An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15429 entries, 13282 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 23, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 2700–2799

126 entries
  • 2700

Differential radiography.

Radiography, 5, 81-88, 1939.

Watson first described axial transverse tomography.



Subjects: RADIOLOGY
  • 2700.01

Metabolic studies on neoplasm of bone with the aid of radioactive strontium.

Am. J. med. Sci. 204, 521-530, 1942.

Radioisotopic bone scanning. With B. Low-Beer, H. Friedell, and J. Lawrence.



Subjects: Radiation Oncology, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2700.1

Lymphangiography in man. A method of outlining lymphatic trunks at operation.

Clin. Sci., 11, 13-20, 1952.

Introduction of lymphangiography.



Subjects: RADIOLOGY
  • 2700.2

Cineradiography with an image amplifier: a practical technique.

Brit. J. Radiol. 28, 221-2, 1955.

Electron optical image intensifier, 1953.



Subjects: RADIOLOGY
  • 2700.3

Isolated flying spot detection of radiodensity discontinuities displaying the internal structural pattern of a complex object.

IRE Trans. bio-med. Electron. 8, 68-72, 1961.

Oldendorf described his experimental system for reconstructing the appearance of soft tissues by measuring radiodensity discontinuities (differences in tissue attenuation) but it was not fully recognized that very high efficiencies could be achieved until the work of Hounsfield (see No. 2700.4).



Subjects: IMAGING › Computed Tomography (CT, CAT), RADIOLOGY
  • 2700.4

Computerized transverse axial scanning (tomography).

Brit J. Radiol. 46, 1016-22, 1973.

Computer-assisted tomography (CAT), or computed tomography (CT). Hounsfield received a Nobel Prize in medicine in 1979 for his work. He was the first engineer to receive a Nobel prize in that category.



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, IMAGING › Computed Tomography (CT, CAT)
  • 2700.5

Image formation by induced local interactions: Examples employing nuclear magnetic resonance.

Nature, 242, 190-191, London, 1973.

Lauterbur proposed a workable method for using nuclear magnetic resonance to produce images of tissues.



Subjects: IMAGING › Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • 2701

Die Röntgen-Literatur. 2 vols.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 19111912.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, RADIOLOGY
  • 2702

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen and the early history of the Roentgen rays.

London: John Bale, Sons & Danielsson, 1933.

The standard biography of Röntgen with a detailed history of the discovery of X-rays and the early period of roentgenology. Includes a bibliography of 1044 items on the subject published during the first year after Röntgen’s discovery.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, RADIOLOGY › History of Radiology
  • 2702.2

Classic descriptions in diagnostic roentgenology. 2 vols.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1964.

A compilation of pioneer contributions to the technology and methodology of diagnostic roentgenology.



Subjects: RADIOLOGY › History of Radiology
  • 2702.3

The trail of the invisible light. From X-Strahlen to Radio(bio)logy.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1965.

A great deal of valuable information presented in a not always serious manner.



Subjects: RADIOLOGY › History of Radiology
  • 2702.4

The rays: a history of radiology in the United States and Canada.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1969.


Subjects: RADIOLOGY › History of Radiology
  • 2702.5

Pioneers and early years: A history of British radiology.

Aldemey, Channel Islands: Colophon Limited, 1986.

Well-illustrated and carefully documented, incorporating detailed biographies of pioneers. Covers the history before 1930.



Subjects: RADIOLOGY › History of Radiology
  • 2703
  • 4511.2

Observationes anatomicae, ex cadaveribus eorum, quos sustulit apoplexia.

Schaffhausen: J. C. Suteri, 1658.

Wepfer showed apoplexy to be a result of hemorrhage into the brain. He described four cases, with clinical and post mortem findings. He preceded Willis (No. 1378) in describing the “circle of Willis”. Partial English translation in Ruskin, Classics in arterial hypertension (1956). Digital facsimile of the 1675 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), NEUROLOGY › Neurovascular Disorders › Stroke
  • 2704

De l’asphyxie locale et de la gangrène symétrique des extrémités.

Paris: Rignoux, 1862.

First description of “Raynaud’s disease.” For a translation by T. Barlow, see Selected Monographs, London, 1888, pp. 1-199, New Sydenham Society, which also contains a translation of Raynaud’s second paper on the subject.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2705

Zur Lehre von den vasomotorischen Neurosen.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med. 2, 173-91, 1867.

Nothnagel described the vasomotor type of acroparaesthesia, sometimes called after him.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY
  • 2706
  • 4545

Clinical lecture on certain painful affections of the feet.

Philad. med. Times, 3, 81-82, 113-115, 1872.

Mitchell suggested the name “erythromelalgia” for this condition, which is also known as “Weir Mitchell’s disease”. He records four earlier writers on the subject, the first being Graves in 1848. See also his paper in Amer. J. med. Sci., 1878, 76, 17-36.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 2707

A case of haemophilia complicated with multiple naevi.

Lancet, 2, 856, 1876.

First description of multiple hereditary telangiectasis (“Rendu–Osler–Weber disease”).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System, GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS › Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease
  • 2708

Therapie der Kreislauf-Störungen.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1884.

English translation in von Ziemssen’s Handbook of general therapeutics, Vol. 7, London, 1887.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System
  • 2709

Ueber Akroparästhesie.

Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk.3, 300-18, 1893.

“Schultze’s acroparaesthesia.” Schultze described the simple form of acroparesthesia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY
  • 2710

Epistaxis répété chez un sujet porteur de petits angiomes cutanés et muqueux.

Gaz. Hop. (Paris), 69, 1322-23, 1896.

Rendu’s account of multiple hereditary telangiectasis (“Rendu–Osler–Weber disease”).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System, GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS › Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease
  • 2711

On a family form of recurring epistaxis, associated with multiple telangiectases of the skin and mucous membranes.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull. 12, 333-37, Baltimore, MD, 1901.

“Rendu–Osler–Weber disease.” Multiple hereditary telangiectasis was first described by Legg (No. 2707) in 1876 and later by Rendu (No. 2710) and Weber (No. 2714). Reprinted in Medical Classics, 1939, 4, 243-53.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS › Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease
  • 2712

Ueber Ionenwirkung und ihre therapeutische Verwendung.

Münch, med. Wschr. 50, 153-57, Munich, 1903.

Hypotensive action of thiocyanates first noted. Pauli was the father of the physicist Wolfgang Pauli (1900-1958).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System
  • 2713

Gefässkrisen.

Leipzig: S. Hirzel, 1905.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System
  • 2714

Multiple hereditary developmental angiomata (telangiectases) of the skin and mucous membranes associated with recurring haemorrhages.

Lancet, 2, 160-62, 1907.

“Rendu–Osler–Weber disease.”



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS › Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease
  • 2715

Hypertension of the pulmonary circulation.

Amer. J. med. Sci. 174, 388-406, 1927.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System
  • 2716

Some different types of essential hypertension; their course and prognosis.

Amer J. med. Sci.197, 332-43, 1929.

The Keith-Wagener-Barker classification of hypertension. With  N. W. Barker.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System
  • 2717

A standard stimulus for measuring vasomotor reactions: its application in the study of hypertension.

Proc. Mayo Clin. 7, 332-35, 1932.

Cold-pressor test.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System
  • 2718

The circulation time in various clinical conditions determined by the use of sodium dehydrocholate.

Amer. Heart J. 8, 766-86, 1933.

Use of decholin sodium for estimation of circulation time. With B. S. Oppenheimer and R. V. Sagar.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function
  • 2719

Studies on experimental hypertension. 1. The production of persistent elevation of systolic blood pressure by means of renal ischemia.

J. exp. Med. 59, 347-79, 1934.

 Goldblatt discovered  the role of the kidneys in the regulation of blood pressure. This was the first of Goldblatt’s papers on experimental hypertension, which established an aetiologic role for renal ischemia in the production of hypertension and established a laboratory basis for its study. Written with J. Lynch, R. F. Hanzal, and W. W. Summerville.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System, NEPHROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Hypertension
  • 2720

The blood cyanates in the treatment of hypertension.

J. Amer. med. Assoc.106, 762-67, 1936.

Barker made thiocyanate treatment a practical proposition in hypertension.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System
  • 2721

Secreción hipertensora del rinón isquemiado.

Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 13, 284-94, 1937.

Houssay and Fasciolo transplanted an ischemic kidney into an animal from which both kidneys had been removed. Hypertension resulted after establishment of circulation, supporting the view that hypertension is due to a chemical substance with pressor action produced in the ischemic kidney. They later showed that the ischemic kidneys of hypertensive dogs contained an excess of renin. See also Biol. Acad. nac. Med. B. Aires, 1937, 34, 342; J. Physiol. (Lond.), 1938, 94, 281.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Hypertension, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Transplantation, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 2722

Circulatory diseases of the extremities.

New York: Macmillan, 1939.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System
  • 2723
  • 2922

Diffuse arteriolar disease with hypertension and the associated retinal lesions.

Medicine, 18, 317-430, 1939.

The Keith–Wagener classification of fundal lesions. They classified essential hypertension into four groups.

 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases
  • 2724

Renal changes in malignant hypertension; experimental evidence.

Lancet,1, 136-39, 1939.

Production of hypertension in rats by constriction of one renal artery, and important studies of the renal changes produced, which included degeneration of the renal arterioles.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Hypertension
  • 2724.1

The substance causing renal hypertension.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 98, 283-98, 1940.

Angiotensin. With J. C. Fasciolo, L. F. Leloir, and J. M. Muñoz. Independently isolated by Page and Helmer (see No. 2724.2) and later named angiotensin.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Hypertension
  • 2724.2

A crystalline pressor substance (angiotonin) resulting from the reaction between renin and renin-activator.

J. exp. Med. 71, 29-42, 1940.

Isolation of angiotonin (angiotensin).



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Hypertension
  • 2725

Treatment of kidney disease and hypertensive vascular disease with rice diet.

N. Carol. med. J. 5, 125-33, 1944.

Kempner rice diet for the treatment of hypertension.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Hypertension
  • 2725.1

La visualizzazione radiologica della porta pervia splenica.

Minerva med. (Torino), 42, i, 593-94, 1951.

Introduction of portal venography for investigation of portal hypertension.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY, HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver, HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver › Portal Hypertension, IMAGING › X-ray › Angiography / Arteriography / Venography
  • 2726

De pulsibus libri tres nunc primum in lucem editi.

Padua: apud Franciscum Bolzettam, ex typographia Laurentii Pasquati, 1603.

Sassonia emphasized the importance of the pulse in diagnosis, and provided the first recorded description of heart block. Pages 57-61 contain graphic representations of the pulse using dashes of unequal length. Digital facsimile of the 1603 edition from Google Books at this link.

An earlier version was published in an unauthorized collection of the author's writings: Tractatus triplex: De fefrium [sic] putridarum signis et symptomatibus: De pulsibus: et de urinis ... e dictantis ejus ore exceptus, in certa quaedam capita redactus praeloque commissus a Petro Uffenbachio: accessit ejusdem doctrina ... de lue venerea seu morbo Gallico (1600). Digital facsimile of the 1600 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2726.1

Embryo monstro affinis Parisiis dissectus.

Acta med. philos. Hafniensia, 1, 202-03., 16711672.

First known description of the “tetralogy of Fallot” (see No. 2792). Reprinted in his Opera philosophica, ed. W. Maar, Vol. 2, Copenhagen, V. Tryde, 1910, pp. 49-53. For translation see Proc. Mayo Clin., 1948, 23, 317.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 2726.2
  • 578

Tractatus quinque medico-physici.

Oxford: e theatro Sheldoniano, 1674.

Mayow was the first to locate the seat of animal heat in the muscles; he discovered the double articulation of the ribs with the spine and came near to discovering oxygen in his suggestion that the object of breathing was to abstract from the air a definite group of life-giving “particles”. He was the first to make the definite suggestion that it is only a special fraction of the air that is of use in respiration. His Tractatus, embodying all his brilliant conclusions, is one of the best English medical classics. English translation, Edinburgh: The Alembic Club, 1907. Digital facsimile of the 1907 translation from the Internet Archive at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1674 edition from Google Books at this link. In the second edition of the Tractatus quinque Mayow recorded a case of mitral stenosis, probably the first description. Reprinted in his Medico-physical works, Edinburgh, 1907, pp. 295-97.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, PHYSIOLOGY, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Physiology
  • 2727

Opera medica universa.

Frankfurt: J. P. Zubrodt, 1674.

Riverius was the first to note aortic stenosis (p. 638 of the above).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, Collected Works: Opera Omnia
  • 2728

Pulsus mira inconstantia.

Misc. cur. Ephem. nat. cur. Norimbergae, 10, 115-18, 1691, 1692.

First reported case of temporary cardiac arrest with syncopal attacks, the syndrome to which the names of Stokes (No. 2756) and Adams (No. 2745) were later attached.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Cardiac Arrest, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart & Aorta, Diseases of
  • 2729

Novum vasorum corporis humani systema.

Amsterdam: Paul Marret, 1705.

Vieussens was among the first to describe the morbid changes in mitral stenosis, the throbbing pulse in aortic insufficiency, and the first correctly to describe the structure of the left ventricle, the course of the coronary vessels and the valve in the large coronary vein. He was the first to diagnose thoracic aneurysm during the life of the patient. Vieussens included a classic description of the symptoms of aortic regurgitation in his book. Partial English translation in No. 2241. Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System
  • 2730

Of ossifications or petrifications in the coats of arteries, particularly in the valves of the great artery.

Phil. Trans., 24, 1970-77, 1706.

First description of aortic insufficiency. Reproduced in Willius & Keys: Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 109-14.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases
  • 2731

De subitaneis mortibus libri duo.

Rome: J. F. Buagni, 1707.

In the above work Lancisi noted cardiac hypertrophy and dilatation as causes of sudden death. He was the first to describe valvular vegetation, and his book gives a classification of the cardiac diseases then recognized. Lancisi’s work laid the foundation for a true understanding of cardiac pathology. There are three different states of the title page of this work, with no definite order of priority established. See P. Kligfield, "Survey of variant title page vignettes in Lancisi’s De subitaneis mortibus," J. Hist. Med. & all. Sci., 1983, 38, 336-39. English translation by P.D. White & AV. Boursy, New York, St. John’s University Press, [1971.]



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, DEATH & DYING
  • 2732

De aortae venaeque cavae gravioribus quibusdam morbis.

Gottingen: A. Vandenhoeck, 1749.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Venous Disease
  • 2733

Traité de la structure du coeur, de son action, et de ses maladies. 2 vols.

Paris: Bourdon, 1749.

Senac’s valuable treatise on the heart added much to the knowledge of the anatomy and diseases of that organ; he mentioned the leucocytes, which he considered to belong to the chyle, and he described pericarditis. Senac was the first to use quinine for palpitation.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System
  • 2276
  • 2734
  • 2885

De sedibus, et causis morborum per anatomen indagatis libri quinque. 2 vols.

Venice: typog. Remondiniana, 1761.

Morgagni was the founder of modern pathological anatomy. The work was completed in Morgagni’s 79th year and consists of a series of 70 letters reporting about 700 cases and necropsies. As best he could, he correlated the clinical record with the post–mortem finding. Morgagni gave the first descriptions of several pathological conditions. He was Professor of Anatomy at Padua. Selections from the above work are reproduced in Med. Classics, 1940, 4, 640-839. English translation by B. Alexander, 3 vols., London, 1769, (facsimile reprint, New York, Hafner, 1960; Mount Kisco, N.Y., Futura, 1980).

Classic descriptions of mitral stenosis (Letter III) and heart block, Stokes–Adams syndrome (vol. 1, p. 70) are reprinted in English translation in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 177-82. In Volume one, p. 282 Morgagni also reported an authentic case of angina pectoris is recorded by Morgagni; he observed it in 1707.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, PATHOLOGY
  • 2734.1

Observations concerning the body of his late Majesty, October 26, 1760.

Phil. Trans. (1761) 52, 265-75, 1762.

Nicholls was the first to describe dissecting aneurysm of the aorta, the patient being King George II, to whom he was physician from 1753-60. Nicholls was also the first to give a correct description of the mode of production of aneurysm. Nicholls' pa;er was illustrated with two folding plates of the heart engraved by J. Mynde and printed in two colors (brown and sanguine). These were probably the first color-printed plates in a major scientific periodical.

This "case was that of a rupture of the right ventricle of the heart showing an effusion of blood into the pericardium and an aneurism of the aorta. The King had complained for some years of frequent distress about the region of the heart. His death was due to tamponade by the extravasated blood from a tear in the myocardium, probably caused by a coronary occlusion. Though complicated by a 'transverse fissure in the trunk of the aorta, one and a half inches long' Nicholls' report may be regarded as a contribution to the history of myocardial infaraction" (Leibowitz, The history of cononary heart disease, 83).

Also published in Gentleman's Magazine (issue of November 1762, 520-523.

 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Myocardial Infarction
  • 2278
  • 2734.2

Observationes anatomicae-pathologicae. 4 vols.

Leiden: P. v. d. Eyk & D. Vygh, 17771781.

Sandifort’s beautifully illustrated work on pathological anatomy included records of ulcerative aortic endocarditis, renal calculi, hemias, bony ankyloses, and congenital abnormalities. A good account of the “tetralogy of Fallot” (No. 2792) is given on pp. 1-38 of Vol. 1. For English translation see Amer. Heart J., 1956, 51, 9-25. In quality Sandifort's work is comparable with that of Morgagni, except that Morgagni's De sedibus was entirely unillustrated. 



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis, PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 2734.3

Three cases of mal-conformation of the heart.

Medical Observations & Inquiries, 6, 291-309, 1784.

Three cases of congenital heart disease recorded. Two plates are opposite pp. 417-18 of the journal.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 1836
  • 2734.31

An account of the foxglove, and some of its medical uses.

Birmingham, England: G. G. J. & J. Robinson, 1785.

Before  publication of Withering's book digitalis was a widely used folk remedy, occasionally mentioned in the literature. Withering established the correct dosages, and the action of digitalis in edema and on the heart became generally recognized. Withering did not know of the distinction between renal and cardiac edema. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link The copy reproduced does not appear to contain the engraving of the purple foxglove.

 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Cardiogenic Edema, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Digitalis, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cardiovascular Medications
  • 2734.4
  • 4015
  • 4662
  • 5516
  • 6326

A treatise on the diseases of children.

London: J. Mathews, 1784.

Underwood laid the foundation of modern pediatrics. His work was superior to anything that had previously appeared and remained the most important book on the subject for sixty years, passing through many editions. The first edition (p.76) includes the first description of sclerema neonatorum (“Underwood’s disease”). That edition also contains a description of "aphthae of thrush."

In the second edition (1789, volume 2, pp. 122-27) Underwood presented a description of congenital heart disease in children. This was the first pediatric treatise to do so. Also, in the second edition, volume 2, pp. 53-57 entitled "Debility of the lower extremities," Underwood was the first to consider poliomyelitis as an entity.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Candidiasis, Mycology, Medical, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis, PEDIATRICS
  • 2735

History of a case in which there took place a remarkable slowness of the pulse.

Med. Commentaries (1792), Edinburgh, 7, 458-65, 1793.

Morgagni described a case of “epilepsy with slow pulse” (see No. 2734), but Adams has been given the credit for reporting the first clear case of heart block (No. 2745). There is no doubt that Spens reported such a case in 1792.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2736
  • 3167.1

The morbid anatomy of some of the most important parts of the human body. 2nd ed.

London: J. Johnson & G. Nicol, 1797.

First clinical description of chronic obstructive pulmonary emphysema. The lung on which Baillie performed an autopsy before describing this condition is said to have been that of Samuel Johnson. P. 46: Baillie suggested a relationship between rheumatic fever and valvular heart disease. See also Nos. 2281, 3218, & 3427.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Rheumatic Heart Disease, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rheumatic Fever, PATHOLOGY
  • 2737

Essai sur les maladies et les lésions organiques du coeur et des gros vaisseaux.

Paris: Migneret, 1806.

Corvisart really created cardiac symptomatology and made possible the differentiation between cardiac and pulmonary disorders. He was first to explain heart failure mechanically and to describe the dyspnoea of effort. His translation of Auenbrugger’s book on percussion resulted in the universal adoption of that procedure. Corvisart was Napoleon’s favorite physician. English translation, 1812, reproduced 1962.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Failure, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS › Percussion, PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases
  • 2738
  • 2889

Observations on some of the most frequent and important diseases of the heart.

Edinburgh: Bryce & Co, 1809.

Burns described endocarditis and reported three cases of mitral stenosis. He recognized the thrill present in the latter condition and seems to have understood the mechanism of a cardiac murmur. He also described unilateral paralysis of the diaphragm resulting from pressure on the phrenic nerve by a thoracic aneurysm. Burns was also among the first to suggest (see p. 136) that angina pectoris is an expression of coronary obstruction. Biography by J. B. Herrick, 1935.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2739

An account of a peculiar disease of the heart.

Med.-chir., Trans. 1, 37-46, 1809.

Account of nine cases of rheumatic endocarditis.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Rheumatic Heart Disease, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2740

On rheumatism of the heart.

Trans. Soc. Improve. med. chir. Knowl. 3, 373-424, 1812.

David Pitcairn is accredited with the first reference to rheumatism as a cause of cardiac disease, in a lecture given in 1788. Jenner read a paper on the same subject in 1789, but the first clinical report on the subject to be published was that by Wells. Reprinted in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 294-312.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Rheumatic Heart Disease, RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 2740.1

Pathological researches. Essay I. On malformations of the human heart. [All published.]

London: Longmans, 1814.

The first monograph on congenital defects of the heart.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 2741

A treatise on the diseases of arteries and veins. 1 vol. and atlas.

London: T. Underwood, 1815.

Includes the best illustrations of aneurysms and of aortic valvular endocarditis so far published, and the first description on non-sacculated dilatation of the aortic arch (“Hodgson’s disease”).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2742

An experimental inquiry into the nature, cause and varieties of the arterial pulse: And into certain other properties of the larger arteries, in animals with warm blood.

Bath, England: Richard Crutwell & London: Underwood, 1816.

This work "included a summary of more than two dozen experiments he [Parry] conducted on a variety of mammals. In this book he discussed the pulsatile expansion of the arteries and importance of collaterals. Parry refuted the theory that arterial pulsation was due to an intrinsic property of the vessels themselves. He attributed their motion to the force given to the blood by ventricular systole" (W. Bruce Fye, "Caleb Hillier Parry," Profiles in Cardiology, 71).

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 2743

A case of apoplexy in which the fleshy part of the heart was converted into fat.

Dublin Hosp. Rep. 2, 216-23, 1818.

First accurate description of the condition which later became known as “Cheyne–Stokes respiration.” Reprinted in F. A. Willius & T. E. Keys: Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 317-20.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2744

Mémoire sur cette question de l’asthme des vieillards: est-il une affection nerveuse?

Nouv. J. Méd. Chir. Pharm. 3, 3-30, 1817.

Rostan gave an early description of cardiac (“Rostan’s”) asthma.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Failure › Cardiac Asthma
  • 2745

Cases of diseases of the heart, accompanied by pathological observations.

Dublin Hosp. Rep. 4, 353-453, 1827.

On p. 396 commences a classic account of heart block with syncopal attacks, the first complete description of this condition. Following the paper by Stokes (No. 2756) the eponym “Stokes–Adams syndrome” was employed to describe this state. Adams recognized a thrill in mitral regurgitation (p. 423). Adams also understood tricuspid incompetence (p. 436). The paper is reproduced in full in Med. Classics, 1939, 3, 633-96.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease
  • 2746

On the retroversion of the valves of the aorta.

London Medical Gazette, 3, 433-43, 18281829.

Aortic insufficiency is usually associated with the name of Corrigan, but Hodgkin’s account antedates Corrigan by three years. 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases
  • 2747

A treatise on the diseases of the heart and great vessels.

London: W. Kidd, 1832.

Hope did much to advance the knowledge of heart murmurs, valvular disease, and aneurysm; he described the second sound of the left side of the sternum in mitral stenosis as “altered” – losing its short, flat clear sound and becoming a prolonged bellows murmur. From his description this became known as “Hope’s early diastolic murmur.” His classic descriptions of cardiac asthma, valvular disease (pp. 307-45 above), and cardiac neurosis are reprinted in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 405-15. Probably published in 1831 (see review in Lond. med. phys. J., 1831, p. 513-22 (Dec.)) although “all known copies seem to have cancel title page dated 1832” (Wellcome Catalogue).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Failure › Cardiac Asthma, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease
  • 2748

On permanent patency of the mouth of the aorta, or inadequacy of the aortic valves.

Edinburgh Medical & Surgical Journal, 37, 225-45, 1832.

In his wonderfully clear account of aortic insufficiency, Corrigan described the “water-hammer pulse” now commonly known as “Corrigan’s pulse.” He recognized that the hypertrophy of the heart present in this condition is compensatory and not a disease. Corrigan was the last of the famous band forming the “Irish School of Medicine” in the 19th century. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1937, 1, 703-27.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases
  • 2748.1

Physiologisch-chirurgische Beobachtungen bei Cholera-Kranken.

Cholera-Archiv mit Benutzung amtlicher Quellen, 1, Heft 1, 86-105, 1832.

First recorded example of cardiac catheterization, performed during an unsuccessful attempt to obtain blood from a patient suffering from cholera (p. 100). Second edition as separate pamphlet with a new Foreward, Güstrow, 1834. Digital facsimile of the 1834 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Interventional Cardiology › Cardiac Catheterization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera
  • 2748.2

Le sphygmomètre; instrument qui traduit à l’oeil toute l’action des artères.

Paris: Crochard, 1834.

Hérisson invented an instrument for recording blood pressure. Translated into English as The sphygmometer, an instrument which renders the action of the arteries apparent to the eye. A memoir... with an improvement of the instrument and prefatory remarks by the translator, E.S. Blundell. London: Longman, Rees, 1835. Digital facsimile of the translation from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 2749

Traité cliniques des maladies du coeur. 2 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1835.

Bouillaud applied Laennec's technique of auscultation to diseases of the heart. Vol. 2, page 238: “Bouillaud’s disease” – rheumatic endocarditis. Although not first to note the cardiac manifestations of acute rheumatism, Bouillaud was the first to demonstrate the frequency and importance of heart disease co-incident with acute articular rheumatism. The above work includes the first description of a case of mitral disease with articular rheumatism. Translation of the section on the pathology of endocarditis in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, pp. 446-55. 



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Rheumatic Heart Disease, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2750

Akute idiopathische Herzentzündung. In his: Praktische Diagnostik, pp. 118-20

Berlin, 1837.

Sobernheim first used the term “myocarditis.”



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Myocarditis
  • 2750.1

Rétrécissement avec oblitération presque complète de la portion thoracique de l’aorte.

Bull. Soc. anat. Paris, 14, 158-60, 1839.

Diagnosis of coarctation of aorta during life. Translation in Amer. J. Cardiol, 1965, 16, 253-55.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases
  • 2751

Traité pratique des maladies du coeur.

Paris: J. Rouvier, 1839.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2752

Observations on the diseases of the orifice and valves of the aorta.

Guy’s Hospital Reports, 7, 387-442, 1842.

First clear account of chronic constrictive pericarditis.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases
  • 2753

Account of observations… on patients whose urine was albuminous.

Guy’s Hospital Reports, n.s. 1, 189-316, 1843.

An early description of a case of subacute bacterial endocarditis is reported on pp. 227-32 (Case 8).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2754

Mémoire sur les signes stethoscopiques du rétrécissement de l’orifice auriculo-ventriculaire gauches du coeur.

Arch. gén. Méd. 4 sér., 1, 1-16, 1843.

First description of the presystolic murmur in mitral stenosis. Partial English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 2755

Observation d’hydropneumopéricarde accompagnée d’un bruit de fluctuation perceptible à l’oreille.

Arch. gén. Méd. 4 sér., 4, 334-39, 1844.

First adequate description of pneumopericardium.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2755.1

Lectures on subjects connected with clinical medicine, comprising disease of the heart. Second edition, 2 vols.

London: Longman, 1846.

Includes (vol. 2, pp. 373-79) a classic description of coronary thrombosis, although not using the term. The patient was Thomas Arnold, the educationist, and the report was signed by Joseph Hodgson and by S. Bucknill, Arnold’s physician.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Thrombosis / Embolism
  • 2756

Observations on some cases of permanently slow pulse.

Dublin Quart. J. Med Sci. 2, 73-85., 1846.

Stokes’s celebrated account of heart block with syncopal attacks – the Stokes–Adams syndrome (see also No. 2745). Stokes was most interested in the diagnostic value of this condition. The paper is reprinted in Med. Classics, 1939, 3, 727-38. For history of this syndrome see N. Flaxman, Bull. Inst. Hist. Med., 1937, 5, 115-30.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2757

A practical treatise on the diseases of the lungs and heart, including the principles of physical diagnosis.

London: Taylor, Walton & Maberly, 1851.

Walshe, physician to University College Hospital, London, was one of the first to recognize the presystolic character of the direct mitral murmur in mitral stenosis.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS, PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases
  • 2758

On some of the principal effects resulting from the detachment of fibrinous deposits from the interior of the heart, and their mixture with the circulating blood.

Med.-chir. Trans. 35, 281-324, 1852.

A classic description of embolism resulting from intracardiac coagula. Reprinted in Willius & Keys: Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 474-82.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Thrombosis / Embolism
  • 2759
  • 772

Die bildliche Darstellung des menschlichen Arterienpulses.

Arch. physiol. Heilk., 13, 284-87, 1854.

Vierordt invented a sphygmograph which acted on the principle that indirect estimation of blood-pressure could be accomplished by measuring the counter-pressure necessary to obliterate the arterial pulsation. This was the first instrument with which a tracing of the human pulse could be made. The paper is the first record of a study with an instrument of precision of the pulse in health and disease. Vierordt expanded this work into book form: Die Lehre von Arterienpuls, Braunschweig, Vieweg, 1855.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Sphygmogram, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 2760

The diseases of the heart and aorta.

Dublin: Hodges & Smith, 1854.

On pp. 320-27 is to be found Stokes’s account of fatty degeneration of the heart, in which he so well described the periodic form of respiration now known as “Cheyne–Stokes breathing.” Stokes also gave the first description of paroxysmal tachycardia (p. 161).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases
  • 2761

On malformations, etc., of the human heart.

London: John Churchill, 1858.

Includes an account of the “tetralogy of Fallot” (see No. 2792). Peacock’s book was “the first comprehensive study covering the whole field” (Maude Abbott). Reprinted, Boston, Mass., 1973.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 2761.1

Fall af ruptura cordis.

Hygiea (Stockh.), 21, 629-30, 1859.

An important account of myocardial infarction, with a histological finding of myocardial necrosis. Abbreviated translation, in German, in Acta med. scand., 1930, 73, 448-50.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Myocardial Infarction
  • 2762

Du double souffle intermittent crural, comme signe de l’insuffisance aortique.

Arch. gén. Méd. 5 sér., 17, 417-43, 588-605, 1861.

The double intermittent murmur over the femoral arteries, diagnostic of aortic insufficiency, has become known as “Duroziez’s sign.” Partial English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 2763

Short account of cardiac murmurs.

Edinb. med. J., 7, 438-53, 1861.

The murmur which Fauvel (No. 2754) had called “presystolic” was described by Gairdner, who called it “auricular-systolic.” This paper is important as being largely responsible for the recognition in Britain of the presystolic murmur, previously discounted by most authorities.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 2764

On cardiac murmurs.

Amer. J. med. Sci. n.s., 44, 29-54, 1862.

First description of the “Austin Flint murmur,” present at the apex beat in aortic regurgitation. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1940, 4, 864-900.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 2764.1

Ueber einen sehr seltenen Fall von Insufficienz der Valvula tricuspidalis, bedingt durch eine angeborene hochgradige Missbildung derselben.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 238-54, 1866.

“Ebstein’s anomaly,” a congenital abnormality of the tricuspid valve. Translation in Amer. J. Cardiol, 1968, 22, 867-72.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 2765

Krankheiten des Herzens. 2te. Aufl.

Erlangen: Ferdinand Enke, 1867.

First appeared in Virchow’s Handbuch der speciellen Pathologie und Therapie, Erlangen, 1854, 5, 1 Abt., 385-530.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2766

Des mouvements et des bruits qui se passent dans les veines jugulaires.

Bull. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris (Mémoires), 2 sér., 4, 3-27, 1867.

Classic account of the movements and murmurs in the jugular veins, important in the diagnosis of heart diseases. Potain’s writings were models of clarity and style. A translation of this paper is to be found in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 533-56.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2767

Mycosis endocardii.

Norsk Mag. Laegevid. (Förh. Norske med. Selskab), 23, 78-82, 1869.

Winge first suggested that endocarditis was due to microbial infection. A translation of part of his paper is in Major, Classic descriptions of disease, 3rd ed., 1945, p. 472.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2768

On the etiology and prevalence of diseases of the heart among soldiers.

London: John Churchill, 1870.

First description of “Da Costa’s syndrome” – the “effort syndrome” of Sir Thomas Lewis.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, PSYCHIATRY › Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • 2769

Capillary embolism or arterial pyaemia.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep. 3 sér., 15, 29-35, 1870.

One of the first accounts of bacterial endocarditis was given by Wilks, who, in his classic paper on the subject, called the condition “arterial pyaemia.” Reprinted in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 579-84.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2770

On irritable heart; a clinical study of a form of functional cardiac disorder and its consequences.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s. 61, 17-52, 1871.

“Da Costa’s syndrome.” This was first described by Myers (No. 2768) and is now known as “effort syndrome,” “soldier’s heart,” “disordered action of the heart.” More recently it has been considered an early recognition of one aspect of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, PSYCHIATRY › Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • 2771

On the murmurs attendant on mitral contraction.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep. 3 ser., 16, 247-342, 1871.

Important and exhaustive account of the knowledge of presystolic murmurs. Fagge’s paper also includes many clinical observations relating to the rhythm of heart murmurs and the state of the sounds of the heart in 67 cases at Guy’s Hospital.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 2772

Cases of partial and general idiopathic pericarditis.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond. 5, 8-22, 1872.

Pericarditis epistenocardiaca described.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Pericardial Diseases › Pericarditis
  • 2773

Ueber zwei seltene Herzaffektionen, mit Bezugnahme auf die Theorie des ersten Herztons.

Wien. med. Wschr. 22, 1-4, 25-28, 1872.

“Bamberger’s disease” (Pick’s disease, No. 2803).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2774

Ein Fall von Endocarditis ulcerosa puerperalis mit Pilzbildungen im Herzen (Mycosis endocardii).

Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 56, 407-14, 1872.

Heiberg suggested the microbic nature of endocarditis. He described what appeared to him to be the mycelia of Leptothrix in the vegetations of a case of ulcerative endocarditis.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2775

Ein Fall von Pulsus bigeminus nebst Bemerkungen über die Leberschwellungen bei Klappenfehlern und über acute Leberatrophie.

Berl. klin. Wschr. 9, 185-88, 221-24, 1872.

First clear description of pulsus bigeminus. Translated in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 590-99.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2776

Ueber schwielige Mediastino-Pericarditis und den paradoxen Puls.

Berl. klin. Wschr.10, 433-35, 445-49, 461-64, 1873.

Kussmaul introduced the concept of the “paradoxical pulse.”



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2777

Du rhythme cardiaque appelé bruit de galop, de son mécanisme et de sa valeur séméiologique.

Bull. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris, (1875) 12, (Mém.), 137-66, 1876.

Analysis of “gallop rhythm.” Partial English translation in No. 2241 and No. 3160.1.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2778

Die Defecte der Scheidewände des Herzens.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1875.

Rokitansky’s memoir on defects of the septum of the heart was his last work, and possibly his greatest. It represented 14 years’ study of the subject.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 2779

Clinical lectures on diseases of the heart and aorta.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1876.

Includes “Balfour’s test” to ascertain whether the heart is still active, in cases of apparent death.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2780

Du rétrécissement mitral pur.

Arch. gén. Méd. 6 sér., 30, 32-54, 184-97, 1877.

First description of congenital mitral stenosis, “Duroziez’s disease.”



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease, CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 2781

Ein Fall von thrombotischen Verschlusse einer der Kranzarterien des Herzens.

Wien. med. Wschr. 28, 97-102, 1878.

First description of coronary thrombosis with diagnosis before death. English translation of original report, Amer. J. Cardiol, 1978, 42, 849-52.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Thrombosis / Embolism
  • 2782

Recherches cliniques sur la communication congénitales des deux coeurs par inocclusion du septum intervenniculare.

Bull Acad. Méd. (Paris), 2 sér., 8, 1074-94,1189-91, 1879.

Roger drew attention to an important anomaly of the septum, interventricular patency (“maladie de Roger”), demonstrating the presence of a murmur in this condition. This is sometimes called “Roger’s murmur”, although it had been noted by earlier writers. Translated in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 624-38.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 2783

Ueber die pathologische Gerinnungs-Vorgänge.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 79, 87-123, 1880.

First description (p. 106) of myocardial infarction. Leibowitz called this "the most significant contribution by a pathologist to the history of coronary heart disease." He also wrote, "This work not only provides a general description of myocardial changes following a coronary thrombosis, but also includes a very important detail, namely that of the destruction of cell nuclei. Likewise it stresses also the clinical history, since pathological findings largely depend upon the time factor" (Leibowitz, History of coronary heart disease).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Myocardial Infarction
  • 2784

Ueber die Messung des Blutdrucks am Menschen.

Z. klin. Med., 2, 79-96, 1881.

Basch’s important modifications of the methods of blood-pressure recording mark the beginning of clinical sphygmomanometry. English translation in Ruskin (No. 3160.1).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 2785

Sulla poliorromennite scrofolosa, otisi delle sierose.

G. int. Sci. med., n.s. 3, 1037-53, 1881.

“Concato’s disease” – inflammation of the serous membranes. Involvement of the pericardium was later described by Pick (No. 2803).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2786

Ueber Fettherz.

Z. klin Med., 5, 1-25, 1882.

Fatty infiltration of the heart first described.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2788

Traité clinique des maladies du coeur et de la crosse de l’aorte.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1883.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2789

Diagnostic et traitement des maladies du coeur.

Paris: Asselin & Cie, 1883.

English translation, 1884.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2790

The Gulstonian Lectures, on malignant endocarditis.

Brit. med. J., 1, 467-70, 522-26, 577-79, 1885.

First comprehensive description of subacute bacterial endocarditis.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2791

Fibrillar contraction of the heart.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 8, 296-310, 1887.

MacWilliam discovered that fibrillar contraction of the heart is due to “a rapid succession of incoordinated peristaltic contractions.” He clearly described auricular and ventricular fibrillation, and showed that ventricular fibrillation could be caused by the injection of certain poisons into the blood stream. His paper is included, with an account of his life, in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 666-678.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 2792

Contribution à l’anatomie pathologique de la maladie bleu (cyanose cardiaque).

Marseille méd, 25, 77-93, 138-58, 207-23, 270-86, 341-54, 403-20, 1888.

The “tetralogy of Fallot.” He gave an important, but not the first, account of this condition (see Nos. 2726.1 & 2761). Abstract translation in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 689-90.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 2793

Remarks on failure of the heart from overstrain.

Brit. med. J., 2,1321- 26, 1888.

Important experimental work on cardiac overstrain was carried out by Roy and Adami who considered that mechanical overstrain caused chronic thickening of the cardiac valves.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Failure, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Valve Disease
  • 2794

The murmur of high-pressure in the pulmonary artery.

Med. Chron. (Manch.), 9, 182-88, 18881889.

First description of the pulmonary diastolic murmur – the “Graham Steell murmur.” Reproduced in Willius & Keys, Cardiac Classics, 1941, pp. 680-85.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 2795

De la tachycardie essentielle paroxystique.

Rev. Médecine, 9, 753-93, 837-55, 1889.

Bouveret introduced the term “Paroxysmal tachycardia”. Partial English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2796

Maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1889.

In his important monograph on disorders of the cardiovascular system, Huchard was apparently the first to use the designation “Stokes–Adams disease”.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias
  • 2797

Cardiac failure and sudden death from ventricular fibrillation.

Brit. med. J., 1, 6-8, 1889.

First description of a case of death from ventricular fibrillation.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Heart Failure
  • 2798

Du sphygmomanomètre et de la mésure de la pression artérielle chez l’homme à l’état normale et pathologique.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 5 sér., 1, 556-69, 1889.

Potain devised a simple portable air sphygmomanometer for blood-pressure estimation.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Sphygmogram, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Sphygmomanometer
  • 2799

Die Krankheiten des Herzens und ihre Behandlung.

Vienna & Leipzig: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 18931897.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE