An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15423 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 17, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 3500–3599

110 entries
  • 3500

Ueber eine neue Untersuchungsmethode der Verdauungsorgane und einige Resultate derselben.

KorrespBl. Schweiz. Aerzte, 21, 65-74, 1891.

Sahli’s test for estimating the functional activity of the stomach.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 3501

Intestinal anastomosis and suturing.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 41, 365-70, 1892.

Abbe, a New York surgeon, introduced catgut rings for intestinal suturing. See also Med. News (Phila.), 1889, 54, 589-92.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3502

Om extra-abdominal Behandlung af cancer intestinalis (rectum derfra undtaget) med en Fremstilling af de for denne Sygdom foretagne Operationer og deres Resultater.

Nord. med. Ark., N.F. 2, 1 Heft, 1-76; 2 Heft, 1-10, 1892.

Bloch was first to employ the two-stage (Mikulicz) operation for cancer of the colon. See also No. 3527.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 3503

On achylia gastrica.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 41, 650-54, 1892.

Einhorn introduced the concept of achylia gastrica, to indicate a primary nervous functional disorder of the gastric secretion.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3504

De la gastro-duodénostomie.

Arch. prov. Chir. (Paris), 1, 551-54, 1892.

Introduction of gastroduodenostomy.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3505

Ein Fall von einem frei in die Bauchhöhle perforirten Magengeschwür; Laparotomie; Naht der Perforationsstelle; Heilung.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 29, 1244-47, 1280-84, 1892.

In 1892 Ludwig Heusner (1846-1916) successfully sutured a perforated gastric ulcer, the first successful case on record. It was reported by H. Kriege.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer, SURGERY: General
  • 3506

Ueber eine eigenartige symmetrische Erkrankung der Thränen- und Mundspeicheldrüsen.

In: Beiträge zur Chirurgie. Festschrift gewid. T. Billroth, Stuttgart, 610-30, 1892.

First description of the syndrome of symmetrical inflammation of the lacrymal and salivary glands (“Mikulicz’s disease”). English translation in Medical Classics, 1937, 2, 165-86.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3507

Cholecysto-intestinal, gastro-intestinal, entero-intestinal anastomosis, and approximation without sutures.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 42, 665-76, 1892.

“Murphy’s button” introduced.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3508

Eine neue Methode der Gastrostomie bei Carcinoma oesophagi.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 6, 231-34, 1893.

See No. 3512.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3509

De la gastrostomie par la méthode de la valvule ou du plissement de la muqueuse stomacale.

Arch. prov. Chir. (Paris), 2, 284-93, 1893.

Pénières of Toulouse conceived the idea of the valvular method of gastrostomy.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3510

On diseases of the duodenum.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 50, 171-308, 1893.

A careful examination of the records of post mortems carried out at Guy’s Hospital, 1826-92, was made by Perry and Shaw, who showed that of 70 reports of duodenal ulcer, ten occurred in cases of severe burns.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3511

Enterorrhaphy; its history, technique and present status.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 21, 215-35, 1893.

Senn, Professor of Surgery at Chicago, was one of the first to investigate experimentally the subject of gastro-intestinal anastomosis.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3512

Über die Anlegung einer röhrenformigen Magenfistel bei Verengerungen der Speiseröhre.

Zbl. Chir., 20, 862, 1893.

Ssabanejew and Frank independently developed a new method of gastrostomy, the Ssabanejew-Frank operation. The above is an abstract of the original, which appeared in Khirurgitscheski Vestnik, June 1893.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3513

Eine Methode zur titrimetrischen Bestimmung der hauptsächlichsten Factoren der Magenacidität.

Hoppe-Seyl. Z. physiol. Chem., 19, 104-22, 1894.

Toepfer’s test for hydrochloric acid in gastric juice.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 3514

Modified incision for removal of the vermiform appendix.

Brit. med. J., 2, 1360, 1895.

“Battle’s incision”.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3515

Colectomy.

Brit. med. J., 1, 1136-39, 1895.

Paul’s operation of extra-abdominal resection of the colon.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3516

Zur Anwendung des Röntgenschen Verfahrens in der Medicin.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 22, 202-03, 1896.

Becher introduced a solution of lead into the stomach of a guinea-pig, making it opaque to x rays; he thus showed the possibility of radiological diagnosis of gastric disease.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, IMAGING › X-ray
  • 3516.1

Ueber Gastroskopie.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 33, 275-78, 298-301, 325-27, 1896.

Rosenheim’s gastroscope.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Gastroscope
  • 3517

Ueber Ernährung und Verdauung nach vollständiger Entfernung des Magens, Oesophagoenterostomie, beim Menschen.

Beitr. klin. Chir., 19, 757-76; 23, 589-94, 18971899.

First successful total gastrectomy.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3518

First removal of the stomach in America.

Amer. J. Surg. Gynec., 109, 157-58, 18971898.

Operation performed by Baldy in 1893. He refers to a claim in J. Amer. med. Ass., 1898, 30, 341-44 giving credit for the first excision of the stomach in America to A. C. Bernays (1854-1907). While Baldy probably deserves priority, the point is moot since neither Baldy’s nor Bernays’ operations were successful.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 2687.1
  • 3519

The movements of the stomach studied by means of the Roentgen rays.

Amer. J. Physiol., 1, 359-82, 1898.

Cannon introduced the bismuth meal. He showed that bismuth, opaque to x rays, could be of great use in conjunction with roentgenology in the investigation of the digestive tract. See No. 1029.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY, RADIOLOGY
  • 3520

Ueber multiple falsche Darmdivertikel in der Flexura sigmoidea.

Münch. med. Wschr., 46, 721-23, 1899.

A false diverticulum of the sigmoid flexure, described by Graser, has been given the eponym “Graser’s diverticulum”.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY
  • 3521

Ueber Magenspiegelung.

Dtsch. Z. Chir., 58, 500-07, 19001901.

Describes the first clinical use of the oesophagoscope by Kussmaul in 1867-68. The latter made only brief mention of it himself in his paper on the stomach pump, Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 1869, 6, 456.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Endoscope
  • 3522

Malignant diseases of the stomach and pylorus.

Trans. Amer. surg. Ass., 18, 97-123, 1900.

Mayo’s operation of partial gastrectomy. Mayo was co-founder of the Mayo Clinic.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3523

Nouveau procédé pour la gastrostomie.

J. Chir. (Brux.), 1, 715-18, 1901.

Depage used a tube formed from the anterior wall of the stomach, lined with mucous membrane, in his gastrostomy operation.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3524

Diseases of the stomach and their surgical treatment.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1901.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3525

A new use for the useless appendix, in the surgical treatment of obstinate colitis.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 62, 201-02, 1902.

Weir’s appendicostomy operation.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3526

Instruments for use through cylindrical rectal specula, with the patients in the knee-chest posture.

Ann. Surg., 37, 924-27, 1903.

Various rectal and vesical specula were designed by Kelly.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 3527

Chirurgische Erfahrungen über das Darmcarcinom.

Arch. klin. Chir., 69, 28-47, 1903.

Development of Bloch’s two-stage Operation for resection of tumors of the rectum. English translation in Medical Classics, 1937, 2, 210-29.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3528

On infantilism from chronic intestinal infection; characterized by the overgrowth and persistence of flora of the nursling period.

New York : Macmillan, 1908.

“Herter’s infantilism”. Called also “Gee-Herter disease” (No. 3491).



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, PEDIATRICS
  • 3528.1

A method of performing abdomino-perineal excision for carcinoma of the rectum and of the terminal portion of the pelvic colon.

Lancet, 2, 1812-13, 1908.

Miles devised the operation of abdomino-perineal resection.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 3529

Beitrag zur Magenchirurgie.

Beitr. klin. Clin., 59, 551-641, 1908.

Report of Hofmeister’s modification of the Billroth II gastro-enterostomy.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3530

Essais de traitement de quelques cas d’épithélioma de l’oesophage par les applications locales directes de radium.

Bull. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris, 27, 717-22, 1909.

Radium therapy by means of the esophagoscope.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy)
  • 3531

The operative treatment of chronic constipation.

London: J. Nisbet, 1909.

Lane’s operation for chronic intestinal stasis (“Lane’s kink”) consisted in short-circuiting the intestine.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3532

A method of anastomosis between sigmoid and rectum.

Ann. Surg., 51, 239-41, 1910.

Balfour’s operation for resection of the sigmoid colon.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3533

Zur röntgenologischen Diagnose der Ulzerationen in der Pars media des Magens.

Münch. med. Wschr., 57, 1587-91, 1910.

First demonstration of the characteristic niche in gastric ulcer.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3534

Removal of the rectum for cancer: statistical report of 120 cases.

Ann. Surg., 51, 854-62, 1910.

Mayo’s radical operation for carcinoma of the rectum.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 3535

Duodenal ulcer.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1910.

Moynihan greatly advanced our knowledge of duodenal ulcer. He developed the concept of the so-called ulcer sequence, pain-food-ease, and he stressed the well-ordered sequence of symptoms. More than any other he established treatment of duodenal ulcer on a sound basis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3535.1

Die Gastroskopie.

Berlin: G. Thieme, 1911.

Elsner designed a straight gastroscope with a rubber tip and an optical system to be pushed into the outer tube, which had a lamp at its tip.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Gastroscope
  • 3536

Ein operativ geheilter Fall von kongenitaler Dünndarmatresie.

Zbl. Chir., 38, 532-35, 1911.

Treatment of congenital atresia of ileum by lateral anastomosis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Atresia, SURGERY: General
  • 3537

Zur Stumpversorgung nach Magenresektion.

Zbl. Chir., 38, 892-94, 1911.

Pólya’s modification of the Billroth II operation. Pólya is believed to have been murdered by a Nazi group during the siege of Budapest by the Russians in December, 1944, although his body was never recovered.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3538

The cause and treatment of certain unfavourable after-effects of gastroenterostomy.

Proc. roy. Soc. Med., 6, Surg. Sect., 155-63, 1913.

First description of the “dumping syndrome”, so named by C. L. Mix, Surg. Clin. N. Amer., 1922, 2, 617-22. (During WWI Hertz changed his name to Hurst; see No. 8604.)



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY
  • 3539
  • 6357.56

Zur Operation der angeborenen Pylorusstenose.

Med. Klin., 8, 1702-05, 1912.

The first pyloromyotomy for pyloric stenosis, incising the pyloric muscle while leaving the mucosa intact and leaving the muscle to heal: “Rammstedt’s operation.” In 1920 Rammstedt discovered that the family name had originally been spelt Ramstedt; he therefore reverted to the original spelling for the rest of his life (see Lancet, 1963, 1, 674).



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Pyloric Stenosis, Pediatric Surgery › Pyloromyotomy
  • 3540

The first successful case of resection of the thoracic portion of the oesophagus for carcinoma.

Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 16, 614-17, 1913.

See also Arch. Surg. (Chicago), 1925, 10, 353-60, which reported that the patient was still living.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, Thoracic Surgery
  • 3541

Gastric and duodenal ulcer; medical cure by an efficient removal of gastric juice corrosion.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 64, 1625-30, 1915.

“Sippy diet” for the treatment of peptic ulcer.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3542

Dysentery bacilli: the differentiation of the true dysentery bacilli from allied species.

Lancet, 1, 560-63, 1918.

Shigella alkalescens described.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Shigella , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Bacillary Dysentery
  • 3543

Ausgedehnte Magenresektion bei Ulcus duodeni statt der einfachen Duodenalresektion bzw.

Pylorusausschaltung. Zbl. Chir., 45, 434-35, 1918.

Hofmeister-Finsterer gastro-enterostomy (see No. 3529).



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General
  • 3544

Studies in gastric secretion. Introduction.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 71, 42-44, 1921.

Ryle’s tube, for obtaining specimens of gastric juice.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY
  • 3545

Probleme und Technik der Gastroskopie, mit der Beschreibung eines neuen Gastroskops.

Arch. VerdauKr., 30, 133-66, 1922.

Schindler made gastroscopy a “method”. See also his paper in the Münch, med. Wschr., 1922, 69, 535-37.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Gastroscope
  • 3546

Die Entzündungen des Magens. In: F. Henke & O. Lubarsch: Handbuch der speziellen pathologischen Anatomie und Histologie, 4, Heft 2, 768-1116.

1928.

Konjetzny suggested that peptic ulceration is the sequel to a specific form of gastritis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3547

Gastric and duodenal ulcer.

London: Humphrey Milford, 1929.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3548

Ueber Gastrophotographie.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 42, 89, 889, 1929.

Introduction of gastrophotography.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 3549

Eine neue Methode der Gastrostomie.

Beitr. klin. Chir., 147, 308-18, 1929.

Introduction of tubo-valvular gastrostomy.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3550

The “coeliac affection” – idiopathic steatorrhoeas.

Lancet, 1, 1086-89, 1929.

Idiopathic steatorrhoea, first described by Gee (No. 3491) was extensively studied by Thaysen, in so far as it occurs in adults and adolescents in non-tropical countries. It also bears the name “Gee-Thaysen disease”.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3551

Regional ileitis. A pathologic and clinical entity.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 99, 1323-29, 1932.

“Crohn’s disease” – regional ileitis. With L. Ginzburg and G. D. Oppenheimer.

"Some of Crohn's initial research into the causes of the Crohn's disease was centered around his personal convictionthat it was caused by the same pathogen, a bacterium called Mycobacterium paratuberculosis (MAP), responsible for the similar condition that afflicts cattle called Johne's disease. However, he was unable to isolate the pathogen—most likely because M. paratuberculosis sheds its cellular wall in humans and takes the form of a spheroplast, making it virtually undetectable under an optical microscope. This theory has resurfaced in recent years and has been lent more credence with the arrival of more sophisticated methods of identifying MAP bacteria" (Wikpedia article on Burill Crohn, accessed 1-2020).

"While the causes of Crohn's disease are unknown, it is believed to be due to a combination of environmental, immune, and bacterial factors in genetically susceptible individuals.[6][7][8][2] It results in a chronic inflammatory disorder, in which the body's immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract, possibly targeting microbial antigens.[7][9] While Crohn's is an immune-related disease, it does not appear to be an autoimmune disease (in that the immune system is not being triggered by the body itself).[10] The exact underlying immune problem is not clear; however, it may be an immunodeficiency state.[9][11][12] About half of the overall risk is related to genetics with more than 70 genes having been found to be involved.[1][13] Tobacco smokers are twice as likely to develop Crohn's disease as nonsmokers.[3] It also often begins after gastroenteritis.[1] Diagnosis is based on a number of findings including biopsy and appearance of the bowel wall, medical imaging and description of the disease.[1] Other conditions that can present similarly include irritable bowel syndrome and Behçet's disease.[1"(Wikipedia article on Crohn's disease, accessed 1-2020).



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Mycobacterium , GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3552

Papers relating to the pituitary body, hypothalamus, and para-sympathetic nervous system.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1932.

Cushing advanced the theory that the hypothalamus is responsible for the development of peptic ulcer (see p. 175 et seq.). This work contains his four principal contributions to pituitary-hypothalamic interrelationships, including a reprint of his description of pituitary basphilism (No. 3904).



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pituitary, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer, NEUROLOGY
  • 3553

Ein völlig ungefährliches, flexibles Gastroskop.

Münch. med. Wschr., 79, 1268-69, 1932.

Introduction of the flexible gastroscope.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Gastroscope
  • 3554

The early diagnosis of acute intestinal obstruction with comments on pathology and treatment. With a report of successful decompression of three cases of mechanical bowel obstruction by nasal catheter suction siphonage.

West. J. Surg. Obstet. Gynec., 40, 1-17, 1932.

Wangensteen’s apparatus for relief of acute intestinal obstruction. See also his Intestinal Obstructions: Physiological, pathological and clinical considerations with emphasis on therapy, including description of operative procedures. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1955.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3555

Treatment of hematemesis and melaena with food.

Acta med. Scand., Suppl. 59, 375-85, 1934.

Meulengracht diet.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3556

Congenital atresia of the esophagus with tracheoesophageal fistula. Report of successful extrapleural ligation of fistulous communication and cervical esophagostomy.

J. thorac. Surg., 10, 648-57, 1941.


Subjects: Thoracic Surgery
  • 3557

Supra-diaphragmatic section of the vagus nerves in treatment of duodenal ulcer.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.), 53, 152-54, 1943.

Vagotomy for peptic ulcer.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3558

Atresia of the ileum. First successful case cured by enterostomy alone.

Pediat., 30, 679-85, 1947.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3558.1

A flexible fibrescope, using static scanning.

Nature (Lond.), 173, 39-41, 1954.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 3558.2

Primary peptic ulcerations of the jejunum associated with islet cell tumors of the pancreas.

Ann. Surg., 142, 709-28, 1955.

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3558.3

Demonstration of the new gastroscope, the “fiberscope”.

Gastroenterology, 35, 50-53, 1958.

The Hirschowitz fiber optic endoscope, the "Fiberscope."  In February 1957 Hirschowitz passed the first prototype instrument down his own throat and, a few days later, down that of a patient. Hirschowitz gave the first report on the new much thinner, and much more flexible instrument at the Forty-First Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America, October, 1956. His first very brief published report on the instrument was "A long fiberscope for internal medial examinations," J. Optical Soc. Am. I (1957), 117. This report was co-authored with the co-developers of the instrument, the physicist C. Wilber Peters (1918-89), who developed the glass-coated fiber with the optical qualities required for the fiber bundle of a gastroscope, and Peters's student Lawrence E. Curtiss. Hirschowtiz's 1958 paper cited here was his first report on the new instrument to the gastroenterology community.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Endoscope, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Gastroscope
  • 3559

Of an inguinal rupture, with a pin in the appendix caeci, incrusted with stone; and some observations on wounds in the guts.

Phil. Trans., 39, 329-42, 1736.

First recorded successful appendectomy. Amyand was Sergeant-Surgeon to George II and first principal surgeon to Westminster Hospital. See also the paper in Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 1953, 97, 643-52, which reproduces part of the text.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3560

Case of diseased appendix vermiformis.

Med.-chir. Trans., 3, 57-58, 1812.

First case of appendicitis reported in English, and the first in which perforation was recognized as the cause of death. John Parkinson was the son of James Parkinson (No. 4690).



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3561

Observations pour servir à l’histoire des inflammations de l’appendice du caecum.

Arch. gén. Méd., 5, 246-50, 1824.

Report of two cases of fatal peritonitis due to perforation of the appendix. Of this paper, H. A. Kelly says, “It at once established a definite place for lesions of the appendix in the category of recognized diseases”.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3562

Mémoire et observations sur quelques maladies de l’appendice cécale.

J. gén. Méd., 100, 317-45, 1827.

Mélier was the first to show the existence of chronic appendicitis; he recognized the causal relationship between the chronic affection and abscesses of the right iliac fossa and was first to suggest operative intervention.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3563

Disease of the appendix caeci cured by operation.

Lond. med. Gaz., n.s. 7, 547-50, 1848.

First recorded successful operation for peritonitis due to abscess in the appendix. Hancock was surgeon to Charing Cross Hospital, London.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3564

An operation for abscess of the appendix vermiformis caeci.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 2, 25-27, 1867.

Parker was the first American to operate for appendicitis. In this paper he described a case from 1864, but mentioned a case he had operated on as early as 1843. He advocated the opening of the appendicular abscesses at an early stage; until his time such abscesses had been opened only when they pointed on the surface.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3565

On perityphlitis.

Ann. surg. anat. Soc. (Brooklyn), 2, 249-70, 1880.

Sands published an account of 26 cases, in which he had operated successfully in all but two. His later publications show that he recognized the early signs of perforation of the appendix, and he advocated and practised early operation.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3566

Clinical lectures on cases of difficult diagnosis; perforation of the appendix vermiformis.

Lancet, 2, 987-90, 1039-42, 1884.

In 1884 Fenwick advocated tying off and removal of the perforated appendix.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3567

Perforating inflammation of the vermiform appendix, with special reference to its early diagnosis and treatment.

Trans. Ass. Amer. Phys., 1, 107-44, 1886.

A conclusive demonstration of the pathology and symptoms of disease of the vermiform appendix. Fitz invented the term “appendicitis”; his paper, which records 25 cases collected by himself, convinced physicians of the need to remove the appendix immediately if threatening symptoms did not subside within 24 hours. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 2, 459-91.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3568

Suppurative peritonitis due to ulceration and suppuration of the vermiform appendix; laparotomy; resection of the vermiform appendix; toilette of the peritonaeum; drainage; recovery.

N.Y. med. J., 43, 662-63, 1886.

This is believed to be the first reported case of survival after removal of a perforated appendix. Hall worked with William Halsted during the 1880s and participated in Halsted’s experiments with cocaine as a local anaesthetic. Like Halsted, Hall became addicted to cocaine. It caused his premature death.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3569

Cases of exploratory laparotomy followed by appropriate remedial operation.

Trans. Coll. Phys. Philad., 9, 183, 1887.

Thomas George Morton (1835-1903) was one of the first deliberately to operate for and remove the inflamed appendix after correct diagnosis, April 1887. The patient survived. Case reported by Woodbury.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3570

Experience with early operative interference in cases of disease of the vermiform appendix.

N.Y. med. J., 50, 676-84, 1889.

Describes (p. 678) “McBurney’s point”: “The seat of greatest pain, determined by the pressure of one finger, has been very exactly between an inch and a half and two inches from the anterior spinous process of the ilium on a straight line drawn from that process to the umbilicus”. McBurney also includes a description of some successful cases of early operation for perforative appendicitis. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 2, 506-31.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3570.1

Surgical treatment of typhlitis.

Bgham. med. Rev., 27, 26-34, 76-89, 1890.

Lawson Tait was the first British surgeon to diagnose acute appendicitis and to treat it by removal of the appendix (May 1880). See J. A. Shepherd, Lawson Tait. The rebellious surgeon. Lawrence, Kansas, Coronado Press, 1980.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3571

The vermiform appendix and its diseases. With 399 original illustrations, some in colors, and 3 lithographic plates.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1905.

The first comprehensive book on the pathology of the appendix. Many of the illustrations are by Max Brödel. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 3572

Die Wurmfortsatzentzündung.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1908.

Aschoff’s theory of the enterogenous origin of appendicitis.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3573
  • 4279

Petit traité contenant une des parties principalles de chirurgie, laquelle les chirurgiens hernieres exercent.

Lyon: Antoine Vincent, 1556.

Clifford Allbutt considered Franco the best lithotomist of the 16th century. His skill in extracting the stone by the perineal route was of a high order; in 1556 he introduced the operation of suprapubic cystotomy in operating for stone, which is recorded in the above. Franco also provided the first description of an operation for strangulated hernia. Franco, in 1556, was the first to perform suprapubic cystotomy. Poor, and largely self-taught, he greatly improved the technique of herniotomy.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia, UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 3573.1
  • 5816.1

Die Handschrift des Schnitt- und Augenarztes Caspar Stromayr in Lindau im Bodensee: In der Lindauer Handschrift (P.1.46) vom 4. Juli 1559. Mit einer historischen Einführung und Wertung von Walter von Brunn.

Berlin: Idra, 1925.

Stroymayr's manuscript was discovered in Lindau in 1909, and remained unpublished until the above edition, which reproduced his drawings in color. Like Bartisch (No. 5817) Stromayr specialized in hernia repair and eye surgery; he was advanced in his concept of hernia. His unique manuscript contains 186 large colored paintings of surgical instruments and procedures. The portrait-like illustrations of eye diseases at the end of this work bear a striking resemblance to the woodcuts in Bartisch. 



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Surgical Instruments, OPHTHALMOLOGY , SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3574

Traité des hernies... et autres excellentes parties de chirurgie assavior de la pierre, des cataractes des yeux, & autres maladies...

Lyon: Thibauld Payan, 1561.

Greatly expanded second edition, including Franco's operations for cataract and urinary calculi. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract, SURGERY: General › Hernia, UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 3575

Observation sur une nouvelle espèce de hernie.

Hist. Acad. roy. Sci. (Paris), (1700), Mém., 300-10, 1719.

“Littre’s hernia” – so named from his description of diverticulum hernia. Later Richter (No. 3578) described this condition more fully.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3576

A treatise on ruptures.

London: C. Hitch & L. Hawes, 1756.

Pott was surgeon to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital. Through a fall in the street he was confined to bed for many days, and during that period wrote his classic book on hernia. He refuted many of the old theories concerning its causation and methods of treatment based on these theories. The book includes the first description of congenital hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3357
  • 3577

Traité des maladies chirurgicales et des opérations qui leur conviennent. 3 vols.

Paris: P. F. Didot le jeune, 1774.

Records (Vol, 1, pp. 153, 160) the first successful operation for mastoiditis, performed by Petit in 1736. “Petit’s hernia” and “triangle” described (vol. 2, pp. 256-58). (See also No. 3357.) A lumbar hernia had previously been described by R. J. C. de Garengeot, Traité des opérations de chirurgie, 1731, 1, 369-71.

 



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures, SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3578

Abhandlung von den Brüchen.

Göttingen: J. C. Dieterich, 17781779.

Richter, lecturer on surgery at Göttingen, in his classic treatise on hernia, first described partial enterocele, or “Richter’s hernia” (Chap. 24).



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3579

Nuevo método de operar en la hernia crural.

Madrid: vda. Ibarra, 1793.

Description of Gimbernat’s operation for strangulated femoral hernia. In the same work he also described the ligament in the crural arch named after him. Gimbernat was a pioneer in ophthalmology, vascular surgery, and urology. English translation as A New Method of Operating for the Femoral Hernia, translated by T. Beddoes, London, 1795. For biographical note, see N. M. Matheson, Brit. med. Bull., 1945, 3, 238-39. Digital facsimile of the 1793 edition from Biblioteca Virtual de la  Real Academia Nacional de Farmacia, España at this link.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3580

Icones herniarum. Editae a S. T. Soemmerring.

Frankfurt: Varrentrapp & Wenner, 1801.

Camper illustrated his own work, and was an outstanding anatomical artist. His illustrations of hernias are of great value.



Subjects: Illustration, Biomedical, SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3581

The anatomy and surgical treatment of inguinal and congenital hernia. London, Cox, 1804. The anatomy and surgical treatment of crural and umbilical hernia.

London: Longman, 1807.

Cooper’s first book, luxuriously produced, in which he described for the first time the transversalis fascia, with full appreciation of its importance in hernia, as well as the superior pubic ligament with bears his name. Cooper made a study of femoral hernia and described “Cooper’s ligament”. He also studied diaphragmatic hernia. The second edition of 1827, entitled The anatomy and surgical treatment of abdominal hernia included his description of “Cooper’s hernia” (hernia femoralis fasciae superficialis).



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3582
  • 983

Anatomisch-chirurgische Abhandlung über den Ursprung der Leistenbrüche

Würzburg: Baumgärtner, 1806.

Includes description of “Hesselbach’s hernia” and “triangle”. He wrote a further volume on the subject in 1814.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion, SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3583

Sull’ernie. Memorie anatomico-chirurgiche.

Milan: d. reale Stamperia, 1809.

This splendidly illustrated work with life-size plates includes the description of “Scarpa’s fascia” (creasteric fascia) and Scarpa’s triangle of the thigh.



Subjects: Illustration, Biomedical, SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3584

Sull’ernia del perineo.

Pavia: P. Bizzoni, 1821.

Scarpa’s work on perineal hernia included a classic description of sliding hernia, or hernia of the large bowel. His contribution to the subject of hernia ranks with that of Cooper, and he did much toward modernizing the knowledge of this specialty.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3585

Recherches anatomiques sur les hernies de l’abdomen.

Paris: Méquignon-Marvis, 1817.

This is Cloquet’s medical thesis. It was followed by his thesis in competition for head of the anatomy section of the Paris Faculty: Recherches sur les causes et l’anatomie des hernies abdominales. Paris, Méquignon-Marvis, 1819. Marcy (No. 3601) considered Cloquet’s work to be in the class of Cooper and Scarpa. Cloquet's 1817 work was illustrated with plates engraved by his father. The lithographed plates in the work of 1819 were drawn on stone by Cloquet himself, and are among the earliest lithographed medical illustrations. See No. 409. Digital facsimile of the 1817 work, followed by the 1819 work, from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Illustration, Biomedical, SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3586

A memoir on the advantages and practicability of dividing the stricture in strangulated hernia on the outside of the sac.

London: Longman, 1833.

Introduction of the principle of dividing a stricture outside the sac in cases of strangulated hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3587

Treatise on ruptures. 5th ed.

London: John Churchill, 1838.

This was the standard text for many years. It first appeared in 1807 as Treatise on hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3588

Operation for strangulated hernia.

Lond. med. Gaz., 28, 863-66, 1841.

Luke’s operation for femoral hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3589

A practical treatise on abdominal hernia.

Longman, 1846.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3590

Considérations sur l’étranglement de l’intestin dans la cavité abdominale et sur un mode d’étranglement non décrit par les auteurs. Thèse pour le doctorat en médecine.... No. 128.

Paris: Rignoux, 1853.

Retrocaecal hernia (“Rieux’s hernia”) first described. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3591

Hernia retroperitonealis. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte innerer Hernien.

Prague: F. A. Crednar, 1857.

Treitz described retroperitoneal hernia through the duodeno-jejunal recess – “Treitz’s hernia”.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Czech Republic, SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3592

Ueber einen Fall nicht incarcerierter, aber mit Incarceration des Ileum durch das Omentum complicirter Hernia interna mesogastrica.

Oest. Z. prakt. Heilk, 9, 325-30, 341-45, 1863.

“Gruber’s hernia” – internal mesogastric hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3592.1

A new use of carbolized catgut ligatures.

Bost. med. surg. J., 85, 315-317, 1871.

Marcy was the first to stress the importance of reconstruction of the internal ring following reduction of the sac.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3593

Studien zur Radikalbehandlung der Hernien.

Wien. med. Wschr., 27, 497-500, 527-30, 553-56, 578-81, 1877.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3594

The radical cure of hernia by the antiseptic use of the carbolized catgut ligature.

Trans. Amer. med. Ass., 29, 295-305, 1878.

Marcy introduced antiseptic ligatures in the radical cure of hernia. See also No. 3601.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis, SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3594.1

Hernia, strangulated and reducible, with cure by subcutaneous injections.

London: Sampson, Low, 1880.

The injection method of treating hernia remained a frequently utilized procedure until the 1930s.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3595

A case of strangulated hernia into the fossa intersigmoidea.

Brit. med. J., 1, 1195-97, 1885.

First definitely authenticated case of intersigmoid hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3596

On the radical cure of oblique inguinal hernia by internal abdominal peritoneal pad, and the restoration of the valved form of the inguinal canal.

Ann. Surg., 4, 89-119, 1886.

Macewen’s method for the radical cure of oblique inguinal hernia. The sac was folded into a pad and used as a plug at the internal ring, the ring being closed in layers. Reprinted in Brit. med. J., 1887, 2, 1263-71.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3597

Cure radicale des hernies.

Paris : A. Delahaye et E. Lecrosnier, 1887.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3598

Nuovo metodo per la cura radicale dell’ ernia inguinale.

Atti Congr. Ass. Med. Ital., (1887), Pavia, 2, 179-82, 1889.

Bassini’s operation for the radical cure of inguinal hernia. His first account was unillustrated. Translation in J. Hist. Med., 1966, 21, 401-07. Bassini expanded his paper into an illustrated book with the same title, Pavia, 1889. This book was translated into German in Arch. f. klin. Chir., 1890, 40, 429-76.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3599

The radical cure of hernia.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 1, 12-13, 112, 1889.

Simultaneously with Bassini, Halsted devised the modern operation for the radical cure of inguinal hernia. This is known as the Halsted I repair. Later his technique differed much from that of Bassini. See also his later paper on the subject in the same journal, 1893, 4, 17-24, which is reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 3, 412-40.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia