An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15426 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 20, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 7000–7099

99 entries
  • 7000

The growth and shedding of the antlers of the deer. The histological phenomena and their relation to the growth of bone.

Glasgow: Maclehose, Jackson & Co., 1920.

The first study of the unusual and dramatic physiology of the annual growth and shedding of the antlers of deer. "The amount of bony matter annually secreted to form antlers of the larger deer is enormous, antlers of the Red Deer having been obtained which weigh upwards of 74 lbs. while those of the extinct Irish deer must have probably scaled 100 lbs during life. 'In weight the Elk will scale from 900 to 1400 pounds and the antler may weigh as much as 60 pounds. The largest span of an Elk antler on record is in possession of the Duke of Westminister. It measures six feet one and one quarter inch' " (p. xv). Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), ORTHOPEDICS › Muskuloskeletal System › Physiology of Bone Formation, PHYSIOLOGY › Comparative Physiology, ZOOLOGY
  • 7001

The anatomy of sleep; or, the art of procuring sound and refreshing slumber at will.

London: John Churchill, 1842.

This semi-popular work was one of the first scientific studies of sleep. It was also the first book typeset by a mechanical typesetting machine, rather than hand-set type. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. For further information see the entry at HistoryofInformation.com at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY, NEUROLOGY › Sleep Physiology & Medicine
  • 7002

Encyclopedia of native American healing.

New York: ABC-CLIO, 1996.


Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, BOTANY › Ethnobotany, Encyclopedias, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 7003

The Swimmer manuscript. Cherokee sacred formulas and medicinal prescriptions, by James Mooney, revised, completed and edited by Frans M. Olbrechts. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 99.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1932.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, BOTANY › Ethnobotany, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 7004

Body worlds. The anatomical exhibition of real human bodies.

Heidelberg: Institute for Plastination, 2005.

In 1977 Gunther von Hagens invented plastination, a technique or process used in anatomy to preserve bodies or body parts. In the process water and fat are replaced by certain plastics, yielding specimens that can be touched, do not smell or decay, and even retain most properties of the original sample, including the original weight. During the first 20 years plastination was used to preserve small specimens for medical study. It was not until the early 1990s that the equipment was developed to make it possible to plastinate whole body specimens, each specimen taking up to 1,500 person-hours to prepare. The first exhibition of whole bodies was displayed in Japan in 1995. Over the next two years, von Hagens developed the Body Worlds exhibition, showing whole bodies plastinated in lifelike poses and dissected to show various structures and systems of human anatomy. This met with public interest and controversy in more than 50 cities around the world.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 21st Century, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 2000 -
  • 7005

Fragonard Museum. The écorchés. The anatomical masterworks of Honoré Fragonard by Christophe Degueurce. With an essay by Laure Cadot. Translated from the French by Philip Adds.

New York: Blast Books, 2011.

The painter and printmaker Fragonard preserved the results of his dissections via means never divulged, but which may have been based on those of Jean-Joseph Sue. His pieces were often prepared for theatrical effect rather than scientific exhibition, as can be seen in the surviving pieces in the Musée Fragonard d'Alfort.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomy for Artists, ANATOMY › History of Anatomical Illustration, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , VETERINARY MEDICINE › History of Veterinary Medicine
  • 7006

Traité d'ostéologie. 2 vols.

Paris: Guillaume Cavelier, 1759.

Monro Primus' textbook on the anatomy of the bones was originally published in 1726 as an octavo volume without plates, and went through more than ten editions. The French translation, published in large folio, translated and edited by Jean Joseph Sue, was the most sumptuous edition ever published. Sue's deluxe folio edition of Monro was illustrated with 62 plates by various engravers, of which 31 were outline plates. Remarkably Roberts & Tomlinson, The Fabric of the Body pp. 438-55 suggest that the translation of this work may have been done by Marie-Geneviève-Charlotte Thiroux d'Arconville (1720-1805), who also may have supervised the production of the illustrations. If so, this is probably the first published anatomical work produced by a woman; it is not hard to understand how such a work needed to be issued under a man's name at the time. D'Arconville had studied anatomy at the Jardin du Roi.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1500 - 1799
  • 7007

The American physician : or, a treatise of the roots, plants, trees, shrubs, fruit, herbs, etc., growing in the English Plantations in America ; ... whereunto is added a discourse of the Cacao-nut-Tree, and the use of its fruit ; with all the ways of making Chocolate

London: J. C. for William Crook, 1672.

The earliest work in English on the medicinal virtues of North American tropical plants. Based on first-hand observations made in the West Indies, Evidence suggests that Hughes began his career in 1651 with a privateering voyage to the West Indies, during which he traveled to Barbados, St. Kitts, Cuba, Jamaica and mainland Florida. He appears to have spent a good deal of time visiting British plantations on Jamaica and Barbados, where he observed and made descriptions of a large number of New World tropical plants including potatoes, yams, maize (“the wheat of America”), bananas, avocadoes (“Spanish pears”), chili peppers, watermelons, sugarcane, guavas, prickly pears, coconuts and manioc. Hughes’s work “contributed greatly to the spread of the American indigenous use of plants ‘either for Meat or Medicine’” (Wilson & Hurst, Chocolate as medicine [2012] p. 55). Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, BOTANY › Ethnobotany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Barbados, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean › Jamaica, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Florida
  • 7008

Modern drug use: An enquiry on historical principles.

Lancaster, England: MTP Press, 1984.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 7009

Chlorpromazine in psychiatry: A study of therapeutic innovation.

Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1974.

Chlorpromazine (CPZ) was the first drug in Western medicine found to have specific psychotropic effects agains a range of mental disease symtomatologies, particularly those associated with schizophrenia. It was marketed in the United States as Thorazine, beginning in 1954.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry, PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › History of Psychopharmacology, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 7010

Discoveries in biological psychiatry.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1970.

Proceedings of an international symposium sponsored by the Taylor Manor Hospital in Baltimore in 1970, including first person accounts by those who discovered the original drugs in each of the major categories of psychotropic medications. Republished, Baltimore: Ayd Medical Communications, 1984.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › History of Psychopharmacology
  • 7011
KAHUN GYNECOLOGICAL PAPYRUS

The Petrie papyri. Hieratic papyri from Kahun and Gurob (Principally of the Middle Kingdom) edited by F. Ll. Griffith.

London: Bernard Quaritch Ltd., 1898.

The Kahun Gynecological Papyrus (also Kahun Papyrus, Kahun Medical Papyrus, or UC 32057) is the oldest known medical text on papyrus, dating from circa 1800 BCE. It was found at El-Lahun, Egypt (Faiyum, Kahun, كاهون‎) by Flinders Petrie in 1889, and first translated by F. Ll. Griffith in 1893, and published in The Petrie Papyri: Hieratic Papyri from Kahun and Gurob. The papyrus concerns women's health issues—gynecological diseases, fertility, pregnancy, and contraception. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri, Contraception , OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 7012

The Bernard Becker collection in ophthalmology. An annotated catalogue. Third edition, compiled by Lilla Wechsler, Christopher Hoolihan, Mark F. Weimer.

St. Louis, MO: Bernard Becker Medical Library, 1996.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 7013

Dates in ophthalmology.

New York: Parthenon Publishing, 2002.

An annotated chronological listing of significant events in the history of ophthalmology.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 7014

Source book of ophthalmology.

Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Science, 1995.

An annotated bibliography of significant books in the history of ophthalmology, with brief biographical notes regarding authors.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 7015

The history of ophthalmology.

Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Scientific, 1996.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 7016

Chemisch-Pharmazeutisches Bio-und Bibliographikon. Herausgegeben von der Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Pharmazie durch Fritz Ferchl. 2 vols.

Mittenwald: Arthur Nemayer, 1938.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Chemistry / Biochemistry, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), Chemistry › History of Chemistry, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 7017

The development of American pharmacology. John J. Abel and the shaping of a discipline.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 7018

Ethnobotany: Evolution of a discipline. Edited by Richard Schultes and Siri Sylvia von Reis.

Portland, OR: Dioscorides Press, 1995.


Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, BOTANY › History of Botany, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 7019

Kanyaku maou seibun kenkyuu seiseki (zoku).

Yakugaku Zasshi, 127, 832–860, 1893.

Nagai synthesized methamphetamine from ephedrine.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › Methamphetamine
  • 7020

Profiles in gerontology: A biographical dictionary

Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995.


Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging › History of Gerontology & Aging
  • 7021

Crossing frontiers: Gerontology emerges as a science.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1995.


Subjects: GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging › History of Gerontology & Aging
  • 7022

Men of vision: Lives of notable figures in ophthalmology.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1993.


Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 7023

British Optical Association Library and Museum catalogue. 3 vols.

London: Council of the British Optical Association, 19321957.

Vol. 1 primarlily by Sutcliffe; vol.3 by Mitchell. The 3 volumes describe more than 1000 items; every entry is annotated. The first volume is extensively illustrated.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Institutional Medical Libraries, OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 7024

Eye and instruments: Nineteenth-century ophthalmological instruments in the Netherlands.

Amsterdam: Batavian Lion, 1996.

Extremely high quality color images throughout compliment the expert text.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation, OPHTHALMOLOGY › History of Ophthalmology
  • 7025

Plant, animal & anatomical illustration in art & science: A bibliographical guide from the 16th century to the present day.

Winchester, Hampshire, England & Pittsburgh, PA: St. Paul's Bibliographies in Association with the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, 1990.

The first comprehensive listing of primary instructional or "how to draw" books, and non-scientific iconographical "pattern" books, published for artists and designers in the widest range of subjects concerning plants, animals and human anatomy.



Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomical Illustration, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Botany / Materia Medica, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Natural History, BOTANY › Botanical Illustration › History of Botanical Illustration, Illustration, Biomedical
  • 7026

The history of natural history: An annotated bibliography. Second edition

London: Linnean Society, 2008.

First published, New York: Garland, 1994.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Natural History, BOTANY › History of Botany, ZOOLOGY › History of Zoology
  • 7027

Science in the bedroom: A history of sex research.

New York: Basic Books, 1994.


Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology
  • 7028

Sexuality: An illustrated history. Representing the sexual in medicine and culture from the Middle Ages to the age of AIDS.

New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1989.


Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology
  • 7029

The facts of life: The creation of sexual knowledge in Britain, 1650-1950.

New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.


Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 7030

Aristoteles master-piece, or the secrets of generation displayed in all the parts thereof . . .

London: J. How, 1684.

The first sex manual in English, neither by Aristotle or a "masterpiece", provided its readers with practical advice on copulation, conception, pregnancy and birth.This anonymous, inexpensively printed work proved to be enormously popular: At least three editions were issued by J. How in 1684, and literally hundreds of editions and translations followed, right up to the early decades of the 20th century. 



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 7031

Het volkomen huwelijk. Een studie omtrent zijn physiologie en zijn techniek: voor den arts en den echtgenoot geschreven.

Leiden: Leidsche Uitgeversmaatschappij, 1926.

English translation: Ideal Marriage: Its Physiology and Technique. (1930). The first printing had an insert: "The sale of this book is strictly limited to members of the medical profession, Psychoanalysts, Scholars, and to such adults as may have a definite position in the field of Physiological, Psychological, or Social Research." In its different editions and translations over the nearly 100 years since it was published, it is possible that this work sold more copies than virtually any other book in this bibliography.



Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 7032

Taking positions. On the erotic in Renaissance culture.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Of particular relevance to the history of medical literature is Chapter 8: "Mythology, Sexuality, and Science in Charles Estienne's Manual of Anatomy" (pp. 161-188).  This refers to Estienne's De dissectione partium corporis humani (1545). (No. 378)



Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ART & Medicine & Biology, Renaissance Medicine › History of Renaissance Medicine, SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology
  • 7033

Lectures on the iconography of the Chirurgia of Vidus Vidius and the De dissectione of Estienne and Rivière. Given at the University of California Los Angeles October 1961

No place identified: Privately Printed, 1961.

"Fifty copies of this collection of papers have beem printed for private circulation." Half title and cover title of the volume: Mannerism and Medical Illustration.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ART & Medicine & Biology, Illustration, Biomedical
  • 7034

Chinese medicine and healing. An illustrated history.

Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2013.

Contributions from 53 scholars, edited by Hinrichs and Barnes.



Subjects: Chinese Medicine › History of Chinese Medicine
  • 7035

Encyclopaedia sexualis: A comprehensive encyclopaedia-dictionary of the sexual sciences. Edited by Victor Robinson.

New York: Dingwall-Rock Ltd. in collaboration with Medical Review of Reviews, 1936.

One of the first encyclopedias of sexuality, published when relevant information was difficult to obtain, especially in English.



Subjects: Encyclopedias, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 7036

Fruits of philosophy, or the private companion of young married people,

Boston, MA: [Publisher not identified], 1832.

First edition published privately and anonymously. Second edition, with additions, Boston, 1833. Many times reprinted. Republished by Charles Bradlaugh and Annie Besant, 1891. Edited, with an introductory notice by Norman E. Himes, and with "medical emendations" by Robert Latou Dickinson (1937). Digital facsimile of the 1891 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.  See Michael Sappol, "Anatomical Performance, Medical Narrative, and Identity in Antebellum America," Bull. Hist. Med., 83 (2009) 460-49, which primarily concerns the life of Knowlton through the examination of his autobiography.



Subjects: Contraception , SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 7037

Sexual behavior in the human female. By the staff of the Institute for Sex Research, Indiana University.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1953.


Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 7038

Sexual behavior in the human male.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1948.


Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 7039

Human sexual response.

Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1966.

Pioneering work on the human sexual response cycle by the researchers known as Masters and Johnson.



Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 7040

Handbook of medieval sexuality. Edited by Bullough and Brundage.

New York: Garland Publishing, 1996.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology
  • 7041

A history of non-printed science. A select catalogue of the Waller Collection.

Uppsala, Sweden: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 1993.

Describes elements of the Waller Collection not covered in Sallander's 2-volume catalogue of the books. Erik Waller assembled the largest library of the history of medicine and science of any 20th century collector. The Waller Library consists of the following components, totaling over 108,000 items. 

Books: 21,000

Uncatalogued pamphlets, booklets & offprints: 4000

Autographs & Letters: 30,000

Alba Amicorum: 36

Bookplates: 200

Iconography (Prints, etc.): 40,000

Manuscripts & Diplomas: 300

Medals: 600

Estimated total: 108,100

 

 



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 7042

Medicine, public health and the Qājār state. Patterns of medical modernization in nineteenth-century Iran.

Leiden: Brill, 2004.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Iran (Persia), Iranian Medicine
  • 7043

Contraception and abortion from the ancient world to the Renaissance.

Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Riddle argued that the ancient world possessed effective and safe contraceptives and abortifacients; however this knowledge about fertility control, widely held in the ancient world, was gradually lost over the course of the Middle Ages, becoming nearly unavailable by the early modern period. The reasons for this, Riddle argued, was that this knowledge was passed down through the oral and folk tradition, mainly by midwives, and belonged to a distinctly female-centered culture, removed from the male dominated and orientated knowledge of professionally trained physicians.



Subjects: Contraception › History of Contraception, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Abortion, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, Renaissance Medicine › History of Renaissance Medicine, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 7044

"A dirty, filthy book." The writings of Charles Knowlton and Annie Besant on reproductive physiology and birth control and an account of the Bradlaugh-Besant trial, by S. Chandrasekhar. With the definitive texts of Fruits of Philosophy by Charles Knowlton, The Law of Population by Annie Besant, Theosophy and the Law of Population by Annie Besant.

Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1989.


Subjects: Contraception › History of Contraception, LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 7045

Medicine in China. Historical artifacts and images.

New York: Prestel, 2000.


Subjects: Chinese Medicine › History of Chinese Medicine
  • 7046

Dawn of Western science in Japan. Rangaku Kotohajime by Genpaku Sugita translated by Ryōzō Matsumoto, supervised by Tomio Ogata.

Tokyo: The Hokuseido Press, 1969.


Subjects: Japanese Medicine, Japanese Medicine › History of Japanese Medicine
  • 7047

Medicine and slavery. The diseases and health care of blacks in antebellum Virginia.

Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1978.


Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY › History of African Americans & Medicine & Biology, Slavery and Medicine › History of Slavery & Medicine, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Virginia
  • 7048

The history of the Negro in medicine.

New York: Publishers Company, Inc., 1967.

International Library of Negro Life and History. Revised edition, 1968.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY › History of African Americans & Medicine & Biology
  • 7049

The planter's and mariner's medical companion: treating, according to the most successful practice, I. The diseases common to warm climates and on ship board. II. Common cases in surgery, as fractures, dislocations, &c. &c. III. The complaints peculiar to women and children. To which are subjoined a dispensatory, shewing how to prepare and administer family medicines, and a glossary giving an explanation of technical terms.

Philadelphia: John Bioren, 1807.

Ewell, then practicing in Savannah, Georgia, wrote this self-help book for southern residents, directing his book toward plantation owners. It was "the constant friend of a large number of slave-masters. In emergencies it was not uncommon for planters to sit with book in hand by the bedside of a sick Negro, look up the symptoms, compare the remedies and then administer the drug. Not infrequently their wives would minister to sick slaves" (Morais, The history of the Negro in medicine [1968]  16-17.),. The book underwent at least 11 editions, under different titles. Digital facsimile of the Baltimore, 1811 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American South, Slavery and Medicine
  • 7050

The Negro in medicine.

Tuskegee, AL: Tuskegee Inst. Press, 1912.

An early publication on the medical problems of blacks written by a black physician. Kenney served as school physician at Tuskegee University, was the first director of the John A. Andrew Memorial Hospital at Tuskegee University, founded the John A. Andrew Clinic and help to start the John A. Andrew Clinical Society in 1918. Kenney also edited the Journal of the National Medical Association (a professional organization of black physicians).



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Alabama
  • 7051

The health and physique of the Negro American: report of a social study made under the direction of Atlanta University: together with the Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference for the Study of the Negro Problems, held at Atlanta University, on May the 29th, 1906.

Atlanta, GA: Atlanta University Press, 1906.

Probably the earliest sociological study of the medical problems of blacks written by a black. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 7053

The Caribbean slave: A biological history.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1984.


Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY › History of African Americans & Medicine & Biology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, Slavery and Medicine › History of Slavery & Medicine
  • 7054

Textbook of Black-related diseases. Edited by Richard A. Williams.

New York: McGraw-Hill, 1975.

The first textbook on diseases of African Americans written by African American physicians. The book set the tone for recognizing the importance of race and ethnicity in the evalutation, diagnosis, and treatment of patients, and the need to collect health data according to racial and ethnic designation. 



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY
  • 7055

A treatise on the diseases of Negroes, as they occur in the island of Jamaica: with observations on the country remedies.

Jamaica: Printed by Alex. Aikman, Jr., 1820.

Digital facsimile from the National Library of Medicine, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean › Jamaica, Slavery and Medicine
  • 7056

Eliminating healthcare disparities in America. Beyond the IOM Report. Edited by Richard Allen Williams.

Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2007.


Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 7057

Unequal treatment: Confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Edited by B. D. Smedley, A. Y. Stith, and A. R. Nelson.

Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2003.

"Congress, in 1999, requested an IOM study to assess the extent of disparities in the types and quality of health services received by U.S. racial and ethnic minorities and non-minorities; explore factors that may contribute to inequities in care; and recommend policies and practices to eliminate these inequities.

"The report from that study, Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, found that a consistent body of research demonstrates significant variation in the rates of medical procedures by race, even when insurance status, income, age, and severity of conditions are comparable. This research indicates that U.S. racial and ethnic minorities are less likely to receive even routine medical procedures and experience a lower quality of health services.

"The report says a large body of research underscores the existence of disparities. For example, minorities are less likely to be given appropriate cardiac medications or to undergo bypass surgery, and are less likely to receive kidney dialysis or transplants. By contrast, they are more likely to receive certain less-desirable procedures, such as lower limb amputations for diabetes and other conditions.

"The committee's recommendations for reducing racial and ethnic disparities in health care include increasing awareness about disparities among the general public, health care providers, insurance companies, and policy-makers.

"Consistency and equity of care also should be promoted through the use of "evidence-based" guidelines to help providers and health plans make decisions about which procedures to order or pay for based on the best available science. More minority health care providers are needed, especially since they are more likely to serve in minority and medically underserved communities, the report says and more interpreters should be available in clinics and hospitals to overcome language barriers that may affect the quality of care:" (http://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/Reports/2002/Unequal-Treatment-Confronting-Racial-and-Ethnic-Disparities-in-Health-Care.aspx).



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 7058

The Red Cross in peace and war.

Washington, DC: American Historical Press, 1898.

Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881. Although Henry Dunant had suggested in 1864 that Red Cross societies provide disaster relief as well as wartime services, Barton became the strongest advocate for the development of the Red Cross as a disaster relief organization in the years that followed. During the Third International Red Cross Conference in Geneva in 1884, the American Red Cross proposed an amendment to the Geneva Treaty calling for expansion of Red Cross relief to include victims of natural disasters. This resolution became known as the “American Amendment” to the Geneva Treaty of 1864.

Digital facsimile of the 1899 printing from the Hathi Trust at this link.

Also published with a different title: The Red Cross: A history of this remarkable international movement in the interest of humanity. Washington, DC: American National Red Cross, 1898.



Subjects: Global Health, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, NURSING, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 7059

The battle of the bulge: A history of obesity research.

Philadelphia: Dorrance Publishing, 2007.


Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › History of Nutrition / Diet, Obesity Research › History of Obesity Research
  • 7060

A discourse on the nature, causes, and cure of corpulency. Illustrated by a remarkable case, Read before the Royal Society, November 1757. And now first published.

London: L. David and C. Reymers, 1760.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET, Obesity Research
  • 7061

A discourse concerning the causes and effects of corpulency, together with the method for its prevention and cure.

London: for J. Roberts, 1727.

The first book on obesity in English.



Subjects: Obesity Research
  • 7062

A modern herbal. The medicinal, culinary, cosmetic and economic properties, cultivation and folk-lore of herbs, grasses, fungi, shrubs & trees with their modern scientific uses. With an introduction by the editor, Mrs. C. F. Leyel. 2 vols.

London: Jonathan Cape, 1931.

Online version at Botanical.com at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 7063

Obesity and leanness.

Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1940.

The first American book specifically devoted to obesity research.



Subjects: Obesity Research
  • 7064

De l'obésité: étiologie, thérapeutique et hygiène. Thèse présentée et soutenue le 12 Aout 1875.

Paris: Imprimerie de E. Martinet, 1875.

Primarily a summary of research on the subject to date. Worthington was an American from Cincinnati who received his M.D. in Paris in 1876, and practiced there until 1879, when he returned to the U.S.A. A geneological study of the Worthington family states that he changed his name to Lewis Nicholas Worthington in 1882. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link



Subjects: Obesity Research
  • 7065

Some notes on the history of the National Medical Association.

J. Nat. Med. Assoc., 25, 97-105, 1933.

Digital facsimile available from PubMedCental (NLM) at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY
  • 7066

Positional cloning of the mouse obese gene and its human homologue.

Nature, 372, 425-432, 1994.

Discovery of the hormone leptin and its role in regulating body weight. Friedman and associates subsequently found that injections of the encoded protein, leptin, decrease body weight of mice by reducing food intake and increasing energy expenditure. With Ricardo Proenca, Margherita Maffei, Marissa Barone, and Lori Leopold.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY, Obesity Research, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 7067

Harmonie hydro-végétale et météorologique, ou recherches sur les moyens de recréer avec nos forêts la force des températures et la régularité des saisons, par des plantations raisonnées. 2 vols.

Paris: Les Frères Levrault, 1802.

Rauch was particularly concerned with deforestation, which not only affected the agriculture and scenery of the countryside, but also the whole ecological balance of crops, flora and fauna, and human interaction with the ecological system. He discussed the interrelationships between climate, terrain and vegetation, and suggested ways to establish a state of 'harmony' between the environment and man. He included topics such as the ecological balance found in mountain regions, and  suggested in the final chapter, that a ministerial department "of the interior" be set up in order to monitor ecological issues and supervise relevant matters at a local level were included. In his extensively revised second edition of 1818, which bore the title Régenération de la nature végétale.... (2 vols.) his attention turned to the idea of "regeneration" he argued that it is necessary to reverse the process of human destruction of the environment, particularly the world-wide destruction of forests, in order to return the planet to a state better supportive of life. He Rauch began with a consideration of the relationship of forests to weather conditions, surveyed the effects of deforestation world-wide on climate, and animal and human populations, and set out steps to be taken: what sorts of vegetation should be planted where, renewal of water sources, and the establishment of governmental agencies in France and all over the globe to observe the environment and take action. He urged the agencies, for example, to consider changes over short periods of time ("to what extant animals and birds are scarcer in the last thirty years" in a particular area), and to attempt regulation of factory fuel sources. In his closing argument he urges the obligation "to conserve the noble economy," and "to conserve that from which we benefit." Digital facsimile of the 1802 edition from Google Books at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1818 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Agriculture / Horticulture, BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment
  • 7068

Nature's economy. A history of ecological ideas. Second edition.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1994.


Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment › History of Ecology / Environment
  • 7069

The greatest benefit to mankind. A medical history of humanity.

New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1997.


Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 7070

Physical training in American colleges and universities. Circulars of information of the Bureau of Education. No. 5-1885.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1886.

Concerns training methods and equipment, primarily for men (3 pages devoted to women) in the United States, with a chapter on training in Germany. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness
  • 7071

Evolution of the brain: Creation of the self.

London: Routledge, 1989.

A pioneering work on the evolution of the human mind. Eccles synthesized comparative anatomy--especially brain anatomy--with evidence from paleontology and archaeology, and brain physiology (especially the physiology of language), and philosophy--all within the framework of Darwinian evolutionary theory, making allowance for the latest critcal developments.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, EVOLUTION, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 7072

The face of madness. Hugh W. Diamond and the origin of psychiatric photography. Edited by Sander L. Gilman.

Secaucus, NJ: The Citadel Press, 1976.

Papers by Diamond, including their illustrations, edited with an extensive annotated introduction.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , PSYCHIATRY
  • 7073

Portraits of the insane. The case of Dr. Diamond, by Adrienne Burrows and Iwan Schumacher.

London: Quartet, 1990.

Reproduces many of Diamond's photographs of psychiatric patients. Diamond was fascinated by the possible use of photography in the treatment of mental disorders; some of his many photographs depicting the expressions of people suffering from mental disorders are particularly moving. These were used not only for record purposes, but also, he claimed in the treatment of patients - although there was little evidence of success.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , PSYCHIATRY
  • 7074

Daniel McNaughton: His trial and the aftermath, edited by Donald J. West and Alexander Walk.

London: Gaskell Books for the British Journal of Psychiatry, 1977.

A collective work edited by West and Walk.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), PSYCHIATRY › Forensic Psychiatry, PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry
  • 7075

Animal communities in temperate America as illustrated in the Chicago region. A study in animal ecology.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1913.

This book represents the beginning of organized theoretical principles for animal ecology, including Shelford's "law of toleration"  or "law of tolerance." "Analogous to the physiologists' law of the minimum [developed by Liebig], this principle explained limits to the occurrence of a species with whatever physical factor exceeded its tolerance" (DSB Vol. 18, 812). Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment
  • 7076

Die Konträre Sexualempfindung.

Arch. f. Psych. u. Nervenkrankheiten, 2, 73-108, 1869.

The first "scientific" paper on homosexuality. In this paper the psychiatrist Westphal described two cases at length: "The first was of a young woman who from her earliest years liked to dress as a boy and engage in boys' games and who found herself attracted only to women; the second was of a man who wanted to wear women's clothes and act the part of a woman. In attempting to give a diagnostic category to these cases Westphal coined the phrase Konträre Sexualempfindung, usually translated as 'contrary sexual feeling' " (Bullough, Science in the bedroom: A history of sex research [1994] 38).



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, SEXUALITY / Sexology, SEXUALITY / Sexology › Homosexuality
  • 7077

Intimate matters. A history of sexuality in America.

New York: Harper & Row, 1988.

The first history of sexuality in America.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 7078

The Mosher survey: Sexual attitudes of 45 Victorian women, edited by James Mahood and Kristine Wenburg.

New York: Arno Press, 1980.

The only known survey of the sexual habits of Victorian women, published for the first time nearly 100 years after the survey was initiated. Moser, an American physician, began the survey in 1892 as an undergraduate when preparing to lecture on the "Marital Relation" before the Mother's Club of the University of Wisconsin, and continued it for the duration of her career. The survey was initially controversial because of its frankness, and the overwhelmingly sex-positive views of the participants, even including the use of "male sheaths" (now called condoms) and "rubber cap over the uterus" (either a diaphragm or cervical cap) birth control. All this stood in high contrast to other existing historical literature of the time, which held that women have no sexual desires, and sex should only be used for reproduction. One theory is because the researcher was a woman gathering data from women that knew the results would only be put forth before a purely female audience, the normal strictures of propriety of that time were let down, and more realistic data was actually gathered.



Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 7079

Descriptive catalogue of the Hindi manuscripts in the Library of the Wellcome Institute for the the History of Medicine.

London: The Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1996.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India
  • 7080

Handlist of Sanskrit and Prakrit manuscripts in the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine. 2 vols.

London: The Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 19851998.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India
  • 7081

Catalogue of Tibetan manuscripts and xylographs and catalogue of Thankas, banners and other paintings and drawings in the Library of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine.

London: The Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1989.


Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Tibet, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 7082

Ancient Babylonian medicine: Theory and practice.

Chichester, West Sussex, England: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

The first overview of Babylonian medicine utilizing cuneiform sources, including archives of court letters, medical recipes, and commentaries written by ancient scholars. Attempts to reconcile the ways in which medicine and magic were related, and assigns authorship to various types of medical literature that were previously considered anonymous. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Mesopotamia, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Babylonia & Assyria
  • 7083

Handbuch der altägyptischen Medizin. 2 vols.

Leiden: Brill, 1999.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt › History of Ancient Medicine in Egypt, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Egypt
  • 7084

A Sand County almanac, and sketches here and there.

New York: Oxford University Press, 1949.

This combination of natural history, philosophy, and poetic writing informed the environmental movement. It is perhaps best known for the following quote, which defines Leopold's land ethic: "A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise." In his chapter entitled "Thinking Like a Mountain" Leopold set out the concept of a trophic cascade, pointing out that killing a predator wolf carries serious implications for the rest of the ecosystem.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment
  • 7085

Steroids. LIV.Synthesis of 19-Nov-17α-ethynyltestosterone and 19-Nor-17α-methyltestosterone.

J. Amer. chem. Soc., 76 4092-4094, 1954.

Synthesis of Norethisterone (or norethindrone) (or 19-nor-17α-ethynyltestosterone), the first highly active progestin analog that was effective when taken by mouth. This molecule became part of one of the first successful combined oral contraceptive pills. It is also used in some progestogen only pills, and it is also available as a stand-alone drug. DOI: 10.1021/ja01645a010.



Subjects: Contraception , PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Oral Contraceptives
  • 7086

Halieutica, sive de piscatu. [Translated by Lorenzo Lippi, with recipes for cooking added by Lippi.]

Colle di Val d'Elsa, Italy: Bonus Gallus, 1478.

The didactic poem on fish and fishing by Oppian of Anazarbus, a 2nd-century Greco-Roman poet, survived the Middle Ages essentially in its entirety, consisting of 3500 lines in Greek. The poem was dedicated to the emperors Marcus Aurelius and Commodus, allowing it be dated within their rules. Oppianus is considered relatively accurate from the scientific standpoint in his descriptions of fish; he made the effort to refute common errors. First English translation by Diaper and Jones as Oppian's Halieuticks of the nature of fishes and fishing of the ancients In V books. Translated from the Greek with an account of Oppian's life and writings and a catalogue of his fishes (Oxford, 1722). ISTC No. io00065000. Digital facsimile of the 1478 edition from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1722 English translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, NATURAL HISTORY, NATURAL HISTORY › Late Antiquity, NUTRITION / DIET, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology, Zoology, Natural History, Ancient Greek / Roman / Egyptian
  • 7087

Claudii Aeliani... opera, quae extant omnia: Graece Latineque e regione, uti versa hac pagina commemorantur... Conradi Gesneri.

Zurich: Gesneros fratres, 1556.

First edition in print, edited by Conrad Gessner, of Aelianus's collected works, including On the nature of animals (On the characteristics of animals). Aelianus was a Roman author and teacher of rhetoric who flourished under Septimius Severus. Aelian's anecdotes on animals rarely depended on direct observation: they were almost entirely taken from written sources, often from Pliny, but also other authors and works now lost, for whom he is a valuable witness. Aelianus was more attentive to marine life than might be expected, and this seems to reflect personal interest; he often quotes "fishermen". At times he strikes the reader as credulous, but at others he specifically states that he is reporting what was told by others, and that he does not believe them. Aelian's work was one of the sources of medieval natural history, including medieval beastiaries 

In the 1556 edition Gessner combined the text of Claudius Aelianus with his edition of Aelianus Tacticus On military arrangements of the Greeks even though the authors and subject matters were very different. Digital facsimile of the 1556 edition from the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek at this link. English translation by A. F. Scholfield in the Loeb Classical Library (3 vols., 1958-59). Digital facsimile of the 1958-59 translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NATURAL HISTORY › Late Antiquity, ZOOLOGY, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology, Zoology, Natural History, Ancient Greek / Roman / Egyptian
  • 7088

De historia piscium libri quatuor.

Oxford: e theatro Sheldoniano [for the Royal Society], 1686.

A large folio volume with 187 engraved plates considered the first modern encyclopedia on fish, this was largely the work of John Ray, prepared and expanded from Willougby's notes, more than a decade after his death. The work was published by the Royal Society at considerable expense; the Society's President, Samuel Pepys, personally underwrote 79 of the engraved plates, and other members sponsored the remaining plates. Despite its importance and sumptuous production, the work was slow to sell, and the Society, still owning a large number of copies 50 years after publication, authorized a re-issue of the original sheets with a cancel title in 1743..



Subjects: Encyclopedias, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology, ZOOLOGY › Illustration
  • 7089

Ornithologiae, libri tres....Totum opus recognovit, digessit, supplevit, Joannis Raius.

London: John Martyn, Regiae Societatis typographi, 1676.

Ray and Willughby were the first ornithologists to discard the Aristotelian principles of classification by function, replacing them with a morphological system based on beak form, foot structure and body size that reflected the true relationships even better than Linnaeus's Systema naturae of sixty years later. The credit for this system almost certainly belongs to Ray, who edited and supplemented the Ornithologiae from notes left at Willughby's death, and who, during their years of partnership, had done the major part of the observations and records. In an attempt to bring order out of the chaos of tradition, Ray collated his and Willughby's observations against those recorded by all previous writers, eliminating duplicate species, species vaguely described or reported on hearsay, and species that were clearly fabulous. Revised English translation by Ray with the addition of 3 treatises on fowling, the care of songbirds, and falconry, London, 1678. Digital facsimile of the 1678 edition from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 7090

Historia plantarum.... 3 vols.

London: Mary Clark for Henry Faithorne & Sam. Smith & Benj. Walford, 16861704.

This massive catalogue begins with an extensive general botanical treatise covering plant physiology, plant nutrition and, most importantly, Ray's principles and methodology of botanical classification. Ray adopted Jung's morphological system and terminology, with extensions and modifications based upon his own work and that of Grew and Malpighi. He gave a more precise definition of the flower, adopting the terms "petal" and "pollen," and favored Grew's idea that the stamens were male sex organs. He stressed that breeding true from seed was the essential test of a natural species, but admitted the possibility of limited transmutation. Historia plantarum was a monument to Ray's learning, and prepared the way for Linnaeus, but it enjoyed only small success, being handicapped by its massive size, its lack of illustrations (the Royal Society was unwilling to incur the expense), and the political upheavals occuring at the time of its publication. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, BOTANY › Catalogues of Plants, BOTANY › Classification / Systemization of Plants
  • 7091

A Bibliography of fishes by Bashford Dean, enlarged and edited by Charles Rochester Eastman. 3 vols. Vol. 3 extended and edited by Eugene Willis Gudger with the cooperation of Arthur Wilbur Henn.

New York: American Museum of Natural History, 19161923.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Natural History, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology
  • 7092

Bibliographia zoologiae et geologiae. A general catalogue of all books, tracts, and memoirs on zoology and geology by Louis Agassiz. Corrected, enlarged and edited by H. E. Strickland. 4 vols. Vol. 4 edited by Strickland and Jardine.

London: The Ray Society, 18481854.

Digital facsimile of the 4 vols. from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Natural History, ZOOLOGY
  • 7093

Catalogus bibliothecae historico-naturalis Josephi Banks, auctore Jona Dryander. 5 vols.

London: Typis Gul. Bulmer et Soc., 17961800.

Digital facsimile of the 5 vols. from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Natural History, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries, NATURAL HISTORY
  • 7094

Catalogue of the Library of Charles Darwin now in the Botany School, Cambridge, compiled by H. W. Rutherford, with an introduction by Francis Darwin.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1908.

See also the digital edition and virtual reconstruction of the surviving books owned by Charles Darwin from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link. This BHL special collection draws on original copies and surrogates from other libraries. It also provides full transcriptions of his annotations and marks. "In this first release (2011) we provide 330 of the 1480 titles in his library, concentrating on the most heavily annotated books." 



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries, EVOLUTION, ZOOLOGY
  • 7095

Early Arabic pharmacology. An introduction based on ancient and medieval sources.

Leiden: Brill, 1973.


Subjects: ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 7096

Report from the select committee on anatomy. House of Commons, 22 July 1828.

London: House of Commons, 1828.

In the first half of 1828, in response to increasing calls for reform, the British Parliament appointed a committee to "enquire into the manner of obtaining subjects for dissection by schools of Anatomy and the State of law affecting persons employed in obtaining and dissecting bodies." During the course of its investigation, the committee heard testimony from a wide range of witnesses, from eminent medical men to procurers of bodies for medical schools (these last identified only by initials). The medical men included Sir Astley Cooper, Benjamin Collins Brodie, John Abernethy, William Lawrence, Herbert Mayo, Granville Sharp Pattison (who himself was indicted for body-snatching at the age of 23), Thomas Southwood Smith, Henry Halford, John Webster and Benjamin Harrison, the treasurer of Guy's Hospital. The witness list can be found on page 13 of the committee's report. The testimony of these men, reproduced in full in the report, is followed by several appendices, including tables of paupers' deaths broken down by parish; the committee was proposing legislation that would allow the state to seize unclaimed corpses from workhouses and sell them to surgical schools. The committee's efforts were successful: In 1832 Parliament passed the Anatomy Act, granting licenses to teachers of anatomy and giving physicians, surgeons and medical students legal access to corpses unclaimed after death.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Legislation, Biomedical
  • 7097

A bibliography of American natural history. The pioneer century. The role played by the scientific societies; scientific journals; natural history museums and botanic gardens; state geological and natural history surveys; federal exploriing expeditions in the rise and progress of American botany, geology, mineralogy, paleontology and zoology. 3 vols.

Brooklyn, NY: The Premier Publishing Co., 19241929.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Natural History, BOTANY, BOTANY › History of Botany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , MUSEUMS › History of Museums, MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern, NATURAL HISTORY, ZOOLOGY, ZOOLOGY › History of Zoology
  • 7098

Survivals of Greek zoological illuminations in Byzantine manuscripts.

Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1978.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, Byzantine Zoology, ZOOLOGY
  • 7099

Married love. A new contribution to the solution of sex difficulties.

London: A. C. Fifield, 1918.

One of the first books to discuss the differences between male and female sexual desires, and the first book to note that increased sexual desire in women coincides with ovulation and the period right before menstruation. The book argued that marriage should be an equal relationship between partners. In 1935 a survey of American academics said Married Love was one of the 25 most influential books of the previous 50 years, ahead of Relativity by Albert Einstein, Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud, Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler and The Economic Consequences of the Peace by John Maynard Keynes. Digital facsimile of the 6th edition (1919) from the Internet Archive at this link. The first American edition was retitled Married love, or love in marriage (1918). Its full text is available from the University of Pennsylvania at this link.

For the fifteenth edition [1925] G. P. Putnam's Sons of London issued a signed, numbered edition limited to 540 copies signed by the author on the frontispiece. 

 

 



Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology