An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15423 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 17, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 3400–3499

130 entries
  • 3400

Ueber die vom Ohrlabyrinth ausgelöste Gegenrollung der Augen bei Normalhörenden.

Arch. Ohrenheilk., 68, 1-30, 1906.

Bárány’s caloric test for labyrinthine function.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 3401

Untersuchungen über den vom Vestibularapparat des Ohres reflektorisch ausgelösten Rhythmischen und seine Begleiterscheinungen.

Mschr. Ohrenheilk., 40, 193-297; 41, 477-526, 1906.

Bárány’s pointing test for the localization of circumscribed cerebellar lesions. Republished in book form, Berlin, 1906. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1914 for his work on the vestibular apparatus. 



Subjects: NEUROLOGY, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 3402

Vestibularapparat und Zentralnervensystem.

Med. Klin., 7, 1818-21, 1911.

“Bárány’s syndrome” – unilateral deafness, vertigo, and pain in the occipital region.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, OTOLOGY › Deafness, OTOLOGY › Vestibular System › Vertigo, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 3402.1

Contribution à la seméiologie de la surdité; un nouveau signe pour en dévoiler la simulation.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 3 sér., 64, 127-30, 1910.

Lombard’s test for simulated unilateral deafness.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests
  • 3403

Otosclerosis: certain clinical features and experimental operative procedures.

17th Int. Congr. Med., Sect. 16, 609-18, 1913.

Jenkins suggested the modern fenestration operation of otosclerosis.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3403.1
  • 4889.1

Essays on the surgery of the temporal bone. 2 vols.

London: Macmillan, 1919.

Finely illustrated, and beautifully produced, with several historical chapters. Includes a history of the development of temporal bone surgery.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY, OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3404

Some experiences in the surgery of otosclerosis.

Acta. oto-laryng. (Stockh.), 5, 460-66, 1923.

Holmgren’s fenestration operation.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3405

Atlas of otology illustrating the normal and pathological anatomy of the temporal bone. 2 vols.

Glasgow: Maclehose (Jackson), 19241933.


Subjects: OTOLOGY › Anatomy of the Ear, OTOLOGY › Aural Pathology
  • 3405.1

Binaural minimum audition in a subject with ranges of deficient acuity.

Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N.Y.), 21, 335-37, 1924.

First demonstration of the phenomenon of loudness recruitment.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 3406

Menière’s disease; its diagnosis and a method of treatment.

Arch. Surg. (Chicago), 16, 1127-52, 1928.

Dandy’s operation for relief of Menière’s syndrome.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3407

Otologische Röntgendiagnostik.

Vienna: Julius Springer, 1930.

Includes a brief history of the subject.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, OTOLOGY
  • 3408

New technique in the surgical treatment of severe and progressive deafness from otosclerosis.

Bull. N.Y. Acad. Med., 13, 673-91, 1937.

First successful attempt to restore hearing in otosclerosis by fenestration.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3409

Observations on the pathology of Menière’s syndrome.

Proc. roy. Soc. Med., 31, 1317-36, 1938.

Hallpike and Cairns were first to describe the characteristic histological changes in Menière’s disease. Also published in J Laryng. Otol., 1938, 53, 625-55.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear
  • 3410

Improvement of hearing in cases of otosclerosis: a new, one-stage surgical technic.

Arch. Otolaryng. (Chicago), 28, 42-97, 1938.

Lempert’s fenestration operation.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3411

History and present status of operations on the labyrinthine capsule for otosclerosis.

Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 72, 466-89, 1941.

Kopetzky improved the technique of the fenestration operation. The above has a useful history of the development of this operation. See also his earlier papers in Ann. Otol. (St. Louis), 1930, 39, 996; 1931, 40, 157.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3412

The surgical treatment of deafness.

Illinois med. J., 81, 104-08, 1942.

Shambaugh improved the technique of the fenestration operation. See also Ann. Otol. (St. Louis), 1942, 51, 817-25.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Deafness, OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3412.1

The ascertainment of deafness in infancy and early childhood.

J. Laryng. Otol., 59, 309-33, 1944.

Tests of hearing in children.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests, PEDIATRICS, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 3412.2

The acoustic impedance measured on normal and pathological ears. Orientating studies on the applicability of impedance measurement.

Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.), Suppl. 63, 1946.

The modern impedance test was developed by Metz.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests
  • 3412.3

A new audiometer.

Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.), 35, 411-22, 1947.

Semi-automatic (Békésy) audiometer.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OTOLOGY › Audiology, OTOLOGY › Otologic Instruments
  • 3412.4

Operative treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media.

J. Laryng. Otol., 63, 635-46, 1949.

Tympanoplasty.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3412.5

Mobilization of the stapes to restore hearing in otosclerosis.

New York St. J. Med., 53, 2650-53, 1953.

Transmeatal exposure of the middle ear.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3412.6

A new method for testing hearing in temporal lobe tumours. Preliminary report.

Acta oto-laryng. (Stockh.), 44, 219-21, 1954.

The first tests for disorders of central auditory function were developed by Bocca, C. Calearo, and V. Cassinari.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests
  • 3412.7

Fenestration of the oval window.

Ann. Otol. (St. Louis), 67, 932-51, 1958.

Stapedectomy.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests
  • 3413

Geschichte der Ohrenheilkunde. 2 vols.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 19071913.

It is fitting that Politzer should have been the greatest historian of otology. He was Professor of Otology in Vienna and his teaching had great influence upon the advancement of the subject. The Geschichte is a masterpiece of historical research. Reprinted, Hildesheim, 1967. English translation of vol. 1, Phoenix, Columnella Press, 1981.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › History of Otology
  • 3342
  • 3415

A history of oto-laryngology

Edinburgh: E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., 1949, 1991.

From antiquity to the beginning of the 20th century. 



Subjects: OTOLOGY › History of Otology, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › History of ENT
  • 3415.1

The conquest of deafness: a history of the long struggle to make possible normal living to those handicapped by lack of normal hearing.

Cleveland, OH: Western Reserve University Press, 1960.

Education for the deaf.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › History of Otology
  • 3415.2

Die geschichtliche Entwicklung der Hörprüfungsmethoden. Kurze Darstellung und Bibliographie von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart.

Stuttgart: G. Thieme, 1960.

English translation, 1970.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › History of Otology
  • 3415.21

The hearing aid: its operations and development. Third edition.

Detroit, MI: National Hearing Aid Society, 1984.

Includes a comprehensive listing of manufacturers and the models each produced.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Aids, OTOLOGY › History of Otology
  • 3415.22

Histoire des maladies de l’oreille, du nez et de la gorge. Les grandes étapes de l’oto-rhino-laryngologie.

Paris: Roger Dacosta, 1980.


Subjects: OTOLOGY › History of Otology
  • 3342.1
  • 3415.3

Naissance et développement de l’oto-rhino-laryngologie dans l’histoire de la médecine. 3 vols.

Acta oto-rhino-laryng. belg., 35, Suppl. II, III, IV-, 1981.


Subjects: OTOLOGY › History of Otology, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › History of ENT
  • 3416
  • 8031

A most excellent and compendious method of curing woundes in the head, and in other partes of the body: With other precepts of the same arte, practised and written by that famous man Franciscus Arceus ... and translated into English by Iohn Read, chirurgion: Whereunto is added the exact cure of the caruncle, never before set foorth in the English toung: With a treatise of the fistulae in the fundament, and other places of the body, translated out of Iohannes Ardern: And also the discription of the emplaister called Dia Chalciteos, with its use and vertues: With an apt table for the better finding of the perticular matters, contayned in this present worke.

London: Imprinted by Thomas East, for Thomas Cadman, 1588, 1588.

This translation by surgeon John Read contains the first printing of John of Arderne's writings on his operation for the cure of anal fistula, written originally about 1376. At one time John of Arderne practiced at Newark-on-Trent; he moved to London in 1370. See the edition by Sir D’Arcy Power, Treatises of fistula in ano, haemorrhoids, and clysters, London, Kegan Paul, 1910. See also No. 5557. Digital facsimile of the 1910 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Prefixed to the translation is A complaint of the abuses of the noble art of chirurgerie, written in verse by Read.

Read's translation also contains the first English translation of the Hippocratic Oath.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, Ethics, Biomedical, NEUROSURGERY, SURGERY: General
  • 3417
  • 4011.2
  • 6377

De medica historia mirabili.

Mantua: per Fr. Osanam, 1586.

An early history of diseases, with extensive sections on ophthalmology (ff. 66-77) and urology (ff. 260-271). Lib. IV, Cap. iii, page 196 contains the first recorded case of gastric ulcer. Lib. VI. cap. iii contains the first description of angioneurotic edema (later described as Quincke's edema, No. 4081). Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer, OPHTHALMOLOGY , UROLOGY
  • 3418

Diverses observations anatomiques.

Hist. Acad. roy. Sci. (Paris), (1710), 36-37, 1732.

Littré was first to suggest colostomy in intestinal obstruction – “Littré’s operation”.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3419

An account of the dissection of a child.

Phil. Trans., 30, 631-32, 1717.

First description of congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Reprinted in Mark M. Ravitch, "The story of pyloric stenosis," Surgery, 48 (1960) 1117-1143.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Pyloric Stenosis, PEDIATRICS
  • 3420

A preternatural perforation found in the upper part of the stomach, with the symptoms it produced.

Phil. Trans., 35, 361-62, 1727.

First reported case of perforating gastric ulcer.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3421

De motus hemorrhoidalis, et fluxus hemorrhoidum.

Paris: Horth-hemels, 1730.

An early work specifically on hemorrhoids.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3422

Two examples of children born with preternatural conformations of the guts.

Med. Essays Obs. Edinb., 1, 203-06, 1733.

First description of congenital atresia of the ileum.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Atresia, PEDIATRICS
  • 3423

De mutuo intestinorum ingressu.

Leiden: J. Luzac, 1742.

First recorded successful operation for intussusception in an adult. The paper is also included in Haller’s Disputationes, vol. 1.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3424

De ruptura intestini duodeni.

Jena: Lit Ritterianis, 1746.

First description of duodenal ulcer.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3424.1

De tumore scirrhoso trium cum quadrante librarum glandulae parotidis extirpato.

Jena: Lit. Tennemannianis, 1752.

First description of parotid tumor.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 3424.2

Remarks on the disease commonly called a fistula in ano.

London: Hawes, 1765.

Probably the greatest English classic of colon-rectal surgery. Pott recommended the practice of simple division rather than the newer, more complicated methods proposed by Cheselden and Le Dran, and audaciously pointed out that there were lessons regular practitioners might learn from quacks apropos of this subject.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3425

An account of the diseases most incident to children, from their birth till the age of puberty.

London: T. Cadell, 1777.

This is an enlarged and more important (third) edition of his An essay on the diseases most fatal to infants (1767) No. 6324. Page 49: Important description of congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Pyloric Stenosis, PEDIATRICS
  • 3426

Case of a scirrhus in the pylorus of an infant.

Cases Obs. med. Soc. New-Haven Co., 81-84, 1788.

First American case report on congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Cases and observations by the Medical Society of New-Haven County…was the first American medical periodical. Only one volume was published. Beardsley’s paper was reprinted in Arch. Pediat, 1903, 20, 355-57. and also in M.M. Ravitch, The story of pyloric stenosis, Surgery, 1960, 48, 1117- 1143. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Pyloric Stenosis, PEDIATRICS, Societies and Associations, Medical, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Connecticut
  • 2281
  • 3218
  • 3427

The morbid anatomy of some of the most important parts of the human body.

London: J. Johnson & G. Nicol, 1793.

Baillie was a nephew and pupil of William Hunter. The above is the first systematic textbook of morbid anatomy, treating the subject for the first time as an independent science. See also Nos. 2736, 3167.1. Baillie was the last and most eminent owner of the famous gold-headed cane (No. 6709). His clear and comprehensive description of the pulmonary lesions of tuberculosis could hardly be bettered today; he differentiated the nodular and infiltrating types. Page 87: First clear description of the morbid anatomy and symptoms of gastric ulcer. Baillie is also credited with the first descritpion of transposition of the great vessels in this work.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, PATHOLOGY, PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  • 3428

Saggio d’osservazioni, e memoire sopra alcuni case singolari riscontrati nell’esercizio della medicina, e della anatomia pratica.

Padua: Penada, 1793.

Includes (pp. 33-56) an account of perforating duodenal ulcer.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3428.1

An account of a singular case of obstructed deglutition.

Mem. med. Soc. Lond., 2, 275-86, 1794.

Bayford reported a a fatal case of "obstructed deglutition" caused by compression of the oesophagus by an aberrant right subclavian artery. This he called Dysphagia lusoria. See the account by N. Asherson in Ann. roy. Coll. Surg. Eng., 1979, 6l, 63-67.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3429

Observation sur un enfant né sans anus, et auquel il a été fait une ouverture pour y suppléer.

Rec. périod. Soc. Méd. Paris, 4, 45-50, 1798.

First successful construction of artificial anus, for congenital atresia, Oct. 20, 1793.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Atresia, Pediatric Surgery
  • 3430

Mémoire et observation sur l’entérotomie.

Ann. Soc. Méd. prat. Montpellier, 6, 34-54, 1805.

The first recorded colostomy for intestinal obstruction was performed by Fine in 1797. The patient survived 3.5 months.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, SURGERY: General
  • 3430.1

An essay on wounds of the intestines.

Philadelphia: Thomas T. Stiles, 1805.

The first serious attempt at repairing intestinal injuries in America, and the first use of dogs for experimental surgery in America.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3431

Animadversiones quaedam chirurgicae experimentis in animalibus factis illustratae.

Giessen: Tasché et Mueller, 1810.

Experimental excision of the pylorus.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3432

Account of a new mode of extracting poisonous substances from the stomach.

Eclectic Repert., 3, 111-13, 380-81., 18121813.

Physick was the first, in 1805, to use a stomach tube for gastric lavage in a case of poisoning. He acknowledged the priority of Monro secundus in the invention of a similar instrument in 1767. For history of the stomach tube, see R. H. Major, Ann. med. Hist., 1934, n.s. 6, 500-09.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3433

An inquiry into the process of nature in repairing injuries of the intestines.

London: Longman, 1812.

Travers’s researches on intestinal sutures recorded the first accurate knowledge on this subject.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3433.1

Extirpation of the parotid gland.

Baltimore phil. J.& Rev., 1, 165-183, 1823.

Although Béclard and possibly others may have extirpated the parotid before Davidge, this was the first published case.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 3434

Extirpation de la parotide.

Arch. gén. Méd., 4, 60-66, 1824.

First excision of the parotid, 1823.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 3435

Mémoire sur l’entéroraphie avec la description d’un procédé nouveau pour pratiquer cette opération chirurgicale.

Rep. gén. Anat. Physiol. path., 2, 100-07, 1826.

Description of what is now known as Lembert’s suture, which ensures that serous surface is applied to serous surface in suturing intestine – the foundation of all modern gastric and intestinal surgery. Dieffenbach (see No. 3441) was the first successfully to employ Lembert’s method.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3436

Extracts from an account of a case in which a new and peculiar operation for artificial anus was performed.

Philad. J. med. phys. Sci., 13, 199- 202, 1826.

Physick’s operation for artificial anus – colocutaneous fistula formed as a result of mortification from a strangulated hernia.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3437

Mémoire sur une méthode nouvelle pour traiter les anus accidentels.

Mém. Acad. roy. Méd. (Paris), Sect. Méd., 1, 259-316, 1828.

Dupuytren invented an enterotome to perform his operation for artificial anus.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3438

Abcès développé dans le petit bassin.

Rev. méd. franç, étrang., 1, 367-68, 1829.

“Dupuytren’s abscess” of the right iliac fossa.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 3439

Traité théorique et pratique des maladies chirurgicales du canal intestinal. 2 vols.

Paris: Mme. Auger-Méquignon, 1829.

Jobert, famous French surgeon, made his reputation on this book. He was at one time Consulting Physician to Louis XVIII.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3440

Lectures on diseases of the rectum. III. Preternatural contraction of the sphincter ani.

Lond. med. Gaz., 16, 26-31, 1835.

“Brodie’s pile”. Reprinted in Medical Classics, 1938, 2, 929-40.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3440.1

A case of introsussception in which an operation was successfully resorted to…in December, 1831.

Transylvania J. Med. Assoc. Sci., 18, 362 (only), 1835.

First operation for intussusception in the United States, performed in Rutherford County, Tennessee. The patient was a negro slave; the operation was a complete success. Reported by Wilson’s pupil, W.W. Thompson.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Slavery and Medicine, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Tennessee
  • 3441

Glückliche Heilung nach Ausscheidung eines Theiles des Darms und Netzes.

Wschr. ges. Heilk., 401-13, 1836.

First account of a resection in which Lembert’s suture was successfully employed.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3441.1

A treatise on the malformations, injuries and diseases of the rectum and anus. Text and atlas.

New York: French & Adlard, 1837.

The first American treatise on colon–rectal surgery.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3442

Mémoire sur la possibilité d’établir un anus artificiel dans la région lombaire sans pénétrer dans le péritoine.

Paris: Germer Baillière, 1839.

In 1839 Amussat performed the first lumbar colostomy for obstruction of the colon (“Amussat’s operation”). His work established lumbar colostomy as the method of choice. Translated in Dis. Colon. Rect., 1983, 26, 483-87. See No. 3443.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3443

Opération d’anus artificiel, par la méthode de Littre, sur un homme adulte qui a survécu vingt-huit jours. In: Amussat, J. Z., Mémoire sur la possibilité d’établir un anus artificiel

pp. 85-88, Paris, 1839.

Pillore performed caecostomy in 1776, the patient surviving 28 days. Amussat went to considerable trouble to find the document describing the operation. See No. 3442.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3444

Maladies de la glande parotide et de la région parotidienne.

Paris: Germer Baillière, 1841.

First important treatise on parotid tumors.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 3445

On acute ulceration of the duodenum, in cases of burn.

Med.-chir. Trans., 25, 260-81, 1842.

“Curling’s ulcer”. Although not first to report duodenal ulcers as a complication of burns, Curling correlated the work of previous writers on the subject and directed attention to it.



Subjects: Diseases Due to Physical Factors › Burns, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3446

An experimental and critical inquiry into the nature and treatment of wounds of the intestines.

Louisville, KY: Prentice & Weissinger, 1843.

Reports of a series of experiments upon dogs to determine the best way to treat intestinal wounds. First published in West. J. Med. Surg., 1843. 7, 1-50, [81]-141, [161]-224.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3447

Mémoire sur une tumeur cancéreuse affectant l’iliaque du colon; ablation de la tumeur et de l’intestin; réunion directe et immédiate des deux bouts de cet organe. Guérison.

Bull. Acad. roy. Méd. (Paris), 9, 1031-43, 1844.

First intestinal resection for cancer.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 3448

Practical observations on organic obstruction of the oesophagus; preceded by a case which called for oesophagotomy and subsequent opening of the trachea.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s. 8, 309-31, 1844.

First esophagotomy for relief of stricture of the esophagus.



Subjects: Thoracic Surgery
  • 3449

Case of internal strangulation of intestine relieved by operation.

Med.-chir. Trans., 30, 51-67, 1847.

Records the first operation for intestinal strangulation of the small intestine by Hilton at Guy’s Hospital. No anaesthetic was used; the patient died nine hours afterwards.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General
  • 3450

On the existence of Entophyta in healthy animals, as a natural condition.

Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. (Philad.), 4, 225-33, 18481849.

Discovery of the bacterial flora of the intestines.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3451

Opération de gastrostomie pratiquée pour la première fois le 13 novembre 1849.

Gaz. méd. Strasbourg, 9, 366-77, 1849.

First gastrostomy.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3452

Ueber Anlegung einer künstlichen Magenöffnung am Menschen durch Gastrotomie.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 6, 350-84, 1854.

Fenger’s operation.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3453

Note sur l’emploi du chlorate de potasse dans le traitement de la stomatite ulcéreuse.

Rec. Mém. Méd. mil, 2 sér., 16, 1-46, 1855.

Classic description of ulcero-membranous stomatitis and its treatment.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3454

On the pathology, symptoms, and treatment of ulcer of the stomach.

London: John Churchill, 1857.

A comprehensive account of peptic (duodenal) ulcer; includes a review of the results of more than 7,000 post mortems.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3455

Infusorier, sasom intestinaldjur hos menniskan.

Hygiea (Stockh.), 19, 491-501, 1857.

Discovery of Balantidium coli, the first parasitic protozoon to be discovered and recognized as such. German translation in Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 1857, 12, 302-09. English translation in Kean et al. (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, PARASITOLOGY › Protozoa
  • 3456

De polypis oesophagi atque de tumore ejus generis primo prospere exstirpato.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): apud Max & Soc, 1857.

First operation for tumor of the esophagus.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology, Thoracic Surgery
  • 3457

Description of the operation of gastrotomy.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 3 ser., 4, 13-18, 1858.

First gastrostomy in Britain.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3458

The diseases of the stomach.

London: John Churchill, 1859.

Includes (pp. 310-31) original description of linitis plastica (“Brinton’s disease”). Brinton lectured on physiology and forensic medicine at St. Thomas’s Hospital.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3459

Commentatio de fistulis ventriculi externis et chirurgica earum sanatione.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): apud Max & Soc, 1859.

First operation for gastric fistula.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3459.1
  • 6357.52

A practical treatise on the aetiology, pathology, and treatment of the congenital malformations of the rectum and anus.

New York: Samuel & William Wood, 1860.

The first systematic treatise on the subject, and a landmark in pediatric surgery. Includes an early account of colostomy and one of the earliest histories of that procedure. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Atresia, Pediatric Surgery, TERATOLOGY
  • 3460

Ueber polypöse Vegetationen der gesammten Dickdarmschleimhaut.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 20, 133-42, 1861.

First authentic description of polyposis of the colon.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3461

Das perforirende Geschwür im Duodenum.

Tübingen: Ernst Riecker, 1864.

The first comprehensive study of duodenal ulcer. Commercial edition, Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1865. Digital facsimile of the 1864 edition from the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1865 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3462

Intestinal obstruction.

London: John Churchill, 1867.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3463

Ueber die Behandlung der Magenerweiterung durch eine neue Methode (mittelst der Magenpumpe).

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 6, 455-500, 1869.

In 1867 Kussmaul used the stomach pump for gastric dilatation due to pyloric obstruction. Although his advocacy of gastric lavage established this method of treatment in medical practice, the instrument had already been used many years previously.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3463.1

Case in which an intestinal obstruction was removed by the operation of gastrotomy.

Edinb. med. J., 16, 700-04, 18701871.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3464

Case of stricture of the oesophagus in which gastrotomy was performed.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 59, 365-71, 1870.

First gastrostomy for obstruction of the esophagus performed in America.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3465

Ueber die Resection des Oesophagus.

Arch. klin. Chir., 13, 65-69, 1872.

First resection of the esophagus.



Subjects: Thoracic Surgery
  • 3466
  • 6357.54

A successful case of abdominal section for intussusception.

Med.-chir. Trans., 57, 31-75, 1874.

In 1871 Hutchinson was the first successfully to operate on a case of intussusception in a two year-old infant. Preliminary account in Med. chir. Trans., 1876, 41 (2nd ser.), 99-102.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, Pediatric Surgery
  • 3467

Gastrostomy for stricture (cancerous?) of oesophagus; death from bronchitis forty days after operation.

Lancet, 1, 678-79, 1875.

Successful human gastrostomy by the older (Sédillot’s) method. Reported by S. Osborne.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3467.1

Die partielle Magenresektion; eine experimentelle operative Studie.

Arch. klin. Chir., 19, 347-80, 1876.

A practical method for excision of the pylorus, as demonstrated in dogs, was published by these two assistants of Billroth.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3468

Observation de gastro-stomie pratiquée avec succès pour un rétrécissement cicatriciel infranchissable de l’oesophage.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 2 sér., 5, 1023-38, 1876.

Verneuil’s gastrostomy operation, a modification of Sédillot’s method.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3469

Volvulus flexurae sigmoideae coli – Laparo-colotomia – Helsa.

Upsala LäkFören. Förh., 14, 513-27, 18781879.

First recorded operation for volvulus.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3470

Ueber den Mastdarmkrebs und die Extirparlo recti.

Samml. klin. Vortr., Nr. 131 (Chir., Nr. 42), 1113-28, 1878.

First excision of the rectum for cancer.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3471

Klinik der Verdauungskrankheiten. 3 vols.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 18791902.

An important work on disorders of digestion. With Boas, Ewald devised the test breakfast and he utilized intubation for exploring the contents of the stomach. English translation of vols. 1-2, 1891-92.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3472

De l’ablation des tumeurs de l’estomac par la gastrectomie.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 52, 473-75, 1879.

First gastrectomy for carcinoma; unsuccessful.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3473

Ueber Radicalheilung des Krebses.

Dtsch. Z. Chir., 13, 134-66, 1880.

Kocher’s operation of radical extirpation of the tongue for carcinoma.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, SURGERY: General
  • 3473.1

Wyçiecie raka odźwiernika zoladkowego, śmierćw 12 godzinach.

Przegl. lek., 19, 637-39, 1880.

First extirpation of carcinomatous pylorus. Death after 12 hours. German translation in Dtsch. Z. Chir., 1881, 14, 252-60.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3474

Offenes Schreiben an Herrn Dr. L. Wittelshöfer.

Wien. med. Wschr., 31, 161-65, 1427, 1881.

First successful resection of the pylorus for cancer, the Billroth I operation.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3475

Ueber Gastroskopie und Oesophagoskopie.

Wien. med. Presse, 22, 1405-08, 1437-43, 1473-75, 1505-07, 1537-41, 1573-77, 1629-31, 1881.

Mikulicz was the first to use the electric oesophagoscope invented by Leiter in 1880. He was among the most distinguished of Billroth’s pupils and contributed much to cancer surgery.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Endoscope, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Gastroscope
  • 3476

Gastro-Enterostomie.

Zbl. Chir., 8, 705-08, 1881.

Wölfler perfected the operation of gastro-enterostomy.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3477

Intorno alla divulsione digitale del pilore; osservazione cliniche.

Mem. reale. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna, 4 ser., 4, 353-75, 1882.

First pyloroplasty, 1882. Abstract in English in Brit. med.J., 1885, 1, 372-74.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3478

Przypadek chorobowo wzmoźonego wydzielania soku zoladkowego.

Gaz. Lek., 2 ser., 2, 516-22, 1882.

First description of gastrosuccorrhoea (“Reichmann’s disease”). German translation in Berl. klin. Wschr., 1882, 19, 606.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3479

On a case of obstruction of the bowels due to volvulus, treated by abdominal section; recovery.

Lancet, 2, 678-80, 1881.

First successful operation in Britain for treatment of volvulus, performed 20 February, 1883.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3480

Darmresektion und Enterorhaphieen, 1878-83.

Z. Heilk., 5, 83-108, 1884.

Billroth was a pioneer in visceral surgery. Above is an account of many intestinal resections and enterorrhaphies carried out by him.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3481

Untersuchungen über Cholera nostras.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 10, 579-82, 1884.

Finkler and Prior isolated Vibrio proteus from stools in a case of acute gastro-enteritis.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Vibrio , GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera
  • 3482

Intestinal obstruction

London: Cassell & Co., 1884.

Jacksonian Prize essay.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3482.1

A theoretical and practical treatise on the hemorrhoidal disease, givings its history, nature, cases, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment.

New York: William Wood & Company, 1884.

An encyclopedic work containing considerable history and a comprehensive bibliography. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery › History of Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3482.2

Case of acute extensive ulceration of the colon.

Trans. path. Soc. Lond., 36, 199-202, 1885.

First detailed description of ulcerative colitis.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3482.3

On a case of acute intestinal obstruction in a boy, with remarks upon the treatment of acute obstruction.

Liverpool med.-chir. J., 5, 118-30, 1885.

Abdominal section and ileostomy for intestinal obstruction; surgeon’s report on pp. 130-35.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, PEDIATRICS, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3483

Zur Casuistik und Statistik der Magenresectionen und Gastro-enterostomieen.

Verh, dtsch. Ges. Chir., 14, Pt. II, 62-71, 1885.

Billroth II pylorectomy, reported by von Hacker. Also published in Arch. klin. Chir., 1885, 32, 616-25.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3484

Application de la méthode naturelle à l’analyse de la dyspepsie nerveuse. – Détermination d’une espèce.

Lyon méd., 48, 449-64, 492-505, 523- 43, 563-83; 49, 8-28, 1885.

Important description of enteroptosis and gastroptosis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3485

Neurasthénie et enteroptose.

Sem. méd. (Paris), 6, 211-12, 1886.

Splanchnoptosis (“Glénard’s disease”).



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3486

Ueber die Verwendung des Musculus rectus abdominis zum Verschlusse der künstlichen Magenfistel.

Wien. med. Wschr., 36, 1073-77, 1110-14, 1886.

Von Hacker’s method of gastrostomy.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3487

Ein Fall von Resection des carcinomatösen Oesophagus mit plastischem Ersatz des excidierten Stückes.

Prag. med. Wschr., 11, 93-94, 1886.

Von Mikulicz was the first to make a plastic reconstruction of the oesophagus after the resection of its cervical portion for carcinoma.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, Thoracic Surgery
  • 3488

Circular suture of the intestines; an experimental study.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 94, 436-61, 1887.

Halsted set down some of the fundamental rules regarding intestinal anastomosis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3489

Stuhlträgheit Neuegeborener in Folge von Dilatation und Hypertrophie des Colons.

Jb. Kinderheilk., n.F. 27, 1-7, 18871888.

Hirschsprung’s diseases (congenital megacolon).



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Hirschsprung's Disease, PEDIATRICS › Neonatology
  • 3489.1

Fälle von angeborener Pylorusstenose, beobachtet bei Säuglingen.

Jb. Kinderheilk., 28, 61-68, 1888.

Hirschsprung first made the medical world aware of congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis as a distinct clinical entity. In this paper he made no suggestions concerning therapy.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Pyloric Stenosis, PEDIATRICS
  • 3490

Die sacrale Methode der Exstirpation von Mastdarmkrebsen und die Resectio recti.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 24, 899-904, 1887.

Kraske introduced the sacral method of resection of the rectum for carcinoma.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 3491

On the coeliac affection.

St. Barth. Hosp. Rep., 24, 17-20, 1888.

Coeliac disease (non-tropical sprue, idiopathic steatorrhoea) was first described by Gee. Later Thaysen (No. 3550) studied the disease, which acquired the eponym “Gee-Thaysen disease”.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3492

Zur Technik der Kolotomie.

Zbl. Chir., 15, 433-39, 1888.

First successful colostomy.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3492.1

Des polyadénomes gastriques et de leurs rapports avec le cancer de l’estomac.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 20, 32-55, 236-62, 1888.

“Menetrier’s disease” – giant hypertrophic gastritis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3493

Zur operativen Behandlung des Prolapsus recti et coli invaginati.

Verh, dtsch. Ges. Chir., 17, 294-317, 1888.

Description of Mikulicz’s important operation for complete prolapse of the rectum.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3494

Rectal insufflation of hydrogen gas an infallible test in the diagnosis of visceral injury of the gastro-intestinal canal in penetrating wounds of the abdomen.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 10, 767-77, 1888.

Senn’s method of detecting intestinal perforation by insufflation with hydrogen.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3495

Die Gastrodiaphanie.

Med. Mschr. N.Y., 1, 559, 1889.

Einhorn devised the method of exploration of the stomach by means of a tube – gastrodiaphany.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3496

Ueber Darmsaftgewinnung beim Menschen. (Vorläufige Mittheilung.)

Zbl. klin. Med., 10, 97-99, 1889.

Duodenal aspiration.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3497

Diagnostik und Therapie der Magenkrankheiten. 2 pts.

Leipzig: G. Thieme, 18901893.

Boas, who devised the test breakfast, became the foremost gastroenterologist in Europe. He founded the Archivfür Verdauungskrankheiten, the first journal devoted to the subject of gastroenterology.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3498

Ueber Magensyphilis.

Int. Beitr. wiss. Med., Festschr. R. Virchow, Berlin, 2, 295-321, 1891.

Important study of gastric syphilis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 3499

A method of performing inguinal colotomy, with cases.

Brit. med. J., 2, 118, 1891.

Paul’s tube introduced.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery