centrali.

Arch. Sci. med. (Torino), 4, 221-46, 1880.

“Golgi cells” first described.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1278

Studien über mechanische Nervenreizung.

Acta Soc. Scient. fenn., 11, 569-660, 1880.

Contains important work on the effects of mechanical stimulation of nerve.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1279

On the influence of the galvanic current on the excitability of the motor nerves of man.

Phil. Trans., (1882), 173, 961-91, 1883.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 1280

Wie rasch ermüdet der Nerv?

Zbl. med. Wiss., 22, 65-68, 1884.

Although Bernstein considered that nerve could be exhausted, Vvedenskii was able, in this paper, to show that such is not the case. Further proof was supplied by Bowditch (No. 1281). Digital facsimile of Vvedenskii's paper from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1281

Note on the nature of nerve-force.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 6, 133-35, 1885.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, Neurophysiology
  • 1282

Ueber den Nachweis der Unermüdlichkeit des Säugethiernerven.

Arch. Anat. Physiol., Physiol. Abt., 505-08, 1890.

Bowditch demonstrated the indefatigability of nerve (“Bowditch’s law”).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, Neurophysiology
  • 1283

Sulle degenerazioni descendenti consecutive a lesioni sperimentale in diverse zone della corteccia cerebrale.

Riv. sper. Freniat., 11, 492-94, 1886, 12, 208-52, 1885.

Marchi’s stain, osmic acid, for degenerating myelin sheaths.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1284

Photographic determination of the time-relations of the changes which take place in muscle during the period of so-called ‘latent stimulation.’

Proc. roy, Soc. (Lond.), 48, 14-19, 1890.

Measurement by means of photography, of the speed of the nervous impulse.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1286

Ueber die Veranderungen der Ganglienzellen am Fascialiskern des Kaninchens nach Ausreissung der Nerven.

Allg. Z. Psychiat., 48, 197-98, 1892.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1287

Nuevo concepto de la histologia de los centros nerviosos.

Rev. Cienc. méd. Barcelona, 18, 457-76, 1892.

Ramón y Cajal, son of a struggling Aragonese doctor, lived to become one of the greatest of all histologists. He devised many staining methods for nervous tissue and did work of fundamental importance to neuroanatomy. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology with Golgi in 1906. By this and later work Cajal provided evidence to support the neuron doctrine. French translation including 2 additional papers, Paris, 1894. Translated into English by Neely Swanson and Larry W. Swanson as New ideas on the structure of the nervous system in man and vertebrates (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990).



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1288

Notes on the arrangement of some motor fibres in the lumbo-sacral plexus.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 13, 621-772, 1892.

An analysis of the distribution of the ventral nerve roots. Sherrington showed the association of the lateral horn cells with the sympathetic outflow.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1288.1

Further experimental note on the correlation of antagonistic muscles.

Proc. roy. Soc. (Lond.), 53, 407-20, 1893.

The first of Sherrington’s papers investigating reciprocal innervation of muscles.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1289

Beiträge zur Histologie des Nervensystems und der Sinnesorgane.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1894.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1290

On reflex action from sympathetic ganglia.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 16, 410-40, 1894.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1291

Ueber eine neue Untersuchungsmethode des Centralorgans speciell zur Feststellung der Localisation der Nervenzellen.

Neurol. Zbl., 13, 507-08, 1894.

Nissl’s stain.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1292

Die sensiblen Nervenendigungen im Herzen und in den Blutgefässen der Säugethiere.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 52, 44-70, 1898.

“Dogiel’s end-bulbs” – sensory nerve-endings.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1293

Ueber den Bau der Ganglien in den Geflechten des Darmes und der Gallenblase des Menschen und der Säugethiere.

Arch. Anat. Physiol., Anat. Abt., 130-58, 1899.

Classification of the neurones of spinal and other ganglia.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1293.1

Textura del sistema nervioso del hombre y de los vertebrados. 2 vols. in 3.

Madrid: Moya, 18991904.

From publication in fascicules, 1897-1904 (vol. 1 in 3 pts., vol. 2 in 4 pts.) This monumental work sets out the cytological and histological foundations of modern neurology. Ramón y Cajal’s research confirmed the neuron doctrine; his classification of neurons provided a histological basis for cerebral localization. His descriptions of the cerebral cortex are still the most authoritative. Illustrated from Cajal’s own drawings. Revised and enlarged French translation, 2 vols., Paris, 1909-10. The French translation was translated into English by Neely Swanson and Larry W. Swanson as Histology of the nervous system in man and vertebrates. 2 vols. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy › Comparative Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1294

On the origin from the spinal cord of the vaso-dilator fibres of the hindlimb, and on the nature of these fibres.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 26, 173-209, 1901.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1295

The Croonian Lectures on the chemical side of nervous activity. Delivered before the Royal College of Physicians of London, in June, 1901.

Lancet, 1, 1659-60, 1741-42, 1901.

First edition in book form, expanded from the journal publications, London: Bale, 1901. Digital facsimile of the book-form edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1296

Die Silberimprägnation der Axencylinder.

Neurol Zbl., 21, 579-84, 1902.

Bielschowsky’s method of silver staining of nerve fibers. Further paper in the same journal, 1903, 22, 997-1006.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1297

The spinal origin of the cervical sympathetic nerve.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 29, 282-85, 1903.

Section of the white rami caused retrograde degeneration of the lateral column cells.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1298

The afferent nervous system from a new aspect.

Brain, 28, 99-115, 1905.

This paper opened up a new field in the study of the sensory functions of the skin, and the theories put forward in it dominated neurological thought until 1940. 



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1299

The consequences of injury to the peripheral nerves in man.

Brain, 28, 116-38, 1905.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses