An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15426 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 20, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 6200–6299

105 entries
  • 6200

Die Conjugata eines engen Beckens ist keine konstante Grosse, sondem lässt sich durch die Körperhaltung der Trägerin verändem.

Zbl. Gynäk., 13, 892-93, 1889.

Description of the “Walcher position”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6201

Sulla provocazione artificiale del parto e sul parto forzato col mezzo della dilatazione meccanica del collouterino.

Ann. Ostet. Ginec., 14, 881-928, 1892.

Bossi originated the method of induction of premature labour by means of forced dilatation of the cervix.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6202

Das tuberöse subchoriale Hämatom der Decidua. Eine typische Form der Molenschwangerschaft.

Leipzig & Vienna: Franz Deuticke, 1892.

Tuberous (“Breus”) mole first described.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6203

Tubo peritoneal ectopic gestation.

Edinburgh: Young J. Pentland, 1892.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6204

Taglio lateralizzato del pube, suoi vantaggi, sua technica.

Ann. Obstet. Ginec., 16, 649-67, 1894.

Gigli’s saw, first used for pubiotomy. German translation, Zbl. Chir., 1894, 21, 409-11.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6205

Diagnose der frühesten Schwangerschaftsperiode.

Dtsch. med. Wscbr., 21, 565-67, 1895.

Hegar’s sign – softening of the lower segment of the uterus, an early diagnostic sign of pregnancy. It was first described by his assistant, C. Reinl, in Frag. med. Wscbr., 1884, 9, 253-54.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6206

Een geval van ovariaalzwangerschap (zwangerschap in een Graafschen follikel).

Ned. T. Verlosk. Gynaec., 8, 157-68, 1897.

First description of ovarian pregnancy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6207

On the treatment of eclampsia.

Vrach, St. Petersburg, 21, 1137-40, 1900.

The first of Stroganoff s important papers on the pathogenesis and treatment of eclampsia.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 534.69
  • 6208

Manual of antenatal pathology and hygiene. Volume 1, The foetus. Volume 2, The embryo.

Edinburgh: William Green & Sons, 19021904.

Ballantyne was a pioneer advocate of antenatal care. Volume 2, The Embryo,  is the most complete history of teratology in English, and among the best in any language. American edition, New York, 1905. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

 

 



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, TERATOLOGY › History of Teratology
  • 6209

Sinfisiotomia classica e taglio lateralizzato del pube.

Clin. mod., 8, 302-08, 1902.

“Gigli’s operation”. Gigli substituted pubiotomy for symphysiotomy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6210

Vorläufige Mittheilung über die Anwendung von Skopolamin-Morphium-Injecktionen in der Geburtshilfe.

Zbl. Gynäk., 26, 1304-06, 1902.

“Twilight sleep”.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Obstetric Anesthesia
  • 6210.1

Obstetrics.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1903.

The most famous American textbook of obstetrics.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6212

Geburten in künstlichem Dämmerschlaf.

Arch. Gynäk., 78, 579-631, 1906.

“Twilight sleep”. Gauss developed the method introduced by Steinbüchel (No. 6210).



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Obstetric Anesthesia
  • 6213

Die Mechanik der Geburt.

Samml. klin. Vortr., n.F., Nr. 421, (Gynäk., Nr. 156), 659-82, 1906.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6214

Die künstliche Blutleere der unteren Körperhälfte.

Zbl. Chir., 35, 697-99, 1908.

Abdominal ligature in prevention of post-partum haemorrhage.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6215

The pituitary body and the therapeutic value of the infundibular extract in shock, uterine atony, and intestinal paresis.

Brit. med. J., 2, 1609-13, 1909.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Shock, ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6216

Ueber die Anwendung des Roentgenverfahrens bei der Diagnose der Schwangerschaft.

Fortschr. Röntgenstr., 17, 345-55, 1911.

First use of x rays for the diagnosis of pregnancy.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pregnancy Tests
  • 6218

Eutocia by means of nitrous oxide gas analgesia; a safe substitute for the Freiburg method.

J. Amer. med. Ass., 64, 1187-89, 1915.


Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Nitrous Oxide, ANESTHESIA › Obstetric Anesthesia
  • 6219

Ueber die Anlegung der Zange am nicht rotierten Kopf mit Beschreibung eines neuen Zangenmodelles und einer neuen Anlegungsmethode.

Mschr. Geburtsh. Gynäk., 43, 48-78, 1916.

Kielland forceps. English translation and historical background in E.P. Jones, Kielland’s forceps, London, 1952.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Forceps, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6220

Bluish discoloration of the umbilicus as a diagnostic sign where ruptured uterine pregnancy exists. In: Contributions to medical and biological research dedicated to Sir William Osler, 1, 420-21.

1919.

“Cullen’s sign”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6221

Version.

Amer J. Obstet. Gynec., 1, 560-73, 1921.

Potter’s operation of podalic version.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6221.1

A pathognomonic sign of intra-uterine death.

Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 34, 754-57, 1922.

Spalding’s sign” of fetal death.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6222

Schwangerschaftsdiagnose aus dem Ham (durch Hormonnachweis).

Klin. Wschr., 7, 8-9, 1404-11, 1453-57, 1928.

The Aschheim-Zondek test for the diagnosis of pregnancy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pregnancy Tests
  • 6223

Amniography; preliminary report.

Amer.J. Roentgenol., 24, 363-66, 1930.

Introduction of amniography. With J. D. Miller and L. E. Holly.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6224

A simple, rapid procedure for the laboratory diagnosis of early pregnancies.

Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec., 21, 405-10, 1931.

Friedman test for the diagnosis of pregnancy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pregnancy Tests
  • 6225

Natural childbirth.

London: Heinemann, 1933.

In this work Dick-Read coined the term "natural childbirth." He advocated natural childbirth for many years; he demonstrated that prenatal education in methods of relaxation in many cases makes labor almost painless.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6226

A rapid test for the diagnosis of pregnancy.

Nature, (Lond), 133, 494-95, 1934.

The Xenopus toad test for the diagnosis of pregnancy; this preliminary note followed Hogben’s demonstration that Xenopus responds by ovulation to the gonadotrophic hormone (Trans. roy. Soc. S. Africa, 1930, Ser. A, 5, 19). For detailed history of the development of this test, see Brit. med. J., 1946, 2, 554.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pregnancy Tests
  • 6227

Über eine neue chemische Schwangerschaftsreaktion.

Klin. Wschr., 13, 21-22, 1934.

Kapeller-Adler test for diagnosis of pregnancy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pregnancy Tests, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 6228

A new technique for the self-administration of gas-air analgesia in labour.

Lancet, 1, 1278-79, 1934.

Introduction of the “Minnitt apparatus”.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Obstetric Anesthesia
  • 6229

Roentgen visualization of the placenta.

Amer.J. Roentgenol., 31, 37-40, 1934.

Direct radiography of the placenta.

"Clilan (C.B.) Powell, longtime owner of the Amsterdam News, was born in 1894 to former Virginia slaves.  Very little is known about his childhood.  He received his medical degree in 1920 from Howard University School of Medicine and began his career specializing in x-ray technology.   Powell was the first African American x-ray specialist and owned a laboratory in Harlem.  It was at his lab where he met Dr. Philip H.M. Savory, his future business partner.  The two physicians collaborated to create the Powell-Savory Corporation in 1935.

With this new corporation, they switched their focus from medicine to business, and became two of the leading African American entrepreneurs in the 1930s.  They first purchased the failing Victory Life Insurance Company in 1933 in Chicago, Illinois and revived it to a thriving business.  In 1935 they purchased the Amsterdam News, the largest newspaper in Harlem, for $5,000.  Powell became publisher of the New York paper and retained that post until its sale in 1971.  Powell studied other successful newspapers including the New York Times and patterned the Amsterdam News after them.   He also made the Amsterdam News home for numerous African American journalists such as Earl Brown, Thomas Watkins, James L. Hicks, and Jesse H. Walker.  Powell expanded the paper’s coverage to include national and international news...." (blackpast.org article on C. B. Powell, accessed 5-2020).



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, IMAGING › X-ray, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6230

The substance responsible for the traditional clinical effect of ergot.

Brit. med. J., 1, 520-23, 1935.

Isolation and introduction of ergometrine.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Ergot › Ergometrine
  • 6231

Prediction and prevention of late pregnancy accidents in diabetes.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 198, 482-92, 1939.

First report of hormone treatment. Written with R.S. Titus, E.P. Joslin, and H. Hunt.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 6232

Maternal pulmonary embolism by amniotic fluid as a cause of obstetric shock and unexpected deaths in obstetrics.

J. Amer. med. Ass., 117, 1245-54, 1340-45, 1941.

Amniotic fluid embolism described.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6232.1

Continuous caudal anesthesia during labor and delivery.

Curr. Res. Anesth. Analg., 21, 301-11, 1942.


Subjects: ANESTHESIA, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6233

Acute inversion of the uterus.

Brit. med. J., 2, 282-83, 1945.

O’Sullivan’s method of replacement by intravaginal hydraulic pressure.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6234

Reacción diagnóstica del embarazo en la que se usa el sapo macho como animal reactivo.

Sem. méd. (B. Aires), 1, 337-40, 1947.

Male toad test. An English account is in J. clin. Endocr., 1947, 7, 653-58.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Argentina, ENDOCRINOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6235

A saliva test for prenatal sex determination.

Science, 115, 265, 1952.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6235.1

Demonstration of tissue interfaces within the body by ultrasonic echo sounding.

Brit. J. Radiol., 34, 539-46, 1961.

Biparietal fetal cephalometry by ultrasound.



Subjects: IMAGING › Sonography (Ultrasound), OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6235.2

Intrauterine diagnosis and management of genetic defects.

Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec., 99, 796-807, 1967.

Amniocentesis used to diagnose genetic disorders in utero. First detailed report. See also Fuchs, F., Genetic information from amniotic fluid contents. Lancet, 1960, 2, 180.

"During the course of the criminal investigation, another type of fraud came to light. For a variety of reasons, some patients had arranged to be artificially inseminated with sperm provided by screened, anonymous donors arranged by [Cecil Bryan] Jacobson. In order to preserve the anonymity of the donors, Jacobson explained, he identified them in records using code numbers; only Jacobson was to know their true identities. Investigators found no evidence that any donor program actually existed. Some of Jacobson's patients who had conceived through donor insemination agreed to genetic testing. At least seven instances were identified in which Jacobson was the biological father of the patients' children, including one patient who was supposed to have been inseminated with sperm provided by her husband. DNA tests linked Jacobson to at least 15 such children, and it has been suspected that he fathered as many as 75 children by impregnating patients with his own sperm" (Wikipedia article on Cecil Jacobson, accessed 05-22-2015).



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6236

Traitte nouveau de l’hysterotomotokie, ou enfantement caesarien.

Paris: Denys du Val, 1581.

Rousset records 15 successful Caesarean sections carried out by various persons during the preceding 80 years.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6236.1

A case of the caesarean operation performed, and the life of the woman preserved. IN: Medical records and researches selected from the papers of a private medical association, pp. 154-163.

London: T. Cox, 1798.

This is apparently the first Caesarean section in England from which the mother recovered. It was performed on 27 November 1793. Barlow’s account is reproduced by Young (No. 6307), pp. 54-58. A note on Barlow is in Practitioner, 1965, 195, 103-08. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6237

Handbuch der Entbindungskunst. 3 vols. in 5.

Tübingen: C. F. Osiander, 18181825.

Includes (Bd. 2, Abt II, p. 302) description of Osiander’s lower-segment Caesarean operation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6238

Geschichte eines mit ungünstigem Erfolge verrichteten Bauchscheidenschnitts und Folgerung daraus.

Heidelb. klin. Ann., 1, 263-77, 1825.

Ritgen first performed extraperitoneal Caesarean section in 1821.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6239

Gastro-elytrotomy; a substitute for the Caesarean section.

Amer. J. Obstet. Dis. Wom., 3, 125-39, 1870.

Thomas revived and modified Ritgen’s operation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6240

Della amputazione utero-ovarica come complemento di taglio cesareo.

Ann. univ. Med. Chir., 237, 289-350, 1876.

Caesarean section with excision of the uterus and adnexa (“Porro’s operation”).



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6241

Ueberein modificirtes Verfahren beim Kaiserschnitte.

Arch. Gynäk., 19, 177-209, 1882.

Kehrer improved the technique of the Caesarean operation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6242

Der Kaiserschnitt bei Uterusfibromen nebst vergleichender Methodik der Sectio Caesarea und der Porro-Operation.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1882.

“Sänger’s operation” – the so-called “classic Caesarean section”. A preliminary note is in Arch. Gynak., 1882, 19, 370.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6243

A case of Caesarean section for contracted pelvis.

Trans. obstet. Soc. Lond., 31, 136-60, 1889.

Champney’s advocacy for the Sänger operation was a powerful factor in its adoption in Britain.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6244

Eclampsia gravidarum: eene nieuwe indicatie voor sectie caesarea.

Ned. T. Geneesk„ 2D., 25, 485-91, 1889.

Halbertsma first performed Caesarean section in puerperal convulsions.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6245

An address on the surgical aspect of impacted labour.

Brit. med. J., 1, 657-61, 1890.

The Tait–Porro operation, by which Tait performed Caesarean section in cases of placenta previa.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6246

Über vaginalen Kaiserschnitt.

Samml. klin. Vortr., n.F., Nr. 232 (Gynäkol., Nr. 84), 1365-88, 1898.

The vaginal Caesarean operation was introduced by Dührssen in April, 1895.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6247

Die suprasymphysäre Entbindung und ihr Verhältniss zu den anderen Operationen bei engen Becken.

Arch. Gynäk., 81, 46-94, 1907.

Suprasymphyseal transperitoneal Caesarean section.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6248

Die extraperitoneale Uterusschnitt.

Zbl. Gynäk., 32, 133-42, 1908.

Sellheim’s operation. For his three subsequent modifications, see the same journal, 319-31, 641-51, and Mschr. Geburtsh. Gynäk., 1911, 34, 34-45.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6249

Der extraperitoneale Kaiserschnitt. Seine Geschichte, seine Technik und seine Indikationen.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 22, 477-82, 1909.

Latzko’s extraperitoneal lower-segment Caesarean operation. Preliminary report in the same journal, 1908, 21, 737.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6250

Operative Gynäkologie. 3rd ed.

Leipzig: Georg Thieme, 1912.

Includes (p. 879) first description of Krönig’s operation of transperitoneal lower-segment Caesarean section.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6251

The newer methods of cesarean section. Report of 40 cases.

J. Amer. med. Ass., 73, 91-95, 1919.

DeLee’s low cervical operation (laparotrachelotomy).



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6252

Césarienne suivie d’extériorisation temporaire de l’utérus et de réintégration secondaire dans le bassin.

Bull. Soc. Obstét. Gynéc. Paris, 13, 171-76, 1924.

Portes operation – the classic Caesarean section followed by temporary exteriorization of the uterus. More fully described in Gynéc. et Obstét., 1924, 10, 225-50.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6253

Manuale operatien, I. deel zijnde een neiuw ligt voor vroed-meesters en vroed-vrouen.

The Hague: The Author, 1701.

This work gives the first accurate description of the female pelvis and its deformities, and the effect of the latter in complicating labor. The first edition contains a relatively unattractive frontispiece portrait of the author, engraved by himself. Latin translation, Leiden, 1701. English translation, London, 1724.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6254

A singular case of the separation of the ossa pubis.

Med. Obs. Inqu., 2, 321-33, 415-18, 1762.

A case of osteomalacic pelvis was reported to Hunter by a country practitioner.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6255

L’art des accouchemens. 2 vols.

Paris: Méquignon, 1781.

Baudelocque invented a pelvimeter and advanced the knowledge of pelvimetry and of the mechanism of labor. The external conjugate diameter is known as “Baudelocque’s diameter”. English translation, London, 1790.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6256

Das weibliche Becken.

Carlsruhe: C.F. Muller, 1825.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6257

Das schräg verengte Becken nebst einem Anhange über die wichtigsten Fehler des weiblichen Beckens überhaupt.

Mainz: V. von Zabem, 1839.

First description of the obliquely contracted pelvis, or “Naegele pelvis”. Because of its rarity and the difficulty of recognizing it clinically in living subjects, the obliquely contracted pelvis, with its most often fatal consequences at delivery, was unknown until Naegele’s study of 37 cases. He suggested diagnostic aids for its recognition. English translation, Manchester, 1848. Finely printed centennial English translation by Pynson Printers, 1939.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6258

Beyträge zur Kenntniss der Rückgrathskrümmungen, und der mit demselben zusammentreffenden Abweichungen des Brustkorbes und Beckens.

Med Jb. österr. Staates, 19, 41, 195, 1839.

Original description of spondylolisthesis.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6259

Das enge Becken: nach eigenen Beobachtungen und Untersuchungen.

Leipzig: G. Wigand, 1851.

First important work dealing with pelvic deformities since the time of van Deventer. It is a pioneer work in the literature dealing with pelvic architecture; Michaelis was one of the first to differentiate between the non-rachitic flat pelvis and the rachitic pelvis. This book was completed and published by C.C.T. Litzmann (No. 6260) three years after Michaelis’s death.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6260

Das schräg-ovale Becken.

Kiel: Akad. Buchhandlung, 1853.

Litzmann (see also No. 6263) described in this work the coxalgic, scoliotic and kyphoscoliotic forms of pelvis.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6261

Schilderungen neuer Beckenformen und ihres Verhaltens im Leben.

Mannheim: Bassermann & Malthey, 1854.

First description of pelvis spinosa.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6262

De spondylolisthesi gravissimae pelvangustiae causa nuper detecta.

Bonn: C. Georg, 1854.

An important study of the spondylolisthetic pelvis, which Kilian called “pelvis obtecta”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6263

Die Formen des Beckens, insbesondere des engen weiblichen Beckens.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1861.

Litzmann devised a clinical classification of pelves which was for many years generally used, and he described various deformities of the female pelvis.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6263.1

Ueber die hintere Scheitelbeinstellung, eine nicht selten Art von fehlerhafter Einstellung des Kopfes unter der Geburt.

Arch. Gynäk., 2, 433-40, 1871.

“Litzmann’s obliquity” or posterior parietal presentation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6264

Neuer Beitrag zur Aetiologie und Casuistik der Spondyl-olisthesis.

Arch. Gvnäk., 25. 182-252, 1885.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6265

Die pathologischen Beckenformen.

Leipzig: Franz Deuticke, 19001904.

Classic description and classification of pelvic deformities.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6266

Anatomical variations in the female pelvis and their effect in labor, with a suggested classification.

Amer J. Obstet Gynec., 26, 479-505, 1933.

The modern classification of the female pelvis is based on the work of Caldwell and Moloy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6267

Epidemics 1, case 4. In: [Works] with an English translation by W.H. Jones.

London: Heinemann, 1923.

The earliest known description of puerperal fever.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6268

An essay towards a complete new system of midwifery, theoretical and practical.

London: J. Hodges, 1751.

Burton was the first to suggest that puerperal fever is contagious, and the first to give a detailed discussion of Caesarean section. Laurence Steme satirized him as “Dr. Slop” in The life and opinions of Tristram Shandy, gentleman. This work includes illustrations by the painter George Stubbs.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, Illustration, Biomedical, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6269

Practical observations on the child-bed fever.

London: J. Walter, 1772.

Leake insisted on the contagious nature of puerperal fever. Reprinted, London, Sydenham Society, 1949.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6270

A treatise on the management of pregnant and lying-in women, and the means of curing, but more especially of preventing the principal disorders to which they are liable. Together with some new directions concerning the delivery of the child and placenta in natural births. illustrated with cases.

London: E. & C. Dilly, 1773.

White was the first to state clearly in a text on midwifery the necessity of absolute cleanliness in the lying-in chamber, the isolation of infected patients, and adequate ventilation. He instituted the principle of uterine drainage, placing his patients in a sitting position shortly after delivery using a special bed and chair. In this he preceded Fowler (No. 5623). White was also the first after Hippocrates to make any substantial contributions towards the solution of the etiology and management of puerperal fever.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Sepsis / Antisepsis, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 6271

An inquiry into the nature and cause of that swelling, in one or both of the lower extremeties, which sometimes happens to lying-in-women.

Warrington, England: printed by W. Eyres, for C. Dilly in the Poultry London, 1784.

First clinical description of phlegmasia alba dolens. White ascribed it to destruction of the lymphatics due to pressure of the foetal head.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6272

A treatise on the epidemic puerperal fever of Aberdeen.

London: G. G. & J. Robinson, 1795.

Gordon was the first to advance as a definite hypothesis the contagious nature of puerperal fever, thus preceding Holmes and Semmelweis by half a century. He also advocated the disinfection of the clothes of the doctor and midwife.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6273

An essay on the proximate cause of the disease called phlegmasia dolens.

Med.-chir. Trans., 12, 419-60, 1823.

Davis was the first to state that phlegmasia alba dolens was due to inflammation of the veins. He was physician-accoucheur at the birth of Queen Victoria.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6274

The contagiousness of puerperal fever.

N. Engl. quart. J. Med. Surg., 1, 503-30, 18421843.

Oliver Wendell Holmes was the first to establish the contagious nature of puerperal fever. His essay on the subject took a strong line against the opinions then prevailing, stirring up violent opposition among the obstetricians of Philadelphia. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1936, 1, 211-43.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6275

Höchst wichtige Erfahrungen über die Aetiologie der in Gebäranstalten epidemischen Puerperalfieber.

Z.k.k. Ges. Aerzte Wien, 4, pt. 2, 242-44; 5, 64-65, Vienna, 18471848, 1849.

Semmelweis, pioneer of antisepsis in obstetrics, was the first to recognize that puerperal fever is a septicemia. He concluded that the doctors and students of Vienna’s First Obstetrical Clinic carried the infection on their hands from the autopsy room to the maternity wards, and instituted a program of hand-washing in chlorinated lime between autopsy work and examination of patients. One month later the First Clinic’s mortality rate had dropped by 10 per cent. Despite this spectacular success Semmelweis refused to communicate his results officially. The above papers were written for Semmelweis by his friend, Ferdinand von Hebra, editor of the Zeitschrifi. (See also No. 6277).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever, SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis
  • 6276

Puerperal fever, as a private pestilence.

Boston, MA: Ticknor & Fields, 1855.

Because his first paper (No. 6274) had been published in a short-lived journal with very small circulation, Holmes enlarged his famous essay on the contagiousness of puerperal fever, and in this reiteration mentioned the steps already being taken by Semmelweis. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1936, 1, 245-68.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6277

Die Aetiologie, der Begriff und die Prophylaxis des Kindbettfiebers.

Pest (Budapest), Vienna, und Leipzig: C. A. Hartleben, 1861.

Semmelweis, who earlier had shown puerperal fever to be a septicemia, strove to improve conditions in the lying-in wards of Vienna and Budapest. Misunderstood and maligned by many, he eventually published this book in support of his views on the etiology of puerperal sepsis. He had no literary style and his book is difficult reading; it had an overwhelming mass of badly-presented statistics. Sir W. J. Sinclair, his biographer, said of him that “if he could have written like Oliver Wendell Holmes, his ‘Aetiology’ would have conquered Europe in 12 months”. Semmelweis died in an asylum on 13 August 1865. An English translation of the book, by F. P. Murphy, is in Med. Classics, 1941, 5, 350-773. This translation was reprinted with translations of Semmelweis’s other works by Ferenc Gyorgyey, Birmingham, Classics of Medicine Library, 1980. Original edition reprinted, Budapest, 1970. New English translation, somewhat abridged, Madison, Wisc., 1983. Digital facsimile from deutschestextarchiv.de at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Sepsis / Antisepsis, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6278

Septicémie puerpérale.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 2 sér., 8, 505-508, 1879.

Description of the streptococcus of puerperal sepsis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Staphylococcus, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6279

Das Scheidensekret und seine Bedeutung für das Puerperalfieber.

Leipzig: Eduard Besold, 1892.

Döderlein's study of the vaginal secretion in relation to puerperal fever includes the first description of “Döderlein’s bacillus” (Lactobacillus). Döderlein introduced the concept of normal body bacteria or "normal body flora" --what would much later be named the microbiome. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Lactobacillus , MICROBIOLOGY › Microbiome, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6280

Die pathologische Anatomie des Puerperalprozesses.

Vienna & Leipzig: W. Braumüller, 1919.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6280.1

Unsere Erfahrungen mit Prontosil bei Puerperalfieber.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 61, 264 (only), 1935.

First report of the use of an antimicrobial agent in the treatment of obstetric infections.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6281

Treatment of human puerperal infections, and of experimental infections in mice, with prontosil.

Lancet, 1, 1279-86, 1936.

Chemotherapeutic treatment of puerperal sepsis.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Sulfonamides, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 6282

English midwives.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1872.

Reprinted with biographical sketch by J. L. Thornton, London, 1967.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Midwives
  • 6283

The Chamberlens and the midwifery forceps.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1882.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Forceps, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6284

Labor among primitive peoples.

St. Louis, MO: J. H. Chambers & Co, 1882.

Third edition, revised, 1884.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6285

Les accouchements à la cour.

Paris: G. Steinheil, 1887.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6286

Histoire des accouchements chez tous les peuples.

Paris: G.Steinheil, 1887.

182-page appendix: "L'arsenal obstétrical", containing numerous illustrations of instruments, at end. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6287

The history of ancient gynaecology.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1901.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › History of Ancient Medicine & Biology, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology
  • 6288

Versuch einer Geschichte der Geburtshilfe. 2te. Aufl. 2 vols.

Tübingen: F. Pietzcker, 19011902.

First edition, 1839-45. Continuation by R. Dohm, for the period 1840-80, forming Bd. 3 (see No. 6289).



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6289

Geschichte der Geburtshülfe der Neuzeit. 2 pts.

Tübingen: F. Pietzcker, 19031904.

A supplement to No. 6288.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6290

Die Wochenstube in der Kunst.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1904.


Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6291

Geschichte der Geburtshüfe.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1906.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6293

Geschichte der gynäkologische-anatomischen Abbildungen.

Dresden: Zahn & Jaensch, 1908.

From the ancient world through the 18th century. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology
  • 6295

L’utero attraverso i secoli da Erofilo al giorni nostri; storia, iconografia, struttura, fisiologia.

Città di Castello: Unione Arti Grafiche, 1917.

Contains an important collection of illustrations.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6296

Geschichte der Gynäkologie. In: J. von Halban and L. Seitz: Biologie und Pathologie des Weibes.1, 1-202.

Berlin, 1924.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology
  • 6297

Entwicklund der Gerurtshilfe und Gynäkologie im 19. Jahrhundert.

Berlin: Julius Springer, 1925.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6298

Missgeburten und Wundergestalten in Einblattdrucken und Handzeichnungen des 16. Jahrhunderts.

Zürich: O. Füssli, 1927.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics, TERATOLOGY › History of Teratology
  • 6299

History of British midwifery from 1650-1800.

London: John Bale, 1927.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 6299.1

Obstetric forceps, its history and evolution.

St. Louis, MO: C. V. Mosby Co., 1929.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Forceps, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics