An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15426 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 20, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 5800–5899

121 entries
  • 5800

Geschichte der Chirurgie und ihrer Ausübung. Volkschirugie - Alterthum - Mittelalter - Renaissance. 3 vols.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1898.

A history of surgery to the end of the 16th century. Includes translations from the literature and illustrations of instruments. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5801

Hundert Jahre Chirurgie.

Verh. Ges. dtsch. Naturf. Aerzte, 70, 1 Heft, 38-60, 1898.

History of 18th-century German surgery.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Germany, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5802

Chirurgisches aus der Völkerkunde.

Leipzig: B. Konegen, 1902.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5803
  • 6400

The historical relations of medicine and surgery to the end of the sixteenth century.

London: Macmillan, 1905.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5804

Geschichte der Chirurgie. In. T. PUSCHMANN’S Handbuch der Geschichte der Medizin, 3, 1-306.

Jena, 1905.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5805

The evolution of American surgery. IN: American practice of surgery, Edited by J.D. Bryant and A.H. Buck, 2, 1-67.

New York, 1906.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5806

Surgical instruments in Greek and Roman times.

Aberdeen & London: Clarendon Press, 1907.

Reprinted, N.Y., 1970.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5807

Histoire de la chirurgie française (1790-1920).

Paris: Masson & Cie, 1934.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5808

The romance of proctology, which is the story of the history and development of this much neglected branch of surgery.

Youngstown, OH: Medical Success Press, 1938.


Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery › History of Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 5811

The history and evolution of surgical instruments.

New York: Schuman, 1942.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation
  • 5812

History of surgery

New York: Froben Press, 1943.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813

Meister der Chirurgie und die Chirurgenschulen im Deutschen Raum.

Stuttgart: G. Thieme, 1951.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Germany, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.1

Milestones in modern surgery.

New York: Hoeber-Harper, 1958.

Each chapter contains prefatory comments, a short biography of each main builder of the particular milestone (with portrait), and his surgical contribution reprinted or translated in full.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.10
  • 6485.6

The healing hand: Man and wound in the ancient world.

Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1975.

Emphasizing surgery, this is an exceptionally imaginative and exquisitely designed and illustrated history of medicine in ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, and China.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › History of Ancient Medicine & Biology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Greece , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Italy, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.11

The rise of surgery from empiric craft to scientific discipline.

Minneapolis,MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1978.

Not a systematic history but an assessment of those technical factors that contributed to or retarded the advance of surgery.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 2682.53
  • 5813.12

Antique medical instruments

Berkeley, CA: University of California Press & London: Sotheby Parke Bernet, 1979.

Well-illustrated work coving the history of medical and surgical instruments from the Middle Ages to 1870, with emphasis on pre-19th century material. Includes useful information on instrument makers.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation
  • 5813.13

Surgery in America. From the colonial era to the twentieth century. Second edition.

New York: Praeger, 1983.

Well-chosen readings from original published sources, with informative commentary.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.14
  • 6596.62

The history of surgery in the United States 1775-1900. Vol. 1: Textbooks, monographs and treatises. Vol. 2: Periodicals and pamphlets.

San Francisco, CA: Norman Publishing, 19881992.

The most comprehensive annotated bibliographies of American surgical literature to 1900. Includes separate bibliographies for general surgery, ophthalmology, oto-rhino-laryngology, orthopedic surgery, gynaecology, urology, colon–rectal surgery, and neurological surgery.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.15

A century of black surgeons. The U.S.A. experience. 2 vols.,

Norman, OK: Transcript Press, 1987.


Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY › History of African Americans & Medicine & Biology, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.2

The surgeon’s glove.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1960.

Contains an extensive bibliography.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.3

Great ideas in the history of surgery.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1961.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.4

The story of wound healing and wound repair.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1963.

See No. 3659.1.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 5813.5

A short history of surgical dressings.

London: Pharmaceutical Press, 1964.

Based on material collected by James Rawling Elliott (1905-1958).



Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.6

A history of the acute abdomen.

London: Oxford University Press, 1965.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.7

Mille ans de chirurgie en occident: Ve-XVe siècles.

Paris: Roger Dacosta, 1966.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5813.8

La chirurgie moderne. Ses debuts en Occident: XVIe-XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles.

Paris: Editions Dacosta, 1968.

  • 5813.9

The development of modern surgery.

London: Arthur Barker, 1967.

  • 33
  • 5814
  • 6137

Bιβλίων ὶαтριкω̂ν тομος ά. Librorum medicinalium tomus primus, primi scilicet libri octo nunc primum in lucem editi.

Venice: in aedibus haeredum Aldi Manutii et Andreae Asulani, 1534.

First printed edition in the original Greek of the first half of the Tetrabiblion,  issued in Venice by the heirs of Aldus Manutius. In the Tetrabiblion Aetius collected together works of other men which might have been forgotten but for him. Among them are Rufus of Ephesus, Antyllus, Leonides, Soranus, and Philumenus. This work also includes Aetius’s own original work on the treatment of aneurysm by ligation of the brachial artery above the sac. Aetius also left an exhaustive treatise on diseases of the eye. Although he did not describe cataract, he was familiar with 61 different affections of the eye. Most of his work consists of compilations of earlier writers, but he recorded his own observations on ophthalmic therapeutics. Julius Hirschberg translated the section of Aëtius's text on ophthalmology into German, Berlin, 1899. This was translated into English by Richey L. Waugh as The ophthalmology of Aëtius of Amida. Digital facsimile of the 1534 edition from BIUSanté, Paris at this link. The standard Greek edition of books 1-8 is A. Olivieri, Corpus Medicorum Graecorum VIII, 1-2, Berlin, 1935-50. 

 

 



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, BYZANTINE MEDICINE, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, VASCULAR SURGERY
  • 5814.1

The book of the ten treatises on the eye ascribed to Hunain Ibn Is-hâq. The earliest existing systematic text-book of ophthalmology. The Arabic text from the only two known manuscripts, with an English translation and glossary by Max Meyerhof.

Cairo: Government Press, 1928.

The earliest extant systematic textbook of ophthalmology. The Arabs were the first to make a specialty of ophthalmology.



Subjects: ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5815

Memorandum book of a tenth-century oculist for the use of modern ophthalmologists. A translation of the Tadhkirat.

Chicago, IL: Northwestern University, 1936.

The Tadhkirat al-Kahhalin was one of the oldest and best of the medieval Arabic works on ophthalmology. It carefully described 130 diseases of the eye and became the standard work on the subject in the Middle East. German translation, 1904.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5815.1

(Al-morchid fi'l-kohhl) ou, Le guide d'oculistique: Ouvrage inédit de l'oculiste arabe-espagnol, Mohammad ibn Qassoum ibn Aslam al-Ghafiqi (XIIe siècle); traduction des parties ophtalmologiques d’après le manuscrit conservé à la bibliothèque de l’Escurial par Max Meyerhof.

Barcelona: Laboratoires du Nord de I’Espagne, 1933.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5816

De oculis eorumque egritudinibus et curis.

Ferrara: Severinus Ferrariensis, 1474.

The earliest printed book on ophthalmology. Grassi was the most celebrated ophthalmic surgeon of the Middle Ages. English translation by Casey A. Wood, 1929. ISTC No. ig00352000.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 3573.1
  • 5816.1

Die Handschrift des Schnitt- und Augenarztes Caspar Stromayr in Lindau im Bodensee: In der Lindauer Handschrift (P.1.46) vom 4. Juli 1559. Mit einer historischen Einführung und Wertung von Walter von Brunn.

Berlin: Idra, 1925.

Stroymayr's manuscript was discovered in Lindau in 1909, and remained unpublished until the above edition, which reproduced his drawings in color. Like Bartisch (No. 5817) Stromayr specialized in hernia repair and eye surgery; he was advanced in his concept of hernia. His unique manuscript contains 186 large colored paintings of surgical instruments and procedures. The portrait-like illustrations of eye diseases at the end of this work bear a striking resemblance to the woodcuts in Bartisch. 



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Surgical Instruments, OPHTHALMOLOGY , SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 5817

̓Oφθαλμоδоύλεια das ist, Augendienst.

Dresden: Matthes Stöckel, 1583.

In this treatise on ophthalmic surgery Bartisch, who limited his practice to ophthalmology and hernia repair, left the first extensively illustrated account of any surgical specialty. Bartisch was a skilful operator and the first to practice the extirpation of the bulbus in cancer of the eye. The illustrations in his book form a comprehensive pictorial record of Renaissance eye-surgery; some of the woodcuts show the parts of the eye in various layers as they are viewed in dissection by means of movable anatomical flaps. This is one of the earliest uses of movable flaps to illustrate a medical book. Facsimile reprints, Folkstone, 1966, and Hannover, 1983.

A second edition of Bartisch's book, published in reduced format (quarto rather than the small folio of the first edition) was issued in Nuremberg, 1686, suggesting that the science may not advanced much in 100 years. The second edition is scarcer than the first.
English translation of the first edition by Donald L. Blanchard, reproducing all the woodcuts in color from a hand-colored copy, entitled Ophthalmodouleia. That is the service of the eyes (Ostende: Wayenborgh, 1996).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures, Renaissance Medicine, SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 5818

Traité des maladies de l’oeil.

Paris: Charles Massé, 1585.

The first French work on ophthalmology. Guillemeau was a pupil and son-in-law of Ambroise Paré; his book was an epitome of the existing knowledge on the subject, chiefly from Greek and Arabian sources. English translation, London, [1587?]. See also No. 5820.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5819

A briefe treatise touching the preseruation of the eie sight.

London: R. Waldegrave, 1586.

This is the first separate work on ophthalmology printed in England.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5820

A treatise of one hundred and thirteene diseases of the eyes.

London: F. Kynaston for T. Man, 1622.

Although much of this is a translation of Guillemeau (No. 5818), the first 112 pages are Banister’s own work, “Banister’s Breviary”. He was an itinerant but honest oculist, the first to point out that hardness of the eyeball is an essential diagnostic sign of glaucoma.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5821

Uso del los antojos para todo genero de vistas, en que se enseña a conocer los grados que a cada uno le faltan de su vista, y los que tienen qualesquier antojos.

Seville: Diego Perez, 1623.

The earliest scientific work dealing with spectacles. It includes sight testing tables and points out the value of convex lenses after cataract operations. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

English translation by Paul E. Runge as The use of eyeglasses. Oostende: Wayenborgh, 2004.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract, Optometry › Spectacles
  • 5821.1

Dissertationes anatomicae methodo synthetica exaratae…

Nuremberg: Endter, 1656.

Rolfinck was the first to demonstrate the location of cataract in the lens.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5822

Two remarkable cases relating to vision.

Phil. Trans., 14, 561-65, London, 1684.

Includes the first known description of nyctalopia.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5823

Propempticon inaugurale, De fistula lacrimali. Published as addendum to: LANGE, ERNST CHRISTIAN. Disputatio inauguralis medica de affectibus oculorum in genere… sub praesidio… Stahl.

Halle: Henckel, 1702.

Stahl was the first to treat lacrimal fistula on the basis of correct anatomical understanding. He described his treatment in an addendum to the thesis on eye disease of his student, Lange.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5824

Traité des maladies de l’oeil

Troyes: J. le Febure, 1707.

Called “the Father of French ophthalmology”, Maître-Jan energetically supported Brisseau’s doctrine, ensuring its acceptance. As far back as 1692, Maître-Jan had proved that the opaque lens is cataract, but before Brisseau’s work appeared it had been regarded as a sort of skin or pellicle immediately inside the capsule of the lens.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5825

Traité de la cataracte et du glaucoma.

Paris: L. d’Houty, 1709.

Brisseau was the first to demonstrate the true nature and location of cataract. His book was reprinted in facsimile, 1921.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5826

Observation singulière sur la fistule lacrimale, dans la quelle l’on verrà, que la matière des fistules lacrimales s’evacuë très souvent par les points lacrimaux; en même tems l’on apprendrà la methode de les guérir radicalement, etc.

Turin: P. J. Zappatte, 1713.

Lacrimal duct catheterized for the first time. See No. 5823. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5827

Nouveau traité des maladies des yeux.

Paris: Pierre Augustin Le Mercier, 1722.

Records the removal of a cataract “en masse” from a living subject. English edition, 1741. Digital facsimile of the 1722 edition from Biu Santé at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5828

An account of some observations made by a young gentleman who was born blind, or lost his sight so early, that he had no remembrance of ever having seen, and was couch’d between 13 and 14 yrs. of age.

Phil. Trans., (1727-28), 35, 447-52, 1729.

The versatile Cheselden made an artificial pupil in an eye in which the products of inflammation had closed or obscured the natural pupil. This iridotomy operation was, next to Daviel’s cataract operation, the most important contribution to ophthalmology during the 18th century.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5829

Sur une nouvelle méthode de guérir la cataracte par l’extraction du cristalin.

Mém. Acad. roy. Chir. (Paris), 2, 337-54, 1753.

Daviel originated the modern method of treating cataract by extraction of the lens. By the time he made this official scientific report to the Academy of Surgery, Daviel had already tested his method on 206 cases, with success in 182. See D.B. Weiner, "An 18th century battle for priority: Jacques Daviel (1693-1762) and the extraction of cataracts," J. Hist. Med. All. Sci., 41 (1986) 129-55.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5831

Of the night-blindness or nyctalopia.

Med. Trans. Coll. Phys. Lond., 1, 60-63, 1768.

A classic description of nyctalopia. Report of a single case.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5832

An account of persons who could not distinguish colours.

Phil. Trans., 67, 260-65, 1777.

First reliable record of color blindness. Written in the form of a letter to Joseph Priestley, who communicated it to the Royal Society. Huddart was a British hydrographer, engineer and inventor.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 5833

Essai sur l’éducation des aveugles, ou exposé des différens moyens, vérifiés par l'expérience, pour les mettre en état de lire, à l'aide du tact, d'imprimer des livres dans lesquels ils puissent prendre des connoissances, de langues, d'histoire, de géographie, de musique, &c., d'exécuter différens travaux relatifs aux métiers, &c.

Paris: Imprimé par les Enfans-Aveugles, 1786.

Haüy founded the first school for the blind. To him belongs the honor of being the first to emboss paper as a means of creating raised type that could be read by the blind. His Essai originated modern methods of teaching and caring for blind persons. English translation by the celebrated blind poet, Thomas Blacklock (1721-91), who lost his sight at the age of 6 months, in Poems by the late Reverend Dr. Thomas Blacklock, together with an essay on the education of the blind. To which is prefixed a new account of the life and writings of the author, Edinburgh, 1793. Digital facsimile of the 1786 edition from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Blind Education
  • 5833.1

Précis ou cours d’ opérations sur la chirurgie des yeux. 2 vols.,

Paris: Didot, 17891790.

The first separate book on ophthalmic surgery.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5833.2

Praktische Beobachtungen über verschiedene, vorzüglich aber über jene Augenkrankheiten, welche aus allgemeinen Krankheiten des Körpers entspringen.

Vienna: F. J. Kaiserer, 1791.

“This is the first monograph ever published dealing with ocular signs of systemic disease. It deals with lacrimal fistulas, trichiasis, adhesions of the lids, lid ulcers, ephiphora, and ocular inflammations. He illustrates through anecdotal cases the ocular changes caused by smallpox, measles, venereal afflictions, gouty and rheumatic diseases, scrofula, and dietary deficiencies” (D.M. Albert).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Measles, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mycosis › Scrofula (Mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Smallpox , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, RHEUMATOLOGY › Gout (Podagra)
  • 5834

Extraordinary facts relating to the vision of colours.

Mem. lit. phil. Soc. Manch., 5 pt. 1, 28-45., 1798.

First scientific description of color-blindness, or “Daltonism”. Dalton himself suffered from red–green blindness. His paper was read to the Society in 1794.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 5834.1

Ophthalmologische Beobachtungen und Untersuchungen oder Beyträge zur richtigen Kenntniss und Behandlung der Augen im gesunden und kranken Zustande. Erstes Stück.

Bremen: F. Wilmans, 1801.

Himly used hyoscyamine to dilate the pupil to facilitate removal of the lens. (p. 97).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5835

Saggio di osservazioni e d’esperienze sulle principali malattie degli occhi.

Pavia: B. Comino, 1801.

This beautifully illustrated work was the first textbook on the subject to be published in the Italian language. Its author has been called “the father of Italian ophthalmology”. English translation, London, 1806.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5836

Ueber Nachstaar und Iritis nach Staaroperationen.

Abhandl. k. k. med.-chir. Josephs-Acad. Wien, 2, 209-92., 1801.

Inflammation of the iris was named iritis by Schmidt. In 1801, with Himly, he founded the first journal devoted to ophthalmology, the Ophthalmologische Bibliothek. Digital facsimile of Schmidt's 1801 work from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5837

Mémoire sur l’ophtalmie régnante en Egypte.

Cairo: Imprimerie nationale, 18001801.

The great military surgeon Larrey served during the Napoleonic campaign in Egypt, where he was the first to observe the contagiousness of trachoma shortly after the successful invasion in 1798. The disease spread to Europe under the name of “military ophthalmia” or “Egyptian ophthalmia”. This pamphlet was printed at Napoleon's press in Cairo, the first printing press established in Egypt. Reprinted in Larrey’s, Rélation historique et chirurgicale de I’expedition de l'Armée d’Orient, Paris, 1803.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Egypt, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Trachoma, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Napoleon's Campaigns & Wars, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis › Trachoma, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 5838

Ueber die Krankheiten des Thränenorgans.

Vienna: J. Geissinger, 1803.

Schmidt was Professor of Ophthalmology at Vienna. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5839

An account of the ophthalmia which has appeared in England since the return of the British Army from Egypt.

London: Longman, 1807.

Vetch described trachoma.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Trachoma, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis › Trachoma, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 5840

Essays on the morbid anatomy of the human eye. 2 vols.

Edinburgh: G. Ramsay & Co, 18081818.

Wardrop was the first to classify the various inflammations of the eye according to the structures attacked. He was also the first to use the term “keratitis”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5841

Prüfung der Keratonyxis, einer neuen Methode den grauen Staar durch die Homhaut zu recliniren oder zu zerstückeln.

Göttingen: J. F. Danckwerts, 1811.

Langenbeck’s operation of iridencleisis for construction of artificial pupil. He was Professor of Anatomy and Surgery at Göttingen.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5842

Lehre von den Augenkrankheiten. 2 vols.

Vienna: Camesina; Heubner & Volke, 18131817.

Beer is remembered for his textbook; the doctrines in it dominated practice for many years. He described the symptoms of glaucoma and noted the luminosity of the fundus in aniridia. He also presented for the first time the general principles of treating post-traumatic inflammations, including penetrating and perforating injuries as well as injuries to the orbit. He describes the first use of the loupe for the examination of the living eye. The plates in this work were both hand-colored and signed by Beer. He was a distinguished iridectomist. Many of his pupils became famous ophthalmic surgeons. Beer opened the first known eye hospital, in 1786, in Vienna. English translation, Glasgow, 1821.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5842.1

Traité des maladies des yeux. 3 vols. and atlas.

Paris: L’Auteur et Crochard, 1818.

Includes the first description of glaucoma in which heightened intraocular pressure is recognized, credit for which goes to the author’s father, Pierre Demours (1702-95), whose portrait appears in the atlas in recognition of this. The atlas also contains the first French translation of Soemmerring (No. 1489) with additional plates.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5843

A synopsis of the diseases of the eye.

London: Longman, 1820.

The earliest systematic treatise in English on diseases of the eye. The book became the authority in Europe and America. Travers, a pupil of Sir Astley Cooper, became surgeon to St. Thomas’s Hospital.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5844

A treatise on the diseases of the eye.

Baltimore, MD: F. Lucas jnr, 1823.

First American textbook of ophthalmology by the first American who is believed to have restricted his practice to diseases of the eye. Frick studied under Georg Beer in Vienna.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5845

Lectures on the operative surgery of the eye.

London: Burgess & Hill, 1823.

Guthrie founded the Royal Westminster Ophthalmic Hospital, London, in 1816. He was the earliest teacher of the subject in the British Isles. The above includes important work on the artificial pupil.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5847

On a peculiar defect in the eye, and a mode of correcting it.

Trans. Cambr. phil. Soc. (1825), 2, 267-73, 1827.

Airy, a mathematician and astronomer, drew attention to astigmatism from which he himself suffered, and he fitted cylindrical lenses for its correction.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, Optometry › Spectacles
  • 5848

A practical treatise on diseases of the eye.

London: Longman, 1830.

In this book Mackenzie, one of the foremost ophthalmologists of his time, included a classic description of the symptomatology of glaucoma, and was probably the first to draw attention to the increase of intra-ocular pressure as a characteristic of the condition. He introduced the term “asthenopia”, and was the first to describe sympathetic ophthalmia as a distinct disease.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5849

A treatise on the diseases of the eye.

London: John Churchill, 1833.

Based on lectures delivered by Lawrence at the London Ophthalmic Infirmary. He was a surgeon to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital; he succeeded Abernethy as lecturer on surgery and did much to advance the surgery of the eye.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5850

De l’emploi de l’excision et de la cautérisation à l’aide du nitrate d’argent fondu dans l’ophthalmie blennorrhagique.

Paris: De L'Imprimerie de Didot le jeune, 1835.

Silver nitrate for treatment of gonococcal ophthalmia. Digital facsimile from wellcomecollection.org at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5850.1

An inquiry into the possibility of transplanting the cornea, with the view of relieving blindness…

Dublin J. med. Sci., 11, 408-17, 1837.

Bigger, a Dublin surgeon, successfully grafted a cornea of one gazelle onto that of another. According to this paper, he first performed this operation in 1835 while he was “a prisoner with a Nomadic tribe of Arabs, about twelve or fourteen days’ journey from Grand Cairo”. By the time this account of his work was published by a “Mr. Swift”, Bigger had not attempted the operation on a human subject. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Corneal Transplant, TRANSPLANTATION, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5851

Procéde pour écrire au moyen des points.

Paris, 1837.

Braille, himself blind, modified the system of elevated points first suggested by Charles Barbier in 1820 for enabling the blind to read. In 1837 he added symbols for mathematics and music to his six dot system.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Blind Education
  • 5852

Klinische Darstellungen der Krankheiten und Bildungsfehler des menschlichen Auges, der Augenlider und der Thränenwerkzeuge nach eigenen Beobachtungen und Untersuchungen. 4 pts.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 18381847.

This great color-plate atlas is probably the best summary of the knowledge of diseases of the eye prior to the introduction of the ophthalmoscope.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5853

Guide pratique pour l’étude et le traitement des maladies des yeux. 2 vols.

Paris: Soc. Encyclographique des Sciences Médicales, 1838.

Carron du Villards taught ophthalmology in Paris; his book is one of the best of the period.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5854

On the anatomy and pathology of certain structures in the orbit not previously described.

Dublin J. med. Sci., 19, 329-56, 1841.

Ferrall’s operation for enucleation of the eyeball (p. 354).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5855

A treatise on strabismus, with a description of new instruments designed to improve the operation for its cure.

Richmond, VA: P. D. Bernard, 1842.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Strabismus
  • 5856

Ueber das Schielen und die Heilung desselben durch eine Operation.

Berlin: A. Förstner, 1842.

The first successful attempt at treating strabismus by myotomy. The operation was later abandoned owing to the frequently disastrous final effects. A preliminary paper appeared in Med. Ztg., 1839, 8, 227.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Strabismus
  • 5857

Die Krankheiten und Missbildungen des menschlichen Auges und deren Heilung. 2 vols.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1843.

Himly was professor of ophthalmology at Jena and later at Göttingen. He introduced clinical teaching in ophthalmology.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5858

Schriftnummerprobe für Gesichtsleidende.

Darmstadt: J. P. Diehl, 1843.

Küchler introduced test readings of print at a distance, for examination of patients.



Subjects: Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5859

Anatomische Untersuchungen über die sogenannten leuchtenden Augen bei den Wirbelthieren.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 387-406, 1845.

Von Brücke studied the luminosity of the eye in animals, and by passing a tube through a candle flame, was able to see the fundus. See also the same journal, 1847, 225-27.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 5860

Ueber die Hornhautflecken.

J. Chir Augenheilk., 34, 1-90, 1845.

First description of corneal opacity.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5861

On a luminous appearance of the human eye, and its application to the detection of disease of the retina and posterior part of the eye.

Med.-chir. Trans., 29, 283-96, 1846.

While a student at the London Hospital, Cumming, by shading the eye of a fellow student from the light, was able to look directly into it and obtain both the retinal reflex and the white light from the entrance of the optic nerve. He made the first suggestion for the construction of a device for examining the fundus.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 5862

A manual of the principles and practice of ophthalmic medicine and surgery.

London: John Churchill, 1847.

The last important English work on opthalmology published before the invention of the ophthalmoscope. Jones did not appreciate the prototype ophthalmoscope devised by Charles Babbage, and shown to him in 1847. After the success of Helmholtz’s invention (No. 5866) Jones wrote about Babbage’s invention and his role in discouraging it. See No. 5874.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5863

Traité théorique et pratique des maladies des yeux.

Paris: Germer Baillière, 1847.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5864

Opérations qui se pratiquent sur les yeux.

Paris, 1850.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5865

Die Krankheiten des Auges. 3 vols.

Prague: F. A. Credner & Kleinbub, 18511856.

Arlt described granular conjunctivitis (“Arlt’s trachoma”) and an operation for transplantation of the ciliary bulbs in the treatment of distichiasis.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis › Trachoma, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5866

Beschreibung eines Augen-Spiegels zur Untersuchung der Netzhaut im lebenden Auge.

Berlin: A. Förstner, 1851.

Invention of the ophthalmoscope, one of the greatest events in the history of ophthalmology. English translation by T. H. Shastid, Chicago, Cleveland Press, 1916.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Ophthalmoscope, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5866.1

Der Augenspiegel und des Optometer für practische Aerzte.

Göttingen: Dieterich, 1852.

Ruete introduced a practical lens system for examining the inverted image, and improved the illumination, producing the first practical ophthalmoscope.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Ophthalmoscope, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5867

Observations on artificial pupil, with a description of a new method of operating in certain cases.

Med. Times Gaz., n.s., 4, 11-14, 33-35, 1852.

Bowman devised an operation for the formation of an artificial pupil.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5868

Iconographie ophtalmologique. 1 vol. and atlas.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 18521859.

This work and that of Ammon (No. 5852) remain the greatest preophthalmoscopic atlases of ophthalmology.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5869

Die Ophthalmologie vom naturwissenschaftlichen Standpunkte aus bearbeitet. 2 vols. [in 3].

Freiburg: Herder & Erlangen: Ferdinand Enke, 18531858.

English translation, 1868.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5869.1

Dissertatio ophthalmologica inauguralis de speculo oculi.

Utrecht: P. W. van de Weijer, 1853.

Trigt's thesis contains the first printed illustrations of the fundus of the eye. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. The following year Trigt's thesis was translated into German by C. H. Schauenberg as Der Augenspiegel : seine Anwendung und Modificationen : nebst Beiträgen zur Diagnostik innerer Augenkrankheiten (Lahr: J. H. Geiger (M. Schauenburg), 1854). Digital facsimile of the 1854 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Ophthalmoscope, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5870

Ein Fall von Hamorrhagie der Netzhaut beider Augen.

Z. k. k. Ges. Aerzte Wien, 9, 1 Abt., 214-18, 1853.

Türck was the first to note the correlation of retinal hemorrhage with tumors of the brain.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Brain & Spinal Tumors, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases
  • 5871

Notiz über die Behandlung der Mydriasis

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 1, 1 Abt., 351-19, 18541855.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5872

Vorlaüfige Notiz über das Wesen des Glaucoms.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 1, 1 Abt., 371-82, 18541855.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5873

Ueber die Coremorphosis als Mittel gegen chronische Iritis und Iridochorioiditis.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 2, 2 Abt., 202-57, 18551856.

Graefe introduced iridectomy in the treatment of iritis and iridochoroiditis.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5874

Report on the ophthalmoscope.

Brit. for. med.-chir. Rev., 14, 549-57, 1854.

Jones reported that Charles Babbage (1792-1871), the computer pioneer, had produced a simple ophthalmoscope in 1847. After the success of Helmholtz’s instrument in 1851 (No. 5866) Jones wrote about Babbage’s instrument and of his role in discouraging it. See No. 5862.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Ophthalmoscope, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5875

Die pyämische Ophthalmie in Beziehung zur feinsten Organisation des Entzündungs-Produkts und zu der eigenthümlichen Struktur des Glaskörpers.

Ann. Charité-Krankenh., 5, 2 Heft, 276-89, 1854.

First account of metastatic ophthalmia.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5876

Quelques considérations sur la nature de l’ophthalmie dite militaire, par rapport à son apparition dans l’armée danoise depuis 1851.

Ann. Oculist. (Brux.), 33, 164-76, 1855.

Description of trachoma.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Trachoma, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5877

Ophthalmoskopische Notizen 4. Seitliche Beleuchtung und mikroskopische Untersuchung am lebenden Auge.

v. Graefes Arch Ophthal., 1, 2, Abt., 351-56, 1855.

Liebreich introduced lateral illumination in microscopic investigation of the living eye.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5878

Iritis – non-mercurial treatment.

Boston med. surg. J., 55, 49-55, 69-74, 92-99, 1856.

The second and third papers are entitled “On the treatment of iritis without mercury”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5879

On the treatment of lacrymal obstructions.

Ophthal. Hosp. Rep., 1, 10-20, 88, 18571859.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5880

Beiträge zur Lehre vom Schielen und von der Schiel-Operation.

v. Graefes Arch Ophthal., 3, 1 Abt., 177-286, 1857.

Graefe’s operation for strabismus.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Strabismus
  • 5881

Ueber die Iridectomie bei Glaucom und über den glaucomatösen Process.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 3, 2 Abt., 456-560; 4, 2 Abt., 127-61;1862, 8, 2 Abt., 242-313, 1857, 1858.

Iridectomy for the treatment of glaucoma was introduced by Graefe.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Glaucoma
  • 5882

Ueber Embolie der Arteria centralis retinae als Ursache plötzlicher Erblindung.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 5, 1 Abt., 136-57, 1859.

Discovery of embolism of the retinal artery as a cause of sudden blindness.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases
  • 5883

Klinische Analyse der Motilitätsstörungendes Auges.

Berlin: H. Peters, 1858.

Alfred Carl Graefe, cousin of Albrecht, made a careful clinical analysis of disordered movements of the eye. He also invented a special “localization ophthalmoscope”, and, with Saemisch, edited the great Handbuch der gesamten Augenheilkunde (see No. 5944).



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Ophthalmoscope, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5884

Die Krümmung der Homhaut des menschlichen Auges.

Heidelberg: J. C. B. Mohr, 1859.

Knapp wrote valuable monographs on curvature of the cornea (above) and on intraocular tumours (see No. 5902). He became one of the leading ophthalmologists in America.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5885

Ueber Complication von Sehnervenentzündung mit Gehimkrankheiten.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 7, 2 Abt., 58-71, 1860.

Graefe showed that most cases of blindness and impaired vision connected with cerebral disorders are a result of optic neuritis rather than of paralysis of the optic nerve.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 5887

Schriftskalen. 3te. Aufl.

Vienna: L. W. Seidel, 1860.

Jaeger first introduced his test types in 1854; Emil Fuchs improved them in 1895.



Subjects: Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5888

On the production of cataract in frogs by the administration of sugar.

Amer J. med. Sci., n.s., 39, 106-10, 1860.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5889

Astigmatisme en cilindrische glazen.

Utrecht: Post, 1862.

Includes statement of “Donders’s law” – the rotation of the eye around the line of sight is not voluntary. French and German translations, 1862.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5890

Probebuchstaben zur Bestimmung der Sehschärfe.

Utrecht: P. W. van de Weijer, 1862.

Snellen’s test-types (“Optotypi”) which soon gained acceptance in all civilized countries. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5891

Ein neues und gefahrloses Operations-Verhfahren zur Heilung des grauen Staares.

Berlin: Peters, 1863.

Jacobson used a peripheral incision in his operation for cataract.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5892

Atlas der Ophthalmoscopie. Darstellung des Augengrundes im gesunden und krankhaften Zustande enthalten.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1863.

First atlas of the fundus. The author was an assistant to Helmholtz at the time of the invention of the ophthalmoscope. The work is illustrated with reproductions of his own paintings. Text in French and German. English translation by M. R. Swanzy, 1870 and 1884. Leibreich became ophthalmic surgeon to St. Thomas’s Hospital, London.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 5893

On the anomalies of accommodation and refraction of the eye… Translated from the author’s manuscript by W.D. Moore.

London: New Sydenham Society, 1864.

Donders’s greatest work, the basis for all succeeding studies of the subject, and a classic of physiological optics. It contains Donders’s explanation of astigmatism, his definition of aphakia and hypermetropia, his sharp distinctions between myopia and hypermetropia, etc. This English translation from the Dutch is the first published edition.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 5894

A method of operating for divergent squint.

Trans. Amer. Ophthal. Soc., 1, 3rd Ann. Mtg, 31-34, 18651872.

Agnew devised an operation for the treatment of divergent squint.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5895

Suture of the flap, after extraction of cataract.

Trans. Amer. ophthal Soc., 1, 3rd Ann. Mtg, 45-46, 18651872.

A method of suturing the flap after cataract extraction was introduced by Williams.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5896

Ueber die Extraktion des grauen Staares bei uneröffneter Kapsel durch den Scleralschnitt. IN Klinische Beobachtungen aus der Augenheilanstalt zu Wiesbaden, hrsg. von E.H. Pagenstecher u. T. Saemisch, Heft 3.

Wiesbaden: J. Niedner, 1866.

Extraction of the lens in the closed capsule through a scleral incision, for the treatment of cataract.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5897

Ueber mordificirte Linearextraction.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 11, 3 Abt., 1-106; 12, 1 Abt., 150-223; 1868, 14, 3 Abt., 106-48, 1865, 1866.

Graefe’s improvement of the operation for cataract by the modified linear extraction reduced the incidence of eye loss from 10 to 2.3 per cent.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5898

Zur Lehre der sympathischen Ophthalmie.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 12, 2 Abt., 149-74, 1866.

A classic contribution to the literature of sympathetic ophthalmia.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5899

Symptomenlehre der Augenmuskellähmungen.

Berlin: H. Peters, 1867.

The first thorough account of paralysis of the eye muscles, and the basis for their surgical treatment. The first section describes conditions resulting from injuries to the eye muscles. The second part outlines physiologic laws governing eye movements and the effects of impaired function in each of the ocular muscles.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures