An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15426 entries, 13280 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 20, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 2000–2099

152 entries
  • 2000

Om anvendelse medicinen af koncentrerede kemiske lysstraaler.

Copenhagen: , 1896.

Finsen was the founder of modern phototherapy. He demonstrated the value of invisible light, the actinic or chemical ray, the ultra-violet ray, as therapeutic measures. He received the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1903.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS
  • 2001
  • 2684.2

Sur les radiations émises par phosphorescence.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 122, 420-21, 1896.

The discovery of radioactivity – research stimulated by Roentgen’s discovery of x rays. Becquerel shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903 with Pierre and Marie Curie.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy), RADIOLOGY, Radiation Oncology
  • 2002

Demonstration eines mit Röntgenstrahlen behandelten Falles von Naevus pigmentosus pilosus.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 10, 73-74, 1897.

First use of x rays for deep irradiation therapy.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, RADIOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS
  • 2003

Sur une substance nouvelle radio-active, contenue dans la pechblende.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 127, 175-78, 1215-17, 1898.

The Curies, studying the radioactivity of minerals containing uranium and thorium, isolated from pitchblend a substance which they called radium and which they showed to possess an astonishing degree of radioactivity. They shared the Nobel Prize for Physics with Becquerel in 1903, and Marie Curie received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1911.



Subjects: Nuclear Medicine, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy), THERAPEUTICS, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 2003.1

Introduction électrolytique des ions dans l’organisme vivant.

C. R. Ass. franç. Avance. Sci. (1900), 29, pt. 2, 1111-25, 1901.

Introduction of ionic medication.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS
  • 2003.2

L’électrisation cérébrale.

Rev. int. Electrothér., 13, 143-49, 19031904.

Leduc reported the effects of a galvanic current on the brain. His work led the way to electric convulsion therapy, introduced by Carletti and Bini (No. 4962).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 2005

Interprétation de quelques résultats de la radiothérapie et essai de fixation d’une technique rationelle.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 143, 983-85, 1906.

Bergonié-Tribondeau law, “the sensitivity of cells to radiation varies directly with the reproductive capacity of the cells and inversely with their degree of differentiation” (Dorland).



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy), THERAPEUTICS
  • 2006

Climatology and balneotherapy.

London: Smith, Elder, 1907.


Subjects: Bioclimatology, THERAPEUTICS › Balneotherapy
  • 2007

Ueber Diathermie. (Transthermie, Thermopenetration.)

Münch med. Wschr., 56, 2575-76, 1909.

Nagelschmidt employed high frequency currents in treatment after the suggestions of Tesla and the work of Nernst, claiming priority over the latter in the use of this method. Nagelschmidt named this form of treatment “diathermy”.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 2008

Discordance des effets des rayons X, d’une part dans la peau, d’autre part dans le testicule, par le fractionnement de la dose: diminution de l’efficacité dans la peau, maintien de l’efficacité dans le testicule.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 97, 431-4, 1927.

Dose fractionation.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, RADIOLOGY
  • 2009

Therapeutische Versuche im elektrischen Kurzwellenfeld.

Klin. Wschr., 9, 2333-36, 1930.

Introduction of short-wave diathermy.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 2010

Traité de climatologie biologique et médicale. Publié sous la direction de M. Piéry. 3 vols.

Paris: Masson & Cie, 1934.


Subjects: Bioclimatology, Geography of Disease / Health Geography
  • 2010.1

Ueber die Ausbreitung und Absorption des Ultraschalls im menschlichen Gewebe und seine therapeutische Wirkung an lschias und Plexusneuralgie.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 65, 251-54, 1939.

First therapeutic use of ultrasonics. With R. Richter and E. Parow.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS
  • 2010.2
  • 2659.1

Acceleration of electrons by magnetic induction.

Phys. Rev., 58, 841, 1940.

Betatron.

Continued as Kerst, "The acceleration of elecrons by magnetic induction," Phys. Rev., 60 (1941) 47-52. Digital facsimile of the 1941 paper at this link.



Subjects: Nuclear Medicine, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy)
  • 2010.3

A linear electron accelerator.

Rev. sci. lnstrum., 19, 89-108, 1948.

With W. R. Kennedy.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS
  • 2010.4

The microwave linear electron accelerator.

Brit. J. Radiol., 22, 473-86, 1949.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS
  • 2010.5

Therapeutic possibilities of microwaves.

J. Amer. med. Ass., 139, 989-93, 1949.

Introduction of microwave radiation therapy. With J. F. Herrick, G. M. Martin.



Subjects: RADIOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS
  • 2011

Methodus facile parandi iucunda tuta et nova medicamenta & eius applicatio aduersus chimicos.

Venice: apud Evangeslistam Deuchinum, 1628.

Page 170 includes the first definite description of a blood transfusion, notably published in the same year as Harvey's discovery of the circulation of the blood in De motu cordis. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2012

The method observed in transfusing the blood out of one live animal into another.

Phil. Trans., 1, 353-58, 16651666.

In February 1665 Lower successfully transfused dogs with blood.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2013

Lettre … touchant deux expériences de la transfusion faites sur des hommes.

Paris: J. Cusson, 1667.

The first transfusion of blood into a human was performed by Denis on June 15, 1667; he transfused lamb’s blood into a youth. For a partial translation, see Geoffrey Keynes’s Blood transfusion (Bristol, 1949) 14-15. Denis also wrote: “a letter concerning a new way of curing sundry diseases by transfusion of blood”, which was published in some copies of Phil. Trans., 1667, 2, 489-504; for a reprint and a paper on the subject, see A. D. Farr, Med. Hist., 1980, 24, 143-62.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2014

An account of the experiment of transfusion, practised upon a man in London.

Phil. Trans., 2, 557-64, 1667.

First transfusion of blood performed on a human in England, Nov. 23, 1667.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2015

Experiments on the transfusion of blood by the syringe.

Med.-chir. Trans., 9, 56-92, 1818.

Blundell invented a syringe by means of which he was able to transfuse dogs.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Syringe, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2015.1

Some account of a case of obstinate vomiting, in which an attempt was made to prolong life, by the injection of blood into the veins.

Med.-chir. Trans., 10, 296-311, 1819.

Records the first human to human transfusion. A man received 12 to 14 oz. of blood from several donors by means of Blundell’s funnel and syringe. He died 56 hours after the transfusion.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2016

Examen du sang et de son action dans les divers phénomènes de la vie.

Ann. Chim. (Paris), 18, 280-96, 1821.

First successful use of defibrinated blood for animal transfusions. This was the first attempt to prevent coagulation during transfusion.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anticoagulation, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2017

Observations on transfusion of blood.

Lancet, 2, 321-24, 18281829.

The first human to human transfusion in which the patient did not die. Blundell established the most fundamental points in transfusion, including the incompatibility of interspecies transfusion and the method of indirect transfusion. With his descriptions of about ten cases over a ten-year period, Blundell revived interest in blood transfusion after a century-long hiatus.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2017.1

Cases of transfusion, with some remarks on a new method of performing the operation.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 14, 1-14, 1869.

Sodium phosphate used as anticoagulant in blood transfusion.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2017.2

Immediate transfusion in England: seven cases, and the author’s method of operating.

Obstet. J. Gt. Britain, 1, 289-311, 1873.

Portable transfusion apparatus.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2018

Auflösung der rothen Blutzellen.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 12, 419-22, 1874.

Landois discovered the hemolyzing effect of blood serum of one species when transfused into another.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2018.1

A new and simple method of transfusion.

J. Arner. med. Assoc. 61, 117-8, 1913.

In order to prevent blood coagulation during transfusion, Kimpton and Brown used apparatus lined with paraffin wax. See also Boston med. surg. J., 1915, 173, 425-7.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anticoagulation, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2019

Note sur une nouvelle méthode de transfusion.

Bull. Soc. roy. Sci. méd. Brux., 72, 104-11, 1914.

Hustin demonstrated the anticoagulant powers of sodium citrate and glucose in blood transfusion.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anticoagulation, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2020

Nuevo procedimiento para la transfusion de la sangre.

An. Inst. mod. Clin. méd. (B. Aires), 1, 24-31, 1914.

Agote was the first to transfuse citrated blood. Text in Spanish and French.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Argentina, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2021

A new and greatly simplified method of blood transfusion. A preliminary report.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 87, 41-42, 1915.

About the same time as Agote, Lewisohn introduced the citrate method of blood transfusion. See also his later paper in Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 1915, 21, 37-47.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2021.1

Transfusion with preserved red blood cells.

Med. Bull. (Paris), 1, 436-40, 19171918.

Robertson stored blood and used it with good results to treat casualties on the battlefield.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War I, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2022

Procedure and apparatus for preservation in “lyophile” form of serum and other biological substances.

J. Immunol., 29, 389-425, 1935.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2023

Continuous drip blood transfusion.

Lancet, 1, 977-81, 1935.

Introduction of the slow-drip method of blood transfusion.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2024

A new method of blood transfusion.

Acta med. scand., 89, 263-267, 1936.

Heparin used in blood transfusion. See also the same journal, 88, 443-49.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2025

Transfusion of cadaver blood.

J. Amer. med. Ass., 106, 997-99, 1936.

Cadaver blood used in human transfusions. Prof. Shamov of Kharkov carried out the first experimental work on transfusion of cadaver blood in 1927.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2026

The therapy of the Cook County Hospital. Blood preservation.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 109, 128-31, 1937.

Described the establishment of the first blood bank (at the Cook County Hospital).



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2027

An inexhaustible source of blood for transfusion, and its preservation. Preliminary report.

Surg. Gynec. Obstet., 66, 176-78, 1938.

J. R. Goodall, F. O. Anderson, G. T. Altimas, and F. L. MacPhail pointed out the possibility of using placental blood for transfusion purposes.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2027.1

Advantages of a disodium-citrate-glucose mixture as a blood preservative.

Brit. med. J., 2, 744-5, 1943.

This work made possible the storage of whole blood for up to three weeks.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2028

Untersuchungen über Dextran und sein Verhalten bei parenteraler Zufuhr.

Acta physiol. scand., 7, 97-107, 1944.

Introduction of dextran as plasma substitute.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2028.1

Prevention of haemolysis during freezing and thawing red blood-cells.

Lancet, 2, 910-11, 1950.

Demonstration that human blood diluted with equal volumes of 30% glycerol in Ringer’s lactate solution could be frozen at -79° C and thawed after eight weeks without damage.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2028.4

Die Transfusion des Blutes und Einspriitzung der Arzneyen in die Adem. Historisch und in Rücksicht auf die practische Heilkunde bearbeitet. 2 vols.

Copenhagen: F. Brummer, 18021803, 1828.

Schell was the author of the first 2 vols, which were the first major work on transfusion since the 17th century and an excellent early history of the subject. Scheel reviewed both transfusion and intravenous injection. J.F. Dieffenbach wrote the third volume, Die Transfusion des Blutes und die Infusion der Arzeneien in die Blutgefässe, published in Berlin, 1828. Digital facsimile of the third volume from wellcomecollection.org at this link.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion › History of Blood Transfusion
  • 2028.41

Origine e vicende della trasfusione del sangue. Considerazioni storico-critche.

Bologna: Cooperativa Tipografica Azzoguidi, 1933.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion › History of Blood Transfusion
  • 2028.42

History of blood transfusion.

J. Hist. Med., 9, 59-107, 1954.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion › History of Blood Transfusion
  • 2028.43

Les origines de la transfusion sanguine.

Amsterdam: B. M. Israël, 1974.

Reprinted from Clio Medica, Vol. 9, 1974.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion › History of Blood Transfusion
  • 2028.5

Avis pour donner du secours à ceux qui l’on croit noyez.

Montpellier: Imprimerie d’Augustin F. Rochard, 1740.

In this unsigned 4-page pamphlet the author argued that those who had been drowned for several hours could be resuscitated. His ideas inspired the formation of the Amsterdam Society (No. 2028.51). This anonymous work was attributed to Réaumur by various contemporary writers on drowning.

Digital facsimile of a 4-page Nancy printing of the pamphlet from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Resuscitation
  • 2028.51
AMSTERDAM SOCIETY

Historie en Gedenkschriften van de Maatschappy, tot Redding von Drenkelingen, Opgerecht Binnen Amsterdam 1768.

Amsterdam: Pieter Meijer, 1768.

The first of many volumes of reports by the first society to save people drowned in the waterways of Amsterdam, established in 1767. Before 1767 anyone taken from the water was presumed dead and no attempts were made at resuscitation. News of the success of this organization spread rapidly through Europe, and similar societies were formed in other countries. French translation, Amsterdam, 1768. English translation by T. Cogan, London, 1773. See No. 2028.52.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Netherlands, Resuscitation
  • 2028.52

A short account of a society at Amsterdam instituted in the year 1767 for the recovery of drowned persons…

London: John Nourse, 1773.

An English summary of No. 2028.51, and the first detailed report on the society’s work published in England. Johnson proposed the formation of a similar society in England. The Royal Humane Society was formed by T. Cogan and W. Hawes in 1774.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Netherlands, Resuscitation
  • 2028.53

The connexion of life with respiration; or, an experimental inquiry into the effects of submersion, strangulation, and several kinds of noxious airs, on living animals.

London: J. Johnson, 1788.

Goodwyn emphasized the importance of ventilation in resuscitation.



Subjects: RESPIRATION › Artificial Respiration, Resuscitation
  • 2028.54

An essay on the recovery of the apparently dead.

London: C. Dilly, 1788.

Kite recommended the use of artificial respiration and was probably the first to recommend electric shock for resuscitation.



Subjects: RESPIRATION › Artificial Respiration, Resuscitation
  • 2028.55

Recherches sur l’asphyxie.

J. Physiol., 7, 45-65, 1827.

“Leroy invented a two-bladed instrument to aid in the insertion of a laryngeal tube by the ability to control the direction of its tip. He also invented a limiting mechanism for the bellows, to enable given amounts of air to be inflated, after he noticed at post-mortem where bellows had been used for inflation, that emphysema and tension pneumothorax were not uncommon. This research eventually led to the abandonment of bellows in resuscitation kits. Leroy also advocated chest and abdominal compression” (Huston).



Subjects: Resuscitation, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 2028.56

On a new mode of effecting artificial respiration.

Lancet, 1, 229, 1856.

Marshall Hall’s method of artificial respiration.



Subjects: RESPIRATION › Artificial Respiration, Resuscitation
  • 2028.57

A new method of resuscitating still-born children, and of restoring persons apparently drowned or dead.

Brit. Med. J., 576-79, 1858.

Silvester’s method of artificial respiration.



Subjects: Resuscitation
  • 2028.58

Plain rules for the restoration of persons apparently dead from drowning.

New York: E.B. Treat & Co, 1869.

Howard’s method of artificial respiration is taught for resuscitation from drowning.



Subjects: RESPIRATION › Artificial Respiration, Resuscitation
  • 2028.59

Description of a simple and efficient method of performing artificial respiration on the human subject especially in cases of drowning. To which is appended instruction for the treatment of the apparently drowned.

Med.-chir. Trans., 87, 609-23, 1904.


Subjects: RESPIRATION › Artificial Respiration, Resuscitation
  • 2028.6

En oplivingsmethode.

Ugeskr. Laeg., 94, 1201-03, 1932.

Holger Nielsen (“arm-lift”) method of artificial respiration.



Subjects: RESPIRATION › Artificial Respiration, Resuscitation
  • 2028.9

Resuscitation: an historical perspective. Catalogue of an exhibit at the annual meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists…

Park Ridge, IL: Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, 1976.


Subjects: Resuscitation › History of Resuscitation
  • 2029

The ancient ψυχρολουσια revived; or, an essay to prove cold bathing both safe and useful.

London: S. Smith & B. Walford, 1702.

A history of cold bathing.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Balneotherapy, THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 2030

Histoire abrégée des drogues simples. 2 vols.

Paris: L. Colas, 1820.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 2031

De historia medicamentorum.

Leiden: S. & J. Luchtmans, 1846.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 2032

Pharmacographia. A history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin met with in Great Britain and British India.

London: Macmillan, 1874.

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 2033

Hauptmomente in der geschichtlichen Entwickelung der medicinischen Therapie.

Copenhagen: A. F. Host, 1877.

Reprinted Hildesheim, 1966.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 2034

Bibliotheca therapeutica, or bibliography of therapeutics, chiefly in reference to articles of the materia medica, with numerous critical, historical, and therapeutical annotations, and an appendix containing the bibliography of British mineral waters. 2 vols.

London: New Sydenham Society, 18781879.

References to over 10,000 items, ‘arranged under 660 separate headings or articles,’ some with comments by the compiler. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, PHARMACOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 2035

Historical sketch of the progress of pharmacy in Great Britain.

London: Butler & Tanner, 1880.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2036

Aus pharmazeutischer Vorzeit in Bild und Wort. 2 vols.

Berlin: Julius Springer, 18891891.

Digital facsimile of the 1889 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Translated into English by William Netter as Pictorial history of ancient pharmacy; with sketches of early medical practice (Chicago, G. P. Engelhard & Company, 1889). Digital facsimile of the English translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2037

La thérapeutique des vieux maîtres.

Paris: Soc. d'Editions Sci., 1897.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 2038

Geschichte der Pharmazie.

Leipzig: E. Gunther, 1898.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2039

Die Heilpflanzen der verschiedenen Volker und Zeiten.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1898.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 2040

Histoire de la pharmacie.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1900.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2040.1

Peru: The history of coca, “the divine plant of the Incas”.

New York: J. H. Vail, 1901.

The most comprehensive work on the coca plant and the history of its use by the Incas and their descendants. Reprinted, San Francisco, And/Or Press, 1974.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Peru, Latin American Medicine › History of Latin American Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cocaine
  • 2041

Geschichte der Pharmazie

Berlin: Julius Springer, 1904.

Reprinted Hildesheim, 1964.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2043

Deutsches Badewesen in vergangenen Tagen.

Jena: E. Diederichs, 1906.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 2044

Die volkmedizinische Organotherapie und ihr Verhältnis zum Kultopfer.

Stuttgart: Union Deutsche Verlagsgesellschaft, 1908.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 2045

Chronicles of pharmacy. 2 vols.

London: Macmillan, 1910.

From antiquity to time of writing, with chapters on pharmacy in mythology, in Shakespeare, in the Bible, and in popularmedicine. 



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Drama › Shakespeare, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2046

La médecine naturiste à travers les siècles. Histoire de la physiothérapie.

Paris: J. Rousset, 1911.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy › History of Hydrotherapy or Physical Therapy
  • 2047

An essay on the history of electrotherapy and diagnosis.

London: Heinemann, 1922.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 2048

The old English herbals.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1922.

Reprinted London, Minerva Press, 1972.



Subjects: BOTANY › History of Botany, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines › History of Materia Medica
  • 2049

Malati medici e farmacisti: Storia dei rimedi traverso i secoli e delle teorie che ne spiegano l’azione sull’organismo. 2 vols.

Milan: V. Hoepli, 19241925.

Second edition, 1947-51.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 2050

Catalogue of early herbals.

Lugano: L’Art Ancien, 1925.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Botany / Materia Medica, BOTANY › History of Botany, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines › History of Materia Medica
  • 2051

Der Apotheker als Subjekt und Objekt der Literatur.

Berlin: Julius Springer, 1926.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2052

Four thousand years of pharmacy; an outline history of pharmacy.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1927.

First history of pharmacy by an American. Reprinted as The curious lore of drugs and medicines, New York, Garden City Publ. Co., 1936.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2054

The mystery and art of the apothecary.

London: John Lane, 1929.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2055

Histoire de la pharmacie à travers les âges. 2 vols.

Paris: Peyronnet, 1931.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2056

Physical therapy.

New York: Paul B. Hoeber, 1932.

“Clio medica” series.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy › History of Hydrotherapy or Physical Therapy
  • 2056.1

Geschichte der Homöopathie. 4 vols.

Leipzig: B. Schwabe, 19321939.

A comprehensive history, particularly for homeopathy in Germany. Includes extensive bibliographies.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy › History of Homeopathy, THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 2057

Grundriss der Geschichte der deutschen Pharmazie.

Berlin: Julius Springer, 1935.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2057.1

Naturheilkunde in Lebensbildern.

Leipzig: Reclam, 1937.

Mainly 19th-20th century: includes hydrotherapy, massage, and dietetics. Second edition, 1951.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy › History of Hydrotherapy or Physical Therapy
  • 2058

A history of pharmacy.

London: Pharmaceutical Press, 1937.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2059

Herbals: their origin and evolution. A chapter in the history of botany, 1470-1670. 2nd edition.

Cambridge, England: University Press, 1938.

Includes an invaluable bibliography. Reprinted, with new introduction and additional references, 1987.



Subjects: BOTANY › History of Botany, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines › History of Materia Medica
  • 2060

Fundamental errors in the early history of cinchona.

Bull. Hist. Med., 10, 417-59, 568-92, 1941.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark
  • 2061

Cinchona in Java: The story of quinine.

New York: Greenberg, 1945.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Indonesia, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark
  • 2062

Die Injektion.

Ciba Z., 9, 3594-3642., 1946.

Deals exhaustively with the history of intravenous and intramuscular injection.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 2063

A critical study of the origins and early development of hypodermic medication.

J. Hist. Med., 2, 201-49, 1947.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Hypodermic Needle , THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 2064

Histoire illustrée de la pharmacie.

Paris: Guy Le Prat, 1949.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2065

A critical review of the basic facts in the history of cinchona.

J. Linn. Soc. (Botany), 53, 272-309, 1949.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark
  • 2067

The development of pharmacopoeias.

Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org., 4, 577-603, 1951.

Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 2068

Plants of the Bible.

Waltham, MA: Chronica Botanica Co, 1952.

The most comprehensive treatise available on plants and plant products mentioned in the Bible.



Subjects: BOTANY › History of Botany, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 2068.10

History of electrotherapy. In: Therapeutic electricity and ultraviolet radiation.

New Haven, CT: E. Licht, 1967.


Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology › History of Electrophysiology
  • 2068.11

Medical ceramics: A catalogue of the English and Dutch collections in the Museum of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine.

London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1969.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2068.12

The story of ergot.

Basel: S. Karger, 1970.

Exhaustive and well-documented, but no index.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Ergot
  • 2068.13

Glass and British pharmacy, 1600-1900: A survey and guide to the Wellcome Collection of British Glass.

London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1972.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2068.14

An historical account of pharmacology to the 20th century.

Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1975.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 2068.15

The birth of penicillin.

London: Allen & Unwin, 1970.

“Disposes of many myths deeply embedded in the literature” (Macfarlane, see No. 1934).



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 2068.16

Therapeutics from the primitives to the 20th century, with an appendix: history of dietetics.

New York: Hafner, 1973.

Includes a valuable bibliography. First published in German, Stuttgart, 1970.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › History of Nutrition / Diet, THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 2068.17

Manipulation past and present, with an extensive bibliography.

London: Heinemann, 1975.


Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy › History of Hydrotherapy or Physical Therapy
  • 2068.18

British botanical and horticultural literature before 1800. 3 vols.

London: Oxford University Press, 1975.

A comprehensive history and bibliography of the subject, including a revised history of the English herbal literature, and accounts of other books of medical and pharmaceutical interest.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Botany / Materia Medica, BOTANY › History of Botany, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 2068.19

Apothecary jars: Pharmaceutical pottery and porcelain in Europe and the East 1150-1850, with a glossary of terms used in apothecary jar inscriptions.

London: Faber & Faber, 1978.

The most comprehensive study in English.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2068.2

History of pharmacy in Britain.

Edinburgh: E. & S. Livingstone Ltd., 1962.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2068.20

The history of lithium therapy.

London: Macmillan, 1984.


Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › History of Psychopharmacology, PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › Lithium
  • 2068.21

Electricity and medicine: A history of their interaction.

San Francisco, CA: San Francisco Press, 1984.


Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology › History of Electrophysiology
  • 2068.3

Miracle drugs: A history of antibiotics.

London: Heinemann, 1963.

First published in German, 1959.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics
  • 2068.4

Readings in pharmacology, selected and edited by B. Holmsted and G. Lijestrand.

Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1963.

An anthology of outstanding achievement in the growth of pharmacology.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 2068.5

History of pharmacy. 3rd ed.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1963.

4th ed., 1976, revised by G. Sonnedecker.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2068.6

Curare, its history and usage.

London: Pitman, 1964.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals
  • 2068.7

Pharmacy in history.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1964.

Traces the origins of pharmacy in ancient civilizations and its development in England from medieval to modern times.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2068.8

Histoire du curare. Les poisons de chasse en Amérique du Sud.

Paris: Gallimard, 1965.


Subjects: ANESTHESIA › History of Anesthesia, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Latin America, Latin American Medicine › History of Latin American Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, TOXICOLOGY › History of Toxicology
  • 2068.9

Kräuterbücher in Bild und Geschichte.

Munich: K. Kölbl, 1966.


Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Illustration › History of Botanical Illustration, BOTANY › History of Botany, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines › History of Materia Medica
  • 2069

Dioscorides, De materia medica [Greek]. Add: Pseudo- Dioscorides, De venenis, De venenatis animalibus [Greek]; Add: Nicander, Theriaca; Add: Alexipharmaca; Scholia [Greek].

Venice: Aldus Manutius, 1499.

Nicander was a Greek poet and physician. His Theriaca, in 958 hexameters, dealt with the symptoms and treatment of poisoning by the bites of poisonous animals; the Alexipharmaca considered intoxications through animal, vegetable, and mineral poisoning, and their suitable antidotes. Nicander was also the first writer to mention the medicinal use of the leech. The above work has a Greek text, and is one of the few medical incunabula issued by Aldus Manutius of Venice. A Latin translation appeared at Cologne in 1531. See Nicander: The Poems and Poetical Fragments edited by A. S. F. Gow and A. F. Scholfield.(Cambridge, 1953), and also P. K. Knoefel & M. C. Covi, A Hellenistic Treatise on Poisonous Animals (The "Theriaca" of Nicander of Colophon): A Contribution to the History of Toxicology (1991).

Nicander's works were first published in print by Aldus Manutius together with the first edition in Greek of Dioscorides, De materia medica, and two works on venoms by "Pseudo Dioscorides" ISTC No: id00260000. Digital facsimile from Bayerisches Staatsbibliothek at this link



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Hellenistic, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, THERAPEUTICS › Bloodletting, TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms, TOXICOLOGY › Zootoxicology
  • 2070

Conciliator differentiarum philosophorum et medicorum. Add: De venenis.

Mantua: Johannes Vurster and Thomas Septemcastrensis, for Ludovicus Carmelita, 1472.

Includes the first printed book on toxicology; one of the more elegantly printed of medical incunabula, printed in folio format. For an English translation, see Ann. med. Hist., 1924, 6, 26-53. ISTC No. ip00431000. Digital facsimile from the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek at this link. In 1473 The same printer reprinted Petrus de Abano's De venenis in quarto format with Arnaldus de Villa Nova De arte cognoscendi venena, Velascus de Tarenta, De epidemia et peste, and Matthaeus Silvaticus, De lapide begaar ex pandectis. In that form Petrus de Abano's work, which has its own colophon, must must have been sold separately since about half of the surviving copies of the 1473 edition consist of De venenis alone. ISTC No. ia01065900. Digital facsimile of the 1473 edition from the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek at this link.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Zootoxicology
  • 2070.1

The mysteries of opium revealed.

London: Richard Smith, 1700.

Includes the earliest English description of drug addiction, and withdrawal. Jones attempted to use wine as a partial substitute until withdrawal was complete.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Opium, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction, Wine, Medical Uses of
  • 2071

Some remarks on the effects of lignum quassiae amarae.

Mem. med. Soc. Lond., 1, 128-65, 17791787.

Includes (p. 151) “original account of alcoholism, which is incidentally the first paper on the drug habit” (Garrison).



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction › Alcoholism
  • 2071.1

An essay, medical, philosophical, and chemical, on drunkenness, and its effects on the human body.

London: T. N. Longman & O. Rees, 1804.

The first book on alcoholism, expanded from Trotter's MD dissertation: Dissertatio medica inauguralis, quædam de ebrietate, ejusque effectibus in corpus humanum complectens, quam ... pro gradu doctoris ... (Edinburgh: Apud Balfour et Smellie, 1788). Digital facsimile of the 1804 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction › Alcoholism
  • 2072

Traité des poisons tirés des règnes minéral, végétal et animal; ou, toxicologie générale. 2 vols, each in 2 parts.

Paris: Crochard, 18141815.

Orfila, pioneer toxicologist, was the leading medico-legal expert of his time. He was born in Minorca, studied at Valencia, Barcelona, and Paris, and was one of the founders of the Académie de Médecine. Digital facsimile of the French edition from the Internet Archive at this link. English translation, 1815-17.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), TOXICOLOGY
  • 2073

Pharmacologia; or the history of medicinal substances, with a view to establish the art of prescribing. 3rd ed.

London: W. Phillips, 1820.

First description of cancer caused by arsenic (p. 133).



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, PHARMACOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2074

Wanderings in South America, the North-West of the United States, and the Antilles, in the years 1812, 1816, 1820, and 1824.

London: J. Mawman, 1825.

Waterton traveled to the Guyana region of South America to obtain curare. He provided a detailed description of its paralyzing effects, its preparation by distillation, and the blowpipe and darts used to deliver it. On his return to England Waterton conducted experiments with curare. His researches, in collaboration with veterinarian Wiliam Sewell and surgeon Benjamin Brodie, stimulated medical interest in the poison. One experiment that Waterton performed included resuscitating an animal poisoned with curare by blowing air into its lungs. This he tried at the suggestion of the natives who had supplied him with a few of their antidotes along with the poison. Reprinted, London, O. U. P., 1973, edited by L. H. Matthews. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › South America, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Northwest, Resuscitation, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 2075

An essay on the operation of poisonous agents upon the living body.

London: Longman, Rees, 1829.

The first book in English on the action of poisons on the living body.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 2076

A treatise on poisons.

Edinburgh: A. Black, 1829.

Christison, a famous toxicologist, was a Professor of Medical Jurisprudence at Edinburgh. During the trial of Burke and Hare he performed an autopsy on the body of one of the victims and gave evidence as to the cause of death.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 2077

Account of a method of separating small quantities of arsenic from substances with which it may be mixed.

Edinb. New phil. J., 21, 229-56, 1836.

Marsh method for the detection of arsenic.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 2077.1

Rambles and recollections of an Indian official. 2 vols.

London: J. Hatchard & Son, 1844.

Lathyrism, a disease occuring in India, and parts of Africa, was known to Hippocrates. Sleeman, an Indian official and major general who presided over the suppression of Thuggee, had no special knowledge of medicine, but gave the first detailed account of lathyrism in vol. 1. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2077.2

Du hachische et de l’aliénation mentale: Études psychologiques.

Paris: Fortin, Masson & Cie, 1845.

Moreau's experments may have been the first medical experiments with a psychotropic agent in the treatment of mental illness. English translation by G. J. Barnett as Hashish and mental illness (New York: Raven Press, 1973).



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2078

Physiologische Untersuchungen über die Wirkung einiger Gifte.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 10, 3-77, 235-96, 1856.

First investigation of the effects of poisons on muscular contraction.



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2079
  • 616

Analyse physiologique des propriétés des systèmes musculaires et nerveux au moyen de curare.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 43, 825-29, 1856.

Bernard paralysed motor nerve-endings with curare and demonstrated the independent excitability of muscle. He showed that curare acted by stopping the transmission of impulses from motor nerves to voluntary muscles.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, Neurophysiology, TOXICOLOGY › Neurotoxicology, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2080

Micro-chemistry of poisons.

New York: Baillière Bros, 1867.

The first American book entirely devoted to toxicology and an important contribution to the identification of poisons.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 2081

Die Nebenwirkungen der Arzneimittel.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1881.

This was the first book of its kind. It deals with the borderline between the pharmacological and the toxicological action of drugs with the untoward or side-effects of all kinds of medicaments. For details regarding this book and its author, see D. I. Macht, Ann. med. Hist., 1931, 3, 179-94, which includes a bibliography of Lewin’s writings. English translation by W. T. Alexander, with the author’s revisions, as The incidental effects of drugs. A pharmacological and clinical hand-book (New York, 1882). Digital facsimile of the 1882 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. The revised and enlarged second edition was translated by J. J. Mulheron and more appropriately titled The untoward effects of drugs. A pharmcological and clinical manual (Detroit, 1883). Digital facsimile of the 1883 translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › Drug Side-Effects, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2082

A note on the influence of maternal inebriety on the offspring.

J. ment. Sci., 45, 489-503, 1899.

Fetal alcohol syndrome – first serious study.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, TOXICOLOGY › Neurotoxicology
  • 2083

Lehrbuch der Intoxikationen. 2te. Aufl. 2 vols.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 19021906.


Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 2084

On the poisons of Amanita phalloides.

J. biol. Chem., 2, 273-88, 19061907.

Abel and Ford showed that there were two poisons in the fungus Amanita phalloides, and that immunity against them could be attained. A further study on the subject by the same authors is in Arch. exp. Path. Pharmak., 1908, Suppl., 8-15.



Subjects: Mycology, Medical, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2085

On the ‘vomiting sickness’ of Jamaica.

Ann. trop. Med. Parasit., 10, 1-78, 1916.

Discovery of the cause of the “vomiting sickness of Jamaica”: ackee poisoning.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean › Jamaica, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2086

Phantastica.

Berlin: G. Stilke, 1924.

The classic of psychoactive drug classification. Lewin established the following categories: Euphorics, Phantastics, Inebriants, Hypnotics, and Excitants. English translation, 1931.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY, PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2086.1

Der Meskalinrausch. Seine Geschichte und Erscheinungsweise.

Berlin: Julius Springer, 1927.

The most comprehensive treatise on peyote and its active agent, mescaline, which was synthesized in 1919.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › History of Psychopharmacology, PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › Mescaline, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2089

Die wichtigsten Vergiftungen. Fortschritte in deren Erkennung und Behandlung.

Munich: J. F. Lehmann, 1933.


Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 2090

Curare, its history, nature, and clinical use.

Chicago, IL: University Press, 1947.


Subjects: ANESTHESIA › History of Anesthesia, TOXICOLOGY › History of Toxicology, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2091

The sensitizing effect of tetraethylthiuramdisulphide (Antabuse) to ethyl alcohol.

Acta pharmacol. (Kbh.), 4, 285-96, 1948.

Introduction of “antabuse” in the treatment of alcoholism. With E. Jacobsen and V. Larsen. See also Lancet, 1948, 2, 1004.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Anti-Addiction Medications, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction › Alcoholism
  • 2092

De novo et populari apud Pictones dolore colico bilioso diatriba.

Poitiers: Apud Antonium Mesnier, 1616.

Citois described Poitou colic, “colica Pictonum”, in great detail, and it was this description which was responsible for the condition being recognized as a definite syndrome. Partial English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning
  • 2093

De morbo colico Damnoniensi.

London: S. Austen, 1739.

Huxham left a vivid account of the “Devonshire colic”. He was at fault, however, in ascribing it to the tartar extracted from apples in the process of making cider.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 2094

An essay on the West-India dry-gripes… to which is added, an extraordinary case in physick.

Philadelphia: B. Franklin, 1745.

Cadwalader, an American pupil of Cheselden, left a classical account of lead colic and lead palsy. This was later shown by Benjamin Franklin, printer of the above work, to be due to the consumption of Jamaica rum which had been distilled through lead pipes. The “extraordinary case” mentioned in the title refers to a case of osteomalacia. Cadwalader’s autopsy of the victim’s body is one of the earliest recorded in the United States. The above work is probably the first medical book containing significant original research to be published by an American physician in America. Digital facsimile from the National Library of Medicine, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean › Jamaica, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Pennsylvania
  • 2095

De colica pictonum.

Geneva: apud fratres Cramer, 1757.

Tronchin, sometime physician to Voltaire, showed that the so-called “Poitou colic” was caused by drinking water which had passed through lead gutters. Tronchin introduced inoculation into Holland, France, and Switzerland; he was Boerhaave’s favorite pupil and became a very wealthy practitioner. Translated with notes, but no attribution to Tronchin on the title page, by Ralph Schomberg as A treatise on the colica pictonum; or the dry belly-ach. (London, 1764). Digital facsimile of the 1764 edition from Google Books at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1757 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Partial English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning
  • 2096

An essay concerning the cause of the endemial colic of Devonshire.

London: J. Hughs, 1767.

Baker demonstrated that the cider of Devonshire contained lead, while that made in other parts of England did not. He further showed that it was common practice in Devon to line cider presses with lead, and proved that lead poisoning was the cause of Devonshire colic. He was responsible for the abandonment of lead in the making of cider presses, and thus for the disappearance of the colic. See also his paper in Med. Trans. Coll. Phys. Lond., 1768, 1, 175-256. Facsimile reprint, 1958.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning
  • 2097

Sur la colique, vulgairement appelée colique des peintres, des plombiers, du plomb, etc.

Paris: P. F. Rigot, 1803.


Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning
  • 2098

Traité des maladies de plomb ou saturnines. 2 vols.

Paris: Ferra, 1839.

Classical description of the diseases found among lead workers. Reporting on 1200 cases of lead poisoning, Tanquerel’s studies were so complete that later studies added little to knowledge of the symptoms and signs of the disease. Translated into English by Samuel L. Dana as Lead diseases: A treatise from the French of L. Tanquerel des Planches with notes and additions on the use of lead pipe and its substitutes. Lowell, Mass.: Daniel Bixby and Company, 1848. Digital facsimile of the English translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning
  • 2099

On a remarkable effect upon the human gums produced by the absorption of lead.

Med.-chir. Trans., 23, 63-79, 1840.

Burton was the first to note the blue line on the gums in lead poisoning – “Burton’s blue line" – an important diagnostic sign. He was physician to St. Thomas’s Hospital, London.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Oral Pathology , OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning