An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15423 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 17, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 2100–2199

137 entries
  • 2100

Des polynévrites en général et des paralysies et atrophies saturnines en particulier.

Paris: Félix Alcan, 1889.

Madame Dejerine-Klumpke, famous neurologist, contributed an important work on lead palsies.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 2101

Lead poisoning and lead absorption.

London: E. Arnold & Co., 1912.


Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning
  • 2102

Osservazioni intorno alle vipere.

Florence: Stella, 1664.

The first methodical work on snake-poison. Redi demonstrated for the first time that, for the poison to produce its effect, it must be injected under the skin.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Venoms, ZOOLOGY › Herpetology
  • 2103

Ricerche fisiche sopra il veleno della vipera.

Lucca: Jacopo Giusti, 1767.

The starting point of modern investigations of serpent venoms and their antidotes. This work also includes Fontana’s description of the ciliary canal in the eye of an ox. This structure does not appear in the human eye, but certain spaces in the trabecular meshwork are often referred to as the spaces of Fontana. Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive at this link.

In 1781 Fontana issued a greatly expanded 2-volume edition in French, including vegetable poisons, and a section on "American poisons": Traité sur le vénin de la vipere, sur les poisons americains, sur le laurier-cerise et sur quelques autres poisons vegetaux. On y a joint des observations sur la structure primitive du corps animal. Différentes expériences sur la reproduction des nerfs et la description d'un nouveau canal de l'oeil. Digital facsimile of the French edition from the Internet Archive at this link. In 1787 the French edition was translated into English by Joseph Skinner in 2 vols. as Treatise on the venom of the viper, on the American poisons, and on the cherry laurel, and some other vegetable poisons. To which are annexed, observations on the primitive structure of the animal body, different experiments on the reproduction of the nerves, and a description of a new canal of the eye .... Digital facsimile of the second English edition (1795) from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit, TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms, TOXICOLOGY › Zootoxicology
  • 2104

Researches upon the venom of the rattlesnake.

Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1860.

See No. 2106.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2105

The thanatophidia of India. Being a Description of the venomous snakes of the Indian Peninsula, with an account of the influence of their poison on life and a series of experiments

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1872.

Considered the first systematic work on venomous snakes. Describes all the venomous snakes of India. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms, TOXICOLOGY › Zootoxicology, ZOOLOGY › Herpetology, ZOOLOGY › Illustration
  • 2106

Researches upon the venoms of poisonous serpents.

Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1886.

Mitchell (see also No. 2104) and Reichert showed that snake venom is protein, and demonstrated the presence of toxic albumins. Mitchell was one of the first to investigate snake venoms.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2107

Contribution à l’étude du vénin des serpents.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 8, 275-91; 9, 225-51; 1898, 12, 343-47, 1894, 1895.

Calmette carried out extensive investigations on the immunization of animals to venoms. He obtained antivenom sera with therapeutic properties.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2108

On the rendering of animals immune against the venom of the cobra and other serpents; and on the antidotal properties of the blood serum of the immunised animals.

Brit. Med. J., 1, 1309-12, 1895.

Fraser investigated the possibilities of immunization against cobra venom and obtained “antivenene”, an antivenom serum.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2109

Le vénin des serpents.

Paris: Soc. d'Editions Sci., 1896.


Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2110

Snake venom in relation to haemolysis, bacteriolysis, and toxicity.

J. exp. Med., 6, 277-301, 1902.


Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriolysis, HEMATOLOGY › Anticoagulation, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2111

Ueber die Wirkungsweise des Cobragiftes.

Berl. Klin. Wschr., 39, 886-90, 918-22, 1902.

While in Germany Kyes showed lecithin to be a complement of cobra-hemolysin. English translation in Ehrlich, Studies in immunity, 1910.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2112

Zur Kenntniss der Cobragift activirenden Substanzen.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 40, 21-23, 57-60, 82-85, 1903.

English translation in Ehrlich, Studies in immunity, 1910.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2113

Ueber die Isolirung von Schlangengift-Lecithiden.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 40, 956-59, 982-84, 1903.

English translation in Ehrlich, Studies in immunity, 1910.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2114

Snake venoms.

Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1909.


Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2115

A defensa contra o ophidismo.

São Paulo, Brazil, 1911.

Brazil founded the Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, one of the first institutes to produce antivenin sera on a large scale. French translation, 1911. Digital facsimile of the Portuguese edition from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Brazil, Latin American Medicine, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2116

Die Gifte in der Weltgeschichte.

Berlin: Julius Springer, 1920.

Lewin was a prolific writer, producing more than 200 books and papers. The above is perhaps his best work, and contains a history of poisonings from the most ancient times to the present century, enhanced by innumerable citations from ancient and modern literature.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › History of Toxicology
  • 2117

Die Pfeilgifte, nach eigenen toxikologischen und ethnologischen Untersuchungen.

Leipzig: J. A. Barth, 1923.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › History of Toxicology
  • 2118

Von den gifftigen besen Tempffen und Reuchen.

Augsburg: M. Ramminger, 1524.

Written in 1473 but not published until 1524, this pamphlet on the diseases of miners is the first known work on industrial hygiene and toxicology. A reprint of the text appears in Münch. Beitr. Lit. Naturwiss. Med., 1927, 2, Sonderheft; and an English translation in Lancet, 1932, 1, 270-71. A separate reprint edition was also published: Von den gifftigen besen tempffen und reuchen. Eine gewerbe-hygienische schrift des XV. Jahrhunderts. (Munich: Verlag der Münchner Drucke, 1927). 



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Miners' Diseases, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2118.1

Von der Bergsucht oder Bergkranckheiten drey Bücher…

Dilingen: Durch Sebaldum Mayer, 1567.

Paracelsus’s book on the diseases of miners was the first full monograph on the diseases of an occupational group. The first section covers the diseases, mainly pulmonary affections, of miners, including the etiology, pathogenesis, symptomatology and therapy. The second book describes the diseases of smelter workers and metallurgists, and the third section discusses diseases caused by mercury. English translation by G. Rosen in Four treatises of Theophrastus von Hohenheim, called Paracelsus, ed. by H. E. Sigerist, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1941. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Miners' Diseases, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2119

Consilium Peripneumoniacum: Das ist Ein getrewer Rath in der beschwerlichen Berg und Lungensucht : darinnen verfasset, was die fürnemsten Ursachen seyn beyderley Beschwerungen, beydes der gifftigen, die vom Bergwerck entstehet: so wol der gemeinen, die von Flüssen herrühret: Zuvor aber, wie der Mensch mit der kleinen Welt, und mit dem Bergwerck artlich zu vergleichen, und wie beyde Suchten zu vertreiben seyn.

Leipzig: Thomas Schürer, 1614.

Martin Pansa, a pupil of Georg Agricola, wrote the most important work on occupational disease before Ramazzini. He described the symptoms of the lung diseases of miners and smelters. Digital facsimile from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Miners' Diseases, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 2120

Libellus de lithargyrii fumo noxio morbifico eiusque metallico frequentiori morbo vulgo dicto: Die Hütten Katze Oder Hütten Rauch: Cum Appendice de montano ffaectu asthmatico metallicidis familiari, quem Germanica lingua appellamus Die Bergsuche oder Berg Kranckheit.

Goslar, Germany: Typis Nicolai Dunkeri, 1656.

Stockhausen had considerable experience in treating the diseases of miners. His book on industrial diseases did much to clarify contemporary knowledge regarding the relative toxicity of lead, mercury, arsenic, cobalt, and other metals, although he claimed that lead colic was caused only by lead fumes. Translated into French by Joseph Jacques de Gardanne as Traité des mauvais effets de la fumes de la litharge (Paris, 1776.) Digital facsimile of the 1656 edition from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Miners' Diseases, TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning
  • 2121
  • 4478.101

De morbis artificum diatriba.

Modena: A. Capponi, 1700.

Ramazzini's study of the diseases of workers, De morbis artificium diatribawas the first comprehensive and systematic treatise on occupational medicine; it was also the foundation work in ergonomics. It deals with pneumoconiosis and other diseases of miners, with lead poisoning in potters, with silicosis in stonemasons, diseases among metal workers, and even a chapter devoted to the “diseases of learned men", a chapter on diseases of printers, and of athletes. Ramazzini also discussed the occupational diseases of women, recommending that midwives practice cleanliness and take precautions against syphilitic infections. Ramazzini recognized that a number of workers’ diseases were caused by the taxing postures and repetitive motions required by professions such as shoemaking, tailoring and writing; he is thus considered a founder of ergonomics. He suggested ways to prevent these ailments.

Ramazzini's book was translated into English as A Treatise on the Diseases of Tradesmen (London, 1705). In 1713 Ramazzini expanded his text. This revised edition was reprinted with a parallel English translation by Wilmer Cave Wright and published as De Morbis Artificum Bernardini Ramazzini Diseases of Workers (1940). Through various Latin editions and translations into Italian, German, French and Dutch Ramazzini's book was also influential in the history of economics. The first French translation by the noted chemist, Fourcroy, Paris, 1777 contained significant additions. Digital facsimile of the 1703 second edition from the Internet Archive at this link.

 



Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Miners' Diseases › Pneumoconiosis, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, PUBLIC HEALTH, Sports Medicine, TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning
  • 2122
  • 2609
  • 4165

Chirurgical observations relative to the cataract, the polypus of the nose, the cancer of the scrotum, etc.

London: L. Hawes, 1775.

Includes the first description of occupational cancer. By describing chimney sweeps” cancer of the scrotum, Pott was the first to trace the origin of a type of cancer to a specific external cause. The above work also includes his description of senile gangrene, sometimes referred to as “Pott’s gangrene”.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract, UROLOGY
  • 2123

The effects of the principal arts, trades and professions, and of civic states and habits of living on health and longevity.

London: Longman, 1831.

The first systematic publication in Great Britain on industrial disease and its prevention. For comprehensiveness, first-hand clinical experience and constructive proposals for improvements, Thackrah’s monograph is superior to that of Ramazzini. It attracted attention from both medical men and laymen at the time that it appeared, and played an important part in stimulating the factory and health legislation which mitigated some of the worst features of the Industrial Revolution. The book also includes important information on the harmful effects of child labor. The second edition (1832) was doubled in length. A reprint of the 2nd edition, with a life of the author by A. Meiklejohn, was published in 1957.



Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2123.1

On the influence of trades, professions, and occupations, in the United States in the production of disease.

Trans. Med. Soc. St. of N.Y., 3, 91-150, 18361837.

The first American work devoted entirely to occupational diseases. Reprinted with introduction, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press, 1943.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2123.2

Mémoire sur les modifications physiques et chimiques que détermine dans certaines parties du corps l’exercice des diverse professions, pour servir à la recherche médico-légale de l’identité.

Ann. Hyg. publ. Méd. lég., 42, 388-423; 43, 131-44, 1849, 1850.

In this comprehensive work on occupational marks, Tardieu states that Corvisart, Dupuytren, and Trousseau would take pride in identifying the professions of their patients at first sight, using knowledge of occupational marks and other physical signs of occupations.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2124

Mémoire sur les effets de la compression de l’air.

Ann. Hyg. publ., 2 sér., 1, 241-79, 1854.

An early paper on “caisson sickness”.



Subjects: Altitude or Undersea Physiology & Medicine, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2125

De maxillarum necrosi phosphorica.

Leipzig: apud A. Edelmannum, 1867.

Classical description of phosphorus necrosis of the jaw, or "phossy jaw". 



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2125.1

Ueber Staubinhalationskrankheiten der Lungen.

Dtsch. Arch. kiln. Med., 2, 116-72, 1867.

Zenker described siderosis and suggested the term “pneumonokoniosis” as a suitable general title for diseases due to inhaled dust.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , PATHOLOGY
  • 2126

Beiträge zur Chirurgie, anschliessend an einen Bericht über die Thätigkeit der chirurgischen Universitäts-Klinik zu Halle im Jahre 1873.

Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1875.

Contains (pp. 370-81) first description of industrial tar and paraffin cancer.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 2127

Die Krankheiten der Arbeiter. Beiträge zur Förderung der öffentlichen Gesundheitspflege. Erste Abtheilung. Dien inneren Krankheiten der Arbeiter. Erster Theil. Die Staubinhalations-Krankheiten und die von ihnen besonders heimgesuchten Gewerbe und Fabrikbetriebe (1871). Theil. II. Die in Folge der Einathmung von Gasen und Dämpfen entstandenen Krankheiten ("Gasinhalations - Krankheiten") und die von ihnen besonders heimgesuchten Gewerbe- und Fabrikbetriebe (1873). Theil III. Die in Folge der Beschäftigung mit giftigen Stoffen entstandenen Krankheiten ("Gewerbliche Vergiftungen") und die von ihnen besonders heimgesuchten Gewerbe- und Fabrikbetriebe (1875). Theil IV. Die Krankheiten der Arbeiter. Abt. II. Die äusseren (chirurgischen) Krankheiten der Arbeiter (1878). 4 vols.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau) & Leipzig: Ferdinand Hirt, 18711878.

Hirt was the leading German writer on occupational medicine in the second half of the 19th century. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2127.1

Paraffin epithelioma of the scrotum.

Edinb. med. J., 22, 135-37, 1876.

Shale oil shown to be a cause of skin cancer. A teacher of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Bell was the model for the character of Sherlock Holmes.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Dermatopathology, DERMATOLOGY › Skin Cancer, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2128.1

Blasengeschwülste bei Fuchsin-Arbeitem.

Arch. klin. Chir., 50, 588-600, 1895.

Rehn noted the frequent appearance of papilloma and carcinoma of the bladder among men employed in the aniline dye industry.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 2129

Dangerous trades: the historical, social, and legal aspects of industrial occupations as affecting health, by a number of experts.

London: John Murray, 1902.

A collective work edited by Oliver. Digital fascimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL › History of Biomedical Economics, LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Legislation, Biomedical, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 2130

In Report of the Departmental Committee on Compensation for Industrial Diseases. Cd. 3495 and 3496.

London: Wyman and Sons, for His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1907.

The first reported case of asbestosis was observed by Murray at Charing Cross Hospital, London, in 1899 and reported to the Committee (Report, p. 14: Minutes of Evidence, p. 127) in 1907.



Subjects: LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Workmen's Compensation, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Asbestosis
  • 2131

Caisson sickness, and the physiology of work in compressed air.

London: E. Arnold & Co., 1912.


Subjects: Altitude or Undersea Physiology & Medicine, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2132

Industrial medicine and surgery.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1919.


Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2133

Industrial fatigue and efficiency.

London: G. Routledge, 1921.


Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2134

Industrial poisons in the United States.

New York: Macmillan, 1925.


Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , TOXICOLOGY, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2134.1

A case of pneumoconiosis. Result of the inhalation of asbestos dust.

Brit. med. J., 2, 982 (only), 1928.

Seiler established an unequivocal relationship between asbestos and pulmonary fibrosis.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Asbestosis, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Miners' Diseases › Pneumoconiosis
  • 2135

Die gewerblichen Vergiftungen und ihre Bekämpfung.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1932.


Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2135.1

Occupational marks and other physical signs. A guide to personal identification.

New York: Grune & Stratton, 1948.

Calluses, other dermatological and physical signs of professions and occupations illustrated and described, with an annotated bibliography that includes some historical references.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2136

The history of miners’ diseases. A medical and social interpretation.

New York: Schuman's, 1943.


Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › History of Occupational Health & Medicine, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Miners' Diseases, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 2137

History of factory and mine hygiene.

New York: Columbia University Press, 1948.


Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › History of Occupational Health & Medicine, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › Miners' Diseases
  • 2137.01

The diseases of occupations.

London: English University Press, 1955.

A classic textbook on the subject with valuable historical chapters and references. Hunter put the text through six editions to 1978. The work was rewritten as Hunter’s Diseases of occupations, ed. by P.A.B. Raffle, W.R. Lee, R.I. McCallum, and R. Murray (1987). A 10th edition edited by Peter J Baxter, Tar-Ching Aw, Anne Cockcroft, Paul Durrington, J Malcolm Harrington was published in 2010.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › History of Occupational Health & Medicine
  • 2137.02

Occupational health in America.

Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1962.

Written under the auspices of the Industrial Medical Association, this history emphasizes 20th century achievements.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE › History of Occupational Health & Medicine
  • 2137.1

Tentamen medicum de aerostatum usu medicinae applicando…

Montpellier: Picot, 1784.

The first work on aviation medicine, a pamphlet of 18pp. issued as a thesis for the medical degree, published one year after the first balloon ascent by Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier in 1783. Leulier Duché speculated on ways that ballooning might be used in medicine, quoting an anecdote privately communicated to him by Montgolfier describing the “high” experienced by the aeronauts on a particular ascent.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine
  • 2137.10

Principles and practice of aviation medicine.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1939.

Used by all American flight surgeons during World War II.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Air Force, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War II
  • 2137.2

A narrative of the two aerial voyages of Dr. Jeffries with Mons. Blanchard; with meteorological observations and remarks.

London: J. Robson, 1786.

The first flight by a physician, the first crossing of the English channel by balloon, and the first international flight. Jeffries, an American, made a series of carefully planned scientific observations, emphasizing meteorology.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 2137.3

Effects of altitude on aviators.

Aviat. & Aeronaut. Engineering, 2, 145-47., 1917.

The first discussion of decompression sickness in flying personnel.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Physiology
  • 2137.30

A bibliography of aviation medicine.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1942.


Subjects: AVIATION Medicine, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects
  • 2137.4

Note préliminaire sur l’étude des effets de la force centrifuge sur l’organisme.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 82, 75-77, 1919.

The first anti-blackout device. Proposed the use of the g belt to prevent the flow of blood to the abdomen.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine
  • 2137.5

The medical and surgical aspects of aviation by H. Graeme Anderson. With chapters on applied physiology of aviation by Martin Flack, and the aero-neuroses of war pilots by Oliver H. Gotch.

London: Henry Frowde, 1919.

The first textbook on aviation medicine. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Air Force, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War I
  • 2137.6

Aviation medicine.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1926.

Bauer established the first school for flight surgeons in the United States. His book discusses the question of oxygen supply and its essential partial pressure, and discusses the effect of hight degrees of acceleration on the circulatory system. Includes the first significant bibliography on the subject. See J.F. Fulton, Louis H. Bauer and the rise of aviation medicine, J. Aviation med., 1955, 26, 92-103.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Air Force
  • 2137.7

Muscular exercise at low barometric pressures.

Arch. Sci. Biol.(Napoli), 16, 609-15, 1931.

With C.G. Douglas, L.P. Kendal, & R. Margaria. The first recorded attack of bends pain experienced at low barometric pressures. The authors atttempted to find the maximum altitude at which work could be done effectively with the subject breathing pure oxygen.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine
  • 2137.8

Der Einfluss von Beschleunigungen auf den Kreislaufapparat.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 233, 67-97, 19331934.

Determination of the effect of high acceleration on blood pressure, establishing that the systolic pressure in arteries going to the head falls progressively as acceleratory forces increase.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine
  • 2137.9

Oxygen in aviation. The necessity for the use of oxygen and a practical apparatus for its administration to both pilots and passengers.

J. Aviat. Med., 9, 172-198, 1938.

First acute case of decompression sickness recognized.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine
  • 2138

Aviation medicine in its preventive aspects: an historical survey.

London: Oxford University Press, 1948.


Subjects: AVIATION Medicine › History of Aviation / Aerospace Medicine
  • 2138.1

Essays on the history of aviation medicine.

Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1965.

"Translation of Ocherki po istorii aviatsionnoy meditsiny,"  Moscow: U. S. S. R. Academy of Sciences Publishing House, 1962. Primarily useful for the history of aviation medicine in Russia, with a very extensive bibliography. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine › History of Aviation / Aerospace Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2138.2

The dangerous sky. A history of aviation medicine.

Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1973.


Subjects: AVIATION Medicine › History of Aviation / Aerospace Medicine
  • 2138.3

The heritage of aviation medicine. An annotated directory of early artifacts.

Washington, DC: Aerospace Medical Association, 1979.

Descriptions and photographs of notable artifacts, including the original clothing worn by John Jeffries (No.2137.2).



Subjects: AVIATION Medicine › History of Aviation / Aerospace Medicine
  • 2139

La méthode de traicter les playes faictes par hacquebutes et aultres bastons à feu: & de celles qui sont faictes par fleches, dardz & semblables: assy des combustions specialement faictes par la pouldre à canon.

Paris: Viuant Gaulterot, 1545.

 Paré’s first book was his treatise on gunshot wounds. He is one of the greatest of the military surgeons, and is particularly remembered for his abandonment of the practice of cauterization of gunshot wounds with boiling oil, until his time a universal procedure. Digital facsimile BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Renaissance
  • 2139.1

De vulnerum sclopetorum et bombardarum curatione tractatus.

Bologna: per B. Bonardum, 1552.

In this very early work on gunshot wounds Maggi, Professor of Surgery at Bologna, showed that not all gunshot wounds suppurated and he discarded cauterization, treating such wounds with white of egg and salt water.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Renaissance, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 2140

An excellent treatise of wounds made with gonneshot.

London: R. Hall, 1563.

Gale, a contemporary of Paré, was surgeon in Henry VIII’s army at Montreuil. His book supported the views of Paré regarding the treatment of gunshot wounds, denying the poisonous effect of bullets; Gale, however, applied messy and complicated unguents to wounds, doing more harm than good. Forms part 3 of his Certaine workes of chirurgerie (No. 2371).



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Renaissance, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 2141

A prooved practise for all young chirurgians, concerning burnings with gunpowder, and woundes made with gunshot.

London: T. Orwyn for T. Cadman, 1588.

An interesting picture of Elizabethan surgery is given by William Clowes in this book on gunshot wounds. Clowes, the best surgical writer in Elizabethan times, was surgeon to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital. In amputation he covered the stump with integument – an earlier form of the flap method. The Selected Writings of William Clowes were edited by F. N. L. Poynter, London, 1949.


  • 2142

New Feldt Arztny Buch von Kranckheiten und Schäden, so in Kriegen den Wundartzten gemeinlich fürfallen.

Basel: L. König, 1615.

Fabry’s book includes an early description of a field drug chest for army use. He was one of the most eminent surgeons of his time, although not prepared to adopt all the teachings of Paré. He had considerable mechanical ingenuity and devised many pieces of apparatus. English translation, 1674.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2143

De rara medicatione vulnerum.

Venice: apud A. & B. Dei, fratres, 1616.

Like Paré, Magati believed that gunshot wounds were not in themselves poisonous. He suggested a bandage moistened with plain water in place of the various salves then in vogue.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 2144
  • 3711

The surgions mate, or, A treatise discouering faithfully and plainely the due contents of the surgions chest: the uses of the instruments, the vertues and operations of the medicines, the cures of the most frequent diseases at sea: namely, wounds, apostumes, vlcers, fistulaes, fractures, dislocations, with the true maner of amputation, the cure of the scuruie, the fluxes of the belly, of the collica and illiaca passio, tenasmus, and exitus ani, the callenture; with a briefe explanation of sal, sulphur, and mercury; with certaine characters, and tearmes of arte.

London: E. Griffin, 1617.

Woodall was the surgeon-general to the East India Company. This was the first textbook for naval surgeons. Woodall, surgeon to Saint Bartholomew's Hospital, was an early advocate of limes and lemons as a preventive measure against scurvy. The second edition (London, 1639) included the first edition of Woodall’s collected works, and an unusual and difficult to read chart of the many drugs that Woodall organized in his surgeon's chest. The enlarged edition was required reading for all naval surgeons in the East India Company. Facsimile reprint of the 1617 edition, with introduction and appendix by John Kirkup (Bath: Kingsmead Press, 1978). Biography by J. H. Appleby, Med. Hist., 1981, 25, 251-68. Digital facsimile of the 1617 edition from The Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: Maritime Medicine, NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Scurvy, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 2145

Medicina militaris, seu libellus castrensis.

Augsburg: A. Aperger, 1620.

Minderer’s book gives a good idea of the position of military surgery during the Thirty Years’ War. He published a pharmacopoeia in 1621; he also discovered ammonium acetate. An English edition appeared in 1674.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2146

Der rechte und warhafftige Feldscher.

Frankfurt & Leipzig: M. Rohrlach, 1690.

Purmann was a skilful army surgeon – one of the most famous of the period. Despite this he believed in the efficacy of the weapon-salve and the sympathetic powder.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2147

An account of the nature, causes, symptoms, and cure of the distempers that are incident in seafaring people. With observations on the diet of the sea-men in his Majesty’s navy.

London: Hugh Newman, 1696.

Cockburn studied medicine at Leiden; he became famous on account of his secret remedy for dysentery. The book is a record of two years spent as a ship’s doctor.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Navy, Maritime Medicine
  • 2148
  • 5265

The navy-surgeon, or a practical system of surgery.

London: C. Ward and R. Chandler, 1734.

Atkins was an English naval surgeon. His book includes some useful case reports and contains the first English description of African trypanosomiasis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Triatomine Bug-Borne Diseases › Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis) , MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Navy
  • 2149

Traité ou reflexions tirées de la pratique sur les playes d’armes à feu.

Paris: C. Osmont, 1737.

English translation, 1743.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2150

Observations on the diseases of the army, in camp and garrison.

London: Printed for A. Millar & D. Wilson, 1752.

Pringle, founder of modern military medicine, was Physician-General of the British Army from 1744 to 1752. His books lay down the principles of military sanitation and the ventilation of barracks, gaols, hospital ships, etc. He did much to improve the lot of soldiers, and it was due to remarks in his book that foot-soldiers were given blankets when on service. The preface of the book includes an account of the origin of the Red Cross idea (the neutrality of military hospitals on the battlefield); for a further note on this, see Lancet, 1943, 2, 234.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 2151

An essay on the most effectual means, of preserving the health of seamen, in the Royal Navy.

London: A. Millar, 1757.

Lind is regarded as the founder of naval hygiene in England. Besides his work on scurvy (see No.3713), he is notable for the above book, which deals not only with the men but also with the appalling conditions in which they lived afloat. He advocated measures to improve ships’ ventilation and to prevent the spread of disease aboard ship. He also caused great improvements to be made in the food on board ships of the British Navy. L. H. Roddis published a biography of Lind in 1951.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Navy, Maritime Medicine, NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Scurvy, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 2152

Kurze Beschreibung und Heilungsart der Krankheiten, welche am öftesten in dem Feldlager beobachtet werden.

Vienna, Prague & Triest: Joh. Thomas Trattnern, 1758.

An essay on diseases of military camps. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. English translation as A short account of the most comon diseases incident to armies. With the method of cure (London, 1762). Digital facsimile of the second edition in English, 1767 from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2153

Oeconomical and medical observations … tending to the improvement of military hospitals, and to the cure of camp diseases, incident to soldiers.

London: T. Becket & P. A. De Hondt, 1764.

The best book of the century regarding military sanitation.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2154

Chirurgie d’armée.

Paris: P. F. Didot le jeune, 1768.

One of the most important works on military surgery during the 18th century. Ravaton, a skilful army surgeon, was the first to employ a tin boot, suspended on four rings, for the “hanging” position of broken bones. He was also first to adopt the double-flap method in amputations.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2155

Plain, concise, practical remarks, on the treatment of wounds and fractures; to which is added an appendix, on camp and military hospitals; principally designed for the use of young military surgeons in North America.

New York: John Holt, 1775.

The first surgical work written by an American and printed in North America. Jones’s work was the accepted guide to surgical practice during the American Revolutionary War.



Subjects: American (U.S.) REVOLUTIONARY WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General
  • 2156

A discourse upon some late improvements of the means for preserving the health of mariners.

London: The Royal Society, 1776.

Besides his pioneer work in military medicine, Pringle did much to improve the conditions of sailors afloat. See also Nos. 2150 & 3714.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Navy, Maritime Medicine
  • 2157

Directions for preserving the health of soldiers: recommended to the consideration of the officers of the Army of the United States. Published by order of the Board of War.

Lancaster, PA: John Dunlap, 1778.

A reprint from the Philadelphia Packet, No. 284. The pamphlet was reprinted by the Massachusetts Temperance Alliance in Boston, 1865, for distribution to the Union soldiers.



Subjects: American (U.S.) REVOLUTIONARY WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2158
  • 3715

Observations on the diseases incident to seamen.

London: J. Cooper, 1785.

William Hunter recommended Blane as private physician to Admiral Rodney; Blane sailed with him to the W. Indies and became physician to the British Fleet. He was held in great esteem in the navy and was instrumental in effecting improvements in living conditions among seamen. He strongly supported Lind’s views on scurvy. In 1799 he made recommendations which formed the basis of the Quarantine Act of that year. Later he became physician to St. Thomas’s Hospital. With Lind he stands predominant in the history of naval medicine.

Although Blane added nothing to the knowledge on scurvy, he demonstrated the value of fresh lemons, limes, and oranges; through his influence the issue of lemon juice in the British Navy was ordered in 1795, after which scurvy soon disappeared. Blane’s extreme coldness of manner earned him the nickname “Chilblain”.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Navy, Maritime Medicine, NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Scurvy
  • 2158.1

Manuel du chirurgien-d’armée.

Paris: Méquignon, 1792.

One of Napoleon’s leading surgeons, Percy laid down his principles of the practice of military surgery in the same year he was appointed médecin consultant of the Army of the North. He devised his own instrument for bullet extraction, the tribulcon. He was responsible, with Larrey, for the invention of special ambulances and squads of litter-bearers, including a “super-ambulance” capable of carrying 8 surgeons, 8 attendants, and dressings for 1200.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Napoleon's Campaigns & Wars
  • 2159

Medicina nautica; an essay on the diseases of seamen. 3 vols.

London: T. Cadell, jun. & W. Davies (T. N. Longman and O. Rees), 17971803.

Trotter has left an excellent account of the conditions of seamen at the beginning of the 19th century. His book includes an interesting theory of the causation of fevers. He worked hard to improve the conditions of the ship’s medical officer and the seaman.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Navy, Maritime Medicine
  • 2159.1

Remarks on the management of the scalped-head.

Phil. med. surg. J., 2, pt.2, 27-30., 18051806.

Treatment for the quintessential American war injury suffered by troops and settlers alike on the American frontier.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 2160
  • 4442

Mémoires de chirurgie militaire, et campagnes. (Vol. 5 entitled Relation médicale de campagnes et voyages.) 5 vols.

Paris: J. Smith & J.-B. Baillière, 18121817, 1841.

Larrey was the greatest military surgeon in history. Of him Napoleon said: “C’est l’homme le plus vertueux que j’ai connu”. He was present at all Napoleon’s great battles and one of the few who stood by him on his abdication, and was waiting for him on his return in 1815. Larrey was one of the first to amputate at the hip-joint; he described the operation in vol. 2, pp. 180-95, reporting at least two successful cases. He was the first to describe the therapeutic effect of maggots on wounds, gave the first description of “trench foot”, invented the “ambulante volonte”, used advanced first-aid posts on the battlefield, and devised several new operations. He was familiar with the stomach tube, with débridement, and with the infectious nature of granular conjunctivitis (trachoma). He was a kindly man, who devoted much of his life to the well-being of the soldiers, among whom not even Napoleon commanded more love and respect. Larrey states on page 1 of vol. 5, published 24 years after vol. 4, that he intended it to complete his campaign memoirs. Vol. 5 includes his account of the Battle of Waterloo and Napoleon’s exile.

English translation with notes by Richard Willmott Hall of vols. 1-3 in 2 vols. as Memoirs of military surgery and campaigns of the French armies, on the Rhine, in Corsica, Catalonia, Egypt and Syria; at Boulogne, Ulm and Austerlitz; in Saxony, Prussia, Poland, Spain, and Austria. Baltimore, 1814. English translation of vol. 4 by John C. Mercer, as Surgical memoirs of the campaigns of Russia, Germany, and France. Philadelphia, 1832.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Napoleon's Campaigns & Wars, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis › Trachoma, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections, THERAPEUTICS › Maggots
  • 2161

On gun-shot wounds of the extremities, requiring the different operations of amputation, with their after treatment.

London: Longman, 1815.

Guthrie was the leading British military surgeon during the first half of the 19th century. He served in the Napoleonic Wars; his book is one of the most important in the history of the subject.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Napoleon's Campaigns & Wars
  • 2161.1

Medical sketches of the campaigns of 1812, 13, 14. To which are added, surgical cases, observations on military hospitals; and flying hospitals attached to a moving army.

Dedham, MA: H. Mann, 1816.

The primary record of medicine during the War of 1812.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Northeast, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2162

Observations on some important points in the practice of military surgery.

Edinburgh: A. Constable & Co., 1818.

“A valuable surgical record of the Napoleonic period” (Garrison).



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Napoleon's Campaigns & Wars
  • 2162.1

Medical topography of Upper Canada.

London: Burgess & Hill, 1819.

The only book on the War of 1812 by a British or Canadian surgeon, and the first medical book on the Province of Ontario, Canada. This and the work of Mann (No. 2161.1) are the only books on medicine in the War of 1812. Reprint with introduction by C.G. Roland, 1985.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2163

Traité théorique et pratique des blessures par armes de guerre. 2 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1834.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2163.1
UNITED STATES. War Dept. Surgeon General's Office

Statistical report on the sickness and mortality in the Army of the United States. Vol. 1 (1819-1839), Vol. 2 (1839-1855), Vol. 3 (1855-1860).

Washington, DC, 18401856, 1860.

Vol.1 by Thomas Lawson; Vols 2 & 3 by Richard H. Coolidge. Digital facsimiles from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2164

Maximen der Kriegsheilkunst.

Hannover: Hahn, 1855.

A landmark in military surgery, written by the founder of modern military surgery in Germany. Stromeyer, surgeon-general to the army of Hanover, is also notable for his important contributions to orthopedics. See Nos. 4320-21.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2165
GREAT BRITAIN. War Office. Medical Services

Medical and surgical history of the British Army which served in Turkey and the Crimea during the war against Russia, in the years 1854-56. 2 vols.

London: Harrison & Sons, 1858.

First official medical and surgical history of a war.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Turkey, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Crimean War
  • 2166

Un souvenir de Solferino.

Geneva: J. G. Fick, 1862.

Dunant’s account of the great sufferings endured by the wounded at Solferino inspired the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 1863, and resulted in the Geneva Convention of 1864. In 1901 Dunant was awarded the first Nobel Peace Prize. English translations, Washington, 1939 and London, 1947. Digital facsimile of the 1862 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link. Dunant took the unusual step of having "Ne se vend pas" (Not for sale) printed on the title page of the first edition. Presumably he distributed the first 400 copies free of charge. BnF, En français dans le texte (1990) No. 284 notes that only 400 of the 1600 copies originally printed were issued with the first edition title page in 1862; later in 1862 Dunant had the remaining copies reissued with a cancel title page indicating that they represented a second edition. Altogether 7 editions were issued in French during Dunant's lifetime.



Subjects: Global Health, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2166.1

Notes on arrow wounds.

Am. J. med. Sci., 154, 365-87, 1862.

The definitive work on American Indian arrow wounds suffered by U. S. troops and settlers in frontier warfare during the Western expansion of the United States. Bill eventually developed a "Forceps for the Extraction of Arrow-Heads," which he illustrated and described in Medical Record 1876, 11, 245. Digital facsimile of Bill's 1862 paper from Google Books at this link. Digital facsimile of vol. 11 of Medical Record in which Bill's follow-up note appears from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American West, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Forceps, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 2167
  • 4544

Gunshot wounds and other injuries of nerves.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1864.

Mitchell, Morehouse, and Keen were army surgeons during the American Civil War; their book was the first exhaustive study of the traumatic neuroses. Includes the first description of ascending neuritis, and also of the treatment of neuritis by cold and splint rests. Reprinted, San Francisco: Norman Publishing, 1989. 



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, NEUROLOGY
  • 2168

Der erste Verband auf dem Schlachtfelde.

Kiel: Schwers, 1869.

Esmarch introduced the first-aid bandage on the battlefield.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2169

Kriegschirurgische Beiträge aus dem Jahre 1866.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): Maruschke & Berendt, 1870.

A surgical history of the Seven Weeks War between Germany and Austria. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2170

A method of antiseptic treatment applicable to wounded soldiers in the present war.

Brit. med. J., 2, 243-44., 1870.

In 1870, for the first time on the battlefield, French and German army surgeons applied antiseptic methods in the management of wounds. Lister published the above short paper describing the simplest method he could devise to use carbolic as an antiseptic.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 2171
  • 5185
UNITED STATES. War Dept. Surgeon General

The medical and surgical history of the War of the Rebellion, 1861-65. 6 vols.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 18701888.

Written by Woodward, Smart, Otis, and Huntington under the direction of Joseph K. Barnes, Surgeon General of the Army. This massive, graphically illustrated set has been called the “first comprehensive American medical book”. It is one of the most remarkable works ever published on military medicine. An index of operators and reporters appears at the end of the third surgical volume. This index makes it possible to look up any surgeon, and find the patients he treated. 

Woodward published an account of diarrhoea and dysentery in Pt.2, Vol. 1 (1879) pp. 1-869. Garrison considered this the greatest single monograph on dysentery. Woodward saw the Lösch amoeba, but without recognizing its significance.

Appendix to Part I, Containing Reports of Medical Directors, and Other Documents includes on pp. 92-104, LXXXII. Extracts from a Report of the Operations of the Medical Department of the Army of the Potomac from July 4th to December 31st, 1862. By JONATHAN LETTERMAN, Surgeon, U. S. Army, Medical Director of the Army of the Potomac. (Digital text of Letterman's report is available from U.S. Army Medical Department Office of Medical History at this link.

 

 



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Civil War Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Amoebiasis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Bacillary Dysentery, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Dysentery, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2172

Ueber Lazarette und Barracken.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 8, 109-11, 121-24, 133-35, 157-59, 1871.

On the best way of setting up military hospitals to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. For English translation see No. 1617 (note).



Subjects: HOSPITALS, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2173

Beiträge zur pathologischen Anatomie der Schusswunden.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1872.

Klebs filtered the discharges from gunshot wounds, found the filtrate to be non-infectious, and from that reasoned that traumatic septicemia is of bacterial origin. He was the first to filter bacteria and to experiment with the filtrate.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 2174

Chirurgische Beobachtungen aus dem Kriege.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1874.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2175

Traité des maladies et épidémies des armées.

Paris: G. Masson, 1875.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 2176

Ueber primäres Debridement der Schusswunden.

Trans. 7th Int. Med. Congr., London, 2, 587-97., 1881.

Reyher, a Russian surgeon, reintroduced débridement and made a controlled study of its value in contaminated gunshot wounds during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877. See No. 2177.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 2177

Treatment of gunshot wounds by excision and primary suture.

Brit. med. J., 2, 317, 1915.

Gray revived débridement of wounds, with primary suture. This procedure has been traditionally credited to Larrey and Desault. Larrey (No. 2160) employed excision and primary suture only for treatment of wounds of the mouth which might otherwise result in a salivary fistula. However, Larrey, and his predecessor, Desault, “both treated extremity wounds by incision, as needed, to relieve tissue tension and establish free wound drainage, not by wound excision and primary suture” (Fackler).



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War I, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 2178
GREAT BRITAIN. War Office. Medical Services

History of the Great War Medical Services. Edited by William Grant MacPherson. 12 vols.

London: H. M. Stationery Office, 19211929.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War I
  • 2179
UNITED STATES. War Dept. Surgeon General

The medical department of the U.S. Army in the First World War. Prepared under the direction of Merritte W. Ireland. Editor-in-chief: Col. Charles Lynch. 15 vols. in 17.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 19211929.

pt. 1. Demobilization, 1919, by C.B. Davenport and A.G. Love. 1921. pt. 2. Medical and casualty statistics based on the medical records of the United States Army, April 1, 1917, to December 31, 1919, inclusive, by A.G. Love. 1925. vol. XII. Pathology of the acute respiratory diseases, and of gas gangrene following war wounds, by G.R. Callender and J.F. Coupal. 1929- vol. XIII. pt. 1. Physical reconstruction and vocational education, by A.G. Crane. pt. 2. The Army nurse corps, by Julia C. Stimson. 1927- vol. XIV. Medical aspects of gas warfare, by W.D. Bancroft, H.C. Bradley [and others] 1926.- vol. XV. Statistics, pt. 1. Army anthropology, based on observations made on draft recruits, 1917-1918, and on veterans at J.D. Eby; opthalmology (United States), by G.E. De Schweinitz; opthalmology (American expeditionary forces), by Allan Greenwood; otolaryngology (United States), by S.J. Morris; otolaryngology (American expeditionary forces), by J.F. McKernon. 1924.-vol. VII. Training, by W.N. Bispham. 1927. - vol. VIII. Field operations, by Charles Lynch. J.H. Ford, F.W. Weed. 1925.- vol. IX. Communicable and other diseases, by J.F.Siler. 1928.- vol. X. Neuropsychiatry in the United States, by Pearce Bailey, F.E. Williams, P.O. Komora; in the American expeditionary forces, by T.W. Salmon, Norman Fenton. 1929.- vol. XI. Surgery, pt. 1. General surgery, orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery. 1927. pt. 2. Empyema, by E.K. Dunham; maxillofacial surgery, by R.H. Ivy and
Editor-in-chief: Col.Charles Lynch.

 

The text of the complete set is available from the U.S.Army Medical Department, Office of Medical History at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War I
  • 2180
GREAT BRITAIN

History of the Second World War. Medical series. 13 vols.

London: H. M. Stationery Office, 19521962.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War II
  • 2180.1
UNITED STATES ARMY MEDICAL SERVICE

The Medical Department of the United States Army in World War II. 30 vols. in 33.

Washington, DC: Office of the Surgeon General, 19521968.

Since 1968 this series of unnumbered volumes or multi-volume sets devoted to particular subjects has continued under the name of U.S. Army Medical Department



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War II
  • 2181

Historische Studien über die Beurtheilung und Behandlung der Schusswunden vom fünfzehnten Jahrhundert bis auf die neueste Zeit.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1859.

English translation in Yale J. Biol. Med., 1931, 4, 16-36, 119-48, 225-57; reprinted in book form, New Haven, 1933.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2182

Grundriss einer Geschichte der Kriegschirurgie.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1901.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2183

Die Verwundeten in den Kriegen der alten Eidgenossenschaft.

I. Beitr. klin. Chir., , 37, 1-174, 1903.

History of the care of the wounded during the Wars of the Swiss Confederation. Brunner shows that the Swiss were the first nation in Europe to organize state care of the wounded. Part 2 of the above work was published in book form, Tübingen, 1903.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Switzerland, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2184

Chirurgiens et blessés à travers l’histoire.

Paris: A. Michel, 1918.

In this well-illustrated book Cabanès deals exhaustively with the transportation and surgical treatment of the wounded.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2185

Notes on the history of military medicine.

Washington, DC: Assoc. Mil. Surg., 1922.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2186

A history of the Medical Department of the United States Army.

Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1929.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2187

A short history of nautical medicine.

New York: Paul B. Hoeber, 1941.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2187.1

Doctors in blue. The medical history of the Union Army in the [United States] civil war.

New York: Henry Schuman, 1952.


Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Civil War Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2188

Medicine and the navy, 1200-1900. 4 vols.

Edinburgh: E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., 19571963.

Vols. 3-4 by C. Lloyd and J. L. S. Coulter.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2188.1

Doctors in gray: the Confederate Medical Service.

Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1958.


Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Civil War Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2188.2

Naval and maritime medicine during the American revolution.

Ventnor, NJ: Ventnor Publishers, 1978.


Subjects: American (U.S.) REVOLUTIONARY WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Revolutionary War Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2188.3

The [United States] Army Medical Department, 1775-1818.

Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 1981.


Subjects: American (U.S.) REVOLUTIONARY WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Revolutionary War Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2188.4

The Army Medical Department, 1818-1865.

Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 1987.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Civil War Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine
  • 2189

Galen on medical experience. First edition of the Arabic version with English translation and notes, by R. Walzer.

London: Oxford University Press, 1944.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire
  • 2190

De sermonum proprietate sive Opus de universo.

Strassburg, Austria: Adolf Rusch, 1467.

Also known as De rerum naturis. This dictionary or encyclopedia is the earliest known printed book to include a section dealing with medicine, and this brief section, Book 18, Chap. V concerning medicine and diseases, and other sections in the work on animals, plants, and minerals may be the first, or among the very first, printed texts on scientific subjects. Maurus's compilation may be considered either a dictionary or encyclopedia; it was the first of all printed encyclopedias. The book was printed by Rusch, the “R” printer. Authorities have dated the book before July 20, 1467 because  the first roman type used was thought to be the earliest Roman type ever cast. For an interesting paper on the book, including a translation of the chapter dealing with medicine, see E. C. Jessup, Ann. med. Hist., 1934, n.s., 6, 35-41. More recently it has been suggested that the book might have been printed between 1473 and 1475. ISTC No. ir00001000. For more details see the entry at HistoryofInformation.com at this link. Translated into English by Patricia Throop as Hrabanus Maurus, De universo: The Peculiar properties of words and their mystical significance, 2 vols. (Charlotte VT, 2009).



Subjects: BOTANY, Dictionaries, Biomedical › Lexicography, Biomedical, Encyclopedias, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Germany, Medicine: General Works, Medieval Zoology
  • 2191

Rosa anglica practica medicinae. Ed: Nicolaus Scyllacius.

Pavia: Franciscus Girardengus & Johannes Antonius Birreta, 1492.

The first printed medical book of an Englishman. John of Gaddesden was a prebendary of St. Paul’s Cathedral and physician to Edward II. The work, to quote Garrison, “consists mainly of Arabist quackeries and countryside superstitions”; it was compiled about 1314. For information regarding the various printed editions, see the article by Dock in Janus (Amsterdam), 1907, 51, 425. See also H. P. Cholmeley, John of Gaddesden and the Rosa medicinae, Oxford, 1912. ISTC No. ij00326000.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England, Medicine: General Works, Quackery
  • 2192

Opera medica, sive Practica cum textu noni ad Almansorem.

Milan: Philippus de Lavagnia, 1472.

A commentary on Rhazes with notes and additions. For bibliographical and other details regarding this, the first large medical book to be printed, see the essay by Arnold C. Klebs in: Essays on the history of medicine presented to Karl Sudhoff on his seventieth birthday, 1923, London, 1924. ISTC No. if00119000.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Persian Islamic Medicine
  • 2193
DE FEBRIBUS

De febribus opus sane aureum, non magis utile, quam rei medicae profitentibus necessarium. In quo trium sectarum clarissimi medici habentur, qui de hac re egerunt: Nempe Gaeci, Arabes, atque Latini, quorum nomina versa pagina indicabit.

Venice: apud Gratiosum Perchacinum, expensis Gasparis Bindoni, 1576.

An anthology of selected writings on fevers by Greek, Arab and Latin authors, including Hippocrates, Galen, Paul of Aegina, Alexander of Tralles, Aetius, Oribasius, Nonus, Actuarius, Avicenna, Rhazes, Avenzoar, Averroës, Isaac Judaeus, Serapion, Haly Abbas, Celsus, Serenus, Pliny, Gariopontus, Constantinus Africanus, Gordon, Peter of Abano, Arnold of Villanova, Nicolaus Nicolus, and the medical writings attributed to Philonius. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE, Compilations and Anthologies of Medicine, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE
  • 2194

De praesagienda vita et morte aegrotantium.

Venice: M. Sessa, 1601.

A classical work on prognosis. English translation, London, 1746.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 2195

Praxeos seu de cognoscendis, praedicendis, praecavendis, curandisque affectibus homini incommodantibus. 2 vols.

Basel: C. Waldkirch, 16021603.

The first attempt at a classification of diseases according to symptoms. Over a period of 50 years Platter dissected more than 300 bodies and made many observations of value to pathological anatomy.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works, PATHOLOGY
  • 2196

De febribus libri iv. Accessit ad calcem; ejusdem de dysenteria tractatus.

Lyon: J. Lautret, 1627.

An important monograph on fevers.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, Medicine: General Works
  • 2197

Praxeos medicae idea nova. 4 vols.

Leiden & The Hague: apud viduam J. Le Carpentier, 16711674.

Sylvius was a supporter of the Iatrochemical School. At Leiden he established the first university chemical laboratory in Europe. His extensive treatise on the diseases of children was first published as volume 4 of this set as De Morbis infantum et aliis quibusdam memoratu dignis affectibus. Editus cura Justi Schraderi (1674). In that work Sylvius expressed his ideas about gastro-intestinal acidity as the cause of infantile disease.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works, PEDIATRICS
  • 2198
  • 5075
  • 5441.1

Observationes medicae circa morborum acutorum historiamet curationem.

London: G. Kettilby, 1676.

Sydenham recorded significant observations on dysentery, scarlet fever (p. 387), scarlatina, measles and other conditions. He stressed the clinical study of medicine and kept careful case records. Includes (pp. 272-80) the most minute and careful description of measles that had so far appeared; this is reprinted in Med. Classics, 1939, 4, 313-19.

English translation in No. 64 and prior English editions. The above book is really a third edition of his Methodus curandi febres, 1666; second edition, 1668. The Latin texts of both editions of Methodus curandi were reprinted, with Latham’s translation, an introduction and notes by G.G. Meynell, Folkstone, Winterdoum Books, 1987.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Dysentery, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Measles, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Scarlet Fever, Medicine: General Works
  • 2199

Aphorismi de cognoscendis et curandis morbis.

Leiden: J. van der Linden, 1709.

The Aphorisms represent one of Boerhaave’s best  and most influential works. English translation, 1715.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 2199.1

The angel of Bethesda [1724] edited, with introduction and notes by Gordon W. Jones.

Barre, MA: American Antiquarian Society & Barre Publishers, 1972.

The only large systematic compilation of medical knowledge prepared in the Thirteen Colonies before the American revolution. The manuscript, which Mather finished in 1724, remained unpublished in the American Antiquarian Society until the above edition.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Northeast, Ethics, Biomedical, Medicine: General Works